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When are antibiotics needed?

Когда нужны антибиотики?

Antibiotics (from ancient Greek anti-anti + bio-life) are substances of natural or semi-synthetic origin that inhibit the growth of living cells, most often prokaryotic or protozoa.

Natural antibiotics are most often produced by actinomycetes, less commonly by non-mycelial bacteria. Some antibiotics have a strong inhibitory effect on the growth and reproduction of bacteria, while relatively little or no damage to the cells of the microorganism, and therefore are used as medicines. Some antibiotics are used as cytostatic (anticancer) drugs in the treatment of cancer. Antibiotics do not usually affect viruses and therefore are not useful in the treatment of diseases caused by viruses (for example, influenza, hepatitis A, B, C, chicken pox, herpes, rubella, measles). However, a number of antibiotics, primarily tetracyclines, also act on large viruses.

Когда нужны антибиотики?

Dr. Komarovsky has created an amazing table: When are needed and when antibiotics are not needed.

Each disease has a cause, it is either a virus or a bacterium. The virus passes by itself in 5-7 days. But the bacterium is already a reason to turn for help to antibiotics.

The first antibiotic - penicillin was discovered in 1928 by Alexander Fleming. This medicine has been used to treat many diseases. But with the development of medicine, new types of antibacterial drugs began to appear. Moreover, each time they became better.

Despite their advantages, antibiotics have side effects. Therefore, you need to be very careful when applying them, especially with regard to the treatment of children with antibiotics. After all, the child's body can not always cope with the consequences of the use of strong medicines.

Although you should not be afraid of antibiotics either, in some situations they are the only way out. If necessary, the doctor will prescribe the desired drug and dosage. And you will only follow the recommendations.

When antibiotics are needed

Bacteria can adapt to the action of drugs. To cope with them, you need to use modern drugs. Therefore, in any case, do not give your child antibiotics for prophylaxis, with this you can harm his health. But there are situations where you can not do without them.

1. Acute form of the disease. For the treatment of follicular angina, pneumonia, purulent otitis media, pyelonephritis and sinusitis, antibiotics must be used. In the acute period of the disease, the doctor will prescribe them. When the effect is achieved, you can switch to homeopathy or physiotherapy. Only necessarily with the appointment of a doctor.

2. The postoperative period. A course of antibiotics will help prevent inflammation.

3. Poisoning of the body with toxins of bacteria. In the treatment of diphtheria, tetanus, botulism without potent drugs can not do.

4. Chronic disease. For some diseases (for example, cystitis in girls), antibiotics are necessary, otherwise the problem will only worsen.

The principle of action of antibiotics

Antibiotics are in the form of tablets, syrup, suspension. For the treatment of children with antibiotics, fruit-flavored syrup is most often prescribed, although injections are sometimes necessary. Of course, the procedure is painful, but very effective.

Whatever the form of the drug, the blood carries it throughout the body. Gradually, it accumulates in a particular organ (depending on the antibiotic). For example, some drugs penetrate into the bones, and treat inflammation of the skeletal system, others accumulate in the middle ear and treat otitis. There are some substances that attach to immune cells and together with them enter the focus of infection, where they begin to act.

Limited action

Antibiotics do well with bacteria, but if the disease is caused by other pathogens, they are useless.

- Influenza, colds, runny nose and cough, acute respiratory infections. These diseases cause viruses, and they need to be treated with antiviral drugs, respectively.

- Fungal diseases (eg, thrush). It is treated only with antifungal agents. And the use of antibiotics will only aggravate the infection.

- Heat. Antibiotics will help eliminate the cause of high temperature, and not knock it down. Please note that pediatricians often recommend not to use antibacterial drugs in conjunction with antipyretic drugs in order to see how effective the drug is (but this is provided that the temperature does not rise above 38? C).

To ensure that antibiotic treatment for children is as effective as possible and does not cause harm, follow the instructions!