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THEORY OF VORTEX GRAVITATION AND CREATION OF THE UNIVERSE

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"The severity of the rest of the body is nothing but a delayed movement"
Mv Lomonosov

Introduction

The proposed theory of vortex gravity is based on the world process of the vortex rotation of cosmic matter - the ether.

The physical characteristics of the ether, published by academician V.A. Atsyukovsky in “General Aetrodynamics”.

The calculation of a continuous, gaseous medium - ether, in the state of laminar toroidal rotation, is made on the basis of the Novier-Stokes equations.

As a result of the solution, an algebraic formula of the forces of aggression was obtained, the reliability of which confirms its compliance with astronomical data, as well as with the empirical formula of Newton on world wideness.

The proposed solution explains the nature of the forces of gravity.

Based on the vortex gravity and the law of conservation of momentum of forces, the principles of new cosmological models for the mutual removal of galaxies, “black holes”, the origin of the Universe, the nature of gravity, etc. were developed.

The theory of vortex gravity can be used to solve many problems in cosmology and astrophysics.

1. Beginning theory

The proposed principle of action of the forces of world wide is developed on the following grounds:

1.1 Outer space is filled with cosmic matter - the ether, which rotates around each celestial body with great speed.

Physical characteristics of the usual gaseous medium - ether, (according to [1], V.А.Atsyukovsky)

  1. Density - 8.85 x 10 -12 kg / cubic meter.

  2. Pressure - 1 x 10 32 Pa.

  3. The speed of the orbital rotation of the ether:

  • linear: 7.052 x 10 19 m / s - for the solar toroid, 1.277 x 10 18 - for the earth

  • circular: 1.013 x 10 11 s-1 - \ - \ - \ - \ 2,001 x 10 11 s-1 - \ - \ - \ -

4. Temperature T = 7 x 10 -51 K

The movement of the ether has the character of a whirlwind. That is, the speed of rotation of the orbits of the ether around each celestial body increases from the periphery of this array to the center, like the Gauss integral.

1.2 Celestial bodies do not have the mass of their substance gravitational effects on other bodies.

The interaction of two or more bodies under Newton's law of universal perception is a statistical description of the unknown relationship of these bodies, the definition of which is the subject of this work.

The ability of one body, by the mass of its substance, to attract another body in the present work is recognized as an unproved hypothesis and is not taken into account in the calculation.

2. Vortex gravity

This chapter offers evidence of a new theory of universal gravity, which reads as follows:

2.1 Outer space is filled with gaseous substance - ether, which exist in a state of vorticity.

Aetheric vortices have capacities or volumes of any size.

The type of rotation of cosmic vortices is closed or toroidal.

Each vortex arises in the orbits of rotation of another, larger vortex.

The speeds of rotation of the orbital internal flows in each toroid increase in the direction from the periphery to the center.

The change in rotational speeds is accompanied by a decrease in the internal pressure of the toroid, which causes compressive forces in this rotating spheroid.

The compression of the cosmic vortex is the force of gravity, which ensures the accumulation of cosmic matter in the central part of the toroid and, therefore, the creation of any celestial body.

Vortex gravity provides a regular rotational movement of all celestial bodies or systems, determines the force of gravity on the surface of planets, satellites or stars and, therefore, the structure of the Universe.

The action of gravity is subject to the laws of aerodynamics.

The number of ethereal vortices in space corresponds to the number of celestial bodies.

The desire for a vortex motion to compress, and its ability to hold foreign bodies in its orbits, have been known to people since their first acquaintance with these atmospheric phenomena.

The idea of ​​the vortex origin of celestial bodies has a long history.

“Atoms, infinite in size and number, rush in the Universe in a whirlwind, and this gives rise to all that is complicated…. The cause of all occurrence is a whirlwind, and this whirlwind is inevitable. ” - so Diogen Laertius narrated the legacy of Democritus. Aristotle, in complete agreement with Democritus, deduced from the movement of universal whirlwinds only the particular.

In the 18th century, Descartes, Huygens, Kelvin, and many other thinkers were great supporters of this theory. Our great compatriot M.V. Lomonosov did not share the idea of ​​the gravitational properties of matter of material objects, believing that one body to another is provided by the movement of invisible “atoms”. The author of the law on global gravity, I. Newton, argued that the driving force of gravity could be different ether density in the space environment. But he could not name the reason for the change in density. Nowadays, the works of many modern scientists are devoted to the creation of celestial bodies by the cosmic whirlwind. But these theories basically consider only the stage of the creation of celestial bodies. The process of vortex motion and the forces that arise in this case are studied at the level of elementary particles. The compressive force in the vortex flow, to date, has been assigned only a secondary role.

In the proposed theory, the cosmic ether, and the celestial bodies that are in its rotating field, are considered as a single continuum. By solving the equation of motion for a continuous medium (Novier-Stokes), it is proved that gravitational forces arise due to the pressure drop depending on the change in the orbital flow rate of this medium during its vortex rotation.

Knowing the speed of rotation of the vortex flow and, accordingly, the resulting pressure drop, it is possible to reliably determine the gravitational forces.

2.2 Model of the emergence of the forces of the world
from the standpoint of ether dynamics

In this paper, a model of the emergence of world-wide force is considered from the standpoint of ethereal dynamics [1]. A two-dimensional model is considered (Fig. 1.), which is based on the following initial positions, these provisions will be refined and supplemented as the material is presented:

Figure 1 shows a two-dimensional model of the gravitational interaction of two bodies.

Pic1

Figure 1 shows a two-dimensional model of the gravitational interaction of two bodies. The forces acting on the body 2 are indicated. F c is the centrifugal force, F n is the force of attraction of body 2 from the side of body 1, v 2 is the linear velocity of body 2 in orbit, R is the radius of the orbit, r 1 is the radius of the body 1, r 2 - the radius of the body 2, w 1 - the angular velocity of rotation of the ether on the surface of the body 1.

1. There is an etheric vortex around each physical body.

2. The movement of the ether in the vortex has a laminar character and obeys the laws of hydro-aerodynamics, the viscosity of the ether is small.

3. The pressure gradient arising from the vortex movement of the ethereal gas is the cause of the attraction force of the body 2 from the side of the body 1.

4. The direction of the force F p does not depend on the direction of the angular velocity of the ether, which is necessary for the occurrence of the force of attraction between the bodies, regardless of their mutual position, which implies the absence of the Magnus force - the interaction force between the two vortices that occurs in classical aerodynamics. This assumption can take place with a weak interaction between two streams of the ether, as if they move one through the other, without affecting the mutual movement.

5. The arising force of attraction should describe the experimentally obtained law of world wideness.

The arising force of attraction should describe the experimentally obtained law of world wideness.

(one)

where: m 1 , m 2 are the masses of bodies 1 and 2, respectively, G = 6.672 ∙ 10 -11 Nm 2 / kg 2 is the gravitational constant, r is the distance between the bodies.

Let us consider in more detail the emergence of the force of attraction and derive the formula describing it.

As already mentioned, a pressure gradient arises from the movement of the vortex. We find the radial distribution of pressure and velocity of the ether.

We write the Novier-Stokes equation for the motion of a viscous fluid (gas).

We write the Novier-Stokes equation for the motion of a viscous fluid (gas).

(2)

where: r is the density of the ether, v is the velocity vector of the ether, P is the pressure of the ether, h is the viscosity.

In cylindrical coordinates, taking into account the radial symmetry v r = v z = 0, vj = v (r), P = P (r), the equation is written in the form of a system

In cylindrical coordinates, taking into account the radial symmetry, vr = vz = 0, vj = v (r), P = P (r), the equation will be written as a system

(3)

In the case of the compressible substance of the ether, instead of r a function appears .

From the first equation of system (3) to be P (r ) with a known dependence v (r), which in turn should be from the second equation (one of whose solutions is the function v (r) ~ 1 / r ). At zero viscosity, the system allows any dependence v (r) [2].

The force acting on the body can be estimated by the formula:

F p = - V x grad P, where: V - the volume of the body 2.

In cylindrical coordinates for the module F p

( 5 )

then comparing ( 3) and ( 5 ) for an incompressible ether (\ r \ = const) we find that

(6)

To comply with F n (r) the law of the world (see position 5) v (r) must obey the dependence , but not .

Taking into account the boundary condition v (r 1 ) = w 1 ∙ r 1 ,

(7)

In this way

(eight)

We make the assumption number 6 - Ether permeates all space, including physical bodies. Volume V in the formula ( 8 ) is the effective volume - the volume of the elementary particles of which body 2 consists. All bodies are composed of electrons, protons and neutrons. The radius of an electron is much smaller than the radius of a proton and a neutron, the radius of the latter is approximately the same and is of the order of rn ~ 1.2 10 -15 m . The masses of the proton and neutron and approximately the same mn ~ 1.67 ∙ 10 -27 kg (r n , m n - the radius and mass of the nucleon). Therefore, the volume in the formula ( 8 ) is equal to:

(9)

Taking into account ( 9 ), equality ( 8 ) will be rewritten as

(ten)

Assuming (Assumption No. 7) that

(eleven)

where A is a constant

equation ( 10 ) will be

(12)

Comparing ( 12 ) and ( 1 ) we find that the constant A = 1.739 ∙ 10 18 m 3 / s 2 kg . When calculating, we used data on the parameters of free ether given in [1], where it was shown that r = 8.85 ∙ 10 -12 kg / m 3 , pressure P = 2 10 32 N / m 2 , temperature T = 7 10 -51 To

Assumption number 7 is adequate, since w 1 and r 1 are body parameters 1 . If we divide the left and right sides of (11 ) by r 13 , then we get that the square of the angular velocity of the ether on the surface of the body is proportional to the density of this body.

Find, for example, the angular velocity of the ether on the surface of the sun

(13)

The mass of the Sun m 1 = 1.99 10 30 kg, r 1 = 6.96 10 8 m then w 1 = 1.022 10 11 c -1 .

The linear velocity of the ether on the surface is v (r 1 ) = w 1 ∙ r 1 = 7.113 ∙ 10 19 m / s.

This speed is 2 orders of magnitude less than the average speed of amers in the air 6.6 ∙ 10 21 m / s [1 ]. Thus, the obtained linear velocity of the aetheric wind may well take place. For the Earth, m 1 = 5.98 ∙ 10 24 kg, r 1 = 6.38 ∙ 10 6 m, we get w 1 = 2.001 10 11 s -1 , v (r 1 ) = 1.277 10 18 m / s.

The value of w1 in any celestial body, on the basis of vortex gravity, is determined without determining the mass of this body. To do this, it is enough to know the radius and speed of the orbital motion of any of its satellites. Using equation ( 10), one can calculate the orbits of any satellites, determine the attraction on the surface of any celestial body and, accordingly, the values ​​of gravitational acceleration.

When taking into account the compressibility of ether, suppose, in the isothermal case ( T = const), when

(14)

where R is the specific gas constant equal to J ∙ kg -1 ∙ K -1 (R 0 = 8.314 J ∙ mol -1 ∙ K -1 is the universal gas constant, m is the molar mass of the ether, m 0 = 7 10 -117 kg is the mass of amer [1], Na = 6.022 ∙ 10 23 mol -1 - Avogadro constant), after solving the 1st equation in system ( 3 ), we obtain the pressure distribution function of radius, using which, for example, the values ​​of w 1 and r 1 for the Sun are very insignificant the change in density from the radius, which makes it possible to consider the ether incompressible and use the formulas given above.

Find the dependence P (r), solving the first equation of system ( 3 ) with (7 ) taken into account, we find

(15)

where P 0 is the ether pressure at the surface using the boundary condition find that ( P - pressure of free ether).

In fig. 2 shows the dependence of the distribution of ether pressure in the Sun.

Fig.2. Radial distribution of ether pressure for the sun.

Fig.2. Radial distribution of ether pressure for the sun.

Based on the Novier-Stokes equations, the nature of the “mysterious” forces of gravity becomes clear. A closed vortex by rotating its own medium creates in the central region a reduced pressure ( 15 ), which is caused by a decrease in the angular velocities of rotation from the center to the periphery. The pressure difference in the adjacent layers creates the desired force of attraction to the center, that is, “suction”. To study the forces of force, it is not necessary to search for secrets in the interaction of elementary particles (invisible graviton soldiers, pushing celestial bodies or electromagnetic forces).

Local decreases (“curvature”) of pressure in outer space may be the prototype of the curvature of space, which A. Einstein proved in GRT.

Any medium, with any low density, during its movement is capable of changing pressure and, consequently, creating an agony. In particular, the elementary particles of aether - Amer in their magnitude so refers to the magnitude of the electron, as the magnitude of the electron relates to the magnitude of the galaxy. But the ether, its low density, compensates for its tremendous speed and pressure, and also the small curvature of its orbits.

It should be noted that the proposed mathematical solution of universal perception ( equation 10 ) avoids paradoxes that Newton’s law on universal perception could not get rid of, that is, by Newton’s solution (equation 1 ), when two bodies interact at infinitely small distances, they must cause infinitely large forces of aggression. Conversely, with an infinite distance between them, infinitesimal, but not equal to zero, forces of interaction should continue to act. That is, the Universe is permeated with these forces of interaction between all celestial objects. The number of these forces is equal to the number of celestial bodies, close to infinity (the Neumann-Seliger paradox). These consequences are absurd. According to equation 10 of vortex gravity, these paradoxes are excluded by the boundaries of the toroid:

r min = r 1, r max = r toroid

That is, gravity forces exist only inside the toroid.

Between two bodies that are at rest, no gravitational forces arise, for any values ​​of their masses and the distance between them.

3. Some conclusions

The proposed principle of universal gravity and its mathematical solution allow us to revise many theories in cosmogony and cosmology.

3.1 Black holes

John Michel, a teacher from Cambridge, in 1783 presented his work to the journal Philosophical Works of the Royal Society of London, in which he pointed out that a sufficiently massive and compact star should have such a strong gravitational zero that the light could not go beyond its limits: any beam of light emitted by the surface of such a star, not having time to move away from it, will be pulled back by its gravitational attraction. Michel believed that such stars can be very much. Despite the fact that they cannot be seen, since their light cannot reach us, we nevertheless need to feel their gravitational attraction. Such objects are now called black holes, and this term reflects their essence: dark abysses in outer space. Subsequently, the French scientist Laplace apparently made a similar assumption independently of him, despite the fact that he did not further develop this idea.

Astrophysicists have identified the forces of aggression that can hold the light. By calculation, such a force can create a superdense celestial body. For example, it can be an object with a mass of the Sun and its own radius - 3 km. It will create gravity, exceeding the mass of any body in the zone of its action with a size of 4.5 x 10 to the sixteenth degree (N).

This can only be an extra compacted star that is in a state of its own collapse. Simply put, this star dies. Of course, the question arises - what will happen to her next. In some papers from 1965 to 1970, it was shown that, according to the general theory of relativity, there must be a singularity in a black hole in which the density and curvature of spacetime are infinite.

According to the theory of vortex gravity, this cosmological phenomenon can be explained by the usual laws of classical mechanics.

The aforementioned gravity of the Black Hole can create a vortex rotation of the ether, with the same radius (3 km) at an angular velocity w = 2 x 10 in the twenty-third degree. For information, the real solar aetheric vortex has an angular velocity of 1 x 10 to the eleventh degree radian per second with a radius equal to the radius of the Sun. But at its base, with a radius of 1 m, our solar toroid rotates at a speed of 1.8 x 10 in the twenty-fourth degree.

Consequently, the Black Holes are the center of rotation of a powerful cosmic toroid. As a result of this rotation and the gravitational force created by this, there may be a new megastar or a cluster of stars. That is, the Black Holes are not a collapse of a celestial body, but, most likely, the creation of a new space object.

3.2 Expansion or contraction of the Universe ?!

Removal of galaxies from each other at a speed of 20 km / s per 1 mln. Sv. years, now due to the expansion of the universe, which (according to calculations) began thanks to the so-called “Big Bang”, 15 billion years ago.

Based on the laws of mechanics and the proposed equation of vortex gravity, the Universe should be in a state of compression , not expansion, as evidenced by the following calculations:

Under the condition accepted in the present theory - a constant and infinite vortex rotation of the Universe and all its celestial parts (4), it is obvious that any cosmic body (galaxy), having gravity, must constantly absorb cosmic matter, and therefore increase its mass of This pattern is confirmed by astrophysicists - our planet “grows” per year by 1.6 x 10 to 15 degree kg. (one).

According to the law of conservation of momentum of motion, the increase in the mass of the moving body should cause a proportional decrease in its speed of movement . (mv = const)

Thus, increasing the mass of a celestial body reduces the speed of orbital motion. But the decrease in the velocity of circulation reduces the centrifugal forces according to the formula:

Fц = m V 2 / r

(sixteen)

The forces of orbital speed do not depend. Consequently, the forces of heaven act on the celestial bodies, which constantly exceed the directly opposite centrifugal, repulsive forces. With such a balance of forces, the celestial body should move in the direction of the dominant force - the force of gravity. Consequently, galaxies, except for the orbital, have a radial motion directed toward the center of rotation.

But a decrease in the distance to the center means a decrease in the radius of the orbit of motion, which causes a quadratic increase in the gravitational force (see 1 or 10 ) and a linear increase in the centrifugal forces ( 16 ). Thus, galaxies receive an additional acceleration of falling towards the center of the Universe. That is, the closer the galaxy is located to the center of the Universe, the faster it approaches. This explains their removal from each other with an acceleration equal to the Hubble constant. This dependence, according to the classical laws of mechanics, must be performed in any cosmic vortex system.

The above calculations allow us to formulate the following property of the Universe:

Celestial bodies constantly increase their own mass, which causes a slowdown in the circulation of these bodies and a decrease in the radius of the orbital motion. This fact creates a prerequisite for the formation in the center of the Universe above a huge celestial object. The same, in appropriate scales, applies to galaxies, stars and planets.

Notes:

1. When two galaxies move in closely spaced orbits, these galaxies may converge, since their speeds in the orbital direction may be different - the smaller the radius of motion, the greater the orbital speed. A similar convergence is observed between our galaxy and the galaxy M31.

2. The compression of the Universe is convincingly proved both on the basis of classical mechanics (without taking into account the vortex rotation) and on the principles of vortex gravity.

3. Any cosmic system can avoid its fall to the center only if the constant ratio of orbital velocities (taking into account item 5) of the ether and the celestial body is maintained. But then the “gathering” of substances will stop - one of the conditions of universal being.

4. In the center of the universe can be located Universal Black Hole, which swallows galaxies. The same can be said about the structure of some galaxies.

5 In astronomy, there are cases of registration of “ingestion” by black holes of stars. This fact is convincing evidence of the narrowing of cosmic systems or the striving of celestial bodies towards the center of a spheroid.

The fall of galaxies to the center of the universe does not mean the collapse of the universe. This is just one of the levels or stages of the creation of the world. The center of the universe is the celestial megotele, which is created according to the same principle as the planets and stars. Galaxies are universal microelements (amers) that serve as good building material for life in another world. But the Universe, in turn, acts as an Amer and turns into a cosmic speck of dust in another world beyond our control.

3.3 The astronomical characteristics of the solar system confirm the principle of vortex gravity.

Obviously, the rotation of celestial bodies around its axis was created by the rotation of the ether in the space region of these bodies, therefore, the speed of rotation of the planets and the ether have a directly proportional relationship. The speed of rotation of the ether determines the gravitational force of each planet, which, in turn, provides the “absorption” of cosmic matter, and hence the magnitude of the mass of this planet. That is, the number of satellites and the volume (mass) of each planet are directly proportional to the speed of the corresponding, vortex rotation of the ether or the speed of rotation of the surface of these planets.

The table shows the priority (place) of each planet in its own parameters, its speed of rotation, in its physical volume and in the number of satellites.

Naim

Jupiter

Saturn

Uranus

Neptune

Land

Mars

Pluto

Venus

Mercury

Surface Speed ​​V (r)

one

2

3

four

five

6

7

eight

9

Volume

one

2

3

four

five

7

9

6

eight

Number of sat.

one

2

3

four

6

five

not

not

not

The table proves the dependence of the physical volume of the planets (including satellites) on the speeds of their rotation, according to equation (6). The lower the speed of rotation of the planet, the smaller its volume and number of satellites.

The speed of the surface of the Sun is much higher than the speeds of the surface of the planets.

3.4 Densities of planets

The mass of a celestial body was determined and determined in the following ways:

1. measurement of gravity on the surface of a given body (gravimetric method) or the Cavendish and Yolly method for the numerical determination of the gravitational constant,

2. according to the third (specified) Kepler's law;

3. from the analysis of the observed disturbances produced by the celestial. body in the movements of other celestial bodies.

All these methods are based on the law of world wide Newton. The first method was used only in relation to the earth.

As a result calculations were determined density and, accordingly, the mass of the planets. The obtained values ​​can cause great doubts in their objective analysis. It is difficult to agree that the star of the Sun, in which a thermonuclear reaction occurs, caused by a large mass and a large compaction of matter in this star, has a density of only 1400 kg / cu. The giant Saturn is even lighter - 700 kg / cubic meter, which is equivalent to the density of dry wood or heavy gas. The calculation of the gravitational constant in the conditions of earth's gravity in numerous attempts of scientists around the world have an error in the range of 1/1000. But these are Newton's formulas, others are not.

According to the theory of vortex cosmic rotation, the force of gravity does not depend on the mass or density of bodies and, on this basis, it is impossible to determine these physical characteristics of celestial bodies using classical methods. Vortex gravity and the vortex origin of celestial bodies offers another solution for determining the physical characteristics of celestial bodies.

As already mentioned, each cosmic whirlwind, since its inception, collects cosmic dust for the construction of a celestial body in its center. The intensity of the “land acquisition” depends on the power of the vortex rotation and, therefore, on gravity. The density of cosmic dust, in the proposed calculation, we take uniformly distributed throughout the space. The newly created body, with an increase in its own mass over the entire period of its existence, slows down its rotation, directly proportional to the increase in mass. This pattern is carried out in accordance with the law of conservation of the angular momentum of forces, which looks as follows:

mvr = const (3)

In the further calculation, we will take the volume of the planet unchanged and equal to the current values, but the change in mass will be determined by the change in the density of this planet. The initial density should be equal to the density of the ether. The desired final density corresponds to the density of the planet today. Equation (3) transform into the following form:

P0 W0 = P1 W1

Where P0 is the density of the planet at the time of creation. W0 is the angular velocity of rotation of the ether.

Р1 - the density of the planet in the present days. W1 - the angular velocity of rotation of the planet.

The calculations determine the density of celestial bodies in the solar system, with the exception of planets that do not have satellites

The values ​​found are shown in table 1, in comparison with the generally accepted. Unit rev. - SI

The sun

Land

Mars

Jupiter

Saturn

Uranus

Neptune

Catalog density

1400

5500

4,000

1300

700

1500

1700

Calculation density

31,000

23,000

20566

6000

3840

5500

1000

Significant differences in the results are explained by different methods. According to the theory of vortex gravity, the densities of celestial bodies are determined for the first time.

The calculated densities of celestial bodies put cosmologists in a difficult position due to the following regularities.

The gravitational force of a celestial body creates hydrostatic pressure inside this body. At the center of the sun, pressure reaches hundreds of billions of atmospheres. High pressure should create a high density of the sun. When calculated, according to Newton-Kepler, the average density of the Sun is 1400 kg / cubic meters, cosmologists had to accept the density of the Sun in the center equal to 150 tons / cubic meter, and on the surface 1 kg / cubic meter, that is, equal to the density of the gas . It is difficult to agree with a similar model, since it is more appropriate to attribute the surface gas to the solar atmosphere than to its body.

According to the theory of vortex gravity, the average density of the Sun is established, which will allow to calculate the change in the density of the Sun differently.

It should be recognized that the results based on vortex gravity are indicative, as this method of calculation requires numerous refinements and improvements, but it is obvious that the calculated densities of celestial bodies have more realistic values ​​compared to classical ones. The current method of cosmological calculations, based on the Kepler-Newton laws, is biased and requires revision in the light of the proposed theory.

3.5 Gravity

On the basis of the lunar circulation, Newton established that the force of gravity is identical to the force of gravity. At the same time, he did not pay attention to the fact that all bodies located on the surface of the planet are affected by centrifugal forces, which reduce the forces of gravity. That is, the force of gravity of bodies on the surface of the planet corresponds to the resultant force, which is defined as the difference between the gravitational forces of this planetary vortex and the centrifugal forces that exist on the surface of the planet and are created by its rotation. Consequently, the faster the planet rotates, the less the force of gravity on its surface. The effect of centrifugal forces on “fast” planets is weighty enough. So on Jupiter, these forces reduce gravity by 7%.

If planet Earth made one revolution in 1.4 hours, then weightlessness would occur on its surface.

In tab. 2 shows the calculated values ​​of the acceleration of gravity on the planets, according to the vortex gravity, and for comparison are given the classic data.

Usk St. pad

The sun

Land

Mars

Jupiter

Saturn

Uranus

Neptune

by catalogs

274.0

9.8

3.8

24.5

10.8

8,8

10.8

by calculation

278.0

9.8

6.7

39.5

9.6

8,8

17.9

3.6 The age of the Earth and the speed of its fall towards the Sun.

In one year, the Earth increases its mass by 1.6 x 10 kg. [1]

Since the growth rate of the mass of the planet depends only on its gravity, which creates its own, vortex rotation, this value should be constant for the entire period of the Earth’s existence, since the slowdown of the speed of aether rotation can be neglected.

Consequently, the age of the Earth is determined by the ratio of the mass of the Earth to its increase

T = 6 x 10 24 / 1.6 x 10 15 = 3.75 billion years (according to the catalogs)

T = 25 x 10 24 / 1.6 h 10 15 = 15.625 billion years (according to the vortex rotation)

Determine the radius of the Earth's orbit at the time of its creation.

For this calculation, we use the law of conservation of angular momentum of force

MVR = const

Substitute the necessary values

Mz - 6 x 10 in the 24th degree kg - Earth's mass (according to the catalog)

Mzo - 9.6 x 10 to the 9th degree kg - mass of the volume of the Earth with an initial density equal to the density of the ether.

- 30000 m / s - the orbital speed of the Earth

Vg - 1.26 x 10 in the 18th degree m / s - the speed of the ether in the orbit of the creation of the Earth.

R - 15 x10 to the 10th degree m - distance from the Sun to the Earth.

After calculation, we obtain the distance from the Sun to the orbit of the creation of the Earth

Ro = 2.236 x 10 12 m or R0 = 3.9 x 10 13 m (according to the vortex theory)

Therefore, during its existence, the Earth approached the Sun by 2.1 billion km in 3.75 billion years (according to catalogs) or by 38.85 billion km in 15.62525 billion years (by calculation). Or in one year at 560 meters (according to catalogs), 2486 m (by calculation)

Since the increase in the mass of the Earth in size 1.6 x 10 15 kg / year remains unchanged, the relative increase in the Earth is constantly decreasing, which causes a proportional decrease in the radial velocity of our planet towards the Sun. Based on the calculation, at present, the speed of the Earth’s approach to the Sun in one year corresponds to a value within one billionth of a meter.

In the future, this speed of approaching the Sun will continue to decline.

The above calculations do not take into account the numerous astrophysical characteristics and do not claim to be full, true values. But the accuracy of the proposed calculations is within the same order, which is quite enough to work out the general principles of the structure of the Universe.

The age of other celestial bodies can be determined, provided that the density of cosmic matter is distributed evenly in space. Consequently, any cosmic vortex toroid creates a celestial body with a mass of matter proportional to the strength of its own gravity and the duration of the existence of this toroid.

M = Ft x T from where T = M / Ft

Substituting into this formula the values ​​of M (according to the catalogs) and FT for the Sun and the planets, we determine that the lifetime of the celestial bodies in the Solar System is the same - 3.75 billion years . From this it follows that planetary and solar eddies in the solar system, according to classical calculations, were created simultaneously.

According to the theory of vortex gravity, the age of celestial bodies in the solar system is significantly different:

The age of the Sun is 87, the Earth is 15.6 Mars is 18, Jupiter is 11, Saturn is 21, Uranus is 18, Neptune is 1.6 billion years.

3.7 Universality of ether properties.

Biological life can not be without the above, unique, physical properties of the ether (gigantic speed and pressure, negligible density).

The fact is that the mass of stars, and therefore the degree of their light emission and heat transfer, cannot be less, since the thermonuclear reaction in stars with smaller masses will not start. But with such a “heating” the life of organisms can be only with the current distance from the stars (the Sun). And this distance can be guaranteed only by the above physical characteristics of the ether. If the properties of the ether change drastically, then all the planets will move away or come close to (from) the Sun (a) at unacceptable distances and the life of our biosphere will cease to exist.

3.8 Gravity Speed.

The speed of propagation of gravity remains an unsolved problem to this day.

Relativists believe that its speed is equal to the speed of light. According to the laws of classical mechanics - the speed of propagation of gravity should be instantaneous.

The vortex gravity model solves this problem with its natural meaning. As soon as the body enters or is created in any celestial toroid, it will immediately begin to experience the effects of vortex gravity, since this gravity is a necessary property of any continuous medium during its vortex, toroidal rotation.

4. Genesis of the Universe.

Based on the theory of vortex gravity, the following principle of the universe is possible.

The beginning of visible cosmic matter was a giant whirlwind. Capturing in its rotation a huge space, the boundaries of which can not be seen from our planet. It was the Universal Whirlwind.

In the various zones of the universal vortex, local vortex formations occur and occur, in which, due to the pressure drop in the internal flows of this vortex, its own gravity has arisen. Based on the patterns outlined above, the local vortex began to absorb cosmic matter. These were the “embryos” of galaxies. The constant increase in the amount of matter in galaxies forced these celestial systems to move toward the center with constant acceleration.

During their journey, the galaxies, in the same way, created in their orbits their internal whirlwinds, which rushed to the center of the galaxy. These were star vortices. In a stellar spheroid, the planets repeated this creative pattern. In the planetary - satellites.

The speed of approaching the center of all celestial bodies depends only on the distance of these bodies to the center of the vortex rotation and on the relative mass increase (see 3.2).

This regularity explains the Hubble constant, which characterizes the dependence of the velocities of galaxies on their mutual distance.

The volume and mass of any celestial body determines only the vortex power of these bodies and the duration of its existence. The speed of movement of this body in orbit or toward the center, the mass of a celestial object has no effect. But a change in this mass causes a change in the speed characteristics of celestial bodies.

The most likely zones of localized vortexes may be the peripheral orbits of the toroid in which these local eddies appear.

Based on the proposed theory of vortex gravity, it follows that all celestial bodies were created under the influence of the world process of vortex rotation of cosmic matter - the ether. Each celestial object originated in the orbit of another, larger, vortex cosmic spheroid.

The life of celestial bodies is his way from the orbit of creation to the center of the progenitor vortex.

5. The orbital speeds of ether and planets.

The vortex model allows you to determine the speed of the ether on the orbits of motion of all the planets and satellites by the formula (7)

3/2 1/2

V (r) = w 1 r1 / r

When calculating according to this formula, the values ​​of the orbital velocities of the motion of the ether are obtained. The calculation revealed a pattern - the speed of movement of the ether exceeds the speed of movement of a celestial body on the same orbit by the same value n:

n = V (r) / V = ​​0.16 x 10 15 or 10 15/2 x 3.14 (16)

The value of n characterizes the constant relationship between the equilibrium motion of the ether and the planets not only in all the orbits of the solar vortex, but also in the orbits of the earth vortex (Moon) and, quite likely, in the orbits of the galactic and universal vortices.

Since equation ( 7 ) is obtained analytically, and the speeds of the planets are experimental, their linear correspondence proves that the planets obey the aerodynamic laws of the vortex rotation of a continuous medium. From this pattern it follows that the motion of all celestial bodies is inertial, the initial value, which, was equal to the velocity of the ether in the corresponding orbit. The decrease in the speed of planets or stars is caused by an increase in the mass of these objects or their transformation from gaseous (etheric) into a solid body.

Ether cannot mechanically affect a solid body. Further influence of the ether medium on celestial bodies is carried out indirectly.

6. Conclusion.

The proposed equations of world vortex have the right to exist, confirmed by the mathematical calculations presented in the paper and the laws derived from them. Refinement of the results of this theory depends on numerous factors:

  • on the accuracy of determining the pressure, temperature, velocity and density of the ether,
  • on the accuracy of determining the effective volume of a celestial body,
  • from solving this equation in the volume model,
  • from accounting for the compressibility of ether,
  • from other factors.

Possible deviations or clarifications in the proposed calculation can be determined and solved only by collective creative work in various branches of science and technology. In the present work, the main goal was to prove a new principle of world wideness.

Literature

[1] V.A. Atsukovsky “Total ether dynamics”. M 1990

[2] L.V. Kiknadze, Yu.G. Mamaladze // Classical Fluid Dynamics for Experimental Physicists // Izd. Tbilisi University, 136 pp. 1979.

[3] “Physical quantities” Handbook (A. P. Babichev, N. A. Babushkina, etc.) M 1991

[4] C.K. Kadyrov “The universal physical theory of a uniform field”. Bishkek. 2001

Solving the Novier-Stokes equation fulfilled the candidate. physical mat. sciences.
A. Velichko, PSU.



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