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- K -
Casein - Protein formed during the coagulation of milk.
Potassium dvukhromovokisly - Dichromate (dichromate) potassium K2Cr2O7. Red crystals, soluble in water.
Potassium caustic - Hydroxide (hydroxide) potassium KOH. White granules or powder, soluble in water.
Potassium permanganate - Potassium permanganate (KMnO4). Dark purple crystals, soluble in water.
Potassium sulfate - Potassium sulfate , K2SO4. Water soluble crystals.
Potassium synergistic - Poison. Use only in special conditions.
Potassium fluoride - Potassium Fluoride , KF. Water soluble crystals.
Potassium cyanide - Potassium Cyanide, KCN. Colorless crystals, soluble in water and alcohol. Healthy poison.
Potassium oxalate - Potassium oxalate. Water soluble crystals.
Potassium chloride - Potassium chloride , KCl. Water soluble crystals.
Calomel - Mercury chloride Hg2Cl2. Crystals that are poorly soluble in water.
Sulfur Calcium - Calcium Sulphide, CaS. Poor soluble in water.
Calcium chloride - Calcium chloride , CaCl2. Water soluble crystals.
Ammonia gum - High-molecular association, used in medicine and technology.
Wine Stone - Potassium Hydrotartrate. Water soluble crystals.
Vomiting stone - Mixed tartaric salt of antimonyl, potassium of composition K (SbO) C4H4O6 * H20. Colorless crystals, easily soluble in water.
Camphor - A crystalline substance obtained from natural plant raw materials or by a synthesis route.
Rosin - A fragile yellow or red vitreous substance obtained from the resin or by extraction of wood.
Kaolin - Clay of snow-white color. The chemical composition of Al4 (Si4O10) (OH) 8.
Cardamom is a perennial herb of the ginger family.
Carmine - Scarlet dye, extracted from cochineal.
Rubber - Synthetic or natural (derived from Hevea latex) elastic polymer.
Alum - Double salts of the general formula MIMIII (SO4) * 12H2O, where MI is Na, K, NH4, MIII- Al, Cr, Fe, and others.
Chromic alum - Compounds of MCr (SO4) 2 * 12H2O composition, in which place M = K, Na or NH4 Purple crystals, soluble in water.
Kerosene - Mashinina oil hydrocarbons with a boiling point of 200-300 ° C.
Cinnabar - A scarlet mineral composed of mercury sulfide HgS.
Oxygen - Gas (О2), which supports combustion, makes up 21% of the atmospheric atmosphere (by volume).
Nitric acid - НNО3. The concentration of nitric acid produced in the industry is 58-60%.
Benzoic acid - C6H5CUN. White crystals, poorly soluble in water, well soluble in alcohol.
Boric acid - Н3ВО3. Water soluble crystals are also alcohol.
Tartaric acid - Dioxysuccinic acid. The crystals are soluble in water, alcohol, acetone.
Tannic acid - Tannin. Contained in ink nuts,, oak bark. Powder brownish-yellowish color with a faint odor, strong binding.
Carbonic acid - Phenol, C6H6OH. Colorless crystals, pinking in the light, soluble in water.
Crystalline oxalic acid - See oxalic acid.
Citric acid - Organic acid of formula C6H8O7. Colorless crystals, well soluble in water. Contained in berries, fruits, needles and others.
Lactic acid - Organic acid of the formula C3H6O3. Liquid or fusible crystals, soluble in water, alcohol, glycerin.
Arsenic acid - H3AsO4 * 0.5H2O - water-soluble crystals.
Oleic acid - Organic water insoluble acid.
Picric acid - Trinitrophenol. Yellow crystals, poorly soluble in water.
Pyrogallic acid - Pyrogallol, 1,2,3-trioxybenzene, C6H3 (OH) 3. Colorless crystals, soluble in water.
Salicylic acid - crystals, soluble in water and alcohol.
Sulfuric acid - H2SO4, oily, heavy, water-miscible liquid. Causes severe burns if it comes into contact with the skin.
Hydrochloric acid - A solution of hydrogen chloride (HC1) in water, a liquid with a pungent odor.
Stearic acid - Octadecanoic acid, C17H35COOH. Oily, solid, almost insoluble in water.
Acetic acid - CH3COOH. Liquid or crystals with a sharp characteristic odor.
Phosphoric acid - Syrup-like liquid of composition H3PO4 * H2O.
Chromic acid - H2CrO4. Substance of yellow color, exists only in water solutions.
Ink-nut acid - Gallic acid, 3,4,5-trioxybenzoic acid. Crystals Prepared from tannin.
Oxalic acid - Dibasic acid of the structure NOEP-COOH. Water soluble crystals.
Liquid marine glue - Rubber solution is also shellac in coal tar.
Fish glue - Collagen glue, a product of bone processing and fish scales.
Collodion (collodium) - 4% solution of nitrocellulose in a mixture of alcohol and ether (1: 7). Colorless syrupy liquid.
Kopal - Natural fossil resin.
Alcanna Root - The bark of the roots of the wrong alkane, contains the red dye alkanine, an anthracene derivative.
Arnica root - A genus of perennial herbs of the Asteraceae family.
Iris root - The root of a herbaceous plant — an iris. Burdock root - 258. Burdock root (burdock) - plants of the Compositae family.
Violet Root - Violet Root - plants of the genus of annual, perennial grasses also semi-shrubs of the violet family.
Coriander is a family of annual herbs of the umbrella family.
Cinnamon - The dried bark of cinnamon tree branches.
Cochineal - Several species of insects from whose females receive a red dye — carmine.
Red "Sudan" - See Sudanese Red.
Starch - Polysaccharide. Snow-white substance that forms gels with hot water.
Rice starch - Starch derived from rice grains.
Kremortartar - Potassium hydrotartrate, potassium tartrate, sour, NOOSN (OH) CH (OH) COOK. Crystals soluble in water.
Dracon's Blood (paint) - Resin draconic logs of the genus Dracaena of the family Agave. It grows in the tropics and subtropics of the eastern hemisphere.
Krovavik (native iron oxide) - A variation of hematite. The mineral is a dark red color, consisting mainly of iron oxide Fe2O3.
Crocus - Family of perennial grasses of the family of killer family.
Krušina - A family of shrubs and trees of the rush family.
Xanthine - Aniline dye of dark yellow color.
Coumarin - A colorless substance with the smell of fresh hay,
Iron sulfate - Heptahydrate iron sulfate Fe2SO4 * 7H2O. Bluish-green crystals, dissolved in water.
Copper sulfate - CuSO4 * 5H2O copper sulfate pentahydrate. Blue crystals, soluble in water.
Zinc sulfate - Heptahydrate zinc sulfate ZnSO4 * 7H2O. Water soluble crystals.
Turmeric - Dried roots of the plant Curcuma londa, contains a fatty coloring agent curcumin.
Magnesium carbonate, magnesium carbonate (MgCO3). Crystals that are poorly soluble in water.