This page has been robot translated, sorry for typos if any. Original content here.

Directory of Diseases (in the letter H)


OBSTATIVE CONDITIONS ( synonym : obsessive syndrome) - psychopathological conditions in which feelings, thoughts, fears, drives, actions arise beyond the will and desire, but with the awareness of their soreness and critical attitude to ... more

NARCOLEPSY - a disease manifested by bouts of uncontrollable drowsiness. Attacks occur suddenly, last from 1 to 10 minutes and also suddenly stop. May appear on the street while walking, eating, ... more

ADDICTIONS - the general name for a number of serious diseases characterized by an irresistible attraction to drug use with the development of mental and physical dependence. Types of drug addiction vary according to the accepted ... more

DECIDANCE - a legal concept meaning a mental state in which a person, as a result of a mental disorder, is not able to be aware of or guided by their actions ... more

NEURALGIA - pain of a shooting, stitching, burning character that occurs paroxysmally, spreading along the trunk of a nerve or its branches and localized in the zone of innervation of certain nerves or roots .... more

DISEASES - a combination of psychopathological symptoms, in the occurrence of which, along with mental trauma, a certain role is played by systematic overwork, overstrain of the nervous system. In the clinical picture ... more

NEURITIS - damage to the trunk of the peripheral nerve. The etiological factors are diverse: bacterial and viral infections (diphtheria, brucellosis, malaria, typhoid, herpes, measles, flu), intoxication (exogenous - ... more

NEUROSIS - functional (psychogenic) disorders of mental activity caused by traumatic factors and having diverse clinical manifestations, which are largely determined by ... more

Miscarriage of pregnancy - spontaneous abortion in the period up to 37 full weeks, counting from the first day of the last menstruation. Spontaneous abortion up to 28 weeks is called spontaneous ... more

KALA incontinence (syn: encopresis) - a violation of the function of the rectum and sphincter of the anus, manifested by involuntary bowel movements. Retention of the contents of the rectum is associated with the function of the external sphincter of the posterior ... more

Urinary incontinence - involuntary outflow of urine from the urethra (true incontinence) or from unnatural openings in the urinary tract (false incontinence). Bedwetting, involuntary ... more

Adrenal insufficiency. Chronic primary insufficiency of the adrenal cortex (Addison's disease, bronze disease) is a disease caused by bilateral damage to the adrenal cortex. At the heart of the disease is a complete ... more

NEUROLEPTIC SYNDROME develops in mentally ill patients receiving antipsychotics (majeptil, haloperidol, triftazine, trisedil, etc.). It is characterized by disorders of coordinated motor acts (local or ... more

NEUROSYPHILIS - various neuropsychic disorders in the clinical picture due to syphilitic damage to the vessels of the brain, its membranes or brain tissue. Syphilis of the brain is not very frequent yet ... more

Intestinal obstruction - violation of the passage of intestinal contents - food masses and intestinal juices. Distinguish between full and partial obstruction; with the flow - acute, with a sudden violation of intestinal patency, and chronic, ... more

DIAGNOSIS DIAGNOSIS - see Diabetes mellitus

NEPHRITIS - see Glomerulonephritis


NEFROPTOSIS ( synonym : vagus kidney, mobile kidney) is a pathological condition characterized by excessive mobility of the kidney with its displacement downward in the vertical position of the body. It occurs mainly in women ... more

NEPHROTIC SYNDROME develops due to massive loss of protein in the urine (large proteinuria), caused by damage to various parts of the nephron. In the vast majority of cases, this syndrome occurs with glomerulonephritis ... more

NIKTURIA - the steady prevalence of the night part of diuresis over the daytime (normally the amount of urine allocated per night does not exceed 40% of daily diuresis), a sign of impaired blood supply to the kidneys, with diseases ... more

NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS - see Nosocomial infections

Nasal bleeding - bleeding, the source of which is in the nasal cavity. It occurs with arterial hypertension (hypertension, etc.), disorders of the blood coagulation system and increased vascular permeability ... more

NIGHT BLIND - see hemeralopia