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Handbook of Diseases (K)


CANDIDOSIS is a fungal disease of the skin, mucous membranes, nails and internal organs caused by Candida yeast fungi. Its development is promoted by hypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism, violation of carbohydrate ... more

CARBUNKUL - acute purulent-necrotic inflammation of several hair follicles and sebaceous glands with extensive necrosis of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. A carbuncle may form as a result of the spread ... more

CARDIOSCLEROSIS - partial replacement of myocardial tissue with connective tissue. Occurs in areas of myocardial fiber death in the outcome of myocarditis, severe myocardial dystrophy, in the area of ​​necrosis in myocardial infarction .... more

CARDIOSPASM (syn .: cardia achalasia) - lack of reflex relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter during swallowing, accompanied by partial obstruction of food and expansion of the overlying esophagus .... more

CARIES OF TEETH - a pathological process, manifested by demineralization and subsequent destruction of the hard tissues of the tooth with the formation of a defect in the form of a cavity. Enamel demineralization occurs as a result of action on it ... more

CASTRATION - a condition arising from the complete and irreversible cessation of the function of the sex glands. May occur as a result of injury or infection, accompanied by the complete destruction of the tissue of the genital glands. In a row ... more

Cataract - eye disease characterized by clouding of the lens. Congenital cataracts can be hereditary or occur in the prenatal period as a result of exposure to the fetus of various infectious ... more

CATATHONY (syn .: catatonic syndrome) is manifested by the following conditions: 1) catatonic stupor - complete indifference and inhibition, the patient for months or years lies in the "fetal position" (danger ... more

KAUSALGIA - intense burning pain in the innervation zone of a partially damaged peripheral nerve, containing a large number of sympathetic vegetative fibers. It develops in 3–5% of cases of partial damage ... more

CACHEXIA is an extreme depletion of the body, characterized by a sharp emaciation, general weakness, a decrease in the activity of physiological processes, and changes in the psyche. Causes of cachexia can be fasting or ... more

COUGH - voluntary or involuntary (reflex) jerked forced sonic expiration. The physiological role of coughing is to clean the airways from secretions and from substances trapped in them from the outside. How ... more

KERATITIS - inflammation of the cornea, accompanied by its clouding and decrease in vision. In the etiology of keratitis, the most significant is infection, the pathogens of which penetrate into the corneal tissue by endogenous or exogenous ... more

CYST - a pathological cavity in organs and tissues, having a wall and contents. The size of such cavities, the structure of their walls and the nature of the contents vary depending on the origin of the cysts, their duration ... more

KYPOZ - curvature of the spine, curved backwards. Normally, adults have physiological thoracic and sacral kyphosis, in children during the first months of life there is a total curvature of the spine ... more


CLIMACERIC PERIOD (syn .: climax) in women is due to functional changes in the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary system and is expressed in the gradual cessation of menstruation followed by the almost complete extinction of the hormone ... more

COKLUSH is an acute infectious disease, characterized by paroxysmal spasmodic cough. The causative agent of the disease is Gram-negative wand Bordetella pertussis. The causative agent of whooping cough ... more

COXITIS - inflammation of the hip joint. Depending on the etymology, non-specific (acute purulent) and specific (usually tuberculous, less often brucellosis, syphilitic, etc.) coxitis are distinguished. Acute ... more

KOLIKA - a sudden attack of sharp cramping pains that occur in diseases of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space, caused by a prolonged convulsive spasm of the muscles of these organs. There are ... next

Colitis - a disease characterized by inflammatory and dystrophic changes in the colon. The cause of colitis can be an infection (bacterial, viral, fungal), allergy, lunar therapy, admission ... more

COLLAPSE - acute vascular insufficiency, characterized by a sharp decrease in blood pressure due to a drop in vascular tone, a decrease in cardiac output, or as a result of a sharp decrease in circulating blood volume .... more

KOLPIT (syn .: vaginitis) - inflammation of the vaginal mucosa. The most common gynecological disease. There are nonspecific colpitis caused by microorganisms vegetating in the vagina (intestinal ... more

KOMA is a state of deep depression of the central nervous system, characterized by loss of consciousness and reactions to external stimuli, a disorder in the regulation of vital body functions. It is formidable ... more

CONTAGIOUS MOLLUSH (syn .: contagious mollusk) is a viral contagious skin disease. Infection occurs through direct contact with the patient or through infected common objects (towels, sponges, toys) .... more

CONTRACTURE - limit the normal range of motion in the joint. Reduced mobility is usually due to the shortening of extra-articular soft tissue as a result of injury or disease. Congenital contractures ... more

Dupuytren's contract - degeneration of the palmar aponeurosis into fibrous tissue with the formation of a contracture of the fingers. Etiology is not clear. Hereditary inferiority of connective tissue, single and chronic, matters ... more

Contraception - protection from conception. It is used as a means of family planning, and is also shown in cases where the prognosis of a possible pregnancy is unfavorable for a woman or an unborn child .... more


CONJUNCTIVATE - inflammation of the mucous membrane (conjunctiva) of the eye. It is one of the most common eye diseases. This is due to the high reactivity of the conjunctiva, which easily reacts to a different ... more


The measles is an acute infectious disease of viral etiology with an airborne mechanism of transmission characterized by fever, catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes, nasopharynx, and upper respiratory ... more

KOSOLAPOST - complex combined deformation of the foot, in which the foot is tucked inward, is in the position of the plantar flexion, the anterior part of the foot is brought in and supported on its outer edge. Leather ... more

CROP is a disease characterized by the rapid appearance on the skin of more or less common pruritic eruptions, usually blisters. Often combined with allergic angioedema. Urticaria most ... more

RED LAMP SYSTEM (SLE) - a disease related to diffuse connective tissue diseases, which were previously called collagen diseases, or collagen diseases. The provoking factors are infections, insolation, vaccination, ... more

RED LIQUID - a skin disease characterized by itchy nodules (papular) rashes, lesions of the mucous membranes of the mouth and external genital organs, as well as nails. Most adults are sick. Etiology ... more

RUBELLA is an acute disease characterized by a small spotted rash, hyperplasia of the occipital and lateral cervical lymph nodes, moderate general intoxication, hematological reaction. The causative agent is a virus ... more

CRUSH-SYNDROME - see. Long-term squeezing syndrome

CURVED - neck deformity, in which the leading symptom is the wrong position of the head (tilting it in one direction with turning the face in the other direction and up). May be congenital (shortening ... more

CRIPTORCHISM is an abnormality of intrauterine development in which at the time of birth, one or both testicles do not descend from the retroperitoneal space through the inguinal canal into the scrotum. There are true cryptorchidism ... more

External BLEEDING - the outflow of blood from blood vessels in violation of the integrity or permeability of their walls directly to the surface of the body. By origin, the bleeding is divided into traumatic (mechanical damage ... more

BLEEDING IN BIRTH. During physiological labor, the amount of blood loss in the afterbirth and the early postpartum period does not exceed 0.5% of body weight (physiological blood loss). Blood loss corresponding to 0.6% of body weight and more ... more

CROP - acute laryngotracheitis, leading to a narrowing of the lumen (stenosis) of the larynx; characterized by the appearance of a hoarse or hoarse voice, rough "barking" cough and difficulty breathing. It is observed mainly in ... more

KU-FEVER - an infectious disease characterized by a polymorphic clinical picture, frequent lesions of the lungs. Cases of illness are recorded in rural areas. The causative agent of Q fever is Burnet’s rickettsia. In ... more

SMOKING is a form of substance abuse that has a negative impact on the health of the smoker and those around them (“passive smoking”). As smoking is used, the stimulating effect of nicotine on ... more

CHICKEN BLINDS - see Hemeralopia