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History of the world economy - Polyak GB

History of the World Economy : A Textbook for Universities / Under I90 ed. G.B. Polyak, A.N. Markova. - M .: UNITY, 2002.-727 p .: ill.

ISBN 5-238-00066-9

The history of the world economy is the history of mankind . It accumulates the economic experience of society, fosters historicism, the scale and realism of thinking, as it gives an opportunity to know and compare the development of the economy of different countries in different epochs.

The study of the history of the world economy shows how the productive forces and the sectoral structure of the economy, the production relations and forms of production organization, the economic management mechanism and the economic policy of the state, as well as the social structure of society, have changed from primitive to the present.

Chronological and country approaches to the presentation of the material allowed to present the leading countries of the Antiquity, the Middle Ages, the New and the Newest Times and reflect the main features and trends in their economic development with the identification of the factors that led to this development.

For students and teachers of higher educational institutions, as well as a wide range of readers. The publication is illustrated.

ISBN 5-238-00066-9

BBK 65.03.073


Introductory chapter
Functions of economic history
Factors of economic development
1. Economics of primitive society
1.2. Economy of the Middle and Late Paleolithic Period
1.3. The economic development of the Mesolithic tribes
1.4. The Neolithic Revolution
2. The Economics of the States of Mesopotamia
Trade and finance
The science. Education
3. Peculiarities of the Economic Development of the Eastern Mediterranean States
3.1. Syria and Phenicia
3.2. Palestine
The collapse of states. Diaspora
4. Economy of Ancient Egypt
5. Economy of Ancient China
Crafts and Industry
The science
6. Peculiarities of the Economic Evolution of Ancient India
Agriculture and crafts
7. Economy of Ancient Greece
7.1. The economic development of Greek lands in the III-II millennium BC. e.
7.2. Economic development in the XI-VI centuries. BC. e.
Monetary relations
7.3. The Greek economy of the classical period (V-IV centuries BC)
7.4. Economic development in the Hellenistic era (late IV-I centuries BC)
8. The Economy of Ancient Rome
8.1. Economy in the Tsarist period
8.2. Economy in the Republic
Agriculture and crafts
8.3. Economy in the period of the Empire
9. The main features of the feudal economy. Typology of feudal development
9.1. General characteristic of feudalism
Typology of feudal development
9.2. Early feudalism - the time of the formation of the feudal mode of production (V - the end of the X cc.)
9.3. The period of developed feudalism (XI-XV centuries).
The struggle of cities with feudal lords
9.4. The period of late feudalism (late XV - mid XVII centuries.)
10. The Economy of Medieval France
10.1. The emergence and development of feudal relations in Frankish society
10.2. The Frankish state in the VII-IX centuries.
10.3. Economic development of France in the X-XV centuries.
10.4. Economic development of France at the stage of the expansion of feudalism
11.Economic development of England and Holland
11.1. The economic development of England in the XI-XV centuries.
11.2. The economy of England in the XVI-XVII centuries.
11.3. The economy of the Netherlands (Holland) in the XVI century.
11.4. Holland as an "exemplary" capitalist country of the XVII century.
12. The Economy of Germany
12.1. The Epoch of Early Feudalism (VX cc.)
12.2. The epoch of the heyday of feudalism (XI - the end of XV centuries).
12.3. "The second edition" of serfdom
13. The economy of Kievan Rus (IX-XII centuries).
13.1. Formation of the Old Russian State
13.2. Development of agriculture
13.3. Development of crafts and cities
14. The Economics of Russia in the period of feudal fragmentation (XII-XV centuries).
14.1. Causes of feudal disunity
14.2. Economic development of the n lands in the XII-XV centuries.
Domestic and Foreign Trade
14.3. Completion of the unification of the Russian lands around Moscow.
15. Economic development of Russia during the formation of a single centralized state (XV-XVII centuries).
15.1. Economy of Russia in the period of completion of the association around Moscow
15.2. Features of economic development in in the XVI century.
15.3. The Economy of Russia on the Eve of the New Time (17th c.)
16. Economic development of the East
16.1. The economy of India at an early stage of feudalism
16.2. The economy of India during the Delhi Sultanate (11th-15th centuries)
16.3. The economy of India in the era of the Moghod empire (XVI-XVIII centuries.)
17. The Economy of Medieval China
17.1. Economy in an era of fragmentation
17.2. The economy of China in the Imperial period (the end of the VI-XIII centuries.)
17.3. Sunset of the Chinese Empire
18. Economy of medieval Japan
18.1. Birth of the State
18.2. Development of the Japanese economy in the 8th and 12th centuries.
18.3. The economy of Japan in the era of mature feudalism (XII-XV centuries).
19. Economic development of leading countries in the XVIII century.
19.1. General characteristics of the era
19.2. England - the birthplace of the industrial revolution
19.3. Features of the socio-economic development of France
19.4. Causes of the economic backwardness of Germany
20. Economic development of the leading countries of Europe in the era of the formation of industrial civilization (XIX century.)
20.1. Features of the socio-economic development of England
Trade Policy
20.2. Features of the socio-economic development of France
Trade and finance
20.3. Features of the socio-economic development of Germany
Trade. Banks
21. The Russian economy in the XVIII century.
21.1. The Epoch of Peter the Great
21.2. The Economy of Russia in the Post-Petrine Period
21.3. The beginning of the disintegration of serfdom (second half of the 18th century)
Domestic trade
22. Economic development of Russia in the XIX century.
22.1. General characteristics of the era
22.2. The state of agriculture
22.3. Industrial development
22.4. Trade
22.5. Transport
22.6. Financial system. Taxation
23. US education, their economic development in the XIX century.
23.1. War for independence. Education USA
23.2. The economic development of the United States in the first half of the XIX century.
23.3. Industrial Revolution in the United States
23.4. Civil war and its consequences
24. Economic development of Japan XVIII-XIX centuries.
24.1. The economy of Japan in the XVIII century.
24.2. The economy of Japan in the XIX century.
24.3. The economy of Japan in the transition to imperialism
25. The economies of the East in the era of colonialism
25.1. Historical forms of colonialism
25.2. Colonialism in the XVI-XVII centuries.
25.3. Colonialism of the period of industrial capitalism
25.4. Development of the colony economy
26. The second scientific and technological revolution and the development of the world's productive forces (late XIX - early XX centuries).
Technology and organization of production
27. Nomination of the USA, Germany and Japan to the leading countries of the world
27.1. US Economic Development
27.2. Economic Development in Germany
27.3. Economic development of Japan
28. The world economy in 1914-1959. Formation of a system of regulated capitalism
28.1. Periods of the etatization process
28.2. The economic development of the largest industrial country is the United States.
28.3. Economy of Great Britain
28.4. Economic development of France
28.5. Economy of Germany
28.6. The economic development of Italy and Japan
29. Features of economic development of the leading countries of the world after the Second World War
29.1. The growing economic power of the United States
29.2. Dynamics and forms of development of leading countries
Features of economic development in West Germany
29.3. Integration Processes
30. The experience of building socialism in the countries of Eastern Europe, Asia and Cuba.
30.1. Economic development
30.2. The economic development of the socialist countries in the second stage (1950-1960)
30.3. Problems of economic management in the socialist countries in the third stage (1960-1970)
30.4. The economy of socialist countries in the fourth stage (1970 - mid-80's).
30.5. The countries of the socialist system in the second half of the 80's and 90's
31. Economic development of countries liberated from colonial domination
31.1. Developing countries as a factor in the growth of the world economy
31.2. Socio-economic differentiation of developing countries
The second group of developing states
31.3. Integration processes in developing countries
32. The Russian economy in 1900-1917.
32.1. Economic crises early XX century.
32.2. Industrial development of Russia in 1909-1915.
32.3. Development of agriculture
32.4. The Economy of Russia during the First World War
33. The change in the socioeconomic system in Russia, its economic development in 1917-1941
33.1. Revolutionary transformations
33.2. The period of "war communism"
33.3. Restoration of the economy, the transition to NEP
33.4. The national economy of the USSR in the period of the pre-war five-year plans
34. The economy of the country during the Great Patriotic War and the post-war period (1941-1985).
34.1. Economy of the USSR during the Great Patriotic War
Losses of the USSR
State budget during the war years
Economic losses of the USSR
34.2. Postwar reconstruction of the national economy
34.3. The development of the USSR economy in the 1950s-1980s
35. The Economy of Russia in the Period of Transition to the Market Economy Model
35.1. Attempts to reorganize the economic mechanism
35.2.Reforms in Russia and the transition to a market economy
35.3. Factors that have contributed to deepening the crisis