HEMARTROSIS - hemorrhage in the joint cavity. It occurs mainly as a result of trauma, less often in certain diseases, for example hemophilia, scurvy. With hemarthrosis, swelling, smoothness of the contours and an increase in the joint in volume are observed, its soreness with movements and palpations, limitation of function are noted.
First aid - applying a pressure dressing, immobilization of a limb, cold on the affected joint. In the hospital, a joint radiography is performed in order to exclude a dislocation or an intraarticular fracture, a puncture of the joint cavity to detect blood in it. Blood from the joint cavity is aspirated and immobilized with a plaster cast for 10-15 days. Then light massage, thermal procedures are prescribed, it is recommended to begin careful movements in the joint. Along with this, if necessary, treat the underlying disease.
The prognosis is usually favorable. Joint function in cases of hemarthrosis of traumatic origin is usually restored after 20 - 25 days.