Dictionary on HTML for those who are going to make their first page
HTML-document (page) is a document written in hypertext markup language (HTML). It is between the <HTML> and </ HTML> flags.
Web-site, Web-server - a chain of logically related documents written in HTML.
Flag values for document markup
Markup Flags are special commands for placing text, graphics, video and audio fragments on the screen, as well as commands that are used to communicate with other HTML documents and Internet resources.
Main Markup Flags
<HEAD> and </ HEAD> . Between these flags is information about the document.
<TITLE> and </ TITLE> . In their flags is the name of the page, which will be displayed in the frame of the browser window.
<BODY> and </ BODY> . The "body" of the document (text, graphics, etc.) is located between these two flags.
The parameters of the <BODY> flag:
BGCOLOR - background color (<BODY BGCOLOR = "# FFFFFF">)
BACKGROUND - "wallpaper" or background
TEXT - text color
LINK - Hypertext Link Color (links)
VLINK - the color of the link already visited in the past
ALINK - the color of the active link Flags serving for text formatting
<P> and </ P> Flags serving to distinguish abzadtsy. A new paragraph is always separated from the previous one by an empty line.
<BR> A flag that serves to transfer text to another line. It can also serve to separate graphics from text to spacing.
<HR> A flag that serves to logically separate the text by a horizontal line.
<PRE> and </ PRE> Between these flags is preformatted text. On the screen it is displayed in the font type "courier".
Used in <P> and <H *>
ALIGN = LEFT - left alignment
ALIGN = RIGHT - right alignment
ALIGN = CENTER - center alignment
<LEFT> and </ LEFT> - left alignment
<RIGHT> and </ RIGHT> - right alignment
<CENTER> and </ CENTER> - center alignment
The headings used to highlight the logical parts of the text
<H1> and </ H1> The title of the first level.
<H2> and </ H2> The second level header.
<H2> and </ H2> The title of the third level.
<H4> and </ H4> The heading of the fourth level.
<H5> and </ H5> The title of the fifth level.
<H6> and </ H6> The title of the sixth level.
Flags for highlighting text and font
<B> and </ B> Flags for highlighting text (words, letters) in bold.
<I> and </ I> Flags for highlighting text (words, letters) in italic type, such as Italic.
<U> and </ U> The text between these two flags will be underlined.
<BLINK> and </ BLINK> The text between these two flags will flash.
<FONT SIZE = + n> and </ FONT>
<FONT SIZE = -n> and </ FONT> Flags to change the font size.
<FONT COLOR = "# 0000FF> and </ FONT> Flags to change the font color.
Flags for forming lists
<OL> and </ OL> Flags showing the beginning and end of a numbered list
<UL> and </ UL> Flags showing the beginning and end of the bulleted list.
<LI> List item
<DL> and </ DL> Flags showing the beginning and end of the glossary.
<DT> The term glossary is located without an indent from the left margin of the page.
<DD> Description of the term is located with an indent from the left margin of the page.
Flags-commands for inserting non-text information objects into the text
<IMG SRC = "file.gif"> or <IMG SRC = "file.jpg"> - command to insert a graphic image
<IMG SRC = "file.wav"> - command to insert a sound fragment
<IMG SRC = "file.avi"> - command to insert a video fragment
WIDHT - width of the image in pixels
HEIGHT - the height of the picture in pixels
ALIGN - alignment (ALIGN = LEFT - left alignment, ALIGN = RIGHT - on the right field, ALIGN = TOP - on the upper border, ALIGN = BOTTOM - on the lower border, ALIGN = MIDDLE or CENTER - in the center)
HSPACE - horizontal indentation from the graphic image
VSPACE - vertical indentation
ALT - alternative text, serves for an image
Commands that serve to hyperlink to other HTML documents and Internet resources
<A HREF="fail.htm"> and </A> or <A href="/click?http://www.ru"> and </A> - hyperlinks
<ADDRESS> <A HREF=mailto:email@example.com> firstname.lastname@example.org </ ADDRESS> - hyperlink with email address
Table - grid for displaying data in rows and columns, as well as a tool for text formatting
<TABLE> and </ TABLE> Flags for inserting a table into an HTML document
The parameters of the <TABLE> flag
BGCOLOR - background color
BORDER - curb width
WIDHT - table width
Flag of the table markup
<CAPTION> and </ CAPTION> - the name of the table, has the parameter ALIGN = TOP - alignment above the table and ALIGN = BOTTOM - under the table.
<TR> and </ TR> The row of the table. It can have parameters BGCOLOR - background color inside the line; ALIGN = LEFT, RIGHT, CENTER - alignment within the line; VALIGN = TOP, BOTTOM, MIDDLE - vertical alignment within the row of the table.
<TD> and </ TD> The column of the table. Can have BGCOLOR parameters - the background color under the column; ALIGN = LEFT, RIGHT, CENTER - alignment within the column; VALIGN = TOP, BOTTOM, MIDDLE - vertical alignment; COLSPAN stretching the cells to several columns, ROWSPAN - stretching the cells into several lines.
<TH> and </ TH> The column heading. Can have the parameters BGCOLOR - the background color under the name; ALIGN = LEFT, RIGHT, CENTER - alignment; VALIGN = TOP, BOTTOM, MIDDLE - vertical alignment; COLSPAN, ROWSPAN - stretching the cell into several columns or rows; WIDHT is the width of the name.
Frames-frames are a means for dividing the screen into several areas, each of which displays the contents of a separate Web page or even a whole Web site.
<FRAMESET> and </ FRAMESET> Flags to create a frame
Parameters of the <FRAMESET> flag
COLS - subdivide the screen into a specified number of columns (vertical)
ROWS - subdivide the screen into a specified number of columns (horizontal)
BORDCOLOR - frame color
BORDER - curb width
FRAMEBORDER - frame border (FRAMEBORDER = YES - there is a border, FRAMEBORDER = NO - no border,
FRAMESPACING = n - border width)
<FRAME> The flag for describing the frame (<FRAME SRC = "file.htm">).
Parameters of the <FRAME> flag
SCROLING - parameter for adjusting the scrollbar:
SCROLING = YES - the scroll bar will always be
SCROLING = NO - there will not be a scroll bar
SCROLING = AUTO - the scroll bar appears only if necessary
MARGINWIDHT and MARGINHEIGHT - parameters that control the indentation inside the frames, serve to align the graphic image inside the frame
NORESIZE is a parameter that indicates that the size of the frame-frame will never change.
A link to <A HREF="file.htm" TARGET="frame2"> file.htm </A> - Connection between frames
TARGET - the attribute of communication between frames. Has several meanings:
_BLANK loads the contents of the page specified by the link into a new empty window.
_SELF the contents of the page specified by the link in the window that contains the link.
_PARENT loads the contents of the page specified by the link into the window that is the direct owner of the frameset.
_TOP the contents of the page specified by the link to the window, ignoring the frames used.
Handling browsers that do not support frames:
... Here are the frames
... Here is the text without frames
In the section intended for those users who do not "see" the framework, you can arrange some explanatory text.
<MARQUEE> TEXT </ MARQUEE> - A flag that creates a running line
<MARQUEE DIRECTION = left> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> - If the running line needs to be sent from right to left
<MARQUEE DIRECTION = right> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> - movement from left to right.
scroll - standard movement from the right edge to the left
slide - the inscription runs one time from the right edge to the left, where it remains.
alternate - move from the right edge of the page to the left and back. Endless cycle.
<MARQUEE LOOP = n BEHAVIOR = scroll> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> - Limits the number of cycles. The value of the n operator LOOP indicates the number of repetitions of the loop.
<MARQUEE WIDHT = n> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> - specify the width of the area occupied by the scrolling line, where n is the width of that part of the page on which the scrolling line is located. The value of n is specified both in pixels and in percentage of the total width of the visible part of the page.
<MARQUEE scrollamount = n> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> - Adjusts motion of the inscription on the screen. Here n is the number of pixels.
<MARQUEE scrolldelay = t> TEKCT </ MARQUEE> In this case, the variable, time t, is measured in milliseconds. The method of setting the speed is to specify the time after which the text will be redrawn on the screen again.
<FONTSIZE = n> <MARQUEE> TEXT </ MARQUEE> </ FONT> - the ability to specify the font size of the text in the line.
<MARQUEE BGCOLOR = n> TEXT </ MARQUEE> - paint the surface of the running line in any color, where n, as it was before, you can specify in the form of a hexadecimal number or by writing its name
<MARQUEE HEIGHT = n> TEXT </ MARQUEE> - specify the height of the running line, specifying the value of n in pixels