SPRING QATAR ( synonym : spring conjunctivitis) - a chronic disease of the conjunctiva of the eyes. It got its name in connection with a certain periodicity of the process - exacerbation of it in spring and summer, calming down in autumn and winter. It is observed in childhood, more often in boys; during puberty usually passes. In the northern regions, the disease is less common than in the southern regions.
Photophobia , lacrimation and severe itching in the eyes are subjectively observed. The formation of large solid flattened milky pink growths on the conjunctiva of the upper eyelid is characteristic, which gives it a appearance resembling a cobblestone pavement. At the same time, • the conjunctiva becomes unclear and, as it were, becomes covered with a thin whitish film. Similar growths can also appear on the cornea. The process is usually two-way. When signs of spring catarrh appear, the patient should be referred to an ophthalmologist.
The treatment is symptomatic. To eliminate itching, instill in the eyes of solutions of dicain, adrenaline, weak astringent solutions. Pathogenetic therapy involves the use of mast cell membrane stabilizers that block the release of allergy mediators and other biologically active substances. For this purpose, use a salt of cromoglic acid (cromohexol, opticrom, high-chrome), 1 drop of a 2% solution in each eye 4 times a day. In severe forms of the disease, it is advisable to use eye films with dexamethasone (under the eyelid once for 10 days). Additionally, instill in the eyes every 4-6 hours, 1-2 drops of a 0.1% solution of dexamethasone or 1-3 times a day, 1-2 drops of a 0.3% solution of prednisolone. Antihistamines are also administered. Diet therapy is indicated. Wearing light-proof sunglasses is recommended.