Super detailed maps of the lunar surface have become available to all.
The moon is a natural satellite of the Earth. The planet’s closest satellite to the Sun, as the planets closest to the Sun, Mercury and Venus, have no satellites. The second brightest object in the earth's sky after the Sun and the fifth largest natural satellite of the planet of the solar system. The average distance between the centers of the Earth and the Moon is 384 467 km (0.002 57 a. E., ~ 30 diameters of the Earth). The apparent magnitude of the full moon in the earth’s sky is -12.71m. The illumination created by a full moon near the surface of the earth in clear weather is 0.25 - 1 lux. The moon is the only astronomical object outside the Earth that man has visited.
Scientists from the US Geological Survey, together with NASA experts, have compiled two very detailed lunar maps .
The maps are made on the basis of data obtained using the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter automatic interplanetary station.
On the map, made up of pictures of a wide-angle camera located on board the probe, all objects with a size of more than 85 kilometers are indicated. In ultra-high resolution ( 245 MB ) map can be downloaded here .
Sheet 1: This is an Orbiter Wide Angle Camera (WAC; Robinson and others, 2010) Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft (The Tooley and the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Wide Angle Camera). others, 2010). The WAC images were equated with the digital terrain mosaic (GLD100, WAC-derived 100 m / pixel digital elevation model; Scholten and others, 2012) others, 2010). The Mercator Projection is used between the latitudes ± 57 °, with a meridian at 0 ° longitude and latitude equal to the nominal scale at 0 °. The Polar Stereographic Projection is also the meridian of the –55 ° parallel –– –– –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– respectively. All named features greater than 85 km in diameter or length were included unless they were visible on the map. Some selected well-known features less than 85 km in size were also included. For listed references, please open the full PDF.
Topographic lunar map compiled using a laser altimeter; during its formation, more than 6.5 billion measurements made from 2009 to 2013 were used. In ultra-high resolution ( 461 MB ) map can be downloaded here .
Sheet 2: Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA; Smith and Others, 2010), Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft (Tooley and others, 2010) ). It is recommended that the image used for the system is described below, and then converted to lunar radii (Mazarico and others, 2012). For these Mercator portions, these measurements should be taken at a distance of 0.015625 degrees per pixel, or 64 pixels per degree. In projection, the pixels are 473.8 m in size at the equator. For the polar portion of the LOLA elevation points were used to create a DEM at 240 meters per pixel. The angle of the sun has been reduced and the sun has been measured. The DEM values were then mapped to 1 km of elevation. For this map sheet, only larger feature names are shown. For references listed above, please open the full PDF.