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A century and a half passed since the invention of the transformer M. Faraday. During this time in the whole universe, around one million different inventions of additional rationalization proposals for the improvement
transformer. At the same time, the transformer system was further developed,
technology of its assembly, repair, cooling, diagnostics, fastening, and much more.

The transformer without a copper winding is relatively young. This system is new. Calculations in addition to the manufacture of a new design transformer also require new approaches, in addition new methods. Therefore, the inventors have yet to work on improving it, also to ensure its efficiency in all modes of its operation in different conditions of our diverse life.

This article is the source in the long, additional painstaking process of birth, in addition to distributing the newly-made transformer.

The prototype of the proposed three-phase transformer without a copper winding is a transformer registered in VNTITS on December 25, 2000 under No. 72200000050 .

The best material for manufacturing a new transformer is thin wires made of magnetically soft steel with good electrical conductivity also with the least coercive force. To all these needs corresponds to chemically pure iron. Iron can be similarly refined by electrolysis.

Special steels for the new transformer are not yet developed. Traditional electrical (transformer) steel for the manufacture of a new transformer is not suitable.

If you do not have the necessary iron to make a transformer, then it is permissible to use unalloyed steels with the least carbon input or even nail steel, but you should be aware that you will not be able to achieve all the benefits of a new transformer.

Iron wires should be thin, not fragile, also with varnish insulation. Thin wires form strands of the required thickness. Each harness can be placed in an insulating braid. At the ends of the bundles of thin wires, the lacquer insulation is peeled off, and the cleaned wire surfaces are looted in addition to the terminals.

In the new transformer, the wires of the primary secondary secondary windings, as if the position, are stranded. All the wires are insulated with each other. This is the main difference from the traditional winding system. This is necessary to suppress the eddy currents of Foucault.

For the manufacture of the transformer, a skeleton is needed, on which the winding of windings from stranded bundles is made using the technology of manufacturing a traditional toroidal transformer using a shuttle.

The frame of the new transformer can be made of a durable insulation material (plastic). Such a frame consists of three identical sections, each for a separate phase of the transformer ( see Figure 1 ). The only difference between this transformer and the prototype is the presence of gaps between the sections for passing the shuttle when winding the windings.

Drawing. 1

Where 1, 2 are also 3 - three sections of the carcass for winding the windings with stranded wire, 4 - the space between the sections for passage of the shuttle when winding.

A single-phase transformer system without a copper winding is possible. For this, the primary also secondary windings in the form of a single concentric system, wound from an iron wire with varnish insulation, it is necessary to "tie a monkey knot" ( see image 2 ). Such a system is allowed to be manufactured by laying winding wires along the transformer frame in a form resembling a "monkey knot". For convenience, the winding wire before winding the transformer is wound onto the shuttle.

The concentric winding system of the transformer, tied in the form of a "monkey knot", has the following peculiarity: each section of the winding is perpendicular to its other sections. This makes it possible to direct the electric current in addition to the magnetic flux through one ferromagnetic electrically conductive concentric winding system. In this case, the course of electric current virtually always crosses the magnetic flux at right angles, only this is the condition for the operation of the transformer.

Drawing. 2

It should be remembered that the monkey knot is known since time immemorial. And it is permissible to be surprised, as if from where this construction was known to the ancients.

Registered in the VNTITS on April 19, 2002 under the number 72200200011.
Published in the Bulletin of the VNTITS "Ideas, Hypotheses: Solutions," No. 2, 2002.