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Directory of Diseases (in letter P)


FALLING is one of the most common problems in the elderly, often leading to injuries. Repeated falls often indicate disturbances in the mechanisms of maintaining equilibrium (postural reflexes) .... more

Panaritium - acute inflammation of the tissues of the finger. It usually develops when purulent pathogens get into the finger tissue during microtrauma (injections, abrasions, cracks, etc.). On the palmar surface of the fingers, the skin ... more

Pancreatitis - inflammation of the pancreas. There are acute and chronic pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis - an acute inflammatory-necrotic lesion of the pancreas - takes 3rd place in frequency ... more

Papilloma - a benign tumor developing from the epithelium; has the appearance of papillary growth. In most cases, papillomas are viral in nature. Papillomas are found on the skin, mucous membrane of the cavity ... more

PARALYSIS - a disorder of voluntary movements due to impaired muscle innervation. Paralysis can be manifested by the absence or violation of spontaneous movements or a decrease in muscle strength, which is detected when ... more

PARAMETRITIS - inflammation of parametria (perinatal fiber). It arises as a result of penetration into the parametrium (usually along the lymphatic paths) of Escherichia coli, streptococci, staphylococci and other microorganisms .... more

PARANOID SYNDROME indicates a significant depth of mental disorder, which captures all areas of mental activity, changing the patient's behavior. The syndrome is characterized by a predominance of imaginative delirium, closely ... more

PARANIOYAL SYNDROME - a system of overvalued ideas or delusional judgments in the absence of hallucinations and changes in consciousness, as well as without pronounced personality changes. In his delusional constructions, the patient relies on real facts ... more

PARAPROKTIT - inflammation of the pararectal (peri rectal) fiber. It is usually caused by mixed microflora (staphylococcus in combination with E. coli). Acute paraproctitis. Its reason is the introduction ... more

PARAPSYCHOLOGY (psychotronics, bioinformation) - a field of research that studies psychophysical phenomena that occur without the participation of the senses: the so-called extrasensory perception (telepathy, clairvoyance, ... more

PARATIFS - acute intestinal infectious diseases caused by some bacteria of the genus Salmonella. Paratyphoid A and B are isolated. Their manifestations are similar to typhoid fever. Registered everywhere. The source of pathogens ... more

PARAFIMOSIS - infringement of the glans penis with narrowed foreskin. It occurs, as a rule, in children with masturbation, against the background of a physiological or moderate cicatricial narrowing of the foreskin; in adults it is possible with ... more

PARKINSONISM - a syndrome associated with the defeat of the basal ganglia and their connections and manifested by akinesia, rigidity, rest tremor, instability when changing posture (postural instability). In 80% of cases ... more

PERIODONTITIS - a disease of periodontal tissues, accompanied by destruction of the periodontal and bone tissue of the alveolar bone. The process is characterized by reactive gum disease (gingivitis) with the occurrence of periodontal ... more

PASTERELLOSIS - an infectious disease belonging to the group of zoonoses; proceeds in the form of local purulent processes or sepsis. Pathogen - Pasteurella multocida - short stick with rounded ends, devoid of ... more

PEDICULOSIS ( synonym : lice) - parasitization of lice on human skin. Under adverse epidemiological conditions, body lice can be carriers of the causative agents of rash and relapsing fever. There are headaches, ... more

PELLAGRA - a disease caused by insufficient intake or incomplete absorption of nicotinic acid (vitamin PP). It occurs with an unbalanced diet with a predominance of carbohydrates in food, as well as ... more

OVERHEATING OF THE ORGANISM ( synonym : hyperthermia) in humans occurs under the influence of high ambient temperature at work or in conditions that impede heat transfer from the body surface, as well as in areas with a hot climate .... more

OVERLOADED STOP - see Marching foot

Fractures - damage to the bone with a violation of its integrity. Traumatic fractures usually result from the sudden impact of significant mechanical force on a healthy bone, for example, during road traffic ... more

PREGNANCY OF PREGNANCY - prolongation of pregnancy by 10-14 days or more after the expected term of delivery. With true, or biological, gestation, the gestation period usually exceeds 290 - 294 days, the fetus reaches a higher ... more

PERICARDITIS - inflammation of the pericardium. More often occurs with rheumatism or tuberculosis, less often with other diffuse diseases of connective tissue and infectious diseases (for example, with systemic lupus erythematosus, scarlet fever, ... more

PERFORATION (syn.: Perforation) - the formation of holes in the wall of a hollow organ; one of the serious complications of peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, destructive forms of cholecystitis and appendicitis, tumor ... more

HEPATIC INSUFFICIENCY - a pathological condition characterized by disorders of various types of metabolism in the body and intoxication with products of protein metabolism due to insufficiency of liver function. Endogenous ... more

PYELONEPHRITIS is an infectious inflammatory disease in which the renal pelvis, calyx and kidney parenchyma are involved in the pathological process. First of all, the interstitial tissue of the kidney is affected. To indicate ... more

PILOROSTENOSIS - Congenital narrowing of the pylorus in children. More common in boys. The main symptom is profuse (“fountain”) vomiting, which appears on the 2nd-3rd week of life. The volume of vomit, as a rule, exceeds ... more

PIOMETRA - an accumulation of pus in the uterine cavity that occurs when pyogenic microflora (streptococcus, staphylococcus, Escherichia coli) penetrate into the uterus and impaired outflow of purulent exudate. More often observed in acute ... more

PIOSALPINKS - see Adnexitis

FOOD TOXICOINFECTIONS - acute intestinal infectious diseases resulting from eating foods in which microorganisms multiplied and accumulated their toxins; characterized by a sudden onset, ... more

FOOD POISONINGS (synonym: food intoxication) arise from the use of food containing substances toxic to the body of microbial or non-microbial origin; occur with a picture of acute gastroenteritis and ... more

PLACENTAL POLYP - a piece of placental tissue that lingers in the uterus when the fetal egg is not completely removed during an abortion or after childbirth due to pathological attachment of the placenta or irrational management ... more

Pleurisy - an inflammatory lesion of the pleura with the formation of fibrinous plaque on its surface (dry pleurisy) or the accumulation of fluid (effusion) in the pleural cavity (exudative pleurisy). In most cases ... more

PLEXIT - damage to the nerve plexus formed by the anterior branches of the spinal nerves; characterized by sensitive, motor and trophic disorders. May be infectious (with influenza, ... more

PNEUMOMICOSIS - respiratory diseases caused by pathogenic fungi. The cause may be widespread mold, radiant and yeast-like fungi. Often there are mixed pneumomycoses caused by ... more

Baldness - see Alopecia

PNEUMOCONIOSIS - occupational lung diseases caused by prolonged inhalation of mineral dust and characterized by the development of diffuse interstitial fibrosis. They can be found among mining workers, ... more

PNEUMONIA - a large group of various in etiology, pathogenesis and morphological characteristics of inflammatory, often infectious, processes in the lungs with a primary lesion of their respiratory departments. At the same time ... more

PNEUMOSCLEROSIS - diffuse or focal proliferation of connective tissue in the lung as a result of various pathological processes. Non-specific lung diseases (bronchitis, ... more can lead to the development of pneumosclerosis

PNEUMOTORAX - accumulation of air in the pleural cavity due to a violation of the tightness of the lung or damage to the chest wall. If air flow into the pleural cavity quickly ceases due to closure ... more

Gout - a disease associated with impaired purine metabolism, increased levels of uric acid in the blood (hyperurixmia) and the deposition of urate in the tissues. Risk factors for gout are hereditary ... more

MOBILE KIDNEY - see Nephroptosis

SPINAL AND SPINAL INJURY. Damage to the spinal cord during trauma can be the result of injury (with a gunshot wound or comminuted fracture of the vertebrae), compression (due to displacement or fracture of the vertebrae), ischemia (with ... more

POSITIONAL SYNDROME - see Prolonged squeezing syndrome

POLYNEUROPATHY - a group of diseases of the peripheral nervous system, characterized by diffuse damage to the peripheral nerve fibers that make up the various nerves. Clinically, polyneuropathies manifest themselves ... more

POLYURIA - an increase in the amount of urine excreted (over 2000 ml per day). Polyuria is usually associated with the convergence of edema, the intake of diuretics, a large amount of fluid, it is noted with sugar and sugarless ... more

POLYCYTHEMIA (syn: erythremia) - a chronic disease of the hematopoietic system, characterized by a persistent increase in the number of red blood cells, the volume of circulating blood, an increase in the spleen and increased production in ... more

POLLAKIURIA - rapid urination, a symptom of a variety of pathological conditions. The basis of pollakiuria is an increased sensitivity of the mucous membrane of the walls of the bladder and the back of the urethra, which has developed ... more

POLLINOSIS (syn: pollen allergy, hay fever) is an allergic disease caused by pollen from plants and is characterized mainly by acute inflammatory damage to the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract ... more

Sexual Deviations - a group of violations and perversions of sexual behavior, which includes a disorder of sexual desire in relation to an object or method of satisfaction, as well as some violations of sexual ... more

HEART FAULTS - congenital or acquired morphological changes in the valvular apparatus, septa, walls of the heart or large vessels departing from it, disrupting the movement of blood inside the heart or in the large and ... more

Postpartum diseases occur in the postpartum period (in the first 6-8 weeks after childbirth) and are directly related to pregnancy and childbirth. There are infectious and non-infectious postpartum diseases. Infectious ... more

POTNITIA - a skin disease characterized by the appearance of nodules and vesicles with intense sweating. Its development is facilitated by overheating with excessive wrapping, especially in infants or weakened and ... more

KIDNEY INSUFFICIENCY - a pathological condition in which the kidneys partially or completely lose their ability to maintain a constant chemical composition of the internal environment of the body. As a result, the body is disturbed ... more

PLACENTA OFFERING - a pathological condition characterized by improper attachment of the placenta to the uterine wall, in which part of it is located in the region of the internal uterine throat. It is observed more often in re-pregnant ... more

Premenstrual Syndrome - a symptom complex of neuropsychic, autonomic-vascular and metabolic-endocrine disorders that occurs on premenstrual days. More often, the symptoms of this syndrome appear 2-10 days before menstruation and ... more

PRESENTAL PSYCHOSIS AND DEMAND - a group of mental illnesses that occur mainly at the age of 45-60. Main types: presenile depression (involutional melancholy), presenile delirium of damage and persecution, illness ... more

PREMATURE EXPLOSION OF THE PLACENTA - detachment of the placenta during pregnancy or childbirth before the birth of the fetus. Distinguish between premature detachment of the normally located and placenta previa. Disruption of the connection between the placenta and the uterine wall leads to ... more

PREMATURE EMERGENCY DISEASES OF THE FERTILIZED WATERS — rupture of the membranes and the outflow of amniotic fluid before the onset of labor. The frequency of this complication in full-term pregnancy is 12 - 15%, in premature - 30 - 53% of the number of births. When ... more

PREMATURE BIRTH - childbirth occurring during pregnancy from 28 to 37 full weeks, counting from the first day of the last menstruation. Spontaneous abortion during this period is called preterm pregnancy, ... more

PRIAPISM is a prolonged (from several hours to several days) painful erection that is not associated with sexual arousal and does not disappear after intercourse. Priapism can occur in patients with inflammatory ... more

FORMING - see Punching

PROZKA - see Leprosy

PROSTATITIS - inflammation of the prostate gland. Most often occurs between the ages of 20 and 45 years, but often manifests itself in old age with the development of prostate adenoma, the progression of congestive ... more

PSEUDOARTHROSIS - see. False joint

PSITTAKOSIS - see. Ornithosis

MENTAL DISEASES - diseases in which, due to disorders of the brain, the correct perception and awareness of the environment is disturbed and behavior changes. Mental illness entails a partial ... more

PSYCHOGENIA - mental disorders caused by traumatic experiences. If light reactive states can pass even after a psychotherapeutic conversation, then severe ones - psychogenic shock, reactive ... more

PSYCHOORGANIC SYNDROME - a psychopathological symptom complex , the main manifestations of which are violations of the intellect, memory and affective sphere. It occurs during atrophic processes (in advanced age) and vascular ... more

PSYCHOPATHIES - congenital and persistent character anomalies, pathological personality traits to a greater or lesser extent hindering the adaptation of a person in society. The main diagnostic criteria are: 1) ... more

PSYCHOSOMATIC DISORDERS (psychosomatoses) - the occurrence of somatic disorders as a result of a change in mental state. It is believed that the factors causing anxiety and tension, with an inadequate response of the patient contribute to ... more

PSORIASIS is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by a monomorphic papular rash; joints and nails are also affected. It is assumed hereditary, viral, neurogenic, metabolic genesis ... more

PTOSIS - omission of the upper eyelid, is congenital and acquired. It may be caused by muscle diseases, impaired neuromuscular transmission, damage to the oculomotor nerve and its nucleus, impairment ... more

BUBBLE BLOWING - see trophoblastic disease

PULPIT - inflammation of the pulp of the tooth. As a rule, it arises due to the penetration of microflora into the pulp from the carious cavity of the tooth during the progression of the carious process. The causes of pulpitis can be toxic ... more

PULSE - periodic jerky oscillations of the walls of blood vessels (arteries, veins), caused by contractions of the heart. Arterial pulse is formed by fluctuations in pressure and blood supply in the arteries in ... more

POLANE ALLERGY - see Pollinosis