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Wrong English verbs

Неправильные английские глаголы

An incorrect verb is a verb whose conjugation paradigm deviates from the typical paradigms of a given language. As a rule, the most common verbs are the wrong verbs, partially preserving the remains of ancient forms lost by other verbs. Especially often they are auxiliary verbs, for example, ligaments. Sometimes in the conjugation of irregular verbs suppletivism is observed. Wrong verbs are most typical for inflectional languages, for example, Indo-European. In agglutinative languages, irregular verbs, as a rule, are very few, and sometimes they are completely absent.

Wrong verbs are a stepping stone to the top of English. And often this stage has to be stormed again and again! Sometimes, you remember all the forms of the verb, and the translation does not go to your mind. Or you know the initial form and the translation, but the second and third forms completely flew from the head.

We offer an interactive dictionary of irregular English verbs.

Watch a video with basic irregular verbs

Repeat, remember the correct pronunciation, and call the translation of the word.

Infinitive Past simple Past participle Transfer
abide abode; abided abode; abided to abide; hold on
the arose arisen to rise; arise
awake awoke awaked; awoke wake up; wake up
backbite backbitten backbitten slander
backslide backslid backslid fall off
be was; were been be
bear bore born; borne give birth
beat beat beaten beat
become become a become become
befall befell befallen to happen
beget begot; begat begotten generate
begin began has begun start off
begird begirt begirt gird
behold beheld beheld ripen
bend bent bent; bended bend
bereave bereft; bereaved bereft; bereaved deprive
beseech besought; beseeched besought; beseeched beg; entreat
beset beset beset besiege
bespeak bespoke bespoke; bespoken order
bespit bespat bespat spit
bestride bestrode bestridden sit down; be on horseback
bet bet; betted bet; betted bet
betake betook betaken to be accepted; go
bid bad; bade; bid bid; bidden to order; ask
bind bound bound to tie
bite bit bit; bitten bite
bleed bled bled bleed
bless blessed blessed; blest bless
blow blew blown; blowed blow
break broke broken (c) break
breed bred bred grow
bring brought brought bring
broadcast broadcast broadcast distribute; scatter
browbeat browbeat browbeaten intimidate
build built built build
burn burnt; burned burnt; burned burn; burn
burst burst burst break out; explode
bust bust; busted bust; busted demot
buy bought bought buy
can could could can; be able to
cast cast cast throw; pour metal
catch caught caught catch
chide chid; chided chid; chided; chidden scold
choose I chose chosen to choose
cleave clove; cleft; cleaved cloven; cleft; cleaved cut
cling clung clung cling; cling
come came to come come
cost cost cost cost
countersink countersank countersunk countersink
creep crept crept crawl
crow crowed; crew crowed sing
cut cut cut cut
dare durst; dared dared dare
deal dealt dealt to deal with
dig dug dug dig
dive dived; dove dived dive; dive
do did done do
draw drew drawn draw
dream dreamt; dreamed dreamt; dreamed dream; dream
drink drank drunk drink
drive drove driven led (machine etc.)
dwell dwelt dwelt dwell; linger
eat ate eaten eat; there is
fall fellow fallen fall
feed fed fed feed
feel felt felt feel
fight fought fought fight; fight
find found found find
fit fit fit fit to size
flee fled fled to run; escape
fling flung flung quit
floodlight floodlighted; floodlit floodlighted; floodlit spotlight
fly flew flown to fly
forbear forbore forborne refrain
forbid forbad; forbade forbidden forbid
forecast forecast; forecasted forecast; forecasted predict
foresee foresaw foreseen anticipate
foretell foretold foretold predict
forget forgot forgotten forget
forgive forgave forgiven forgive
forsake forsook forsaken leave
forswear forswore forsworn abjure
freeze froze frozen freeze
gainsay gainsaid gainsaid deny; contradict
get got got get
gild gilt; gilded gilt; gilded to gild
gird girded; girt girded; girt gird
give gave given give
go went gone go
grave graved graved; graven engrave
grind ground ground sharpen; grind
grow grew the grown grow
hamstring hamstringed; hamstrung hamstringed; hamstrung hamstring
hang hung; hanged hung; hanged hang
have had had have
hear heard heard listen
heave heaved; hove heaved; hove raise
hew hewed hewed; hewn hack; hover
hide hid hidden hide)
hit hit hit strike; hit the mark
hold held held Keep
hurt hurt hurt hurt
inlay inlaid inlaid invest; lap
input input; inputted input; inputted enter
inset inset inset insert; invest
interweave interwove interwoven weave
keep is kept is kept keep; contain
ken kenned; kent kenned know; recognize by sight
kneel knelt; kneeled knelt; kneeled kneel
knit knit; knitted knit; knitted to knit
know knew known know
lade laded laded; laden ship
lay laid laid to put; put
lead led led lead
lean leant; leaned leant; leaned rely on; lean
leap leapt; leaped leapt; leaped jump
learn learnt; learned learnt; learned learn
leave left left leave
lend lent lent lend
let let let let
lie lay lain lie
light lit; lighted lit; lighted illumine
lose lost lost lose
make made made do; produce
may might might can; to have a possibility
mean mean mean mean
meet met met meet
miscast miscast miscast miscast
misdeal misdealt misdealt go wrong
misgive misgave misgiven awe
mishear misheard misheard mishear
mishit mishit mishit miss
mislay mislaid mislaid misplace
mislead misled misled mislead
misread misread misread misinterpret
misspell misspelt; misspeled misspelt; misspeled write with errors
misspend misspent misspent save
a mistake mistook mistaken be wrong
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood misunderstand
mow mowed mown; mowed mow down
outbid outbid outbid interrupt a price
outdo outdid outdone transcend
outfight outfought outfought win
outgrow outgrew outgrown grow out of
output output; outputted output; outputted come out
outrun outran outrun overtake; outrun
outsell outsold outsold sell better or more expensive
outshine outshone outshone eclipse
overbid overbid overbid command
overcome overcame overcome compensate
overdo overdid overdone overdo
overdraw overdrew overdrawn exceed
overeat overate overeaten overeat
overfly overflew overflown fly over
overhang overhung overhung overhang
overhear overheard overheard eavesdrop
overlay overlaid overlaid cover
overpay overpaid overpaid overpay
override overrode overridden reject; reject
overrun overran overrun overflow
oversee oversaw overseen oversee
overshoot overshot overshot shoot
oversleep overslept overslept proshe (s) to go
overtake overtook overtaken catching up
overthrow overthrew overthrown depose
partake partook partaken participate
pay paid paid to pay
plead pleaded; pled pleaded; pled go to court
prepay prepaid prepaid pay in advance
prove the proved; proven prove; turn up
put put put lay
quit quit; quitted quit; quitted leave; leave; come out
read read; red read; red to read
rebind rebound rebound bandage
rebuild rebuilt rebuilt rebuild
recast recast recast modify; transform
redo redid redone repeat
rehear reheard reheard listen again
remake remade remade redo
rend rent rent rend
repay repaid repaid repay
rerun reran rerun reapply
resell resold resold resell
reset reset reset to return
resit resat resat outstay
retake retook retaken take away
retell retold retold retell
rewrite rewrote rewritten pere
rid rid; ridded rid; ridded spare
ride rode ridden ride
ring rang rung ring
rise rose risen rise
rive rived riven cleave
run ran run to run; flow
saw sawed sawn; sawed to nag
say said said speak; to tell
see saw seen see
seek sought after sought after look for
sell sold sold sell
send sent sent send
set set set to put; install
sew sewed sewed; sewn stitch
shake shook shaken shake
shave shaved shaved; shaven to shave)
shear sheared shorn; sheared shear
shed shed shed shed
shine shone; shined shone; shined shine; shine
shoe shod shod to shoe; shoe
shoot shot shot shoot; shoot
show showed shown; showed show
shred shred; shredded shred; shredded to shred; crawl away
shrink shrank; shrunk shrunk shrink; shrink; recoil
shrive shrove; shrived shriven; shrived confess
shut shut shut close
sing sang sung sing
sink sank sunk to go down; dive; sink
sit sat sat sit
slay slew slain kill
sleep slept slept sleep
slide slid slid slide
sling slung slung toss; hang
slink slunk slunk slink
slit slit slit tear (s); cut
smell smelt; smelted smelt; smelted smell; to sniff
smite smote smitten strike; smash
sow sowed sowed; sown (to) sow
speak spoke of the speak
speed sped; speeded sped; speeded accelerate; hurry
spell spelt; spelled spell; spelled write or spell
spend spent spent spend
spill spilt; spilled spilt; spilled shed
spin spun; span spun spin
spit spat; spit spat; spit spit
split split split split
spoil spoiled; spoiled spoiled; spoiled spoil
spotlight spotlit; spotlighted spotlit; spotlighted illuminate
spread spread spread spread
spring sprang sprung jump; arise
stand was was stand
stave staved; stove staved; stove break through; breakdown (s)
steal stole stolen steal
stick stuck stuck prick; glue
sting stung stung sting
stink stank; stunk stunk stink
strew strewed strewn; strewed to cover; to cover
stride strode stridden step; strike
strike struck struck bump; beat; strike
string strung strung string; stretch
strive strove striven try
sublet sublet sublet sublet
swear swore sworn (swear; swear an oath
sweep swept swept to sweep; rush
swell swelled swollen; swelled swell
swim swam swum to swim
swing swung swung sway
take took taken take; take
teach taught taught learn
tear tore torn to tear
tell told told narrate; to tell
think thought thought think
thrive throve; trived thriven; trived prosper
throw threw thrown quit
thrust thrust thrust to push; sink
tread trod trod; trodden tread
unbend unbent unbent unbend
underbid underbid underbid reduce the price
undercut undercut undercut undercut
undergo underwent undergone pass through; be subjected to
underlie underlay underlain underpin
underpay underpaid underpaid pay too low
undersell undersold undersold sell cheaper
understand is understood is understood understand
undert undertook done undertake
underwrite underwrote underwritten sign
undo undid undone undo
unfreeze unfroze unfrozen defrost
unsay unsaid unsaid take back
unwind unwound unwound deploy
uphold upheld upheld support
upset upset upset overturn
wake woke; waked woken; waked wake; wake
waylay waylaid waylaid lurk
wear wore worn wear clothes)
weave wove; weaved woven; weaved weave
wed wed; wedded wed; wedded marry
weep wept wept cry
wet wet; wetted wet; wetted wetting; moisturize
win won won win
wind wound wound wind up
withdraw withdrew withdrawn take back; withdraw
withhold withheld withheld hold
withstand withstood withstood resist
work worked; wrought worked; wrought work
wring wrung wrung twist; squeeze
write wrote written write