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Glossary of Terms

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Petroleum jelly - A oily mash obtained by thickening naphthenic oils with solid paraffin hydrocarbons.

Vanillin - A multifunctional benzene derivative containing an aldehyde group. Colorless needles with a vanilla smell and a burning taste. Contained in vanilla fruits.

Var (coal) - A cruel residue formed during the distillation of coal tar.

Viodoran (Viodoron, Viodoren) - Trade name for the synthetic aromatic substance a-ionone.

Bismuth - Metal of the V group of the periodic system

Bismuth nitrate - Bismuth nitrate, usually exists in the form of a crystalline hydrate of the formula Bi (NO3) * 5H2O (colorless crystals).

Sulfur bismuth - Bismuth sulfide, Bi2S3. Black crystals, insoluble in water.

Bismuth chloride - Bismuth chloride , BiCl3. Colorless crystals, hydrolyzed by water, soluble in alcohol.

Javelin Water - A solution of chlorine in an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide (sodium hydroxide).

Lime water - A saturated aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide Ca (OH) 2.

Orange Flower Water - A fluid derived from orange flowers.

Pink water - A fluid derived from rose flowers.

Strong vodka - See nitric acid.

Voronan - The fat of marine mammals is also some fish (e.g. cod).

Wax - Amorphous greasy substance. It may have a plant, animal, but it looks like an artificial beginning (from oil).

Candelilla Wax - A solid mass of yellow, extracted from certain species of cacti that grow in the United States as well in Mexico.

Carnauba Wax - Obtained from palm leaves. The main component is the ester of cerotinic acid.

Mineral Wax - A snow-white or brown waxy substance (a mixture of solid paraffin hydrocarbons).

Shellac wax - See shellac.

Japanese Wax - Glycerin ester of oily (palmitic