Ecological maps of Ukraine and the World
On June 5, World Environment Day was celebrated. The environmental situation in Ukraine is getting worse every year. According to the International Institute of Nature, in terms of the amount of pollution (referring to the integrated indicator of air, water and soil pollution), Ukraine is leading in Europe. There are fewer and fewer territories on the map of the country that can be called clean.
The situation is worse in the east of Ukraine. Two thirds of all harmful emissions fall to this region. "The whole fault of the enterprise is ferrous metallurgy, energy and coal industry," experts say.
Most damaging to the environment of the Donbass. They produce 23% of all industrial products, including 85% of fuel, 23% of chemical and petrochemical, 37% of metallurgy and 18% of electricity.
The second place in the level of environmental pollution is occupied by Dnieper - Dnepropetrovsk and Zaporozhye regions. Here 20% of industrial output is concentrated. The leading place is occupied by metallurgical, electric power, chemical and petrochemical industry.
On many ecological maps of Ukraine, Kiev and the region fall into the category of "clean", but environmentalists are ready to argue with this. "Cars are the main problem of Kiev. Their number on the roads of the capital has long exceeded one million, and with exhaust gases 83% of all pollutants are emitted. Burned recently on the Maidan tires worsened the situation, "experts say.
The cleanest region of the country, according to environmentalists, is Western Ukraine.
"This is explained by the distance from large industrial centers," says the ecologist. It is not for nothing that the cities of this region of Ukraine have repeatedly got into the ratings of the healthiest, occupying not only the top three leaders, but also not allowing the settlements of other regions to break even into the top twenty.
The biggest problem of the inhabitants of the north of Ukraine is still Chernobyl. Despite the fact that many scientists say that the zone is recovering faster than they thought, it is still very far from full purification. And the question of building a new sarcophagus is open.