HERPES CABGED ( synonym : herpes zoster , herpes zoster) is an acute viral disease characterized by segmental inflammation of the posterior roots of the spinal cord and intervertebral ganglia; it is manifested by rashes and pains along the affected nerve.
The causative agent is varicella zoster virus. Adults are ill, more often people of advanced age, persons with weakened immune systems, for example HIV-infected. The disease results from the activation of a virus that has survived in the body after chickenpox in childhood.
The disease begins with fever, headache, pain, sometimes intense, along the affected sensory nerve. Against this background, along the nerve, often intercostal, slightly edematous erythematous spots appear, on the surface of which erythematous spots are formed, clustered bubbles resembling clusters of grapes, with transparent contents that quickly grow cloudy. Bubbles open, form erosion and falling away crusts. After the appearance of rashes, intoxication and pain subside, but neuralgia can persist for up to several months. In the case of abortive forms, the bubbles are single, may be absent. "For individuals with severe disorders of the immune system (cancer, HIV infection), relapses, generalized rashes, deep skin lesions that leave scars are possible. With appropriate localization of the process, keratitis , neuritis of the facial nerve, damage to the mucous membranes of the mouth and pharynx can be observed. There are cases of meningoencephalitis.
The diagnosis is difficult until the rash appears. Acyclovir (zovirax), normal human immunoglobulin , analgesics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used in treatment. Pr and f and lactics is aimed at the prevention and treatment of diseases and conditions accompanied by inhibition of the function of the immune system.