Useful from the field of energy.
They are based on imperfection of the legislation of the Russian Federation. All of them boil down to one - if there is no contract for electricity, then it is not necessary to pay. The rules for using electricity were abolished, only the Civil Code and the rules for the provision of public services, in which relations with the energy supply organization are described very turbidly and especially not in detail, remained. The most important is that nowhere is there any description of the procedure for presenting sanctions to the consumer on the part of the energy supply organization in the event of violations in accounting for electricity.
The amount of damage caused by the power supply organization due to a violation in the accounting of electricity is determined as they say "by eye". unrecorded electricity can not be weighed, touched, sniffed, etc. Therefore, the power supply organization in this case is trying to get the consumer called "dilute", by handing him an account of the electrical installation performed on the basis of power data (if the individual has the total capacity of all electrical appliances connected to the grid), and the number of hours of operation since the last checking when the account was working. All this is paired in kilowatt / hours and multiplied by the tariff and here it is - the result: "Get and sign" )) On this "are" the majority of consumers, the other (though very small) a group of consumers arrives in a different way. This is the most common method of the "Contract", which led (and I think so far leads) to rather disastrous results for energy supply organizations.
If the consumer at the time of the energy supplier's check of electricity metering at the consumer, the latter knows that he has a violation (for example, the electricity meter does not take into account the consumed electricity), the consumer does not allow inspectors to the electricity meter under any pretext (for example, the counter is in the garage, and the keys of the brother (sisters , grandfather, etc.) or I now can not, I have a woman naked in the kitchen)) while apologizing asks to come tomorrow (or at any convenient time for inspectors). The next time the situation repeats, and so on ad infinitum. This happens until the energy supplying organization gives a written notice to the consumer about whether they should check the account, )) By this time in 99% of cases, taking into account the consumer is all right, and the inspectors are only carpets or parquet with their shoes smeared (out of harm of course!) Or pee on the door, on the mat (for the same).
Advantages: the method worked and works in all cases when the electricity meter is in the consumer's room. employees of the energy supply organization do not have the right to access a citizen's home without his consent (even in the presence of law enforcement officials, unless they are sure that a crime is committed in the consumer's premises (in 99.9% of cases they prefer not to contact)). Even in the case of checking the passport regime, employees of energy supplying organizations do not have the right to enter the consumer's home. By the way, therefore, many employees of law enforcement agencies, as consumers, represent real hemorrhoids for energy supply organizations. they are unquestionably competent in the issues of bringing to justice those who violate electricity metering (Article 165 part 2 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation).
Disadvantages: at any moment the consumer should be ready for verification, not always he or his family has enough self-control and patience to withstand pressure from the workers of energy supply organizations. The latter go to all sorts of tricks and threats in order to get to their goal and often achieve success. sometimes the room in which the electric meter is located is not locked or the wife forgot that her husband forbade her to show someone an electric meter without him, etc.
The method is rather original in comparison with all presented on the site. The main objective of the method is to reduce or even avoid claims from the energy supplying organization (hereinafter referred to as the "ESS") after the discovery of a violation in the accounting of electricity. This is achieved, as the name suggests, by properly drawing up an electricity supply contract with the EFR, or by preparing data for the negotiation process with the EEO during the examination of materials on the detected violation of electricity accounting. The contract consists of the "body" itself and also a number of applications, information from which it is taken to calculate the amount of claims in the event of a violation or failure of the electric meter. The example will explain everything: according to Appendix No. 2 "On installed capacity of electrical equipment and operating time of LLC" Derevoobrabotka-plus ", the capacity of the fencing shop is 10 kW, the number of hours of work per day is 8 hours, the operating mode is 20 days in month, all the year round. In the event of an electric meter failure or detection of a violation, the following calculation will be performed: 10 * 8 * 20 = 1600 kWh per month or 19200 kWh per year. The calculation is carried out since the last check. The moment of the last check is any visit of the representative of the ESO with a signature somewhere (for example: taking readings). Here are all the initial data for manipulations, which are performed before the contract for electricity supply is drawn up. then it is much more difficult to make changes, at the end of the year the contract is re-established - you can change. So, what we have: if you reduce the power, hours of work per day, per month and seasonality, you can get a very tangible result. This, despite the factual data (the capacity of the shop can be 30 kW (and more!), And work in three shifts!). The testimony is taken together with the representatives of the ESO against the signature, or they will calculate for the year and hello! During the detection of a violation, the consumer is nowhere to subscribe (usually the energetic fool can sign something), motivating the lack of knowledge in electrical engineering: "I'm not chopping, I say! Well, what with the fact that the counter does not work! ". If the check is from a private trader, then - similarly (in advance, the family members are instructed in this regard). Before going to the dismantling in the ESO prepare certain documents, they all have one character: "I used very little electricity!" These documents can be: a certificate stating that from ... to ... no one lived in a room where a violation was found (received by the Housing and Communal Services or volosts), a certificate on the lack of electricity from ... to ... (received in electric networks), passports for electrical equipment with checks (in any hoz.mage "... bought recently, in short!") or it is not mine at all (lead the hosts), etc. In general, agree with the representatives of the ESP is quite tough, because in fact they bill illegally - the rules for the use of electricity have been canceled, only the Civil Code of the Russian Federation is the basis, and if there is no stipulation in the contract, then there are no questions! And if there is no agreement, then there are no complaints at all.
Advantages: the possibilities are unlimited (within reasonable limits), suitable for both organizations and private traders (even those without an agreement).
Disadvantages: in the most extreme case (if the power supply organization failed to reach a compromise), one's rights will have to be defended in court. In this case, however, except for a positive result, you can get compensation for moral damage.
Employees Energosbyta very much like when people come to them with a guilty head themselves - apparently amuse their own ego! This is the essence of this method, although this is the procedure from the side of the law. The consumer, in the event of a violation of electricity metering in his home (for example: the disk of the meter jammed or the current transformer was burned), is obliged to report this to his energy supply organization (ESS). The EEO, in turn, fixes the application and takes measures to restore the account. The same procedure for violations of the type: the absence of a seal on the input switching device or the cover of the meter terminal block. Such requests are made by the ESI in the last place. they do not affect the level of energy losses (theoretically!), so it is more important to change the failed meter that does not really take into account the electricity. In short, the essence is this: the consumer tears the seal on the cover of the terminal strip of his meter, twists the voltage screw (for example) and uses unconditionally electricity, and then informs Energosbyt about the violation (the screw spins into place and installs the lid), saying it accidentally tore the seal-wiped it counter! Salesmen accept the application, after which they come and seal the lid. The frightened owner will be scolded: "Next time be more careful!" And leave. So usually come summer residents or residents of remote settlements - when they come to them! Dachniki leaving in the fall in the city, leave the heating system on standby, while naturally tearing off the seal and unscrewing the voltage screw on the meter. All winter, they rarely come to the dacha for vegetables or billets, as well as see how the heating system works (and also how the meter does not count at the same time a kilowatt!), And in spring they arrive on a regular basis, without forgetting to submit an application to Energosbyt - then under the lid, I ripped off the seal and tightened the contact! Well, do not burn the same, boss! ". Salesmen come and seal the lid.
Pluses: Energosbyt applications are always a dime a dozen, so these applications for them as a callus, and there is nothing to undermine, you can even beforehand, before ripping the seal, with a hysterical yell, call them on the phone: "AAAAAAAAAAA !!!!!!!! !!!!!! Blah, shchasssss at me the house will burn down - something spends in the counter! Electrician Vovan says that everything will do, if you allow to remove the seal! "You usually understand the answer.
Disadvantages: you can be caught off guard, with an accidental (flight) check, during unaccounted use of electricity.