The procedure for connecting a new subscriber.
Of course, the process of connecting a newly installed electrical installation (a built house) in different cities, regions, regions may differ in some points, but nevertheless the general principle is the same.
After receiving documents confirming ownership of the land and the building, the consumer applies for inclusion. In the application, usually, in addition to the address and coordinates of the applicant, the required power, voltage level, and sometimes it is required to distribute power according to the type of load, separately indicate the presence of electric heating.
Filling in the application, the responsible moment and the future consumer should be pre-prepared for it. Depending on the number of rooms and the area of the premises, the number and power, often used electric receivers, it is necessary to determine the amount of installed capacity. Energy supplying organizations may impose fines on consumers connecting power that exceeds the permissible price of the contract (which appears afterwards from the received specifications). Consumers who find it difficult to determine this power should be turned to professionals (project organization, a familiar electrician, for example).
In response to the request, the power supply or TCO within a month will give the customer a response (technical conditions, failure). Technical conditions - a document that defines the requirements that must be met for the consumer to connect to the power grid. Typically, the standard conditions (installing an electricity meter, an RCD, obtaining permits from interested organizations), but sometimes it is possible to build a line, replace wires and even install new transformer substations. But this is not the most terrible because it is possible and the refusal to connect.
The refusal is a justified disagreement of the connection of a new electrical installation to the existing electrical networks. Since the power supply organization is obliged to provide electricity in accordance with the applicable standards and norms, and the electrical networks are worn out and fully loaded, it is possible and a failure to connect. Exit or insist on obtaining technical conditions with the installation of TP, construction of the line, etc.
The next step is present in different forms and not always. With technical conditions, the consumer goes to the project organization and orders a project or draft drawing of a future electrical installation. Some TCO, energy supply organizations (EE) do not require this. The project defines the installation of an electrical installation: the arrangement of switches, sockets, lamps, brand and cross-section of conductors, grounding device, the layout of the ASP, and much more. The project organization performs the project on the basis of the customer's wishes, according to the current rules and regulations. In any case, the appeal to such an organization will protect the consumer from possible disagreements with the inspecting authorities (and he will have 2-3 checks before commissioning). The project is carried out within 1-2 weeks and is coordinated with TCO and Rostechnadzor.
And only after that, based on the received documents, it is recommended to perform the installation! Consumers who have performed the installation previously often face the need to rewire the electrical equipment. Also it is not recommended to address to "home-grown" specialists, because even an experienced electrician working at a plant may not know the modern requirements for installation. In the case of a project, it is simply necessary that the installation conforms to it (in this case, the "smart" electrician can cope). Of course, it is better that the installation was done by the same organization as the design. Usually (and now almost always) the power supply organization and Rostekhnadzor require the installation of a licensed organization, because from installers it is necessary to obtain a minimum set of documents - acts of hidden works and technical readiness of electrical installation works. Prior to admission, a certified laboratory must perform all necessary measurements - insulation resistance of wires and cables, ground resistance and transition contact, with the provision of appropriate protocols.
After installation, it is time to inspect the electrical installation. In a newly constructed facility, in different cases, up to three inspectors (TCO, EO, Rostekhnadzor) can leave. The TCO inspector will draw up an inspection report of the electrical installation, a certificate of compliance with the technical conditions, an act of separation of the balance sheet and operational responsibility. The latter is an annex to the contract and defines the relationship between TCO and the consumer.
The representative of "Rostechnadzor" will inspect the electrical installation for compliance with the current regulations and rules and issue an act of allowing the electrical installation in operation. The representative of the EA will only inspect the ASP and electricity meters. After the inspection, your electricity meter will be sealed.
The next step is to conclude an electricity supply contract. After the outfit is issued for the inclusion, the brigade leaves and turns on your electrical installation.
On the average in the North-West of Russia, the quotations for the above-mentioned works are the following:
- technical conditions - from 1000 rubles. (2 weeks)
- project - from 3000r. (2-3 weeks)
- installation - from 3000r. (1 day - 2 weeks)
- measurements - from 1000r. (1 day)
- tolerance - from 870r. (1 day)
- TCO - from 2000r. (1 day)
- EO - usually free (1 day)
The deadlines between the works performed and the payment (if any) for the services of the intermediary are not specified who on behalf of the customer will perform all the works, the price is on average from 3000r. Also, prices for materials, their purchase and delivery are not specified. For 1-f. accounting for this from 5000r., for 3-p. - from 7000r. Total: 1ph. accounting - from 16000r., 3-f. - from 18000r. It's minimum!