Russian Bible | Russian Bible
The Bible is a canonical collection of texts considered sacred in Judaism and Christianity. The Orthodox and Catholic texts of the Bible differ from the Protestant ones in the presence of additional books in the Old Testament, which are considered as “non-canonical” or “deuterocanonical” (in Catholicism).
There are also differences in the sequence of books in the Bible in different traditions. The Jewish Bible (Tanah) contains 3 sections of 24 books: 5 books of the Torah (“Doctrine” or “Law”), Neviim (“Prophets”) and Ktuvim (“Scriptures”). In the Tanakh, “Prophets” (Neviim) precede Scripture (Ktuvim) and include the books of the “early prophets”: books of Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel (1 and 2 Kings) and 1 and 2 Kings (3 and 4 Kings) , which in the Christian tradition are regarded as historical, along with the books of Chronicles. In addition, in the Jewish tradition, the book of Daniel is not regarded as prophetic, but as part of Scripture.
The content of Christian Bibles ranges from the Protestant canon (66 books) to the canon of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church (81 books). The first part of the Christian Bible - the Old Testament - is basically a regrouped Jewish Bible, divided into 39 books. The Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Christianity also include deuterocanonical books in the Old Testament canon. The second part - the New Testament - consists of 27 books: 4 canonical Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, 21 Epistles of the Apostles and Revelation of John the Theologian.
The Old Testament idea of holiness, as an indispensable attribute of God, most fully disclosed in the book of Leviticus, led to the spread among Christians of the names "Holy Bible" or "Holy Scripture." Many Christians consider the entire canonical text of the Bible to be divine revelation. The oldest Greek manuscripts with the full text of the Christian Bible date back to the 4th century. n e. The surviving Tanach manuscripts, written in Hebrew and Aramaic, date back to the 10th century AD. e., but there is the Vatican Codex with the Septuagint, also attributable to the beginning of the IV century. n e. The Bible is divided into chapters by Stephen Langton (13th century) and into verses by Robert Etienne (16th century). Commonly quoted from a book, chapter, and verse.
The Old Testament is written in Hebrew (Biblical Hebrew), with the exception of some parts written in Aramaic. The New Testament is written in the ancient Greek language (in the form of koyne).
The Bible is the best-selling book of all time, with an average annual sales of approximately 100 million copies, and has a tremendous impact on literature and history, especially in the West, becoming the first model of mass literature.