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Directory of Diseases (in the letter I)


Heartburn - a painful sensation of heat or burning behind the sternum along the esophagus. It is a symptom of esophagitis and especially reflux esophagitis, often occurs with peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, ... more

YERSINIOSIS (syn: intestinal yersiniosis) - an infectious disease characterized by damage to the gastrointestinal tract and often a tendency to generalization and damage to various organs and tissues. Pathogen ... more

HICCUP - involuntary myoclonic contractions of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles that mimic a forced breath. Sudden closure of the airways by the epiglottis blocks the air flow and causes a characteristic ... more

ILLUSIONS - erroneous, incorrect perception of really existing objects and phenomena. Especially often, illusions appear against the backdrop of depression with anxiety or fear, as well as with insufficient clarity of perception, ... more

IMPETIGO - pustular skin disease caused by streptococci and staphylococci. The causative agent penetrates through cracks and abrasions of the skin, the mouth of the hair follicles. Impetigo can occur as a primary disease ... more

IMPOTENCY (syn.: Impotence) - a condition in which a man can not have sexual intercourse. In most cases, it arises due to a complex violation of the functions of the genitals, the endocrine system, ... more

PULSED STATES include impulsive actions and impulsive drives. Impulsive actions - motor acts that occur and occur suddenly, without external motives and interpretation, as if automatically. The patient ... more

FOREIGN BODIES - objects alien to the body that have invaded its tissues, organs or cavities through damaged integuments or through natural openings. Most often, foreign bodies penetrate the tissues of the body when ... more

INSECT ALLERGY - allergic reactions caused by insects or their metabolic products. Vital products of insects, in addition to toxic reactions caused by toxic substances contained in the poison, ... more

STROKE - an acute violation of cerebral circulation. By the nature of the lesion, an ischemic stroke is distinguished, resulting from insufficient blood supply (ischemia) of the brain, and hemorrhagic stroke, or ... more

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION - a disease caused by necrosis of a part of the heart muscle due to acute ischemia, most often associated with clogging of any branch of the coronary (coronary) heart arteries with a blood clot; form of ischemic ... more

INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS ( synonym : Filatov’s disease, benign lymphoblastosis) is an infectious disease characterized by fever, lymphadenopathy, tonsillitis, enlarged spleen, liver and the appearance of atypical blood ... more

IHOCHONDRIC SYNDROME - a symptom complex characterized by a painful concentration of attention on the state of one’s own health that is not justified by objective reasons. Some patients are constantly afraid of getting sick, getting infected, ... more

Iridocyclitis - inflammation of the iris and ciliary body of the eye. It arises as a result of the introduction of bloodborne pathogens of various infections (tuberculosis, syphilis, brucellosis, gonorrhea, etc.) into the tissue of the iris and ciliary body and their ... more

EXCLUSIVE CONDITIONS - a group of temporary disorders of mental activity, combined by such common symptoms as a sudden onset, short duration (minutes, rarely hours), the presence of a frustrated consciousness with full or ... more

Hysteria - a symptom complex , including functional mental, somatic and neurological disorders; patients are characterized by increased suggestibility, a desire to attract attention. A special form ... more

ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE - a pathology of the heart caused by acute or chronic recurrent myocardial ischemia (i.e., a mismatch between the supply of oxygen to the myocardium and the need for it) due to narrowing or blockage ... more

ISHURIA (urinary retention) - the impossibility of emptying the bladder, despite its overflow with urine. If urinary retention occurs suddenly, it is called acute; if it develops gradually due to ... more