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Glossary of Terms

- K -

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Casein - Protein formed during the coagulation of milk.

Potassium Dichromate - Potassium Dichromate (Bichromate) K2Cr2O7. Red crystals, soluble in water.

Potassium hydroxide - Potassium hydroxide (hydroxide) KOH. White granules or powder, soluble in water.

Potassium permanganate - Potassium permanganate (KMnO4). Dark violet crystals, soluble in water.

Potassium Sulphate - Potassium Sulphate, K2SO4. Water soluble crystals.

Potassium synergistic - Poison. Use only in special conditions.

Potassium Fluoride - Potassium Fluoride , KF. Water soluble crystals.

Potassium Cyanide - Potassium Cyanide, KCN. Colorless crystals, soluble in water and alcohol. Healthy poison.

Potassium oxalate - Potassium oxalate. Water soluble crystals.

Potassium Chloride - Potassium Chloride, KCl. Water soluble crystals.

Calomel - Mercury chloride Hg2Cl2. Crystals poorly soluble in water.

Calcium Sulfur - Calcium Sulphide, CaS. Slightly soluble in water.

Calcium Chloride - Calcium Chloride, CaCl2. Water soluble crystals.

Ammonia gum - A high molecular weight combination used in medicine as well as technology.

Wine stone - Potassium hydrotartrate. Water soluble crystals.

Vomiting stone - Mixed tartaric acid salt of antimonil, potassium, composition K (SbO) C4H4O6 * H20. Colorless crystals, readily soluble in water.

Camphor - A crystalline substance obtained from plant natural raw materials or by a synthesis route.

Rosin - A fragile yellow or red vitreous substance obtained from gum or by extraction of wood.

Kaolin - Clay of snow-white color. The chemical composition of Al4 (Si4O10) (OH) 8.

Cardamom - Perennial weed in the ginger family.

Carmine - Scarlet dye obtained from cochineal.

Rubber - Synthetic or natural (derived from Hevea latex) elastic polymer.

Alum - Double salts of the general formula MIMIII (SO4) * 12H2O, where MI is Na, K, NH4, MIII Al, Cr, Fe, etc.

Chrome Alum - Compounds of the composition MCr (SO4) 2 * 12H2O, in which place M = K, Na or NH4 Purple crystals, soluble in water.

Kerosene - A mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons with a boiling point of 200-300 ° C.

Cinnabar is a scarlet mineral made up of mercury sulfide HgS.

Oxygen - Gas (O2), which supports combustion, makes up 21% of the atmospheric atmosphere (by volume).

Nitric acid - НNО3. The concentration of nitric acid produced in the Industry is 58-60%.

Benzoic acid - C6H5COOH. Snow-white crystals, slightly soluble in water, highly soluble in alcohol.

Boric acid - Н3ВО3. Crystals soluble in water are also alcohol.

Tartaric acid - Dioxinosuccinic acid. Crystals soluble in water, alcohol, acetone.

Tannic acid - Tannin. Contained in ink nuts,, oak bark. Brownish-yellowish powder with a slight odor, highly astringent.

Carboxylic acid - Phenol, С6Н6ОН. Colorless crystals, pinkish in the light, soluble in water.

Crystalline oxalic acid - See oxalic acid.

Citric Acid - An organic acid of the formula C6H8O7. Colorless crystals, highly soluble in water. Contained in berries, fruits, needles, etc.

Lactic acid - Organic acid of the formula C3H6O3. Liquid or fusible crystals soluble in water, alcohol, glycerin.

Arsenic acid - H3AsO4 * 0.5H2O - water-soluble crystals.

Oleic Acid - An organic water-insoluble acid.

Picric Acid - Trinitrophenol. Yellow crystals, slightly soluble in water.

Pyrogallic acid - Pyrogallol, 1,2,3-trioxybenzene, C6H3 (OH) 3. Colorless crystals soluble in water.

Salicylic Acid - Crystals soluble in water also in alcohol.

Sulfuric acid - H2SO4, an oily, heavy, water-miscible liquid. Causes severe burns on skin.

Hydrochloric acid - A solution of hydrogen chloride (HC1) in water, a liquid with a pungent odor.

Stearic Acid - Octadecanoic Acid, C17H35COOH. Fatty, solid, almost insoluble in water.

Acetic acid - CH3COOH. Liquid or crystals with a pungent characteristic odor.

Phosphoric Acid - A syrupy liquid of the composition H3PO4 * H2O.

Chromic acid - H2CrO4. The substance is yellow, exists only in aqueous solutions.

Ink-nutty acid - Gallic acid, 3,4,5-trioxybenzoic acid. Crystals. Obtained from tannin.

Oxalic acid - Dibasic acid of the structure of the NOOS-COOH. Water soluble crystals.

Liquid marine glue - A solution of rubber also shellac in coal tar.

Fish glue - Collagen glue, a product of processing bones and fish scales.

Collodion (collodium) - 4% solution of nitrocellulose in a mixture of alcohol and ether (1: 7). Colorless syrupy liquid.

Kopal - Natural Resin.

Alkanna root - The bark of the roots of an unfaithful alkane, contains the red coloring matter alkanine, an anthracene derivative.

Arnica root - A genus of perennial herbs of the family Asteraceae.

Iris root - The root of a herbaceous plant is iris. Burdock root - 258. Burdock root (burdock) - plants of the family Asteraceae.

Violet root - Violet root - plants of the genus of annual, perennial herbs and also shrubs of the violet family.

Coriander - A family of annual herbs of the umbelliferous family.

Cinnamon - Dried bark of cinnamon tree branches.

Cochineal - Several types of insects, from the females of which receive red paint — carmine.

Red Sudan - See Sudanese Red.

Starch - Polysaccharide. A snow-white substance that forms gels with hot water.

Rice starch - Starch obtained from rice grains.

Kremortartar - Potassium hydrotartrate, potassium tartrate, sour, НOOССН (ОН) СН (ОН) СООК. Crystals soluble in water.

Dragon's Blood (paint) - Resin of dragon logs from the genus Dracaena of the agave family. It grows in the tropics and subtropics of the eastern hemisphere.

Bloodstone (native iron oxide) - Variation of hematite. The mineral is dark red in color, consisting mainly of iron oxide Fe2O3.

Crocus - A family of perennial grasses of the kasatikovy family.

Buckthorn - A family of shrubs also trees of the buckthorn family.

Xanthine - Aniline dye of dark yellow color.

Coumarin - A colorless substance with the smell of fresh hay,

Iron sulfate - Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate Fe2SO4 * 7H2O. Bluish-green crystals, soluble in water.

Copper sulfate - Copper sulfate pentahydrate CuSO4 * 5H2O. Blue crystals, soluble in water.

Zinc sulfate - ZnSO4 * 7H2O zinc sulfate heptahydrate. Water soluble crystals.

Turmeric - The dried roots of the Curcuma londa plant, contain the curcumin fatty coloring matter.

Magnesium Carbonate, Magnesium Carbonate (MgCO3). Crystals poorly soluble in water.