SPRING QATAR (syn .: spring conjunctivitis) is a chronic disease of the conjunctiva of the eyes. It got its name due to a certain periodicity of the process - its aggravation in spring and summer, its decline in autumn and winter. Observed in childhood, more often in boys; during puberty usually passes. In the northern regions of the disease is less common than in the south.
Photophobia , tearing and severe itching in the eyes are subjectively noted. Characteristic is the formation of large, solid, flattened, milky-pink color of growths on the conjunctiva of the upper eyelid, which gives it a look resembling cobblestone pavement. At the same time, the conjunctiva becomes turbid and becomes covered with a thin whitish film. Similar growths can also appear on the cornea. The process is usually two-way. If signs of spring catarrh appear, the patient should be referred to an ophthalmologist.
Symptomatic treatment . To eliminate itching prescribed instillation into the eyes of solutions dikaina, adrenaline, weak astringent solutions. Pathogenetic therapy includes the use of mast cell membrane stabilizers, which block the release of allergy mediators and other biologically active substances. For this purpose, use is made of cromoglyceic acid salt (cromohexol, optocrome, hi-chrome) with 1 drop of 2% solution in each eye 4 times a day. In severe forms of the disease, it is advisable to use ophthalmic films with dexamethasone (under the eyelid once within 10 days). Additionally, one or two drops of a 0.1% dexamethasone solution are added to the eyes every 4-6 hours, or 1-2 drops of a 0.3% prednisolone solution, 1-3 times a day. Antihistamine therapy is also carried out. Diet therapy is indicated. Wearing sunglasses is recommended.