HIRSUTISM - excessive hair growth in women, expressed in the appearance of a mustache, beard, and also abundant hair growth on the limbs and torso. The occurrence of hirsutism is due to the influence of many neurohumoral factors, the main of which is an increase in the secretion of male sex hormones - androgens or an increase in tissue sensitivity to them.
Hirsutism can be constitutional (in healthy women); occur when administering androgens or compounds similar in chemical structure to them for therapeutic purposes; develop with a number of endocrine diseases - adrenogenital syndrome, tumors of the ovaries and adrenal glands, acromegaly, Itsenko - Cushing disease. Sometimes hirsutism is observed during pregnancy and in the menopausal period, as well as with brain lesions - tumors, encephalitis, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy. In some cases, it is caused by a local effect on the skin or skin diseases. In a number of patients, hirsutism occurs due to a violation of the androgen metabolism in the skin (the so-called idiopathic hirsutism).
The treatment is aimed at the underlying disease. In case of constitutional and idiopathic hirsutism, special cosmetic procedures are prescribed - epilation, etc., and in the absence of contraindications, antiandrogenic drugs (for example, androkur). See also Virilism .