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Handbook of Diseases (letter I)


Heartburn - a painful sensation of heat or burning in the chest along the esophagus. It is a symptom of esophagitis and especially reflux esophagitis, often occurs in gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, ... more

HIERSINIOSIS (syn .: intestinal yersiniosis) is an infectious disease characterized by lesions of the gastrointestinal tract and often a tendency to generalize and damage various organs and tissues. Pathogen ... more

ICOTA - involuntary myoclonic contractions of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles, imitating forced breath. The sudden closure of the respiratory tract by the epiglottis blocks the flow of air and causes a characteristic ... more

ILLUSIONS - erroneous, incorrect perception of real- life objects and phenomena. Especially often illusions appear against the background of depression with anxiety or fear, and also with insufficient clarity of perception ... more

IMPETIGO - pustular skin disease caused by streptococci and staphylococci. The pathogen penetrates through the cracks and abrasions of the skin, the mouth of the hair follicles. Impetigo can occur as a primary disease ... more

IMPOTENCE (syn .: impotence) - a condition in which a man cannot perform sexual intercourse. In most cases, it occurs due to complex dysfunction of the genital organs, the endocrine system, ... more

PULSE STATES include impulsive actions and impulsive drives. Impulsive actions - motor acts that occur and occur suddenly, without external motives and comprehension, as if automatically. Sick ... more

FOREIGN BODIES - objects alien to the body, embedded in its tissues, organs or cavities through damaged integuments or through natural openings. Most often, foreign bodies penetrate the tissues of the body during ... more

INSECT ALLERGY - allergic reactions caused by insects or their livelihoods. The waste products of insects, in addition to toxic reactions caused by toxic substances contained in the poison, ... more

STROKE - an acute violation of cerebral circulation. According to the nature of the lesion, ischemic stroke occurs, resulting from insufficient blood supply (ischemia) of the brain, and hemorrhagic stroke, or ... more

Myocardial infarction - a disease caused by necrosis of the heart muscle due to acute ischemia, most often associated with blockage of a branch of the coronary (coronary) arteries of the heart with a thrombus; ischemic form ... more

Infectious mononucleosis ( synonym : Filatov's disease, benign lymphoblastosis) is an infectious disease characterized by fever, lymphadenopathy, angina, enlargement of the spleen, liver and the appearance of atypical ... more

IPOCHONDRIC SYNDROME is a symptom complex characterized by painful, not justified by objective reasons, focusing on the state of one’s own health. Some patients are constantly afraid of getting sick, getting infected ... more

Iridocyclitis - inflammation of the iris and the ciliary body of the eye. It occurs as a result of the introduction of blood into the tissue of the iris and ciliary body of pathogens of various infections (tuberculosis, syphilis, brucellosis, gonorrhea, etc.) and their ... more

EXCLUSIVE CONDITIONS - a group of temporary disorders of mental activity, combined with such common symptoms as sudden onset, short duration (minutes, rarely hours), presence of an upset consciousness with full or ... more

Hysteria - a symptom complex , including functional mental, somatic and neurological disorders; patients are characterized by increased suggestibility, the desire to attract attention. A special form ... more

ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE is a pathology of the heart caused by acute or chronic recurrent myocardial ischemia (i.e., a mismatch between oxygen supply and need for myocardium) due to narrowing or blockage ... more

ISHURIA (urinary retention) - the impossibility of emptying the bladder, despite the overflow of urine. If urine retention occurs suddenly, it is called acute; if it develops gradually due to ... more