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Glossary

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Casein - Protein formed during the coagulation of milk.

Potassium dvukhromovokisly - Dichromate (dichromate) potassium K2Cr2O7. Red crystals, soluble in water.

Potassium caustic - Hydroxide (hydroxide) potassium KOH. White granules or powder, soluble in water.

Potassium permanganate - Potassium permanganate (KMnO4). Dark purple crystals, soluble in water.

Potassium sulfate - Potassium sulfate , K2SO4. Water soluble crystals.

Potassium synergistic - Poison. Use only in special conditions.

Potassium fluoride - Potassium Fluoride , KF. Water soluble crystals.

Potassium cyanide - Potassium Cyanide, KCN. Colorless crystals, soluble in water and alcohol. Healthy poison.

Potassium oxalate - Potassium oxalate. Water soluble crystals.

Potassium chloride - Potassium chloride , KCl. Water soluble crystals.

Calomel - Mercury chloride Hg2Cl2. Crystals that are poorly soluble in water.

Sulfur Calcium - Calcium Sulphide, CaS. Poor soluble in water.

Calcium chloride - Calcium chloride , CaCl2. Water soluble crystals.

Ammonia gum - High-molecular association, used in medicine and technology.

Wine Stone - Potassium Hydrotartrate. Water soluble crystals.

Vomiting stone - Mixed tartaric salt of antimonyl, potassium of composition K (SbO) C4H4O6 * H20. Colorless crystals, easily soluble in water.

Camphor - A crystalline substance obtained from natural plant raw materials or by a synthesis route.

Rosin - A fragile yellow or red vitreous substance obtained from the resin or by extraction of wood.

Kaolin - Clay of snow-white color. The chemical composition of Al4 (Si4O10) (OH) 8.

Cardamom is a perennial herb of the ginger family.

Carmine - Scarlet dye, extracted from cochineal.

Rubber - Synthetic or natural (derived from Hevea latex) elastic polymer.

Alum - Double salts of the general formula MIMIII (SO4) * 12H2O, where MI is Na, K, NH4, MIII- Al, Cr, Fe, and others.

Chromic alum - Compounds of MCr (SO4) 2 * 12H2O composition, in which place M = K, Na or NH4 Purple crystals, soluble in water.

Kerosene - Mashinina oil hydrocarbons with a boiling point of 200-300 ° C.

Cinnabar - A scarlet mineral composed of mercury sulfide HgS.

Oxygen - Gas (О2), which supports combustion, makes up 21% of the atmospheric atmosphere (by volume).

Nitric acid - НNО3. The concentration of nitric acid produced in the industry is 58-60%.

Benzoic acid - C6H5CUN. White crystals, poorly soluble in water, well soluble in alcohol.

Boric acid - Н3ВО3. Water soluble crystals are also alcohol.

Tartaric acid - Dioxysuccinic acid. The crystals are soluble in water, alcohol, acetone.

Tannic acid - Tannin. Contained in ink nuts,, oak bark. Powder brownish-yellowish color with a faint odor, strong binding.

Carbonic acid - Phenol, C6H6OH. Colorless crystals, pinking in the light, soluble in water.

Crystalline oxalic acid - See oxalic acid.

Citric acid - Organic acid of formula C6H8O7. Colorless crystals, well soluble in water. Contained in berries, fruits, needles and others.

Lactic acid - Organic acid of the formula C3H6O3. Liquid or fusible crystals, soluble in water, alcohol, glycerin.

Arsenic acid - H3AsO4 * 0.5H2O - water-soluble crystals.

Oleic acid - Organic water insoluble acid.

Picric acid - Trinitrophenol. Yellow crystals, poorly soluble in water.

Pyrogallic acid - Pyrogallol, 1,2,3-trioxybenzene, C6H3 (OH) 3. Colorless crystals, soluble in water.

Salicylic acid - crystals, soluble in water and alcohol.

Sulfuric acid - H2SO4, oily, heavy, water-miscible liquid. Causes severe burns if it comes into contact with the skin.

Hydrochloric acid - A solution of hydrogen chloride (HC1) in water, a liquid with a pungent odor.

Stearic acid - Octadecanoic acid, C17H35COOH. Oily, solid, almost insoluble in water.

Acetic acid - CH3COOH. Liquid or crystals with a sharp characteristic odor.

Phosphoric acid - Syrup-like liquid of composition H3PO4 * H2O.

Chromic acid - H2CrO4. Substance of yellow color, exists only in water solutions.

Ink-nut acid - Gallic acid, 3,4,5-trioxybenzoic acid. Crystals Prepared from tannin.

Oxalic acid - Dibasic acid of the structure NOEP-COOH. Water soluble crystals.

Liquid marine glue - Rubber solution is also shellac in coal tar.

Fish glue - Collagen glue, a product of bone processing and fish scales.

Collodion (collodium) - 4% solution of nitrocellulose in a mixture of alcohol and ether (1: 7). Colorless syrupy liquid.

Kopal - Natural fossil resin.

Alcanna Root - The bark of the roots of the wrong alkane, contains the red dye alkanine, an anthracene derivative.

Arnica root - A genus of perennial herbs of the Asteraceae family.

Iris root - The root of a herbaceous plant — an iris. Burdock root - 258. Burdock root (burdock) - plants of the Compositae family.

Violet Root - Violet Root - plants of the genus of annual, perennial grasses also semi-shrubs of the violet family.

Coriander is a family of annual herbs of the umbrella family.

Cinnamon - The dried bark of cinnamon tree branches.

Cochineal - Several species of insects from whose females receive a red dye — carmine.

Red "Sudan" - See Sudanese Red.

Starch - Polysaccharide. Snow-white substance that forms gels with hot water.

Rice starch - Starch derived from rice grains.

Kremortartar - Potassium hydrotartrate, potassium tartrate, sour, NOOSN (OH) CH (OH) COOK. Crystals soluble in water.

Dracon's Blood (paint) - Resin draconic logs of the genus Dracaena of the family Agave. It grows in the tropics and subtropics of the eastern hemisphere.

Krovavik (native iron oxide) - A variation of hematite. The mineral is a dark red color, consisting mainly of iron oxide Fe2O3.

Crocus - Family of perennial grasses of the family of killer family.

Krušina - A family of shrubs and trees of the rush family.

Xanthine - Aniline dye of dark yellow color.

Coumarin - A colorless substance with the smell of fresh hay,

Iron sulfate - Heptahydrate iron sulfate Fe2SO4 * 7H2O. Bluish-green crystals, dissolved in water.

Copper sulfate - CuSO4 * 5H2O copper sulfate pentahydrate. Blue crystals, soluble in water.

Zinc sulfate - Heptahydrate zinc sulfate ZnSO4 * 7H2O. Water soluble crystals.

Turmeric - Dried roots of the plant Curcuma londa, contains a fatty coloring agent curcumin.

Magnesium carbonate, magnesium carbonate (MgCO3). Crystals that are poorly soluble in water.