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Secrets of the Earth
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Glossary of terms
- K -
Casein - Protein, formed when the milk is coagulated.
Potassium dichromate - Dichromate (bichromate) of potassium K2Cr2O7. Red crystals soluble in water.
Potassium hydroxide - Hydroxide (hydroxide) of potassium KOH. White granules or powder, soluble in water.
Potassium manganese - Potassium permanganate (KMnO4). Dark purple crystals, soluble in water.
Potassium sulfate - Potassium sulphate, K2SO4. Soluble in water crystals.
Potassium sinoderous is poison. Use only in special conditions.
Potassium fluoride - Potassium fluoride , KF. Crystals soluble in water.
Potassium cyanide - Potassium cyanide , KCN. Colorless Crystals, soluble in water also alcohol. Healthy poison.
Potassium oxalate - Potassium oxalate. Crystals soluble in water.
Potassium chloride - Potassium chloride , KCl. Crystals soluble in water.
Calomel - Mercury chloride Hg2Cl2. Crystals that are poorly soluble in water.
Calcium sulfurous - Calcium sulphide, CaS. Poorly soluble in water.
Calcium chloride - Calcium chloride , CaCl2. Crystals soluble in water.
Ammonia gum is a high-molecular combination, it is also used in medicine for engineering.
Wine stone - Potassium hydrothartrate. Soluble in water crystals.
Vomit stone - Mixed tartaric salt of antimonil, potassium K (SbO) C4H4O6 * H20. Colorless crystals, easily soluble in water.
Camphor - A crystalline substance obtained from plant natural raw materials or a route of synthesis.
Rosin - Fragile yellow or red vitreous substance, obtained from gum or by extraction of wood.
Kaolin - Clay of snow-white color. Chemical composition of Al4 (Si4O10) (OH) 8.
Cardamom - Perennial weed of ginger family.
Carmine - Scarlet dye, extracted from cochineal.
Rubber - Synthetic or natural (obtained from the latex of hevea), an elastic polymer.
Alum - The double salts of the general formula MIMIII (SO4) * 12H2O, where MI-Na, K, NH4, MIII-Al, Cr, Fe are also others.
Chromium alum - Compounds of composition MCr (SO4) 2 * 12H2O, where M = K, Na or NH4 Crystals of violet color, soluble in water.
Kerosene - A mishmash of petroleum hydrocarbons with a boiling point of 200-300 ° C.
Cinnabar - Minor of scarlet color, consisting of mercury sulphide HgS.
Oxygen -Gas (O2), supporting combustion, is 21% of the atmospheric atmosphere (by volume).
Nitric acid - HNO3. The concentration of nitric acid produced in the industry is 58-60%.
The benzoic acid is C6H5COOH. Snow crystals, poorly soluble in water, readily soluble in alcohol.
Boric acid - H3BO3. Crystals that are soluble in water are also alcohol.
Stearic acid - Diosyuyric acid. Crystals, soluble in water, alcohol, acetone.
The tannin is tannin. Contained in ink nuts, oak bark. The powder is brownish-yellowish with a weak odor, strong.
Carbolic acid - Phenol, C6H6OH. Colorless crystals, pink in the light, soluble in water.
Acid is a crystalline oxalic acid - See oxalic acid.
Citric acid is an organic acid of the formula C6H8O7. Colorless crystals, readily soluble in water. Contained in berries, fruits, needles, etc.
Lactic Acid - Organic acid of the formula C3H6O3. Liquid or low-melting crystals, soluble in water, alcohol, glycerin.
Acid arsenic - H3AsO4 * 0.5H2O - water soluble crystals.
Acid oleic - Organic water insoluble.
Picric acid - Trinitrophenol. Yellow crystals, slightly soluble in water.
The pyrogallic acid is Pyrogallol, 1,2,3-trioxybenzene, C6H3 (OH) 3. Colorless crystals, soluble in water.
Salicylic Acid - Crystals, soluble in water, also alcohol.
Sulfuric acid is H2SO4, an oily, heavy, water-miscible liquid. Causes severe burns if skin contacts.
Acid hydrochloride - A solution of hydrogen chloride (HC1) in water, a liquid with a sharp odor.
Stearic acid - Octadecanoic acid, C17H35COOH. Fat, solid, almost insoluble in water.
Acetic acid - CH3COOH. Liquid or crystals with a sharp characteristic odor.
Phosphoric acid - Syrup-like liquid of composition H3PO4 * H2O.
Chromic acid is H2CrO4. The substance is yellow, exists only in aqueous solutions.
Acid ink-nutty - Gallic acid, 3,4,5-trioxybenzoic acid. Crystals. Get out of tannin.
Oxalic Acid - Dibasic acid of the structure of NOOC-COOH. Crystals soluble in water.
Glue liquid marine - A solution of rubber is also shellac in coal tar.
Fibrous glue - Collagen glue, the product of bone processing is also fish scales.
Collodium (collodium) - 4% solution of nitrocellulose in a mixture of alcohol and ether (1: 7). Colorless syrupy liquid.
Kopal - Natural fossil resin.
The root of the alkane - bark of the roots of the wrong alkane, contains the red dyeing substance alkane, anthracene derivative.
Arnica root - Genus of perennial grasses of the family Compositae.
Root iris - Root of a herbaceous iris plant. Burden root - 258. Burdock root (burdock) - plants of the family of Compositae.
Violet root - Violet root - plants of the genus of annual, perennial grasses are also semi-shrubs of the family of violet.
Coriander - Family of annual herbs of the umbrella family.
Cinnamon - Dried bark of cinnamon tree branches.
Cochineal - Several species of insects, of which females receive red carmine.
Red "Sudan" - See the Sudanese red.
Starch is a polysaccharide. A snow-white substance that forms gels with hot water.
Starch of rice - Starch, obtained from rice grains.
Kremorthartar - Potassium hydrotartrate, potassium tartrate, acidic, NOOCSN (OH) CH (OH) СООК. Crystals that are soluble in water.
Dragon's blood (paint) - Resin of the dragon log from the genus Drazen's family of agave. It also grows in the tropics in the subtropics of the eastern hemisphere.
Bloodstone (native ferric oxide) - Hematite variation. Mineral dark red color, consisting mainly of iron oxide Fe2O3.
Crocus - A family of perennial grasses of the family of tangent.
Krushina - A family of shrubs are also trees of the Krushin family.
Xanthine - Aniline dye of a dark yellow color.
Kumarin - Colorless substance with the smell of fresh hay,
Iron sulphate - Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate Fe2SO4 * 7H2O. Bluish-green crystals, raststrymis in water.
Copper sulphate - Copper sulphate pentahydrate CuSO4 * 5H2O. Blue crystals, soluble in water.
Zinc sulphate Zinc sulfate zinc sulfate heptahydrate ZnSO4 * 7H2O. Crystals soluble in water.
Turmeric - Dried roots of the plant Curcuma londa, contains a fat coloring substance curcumin.
Magnesium carbonate, magnesium carbonate (MgCO3). Crystals that are poorly soluble in water.