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HTML dictionary for those who are going to make their first page

HTML document (page) - a document written in hypertext markup language (HTML). It is between the <HTML> and </ HTML> flags.

Web site, Web server - a chain of logically related documents written in HTML.

Document Markup Flag Values

Markup flags are special commands for positioning text, graphics, video and audio fragments on the screen, as well as commands for communicating with other HTML documents and Internet resources.

Main Markup Flags

<HEAD> and </ HEAD> . Between these flags is information about the document.

<TITLE> and </ TITLE> . In these flags is the name of the page, which will be displayed in the frame of the viewer window.

<BODY> and </ BODY> . The "body" of the document (text, graphics, etc.) is located between these two flags.

Parameters of the flag <BODY> :

BGCOLOR - background color (<BODY BGCOLOR = "# FFFFFF">)

BACKGROUND - "wallpaper" or background

TEXT - text color

LINK - color hypertext link (links)

VLINK - the color of the link already visited in the past.

ALINK - active link color Flags used to format text

<P> and </ P> Flags that serve to highlight the aliens. The new paragraph is always separated from the previous blank line.

<BR> A flag used to wrap text to another line. It can also be used to separate graphics from text per interval.

<HR> A flag that serves for the logical division of text by a horizontal line.

<PRE> and </ PRE> Between these flags is preformatted text. It is displayed on the screen with a courier type font.

Alignment options

Used in <P> and <H *>

ALIGN = LEFT - left alignment

ALIGN = RIGHT - right-field alignment

ALIGN = CENTER - center alignment

Alignment flags

<LEFT> and </ LEFT> - Left Alignment

<RIGHT> and </ RIGHT> - right-field alignment

<CENTER> and </ CENTER> - center alignment

Headers that serve to highlight the logical parts of the text

<H1> and </ H1> The first level heading.

<H2> and </ H2> Second level heading.

<H2> and </ H2> Level 3 heading.

<H4> and </ H4> Level four heading.

<H5> and </ H5> Headline level five.

<H6> and </ H6> A sixth level header.

Flags for text and font selection

<B> and </ B> Flags for highlighting text (words, letters) in bold.

<I> and </ i> Flags for highlighting text (words, letters) in italic, such as Italic.

<U> and </ U> The text between these two flags will be underlined.

<BLINK> and </ BLINK> The text between these two flags will blink.

<FONT SIZE = + n> and </ FONT>

<FONT SIZE = -n> and </ FONT> Flags for changing the font size.

<FONT COLOR = "# 0000FF> and </ FONT> Flags to change font color.

Flags for the formation of lists

<OL> and </ OL> Flags showing the beginning and end of a numbered list

<UL> and </ UL> Flags showing the beginning and end of a bulleted list.

<LI> List item

<DL> and </ DL> Flags showing the beginning and end of the glossary.

<DT> The term glossary is located without indentation from the left margin of the page.

<DD> The term description is located indented from the left margin of the page.

Flags for inserting non-textual information into objects

<IMG SRC = "file.gif"> or <IMG SRC = "file.jpg"> - command for inserting a graphic image

<Img src = "file.wav"> - command for inserting sound

<IMG SRC = "file.avi"> - a command to insert a video fragment

Graphic Parameters

WIDHT - the width of the image in pixels

HEIGHT - height of the image in pixels

ALIGN - alignment (ALIGN = LEFT - alignment on the left margin, ALIGN = RIGHT - on the right margin, ALIGN = TOP - on the upper boundary, ALIGN = BOTTOM - on the lower boundary, ALIGN = MIDDLE or CENTER - on the center)

HSPACE - horizontal indent from graphic

VSPACE - vertical indent

ALT - alternative text, used to denote the image

Hyperlinking commands to other HTML documents and Internet resources

<A HREF="fail.htm"> and </A> or <A href="/click?http://www.ru"> and </A> - hyperlinks

<ADDRESS> <A HREF=mailto:person@firm.ru> person@firm.ru </ ADDRESS> - hyperlink to email address

Tables

Table - grid for displaying data in rows and columns, as well as a tool for formatting text

<TABLE> and </ TABLE> Flags for inserting a table into an HTML document

<TABLE> flag options

BGCOLOR - background color

BORDER - curb width

WIDHT - table width

Table Marking Flags

<CAPTION> and </ CAPTION> - the name of the table, has the parameter ALIGN = TOP - alignment above the table and ALIGN = BOTTOM - below the table.

<TR> and </ TR> Line table. May have BGCOLOR parameters - background color inside the string; ALIGN = LEFT, RIGHT, CENTER - alignment within the line; VALIGN = TOP, BOTTOM, MIDDLE - vertical alignment inside the table row.

<Td> and </ td> column table. May have BGCOLOR parameters - background color under the column; ALIGN = LEFT, RIGHT, CENTER - alignment inside the column; VALIGN = TOP, BOTTOM, MIDDLE - vertical alignment; COLSPAN stretching a cell into several columns, ROWSPAN stretching a cell into several rows.

<Th> and </ th> column header. May have BGCOLOR parameters - background color called; ALIGN = LEFT, RIGHT, CENTER - alignment; VALIGN = TOP, BOTTOM, MIDDLE - vertical alignment; COLSPAN, ROWSPAN - stretching a cell into several columns or rows; WIDHT - the width of the name.

Frames

Frames - a tool to split the screen into several areas, each of which displays the contents of a single Web page or even a whole Web site.

<FRAMESET> and </ FRAMESET> Flags to create a frame

<FRAMESET> flag options

COLS - subdivide the screen into a certain number of columns (vertical)

ROWS - subdivide the screen into a certain number of columns (horizontal)

BORDCOLOR - frame color

BORDER - curb width

FRAMEBORDER - border frame (FRAMEBORDER = YES - there is a border, FRAMEBORDER = NO - no border,

FRAMESPACING = n - width of the border)

<FRAME> Flag to describe the frame (<FRAME SRC = "file.htm">).

<FRAME> flag options

SCROLING - parameter to adjust the scroll bar:

SCROLING = YES - the scroll bar will always be

SCROLING = NO - no scrollbar

SCROLING = AUTO - scroll bar appears only when necessary

MARGINWIDHT and MARGINHEIGHT - parameters that control the indentation within the frames, used to align the graphic image within the frame

NORESIZE is a parameter indicating that the frame size will never change.

A link to <A HREF="file.htm" TARGET="frame2"> file.htm </A> - Connection between frames

TARGET is a link between frames attribute. It has several meanings:

_BLANK loads the contents of the page specified by the link into a new empty window.

_SELF content of the page specified by the link in the window that contains the link.

_PARENT loads the contents of the page specified by the link into the window that is the direct owner of the frameset.

_TOP the contents of the page specified by the link into the window, ignoring the frames used.

Processing browsers that do not support frames:

<FRAMESET>

... frames are located here

</ Frameset>

<NOFRAMES>

<BODY>

... Here is the text without frames

<BODY>

</ NOFRAMES>

In the section designed for those users who "do not see" the frame, you can place some explanatory text.

Ticker

<MARQUEE> TEXT </ MARQUEE> - Flag that creates a running line

<MARQUEE DIRECTION = left> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> - If the running line needs to be sent from right to left

<MARQUEE DIRECTION = right> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> - movement from left to right.

scroll - standard movement from the right edge to the left

slide - the inscription once runs from the right edge to the left, where it remains.

alternate - movement from the right edge of the page to the left and back. Endless cycle.

<MARQUEE LOOP = n BEHAVIOR = scroll> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> - Limits the number of cycles. The value n of the LOOP operator indicates the number of times the loop is repeated.

<MARQUEE WIDHT = n> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> - specify the width of the section occupied by the creeping line, where n is the width of the part of the page where the creeping line is located. The value n is specified both in pixels and in percent of the total width of the visible part of the page.

<MARQUEE scrollamount = n> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> - Adjusts the movement of the label on the screen. Here n is the number of pixels.

<MARQUEE scrolldelay = t> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> In this case, the variable - time t - is measured in milliseconds. The speed setting method consists in specifying the time after which the text will be redrawn on the screen again.

<FONTSIZE = n> <MARQUEE> TEXT </ MARQUEE> </ FONT> - the ability to specify the font size of the text in the line.

<MARQUEE BGCOLOR = n> TEXT </ MARQUEE> - paint the surface of the crawl line in any color, where n, as has happened before, can be specified in the form of a hexadecimal number or by writing its name

<MARQUEE HEIGHT = n> TEXT </ MARQUEE> - specify the height of the creeping line, specifying the value of n in pixels