This page has been robot translated, sorry for typos if any. Original content here.

Keyboard Shortcuts on Mac OS X

On this topic:


I think this topic will be interesting and useful for many Mac users. Key keyboard shortcuts in Mac OS X:
⌘, ⌥, ⇧ and ⌫ . What do these icons / symbols mean?
- Command or Apple key
- Option or Alt,
- Shift,
- Backspace or Return

Capturing screenshots (screenshot)
⌘ + ⇧ + 3 - The jpeg image is saved on the desktop.
⌘ + ⇧ + 4 - Screenshot of a part of the screen.
⌘ + ⇧ + 4 + Space - A snapshot of a single / active window.

Capture screenshots (screenshot) and save to clipboard (clipboard)
⌘ + ⇧ + 3 + Ctrl - Capture to clipboard
⌘ + ⇧ + 4 + Mouse movement + Ctrl - Capture part of the screen to the clipboard
⌘ ⇧ 4 + Space + Ctrl Capture a window (camera effect)

Dock / Switch Programs
⌘ + ⌥ + D - Hide / Show Dock
⌘ + Tab - Switch between programs
⌘ + `- Opening the settings of the current program
⌥ + Click on the program icon in the dock - Switches the program, hides the previous one
⌘ + Click on the program icon in the dock - Switches the program, hides all the others
Ctrl + ⌥ + ⌘ + 8 - Turn on / off monochrome mode

Finder
⌥ + Move with the mouse (file) - A copy is made even if the file is in the same folder / on the same volume
⌘ + Move with the mouse (file) - Move the file even if you move to another volume
⌘ + ⌥ + Move with the mouse (file, program) - Create a shortcut in a new place
⌘ + A - Select all
⌘ + D - Copy
⌘ + C - Copy to clipboard
⌘ + L - Create shortcut
⌘ + R - Show original
⌘ + O - Open contents
⌘ + ↓ - Open contents
⌘ + S - Save
⌘ + V - Paste
⌘ + Z - Undo the last action
⌘ + ⇧ + S - Save indicating where
⌘ + N - Open a new Finder window
⌘ + ⇧ + N - Create a new folder
⌘ + Q - End the program
⌘ + W - Close window
⌘ + ⌥ + W - Close all windows
⌘ + I - Get information about a file / object
⌘ + ⌥ + I - Get information about a file / object, this command differs from the previous if you selected more than one object and want to see information in one window.
⌘ + P - Print
⌘ + T - Add bookmark
⌘ + Delete - Delete to basket
⌘ + E - Eject DVD / CD
⌘ + F - Search (In VLC programs, QuickTime activates full screen mode)
Tab - Go to the next line, file, etc.
⌘ + ↑ - Go to the next directory, volume (up)
⌘ + [- Go back ⌘ +] Forward
⌘ + ⇧ + A - Open the Applications folder
⌘ + ⇧ + U - Open the Utilities folder
⌘ + ⇧ + H - Open the user's “home” folder
⌘ + ⇧ + K - Go to “Network”
⌘ + K - Connect to server
⌘ + ⇧ + G - Go to the folder (you must specify the full name)
⌘ + ⇧ + ⌫ - Empty the basket
⌘ + ⇧ + ⌥ + ⌫ - Empty the trash without warnings and the window for the process of removing “garbage”
⌘ + H - Hide window / program
⌘ + ⌥ + H - Hide other windows / applications

Spotlight
⌘ + Spacebar - Activates Spotlight
⌘ + ⌥ + Spacebar - Activates the Spotlight search box
⌘ + ↓ / ↑ - Move up / down in volumes / folders (up and down arrows)

Editing text (in TextEdit, Mail and others)
⌥ + ← - Move one word to the left
⌥ + → - Move one word to the right
Control + A - Return to beginning of sentence
Control + E - Go to the end
⌘ + ← - Go to the beginning of the line
⌘ + → - Go to end of line
⌘ + ⌥ + T - Open a window with symbols
⌘ + ↑ - Move / go to the beginning of the document
⌘ + ↓ - Move / go to the end of the document
Hold down the shift (⇧) button and click on the up / down arrow ↑ ↓ the text selects the corresponding
⌥ + ⌫ - Delete a word
⌥ + up / down ↑ ↓ - Scrolling up / down

Other system
⌥ + Volume less / more Opens sound settings
Control + ⇧ + Eject - Turns off the display
⌥ + Brightness less / more - Opens the display settings

Shutdown / Logout
Press the main button on / off - a light touch The computer goes into sleep mode
Press the main button on / off - hold for 10 seconds Forced shutdown of the computer
Ctrl + Eject - Reboot, Sleep Mode, Turn Off window appears
⌘ + Ctrl + Eject - Shut down all applications and restart the computer (forced)
⌘ + ⌥ + ctrl + eject - Shut down all applications and restart the computer (with a warning)
⌘ + ⌥ + Eject - Sleep Mode
⌘ + ⌥ + Esc - The forced shutdown window opens
⌘ +. (Period) - End of the process (for example: terminates the operation of showing a movie in VLC pleura without turning off the player)
⌘ + Ctrl + power - Instantly reboot the computer (it is advisable to use it only when the system freezes)
Sign Out
⌘ + ⇧ + Q - Logout (Apple Menu Меню)
⌘ + ⇧ + ⌥ + Q - Logout immediately

At boot time
Shift - Safe Boot mode Safe mode - Press shift immediately after the boot melody
⌘ + V - Computer boots in Verbose mode
⌘ + S - Computer boot in command mode (terms)
X - Force boot on Mac OS X
⌘ + ⌥ + ⇧ + ⌫ - The computer will “skip” the main OS, boot from an external volume or DVD
C - Boot from system CD
D - Download from the first section
N - Booting from NetBoot (from the network)
T - Boot in FireWire Target mode, connect two computers through the FireWire cord, hold T. during boot.
Option - Select boot volume
⌘ + ⌥ + P + R - PRAM Reset - Reset PRAM
⌘ + ⌥ + O + F - Access to Open Firmware
⌘ + E - Eject CD / DVD