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Secrets of the Earth
Secrets of the Ocean
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Glossary of terms
- A -
Agar-agar - A product derived from seaweed - sparophytes. The main property is the ability to form dense gels. It consists of polysaccharides, water plus minerals.
Aiva - A family of shrubs also trees of the Rosaceae family.
Aldehite anise - An organic substance of the formula C8H8O2. A liquid with the smell of hawthorn flowers.
Aldehite cinnamon - An organic substance of the formula C9H8O. A liquid with the smell of cinnamon.
Alabaster - One of the crystalline hydrates of calcium sulphate, 2CaSo4 * H2O. Snow white powder (when solidified into gypsum).
Alkanin - A dark red dye, extracted from the root of the alkane by petroleum ether. Anthracene derivative.
Albumin (s) - Well-soluble proteins in water, contained in serum, egg white.
Aluminum sulphate - Aluminum sulphate. Under ordinary conditions, Al2 (SO4) 3 * 18H2O crystalline hydrate is readily soluble in water.
Aluminum acetic acid - Aluminum acetate ((CH3COO) 3Al Crystals hydrolyzed with water.
Aluminum chloride - Aluminum chloride AlCl3 Colorless crystals. It exists in the form of crystalline hydrate AlCl3 * 6H2O, it is readily soluble in water.
Ambretol (ambretollid) - Colorless liquid with a strong flower-musky odor.
Ammonia - Ammonia solution (NH3) in water. It has a characteristic sharp odor and an alkaline reaction.
Ammonia caustic - Concentrated aqueous solution of ammonia. Liquid with a pungent odor.
Ammonium dichromate - dichromate ( bichromate ) of ammonium (NH4) 2Cr2O7. Orange-red crystals, soluble in water.
Ammonium sulphide - Yellow crystals, unstable in the atmosphere.
Ammonium chloride - Ammonium chloride, NH4CI. Colorless crystals, readily soluble in water.
Aniline blue - The azine dyes, obtained from aniline, are mixtures of substances of different structures.
Asbestos - A group of minerals that can be broken into thin, strong fibers.
Asphalt - Mishter of bitumen (consists of oils, resins, etc.) and mineral materials.
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