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Irregular English Verbs

Неправильные английские глаголы

An irregular verb is a verb whose conjugation paradigm deviates from the typical paradigms of a given language. As a rule, irregular verbs become the most commonly used verbs, partially preserving the remnants of the ancient forms lost by other verbs. Especially often they are auxiliary verbs, for example, bundles. Sometimes in conjugation of irregular verbs, there is a suppletivism. Irregular verbs are most typical for inflectional languages, for example, Indo-European. In agglutinative languages ​​there are usually very few irregular verbs, and sometimes they are completely absent.

Irregular verbs are a step on the way to the top of English. And often this stage has to be stormed over and over again! It happens, you remember all the forms of the verb, and the translation to the mind does not go. Or you know the initial form and translation, but the second and third forms completely flew out of my head.

We offer an interactive dictionary of irregular English verbs.

Watch the video with the basic irregular verbs

Repeat, memorize the correct pronunciation, and call the translation of the word.

Infinitive Past simple Past participle Transfer
abide abode; abided abode; abided to stay hold on
arise arose arisen to rise; arise
awake awoke awaked; awoke wake up wake up
backbite backbitten backbitten slander
backslide backslid backslid fall away
be was; were been be
bear bore born; borne give birth
beat beat beaten beat
become became become become
befall befell befallen to happen
beget begot; begat begotten spawn
begin began begun start off
begird begirt begirt gird
behold beheld beheld to mature
bend bent bent; bended bend over
bereave bereft; bereaved bereft; bereaved deprive
beseech besought; beseeched besought; beseeched beg; beg
beset beset beset besiege
bespeak bespoke bespoke; bespoken order
bespit bespat bespat spit
bestride bestrode bestridden sit down sit astride
bet bet; betted bet; betted bet
betake betook betaken take in; set off
bid bad; bade; bid bid; bidden to order; ask
bind bound bound to tie
bite bit bit; bitten bite
bleed bled bled bleed
bless blessed blessed; blest bless
blow blew blown; blowed out blow
break broke broken (c) break
breed bred bred grow
bring brought brought bring
broadcast broadcast broadcast distribute; scatter
browbeat browbeat browbeaten bully
build built built build
burn burnt; burned burnt; burned burn; to burn
burst burst burst break out; explode
bust bust; busted bust; busted degrade
buy bought bought buy
can could could be able to; be able to
cast cast cast throw; pour metal
catch caught caught catch
chide chid; chided chid; chided; chidden scold
choose chose chosen to choose
cleave clove; cleft; cleaved cloven; cleft; cleaved to cut
cling clung clung cling; cling
come came come to come
cost cost cost cost
countersink countersank countersunk countersink
creep crept crept crawl
crow crowed; crew crowed to sing
cut cut cut cut
dare durst; dared dared dare
deal dealt dealt to deal with
dig dug dug dig
dive dived; dove dived dive; dive
do did done do
draw drew drawn draw
dream dreamt; dreamed dreamt; dreamed dream; dream
drink drank drunk drink
drive drove driven to drive (car etc.)
dwell dwelt dwelt dwell; linger
eat ate eaten eat; there is
fall fell fallen fall
feed fed fed feed
feel felt felt feel
fight fought fought fight; fight
find found found find
fit fit fit fit to size
flee fled fled to run; to save
fling flung flung throw
floodlight floodlighted; floodlit floodlighted; floodlit spotlight
fly flew flown to fly
forbear forbore forborne refrain
forbid forbad; forbade forbidden forbid
forecast forecast; forecasted forecast; forecasted predict
foresee foresaw foreseen to anticipate
foretell foretold foretold predict
forget forgot forgotten forget
forgive forgave forgiven forgive
forsake forsook forsaken leave
forswear forswore forsworn renounce
freeze froze frozen freeze
gainsay gainsaid gainsaid deny; contradict
get got got receive
gild gilt; gilded gilt; gilded gild
gird girded girt girded girt gird
give gave given to give
go went gone go
grave graved graved; graven to engrave
grind ground ground sharpen grind
grow grew grown grow
hamstring hamstringed; hamstrung hamstringed; hamstrung hamstring
hang hung; hanged hung; hanged hang
have had had have
hear heard heard listen
heave heaved; hove heaved; hove raise
hew hewed hewed; hewn hack; to cut
hide hid hidden hide)
hit hit hit strike; hit the mark
hold held held Keep
hurt hurt hurt hurt
inlay inlaid inlaid invest; to line
input input; inputted input; inputted enter
inset inset inset insert; invest
interweave interwove interwoven stick in
keep kept kept keep; contain
ken kenned; kent kenned know; know by sight
kneel knelt; kneeled knelt; kneeled kneel
knit knit; knitted knit; knitted to knit
know knew known know
lade laded laded; laden ship
lay laid laid put; put
lead led led to lead
lean leant; leaned leant; leaned to lean; lean
leap leapt; leaped leapt; leaped jump
learn learnt; learned learnt; learned teach
leave left left leave
lend lent lent lend
let let let let
lie lay lain to lie
light lit; lighted lit; lighted light up
lose lost lost lose
make made made do; produce
may might might be able to; to have a possibility
mean meant meant mean
meet met met meet
miscast miscast miscast miscast
misdeal misdealt misdealt do wrong
misgive misgave misgiven raise fears
mishear misheard misheard mishear
mishit mishit mishit miss
mislay mislaid mislaid misplace
mislead misled misled mislead
misread misread misread misinterpret
misspell misspelt; misspeled misspelt; misspeled write with errors
misspend misspent misspent save
mistake mistook mistaken make a mistake
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood misunderstand
mow mowed mown; mowed to mow
outbid outbid outbid interrupt the price
outdo outdid outdone transcend
outfight outfought outfought to win
outgrow outgrew outgrown grow out of
output output; outputted output; outputted go out
outrun outran outrun overtake; stay ahead
outsell outsold outsold sell better or more expensive
outshine outshone outshone overshadow
overbid overbid overbid to command
overcome overcame overcome to compensate
overdo overdid overdone burn out
overdraw overdrew overdrawn exceed
overeat overate overeaten overeat
overfly overflew overflown to fly
overhang overhung overhung to hang
overhear overheard overheard to overhear
overlay overlaid overlaid cover
overpay overpaid overpaid overpay
override overrode overridden reject; reject
overrun overran overrun overflow
oversee oversaw overseen oversee
overshoot overshot overshot shoot
oversleep overslept overslept question (s) pa
overtake overtook overtaken catching up
overthrow overthrew overthrown to overthrow
partake partook partaken take part
pay paid paid to pay
plead pleaded; pled pleaded; pled go to court
prepay prepaid prepaid pay ahead
prove proved proved; proven prove; turn up
put put put to put
quit quit; quitted quit; quitted leave; leave; go out
read read; red read; red to read
rebind rebound rebound bandage
rebuild rebuilt rebuilt rebuild
recast recast recast modify; transform
redo redid redone repeat done
rehear reheard reheard listen again
remake remade remade redo
rend rent rent rend
repay repaid repaid repay
rerun reran rerun perform again
resell resold resold resell
reset reset reset to return
resit resat resat outstay
retake retook retaken take away
retell retold retold retell
rewrite rewrote rewritten re (for) write
rid rid; ridded rid; ridded deliver
ride rode ridden ride
ring rang rung to call
rise rose risen to rise
rive rived riven to split
run ran run to run; flow
saw sawed sawn; sawed to nag
say said said speak; to tell
see saw seen see
seek sought sought look for
sell sold sold sell
send sent sent send
set set set set; set
sew sewed sewed; sewn to sew
shake shook shaken shake
shave shaved shaved; shaven to shave)
shear sheared shorn; sheared to cut
shed shed shed shed
shine shone; shined shone; shined shine; shine
shoe shod shod shoe shoe up
shoot shot shot shoot; sprout
show showed shown; showed show
shred shred; shredded shred; shredded to shred; to creep away
shrink shrank; shrunk shrunk shrink; shrink; pull back
shrive shrove; shrived shriven; shrived to confess
shut shut shut close
sing sang sung sing
sink sank sunk go down; dive; sink
sit sat sat sit
slay slew slain kill
sleep slept slept sleep
slide slid slid slide
sling slung slung toss; hang
slink slunk slunk slink
slit slit slit tear apart cut
smell smelt; smelled smelt; smelled smell; to sniff
smite smote smitten strike; break up
sow sowed sowed; sown (by) sow
speak spoke spoken speak
speed sped; speeded sped; speeded accelerate; hurry
spell spelt; spelled spell; spelled write or spell
spend spent spent to spend
spill spilt; spilled spilt; spilled shed
spin spun; span spun spin
spit spat; spit spat; spit spit
split split split split
spoil spoilt; spoiled spoilt; spoiled spoil
spotlight spotlit; spotlighted spotlit; spotlighted light up
spread spread spread to spread
spring sprang sprung jump; arise
stand stood stood stand
stave staved; stove staved; stove break through; break up
steal stole stolen steal
stick stuck stuck prick; to glue
sting stung stung sting
stink stank; stunk stunk stink
strew strewed strewn; strewed litter; to cover
stride strode stridden step; strike
strike struck struck bump; beat; strike
string strung strung to string; to pull
strive strove striven try
sublet sublet sublet sublet
swear swore sworn (swear; swear
sweep swept swept to sweep; rush
swell swelled swollen; swelled swell
swim swam swum to swim
swing swung swung sway
take took taken take; take
teach taught taught teach
tear tore torn to tear
tell told told narrate; to tell
think thought thought think
thrive throve; trived thriven; trived prosper
throw threw thrown throw
thrust thrust thrust push; to stick
tread trod trod; trodden to step
unbend unbent unbent straighten
underbid underbid underbid reduce the price
undercut undercut undercut undercut
undergo underwent undergone pass; be subjected to
underlie underlay underlain underpin
underpay underpaid underpaid pay too low
undersell undersold undersold sell cheaper
understand understood understood understand
undertake undertook undertake to take
underwrite underwrote underwritten sign
undo undid undone undo
unfreeze unfroze unfrozen defrost
unsay unsaid unsaid take back your words
unwind unwound unwound deploy
uphold upheld upheld support
upset upset upset knock over
wake up woke; waked woken; waked wake; wake up
waylay waylaid waylaid lie in wait
wear wore worn wear clothes)
weave wove; weaved woven; weaved weave
wed wed; wedded wed; wedded marry
weep wept wept cry
wet wet; wetted wet; wetted wet; moisturize
win won won win
wind wound wound wind up
withdraw withdrew withdrawn take back; recall
withhold withheld withheld hold
withstand with withstood with endured resist
work worked; wrought worked; wrought work
wring wrung wrung twist; squeeze
write wrote written write