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Directory of Diseases (letter K)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

CANDIDOSIS - a fungal disease of the skin, mucous membranes, nails and internal organs caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida. Hypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism, a violation of carbohydrate contribute to its development ... more

KARBUNKUL - acute purulent-necrotic inflammation of several hair follicles and sebaceous glands with extensive necrosis of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Carbuncle can form as a result of the spread ... more

CARDIOSCLEROSIS - partial replacement of myocardial tissue with connective tissue. It occurs in the areas of myocardial fiber death in the outcome of myocarditis, severe myocardial dystrophy, in the necrosis zone with myocardial infarction .... more

CARDIOSPASM ( synonym : achalasia of the cardia) - the absence of reflex relaxation of the lower sphincter of the esophagus during swallowing, accompanied by partial obstruction of the food and the expansion of the overlying sections of the esophagus .... more

KARIES DENTS - a pathological process manifested by demineralization and subsequent destruction of the hard tissues of the tooth with the formation of a defect in the form of a cavity. Enamel demineralization occurs as a result of action on it ... more

CASTRATION - a condition that occurs due to the complete and irreversible termination of the function of the sex glands. May occur as a result of trauma or infection, accompanied by complete destruction of the tissue of the genital glands. In a number ... more

CATARACT - an eye disease characterized by a clouding of the lens. Congenital cataract may be hereditary or occur in the prenatal period as a result of exposure to the fetus of various infectious ... more

CATATONIA (syn.: Catatonic syndrome) is manifested by the following conditions: 1) catatonic stupor - complete indifference and lethargy, the patient for months or years lies in the "fetal position" (danger ... more

CAUSALGIA - intense burning pain in the innervation zone of a partially damaged peripheral nerve containing a large number of sympathetic vegetative fibers. It develops in 3 - 5% of cases of partial damage ... more

Cachexia is an extreme degree of exhaustion of the body, characterized by a sharp emaciation, general weakness, decreased activity of physiological processes, and changes in the psyche. Causes of cachexia may be starvation or ... more

Cough - voluntary or involuntary (reflex) jerk - shaped forced sonorous exhalation. The physiological role of coughing is to clear the airways of secretions and of substances that enter them from the outside. How ... more

KERATIT - inflammation of the cornea, accompanied by its clouding and decreased vision. In the etiology of keratitis, the infection is most important, the causative agents of which penetrate endogenous or exogenous into the corneal tissue ... more

KISTA is a pathological cavity in organs and tissues that has a wall and contents. The size of such cavities, the structure of their walls and the nature of the contents vary depending on the origin of the cysts, their prescription ... more

KYPHOZIS - curvature of the spine, convex posteriorly. Normally, in adults there is physiological thoracic and sacral kyphosis, in children of the first months of life there is a total curvature of the spine ... more

INTESTINAL YERSINIOSIS - see Yersiniosis

CLIMACTERIC PERIOD ( synonym : menopause) in women is caused by functional changes in the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary system and is expressed in the gradual cessation of menstruation with subsequent almost complete extinction of the hormonal ... more

Whooping cough - an acute infectious disease, a characteristic feature of which is paroxysmal spasmodic cough. The causative agent of the disease is gram-negative bacillus Bordetella pertussis. The causative agent of whooping cough ... more

COXYT - inflammation of the hip joint. Depending on the etymology, nonspecific (acute purulent) and specific (often tuberculous, less often brucellosis, syphilitic, etc.) coxitis are distinguished. Spicy ... more

COLIC - a sudden attack of sharp cramping pain that occurs with diseases of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space, due to prolonged convulsive muscle spasm of these organs. Distinguish ... more

COLIT - a disease characterized by inflammatory-dystrophic changes in the colon. The cause of colitis can be an infection (bacterial, viral, fungal), allergies, moon therapy, taking ... more

COLLAPS is an acute vascular insufficiency characterized by a sharp decrease in blood pressure due to a drop in vascular tone, a decrease in cardiac output, or as a result of an acute decrease in the volume of circulating blood .... more

COLPITIS (syn: vaginitis) - inflammation of the vaginal mucosa. The most common gynecological disease. There are non-specific colpitis caused by microorganisms growing in the vagina (intestinal ... more

COMA - a state of deep depression of the central nervous system, characterized by loss of consciousness and reactions to external stimuli, a dysregulation of the vital functions of the body. It is formidable ... more

CONTAGIOUS Mollusk ( synonym : infectious mollusk) is a viral contagious skin disease. Infection occurs through direct contact with the patient or through infected common objects (towels, sponges, toys) .... more

CONTRACTURE - limitation of the normal range of motion in the joint. The decrease in mobility is usually due to the shortening of extra-articular soft tissues as a result of damage or disease. Congenital contracture ... more

CONSTRUCTION OF DUPUITREN - degeneration of the palmar aponeurosis into fibrous tissue with the formation of contracture of the fingers. The etiology is not clarified. Hereditary inferiority of connective tissue, single and chronic ... more

CONTRACEPTION - protection against conception. It is used as a means of family planning, and is also shown in cases where the prognosis of a possible pregnancy is unfavorable for a woman or an unborn child .... more

CONFABULATIONS - see Amnesia

CONJUNCTIVITIS - inflammation of the mucous membrane (conjunctiva) of the eye. It is one of the most common eye diseases. This is due to the high reactivity of the conjunctiva, which easily responds to various ... more

CONJUNCTIVITY SPRING - see Spring Qatar

Measles is an acute infectious disease of viral etiology with an airborne transmission mechanism, characterized by fever, catarrh of the mucous membranes of the eyes, nasopharynx and upper respiratory tract ... more

BARCKFOOT - a complex combined deformation of the foot, in which the foot is tucked in, is in the position of plantar flexion, the front part of the foot is brought in and the support is carried out on its outer edge. Leather ... more

HORSE - a disease characterized by the rapid appearance on the skin of more or less common itchy rashes, usually blisters. Often combined with allergic Quincke edema. Urticaria is the most ... more

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) - a disease related to diffuse diseases of the connective tissue, which were previously called collagen diseases, or collagenoses. The triggering factors are infections, insolation, vaccination, ... more

RED FLAT LICHY is a skin disease characterized by itchy nodular (papular) rashes, damage to the mucous membranes of the oral cavity and external genital organs, as well as nails. More often adults are ill. Etiology ... more

RED - an acute disease characterized by a small spotted rash, hyperplasia of the occipital and lateral cervical lymph nodes, moderate general intoxication, hematological reaction. The causative agent is a virus, ... more

CRASH-SYNDROME - see Prolonged squeezing syndrome

CURVED - neck deformity, in which the leading symptom is an incorrect position of the head (tilting it in one direction with turning the face in the other direction and up). May be congenital (shortening ... more

Cryptorchidism is an abnormality of intrauterine development in which, at the time of birth, one or both testicles do not descend from the retroperitoneal space through the inguinal canal into the scrotum. Distinguish true cryptorchidism ... more

External bleeding - the outflow of blood from blood vessels in violation of the integrity or permeability of their walls directly to the surface of the body. By origin, bleeding is divided into traumatic (mechanical damage ... more

Hemorrhage in childbirth. In physiological births, the amount of blood loss in the subsequent and early postpartum period does not exceed 0.5% of body weight (physiological blood loss). Blood loss corresponding to 0.6% of body weight or more, ... more

CRUP - acute laryngotracheitis, leading to narrowing of the lumen (stenosis) of the larynx; characterized by the appearance of a hoarse or hoarse voice, a rough "barking" cough and difficulty breathing. It is mainly observed in ... more

KU-FEVER - an infectious disease characterized by a polymorphic clinical picture, frequent lung damage. Cases of illness are recorded in rural areas. The causative agent of Q fever is Rickettsia Burnet. In ... more

SMOKING is a form of substance abuse that has a negative effect on the health of the smoker and others (“passive smoking”). As you get used to smoking, the stimulating effect of nicotine on ... more

CHICKEN BLIND - see hemeralopia