Interesting facts about British cats
British Shorthair (British) - short-haired cats. As a rule, these are strong, kind, intelligent, strong cats. There are medium to large sizes. According to legend, they are the descendants of the Cheshire Cat.
Possessing a beautiful appearance and restrained character, British cats are considered the most popular and noble breed in the world. How many colors have the "British" and why they do not need a company - we learned the most interesting facts about furs from the United Kingdom.
On the photo: Bonifatcium Ant Lariol
British Shorthair is one of the oldest identifiable feline breeds in the world. It is believed that British cats appeared as a result of crossing the Central European forest and Egyptian cats, which were brought to the UK by the Romans in times of conquest. However, the official genealogy of the representatives of this breed begins only from the end of the XIX century.
One of the versions of the appearance of such a fairy-tale character as the Cheshire cat , says that John Tenniel copied it from British Shorthair cats.
Despite the fact that the most popular color of British cats is gray-blue , the representatives of this breed also meet with almost 30 different colors of wool.
British shorthair cat sleeps for 14-16 hours a day.
Cats of breed British Shorthair are excellent hunters . And if today people start them like an ordinary pet, then the main purpose of acquiring such a cat was that it would conscientiously fight rodents.
Due to their independent nature, representatives of such breed are often called "cats for businessmen" . They calmly tolerate loneliness and know what to do in the absence of the owners.
British cats (like their English masters) are characterized by restraint and an intelligent nature . It is very rare to hear their meowing.
If, according to myths, cats of other breeds have 9 lives, then the British - no less than 20! With proper care, the representatives of this breed live on average two decades .
The British tabby color cat is the face of the Whiskas brand , which produces cat food.
Representatives of this breed are very friendly and release claws extremely rarely.
In the photo: Arlette and Anne
Characteristics of the breed:
- Country: United Kingdom
- Year: XIX century
- Category FIFe: III - shorthair
- FIFe standard: BRI
- WCF: 3 - shorthair
- WCF standard: BRI
Peculiarities of a British cat
A lot of colors are the most popular - solid (gray-blue, black, lilac, chocolate), tabby and silver tabby, their varieties: stain, strip and marble.
Solid , that is, the colors in which the whole body of the cat is colored evenly in one color. Without a single point. The most common monochrome color of the British shorthair cat is gray-blue.
Tortoise - a combination of black with red, blue and cream, with such colors, a more even combination of black (blue, etc.) and red (cream) colors is desirable. However, due to the fact that breeding can not influence the distribution of spots in the color, the turtles do not impose such strict color requirements as in solid colors.
Smoky (smoke, chinchilla , cameo) - absorbed part of the coloring matter in the outer hair, color is preserved only on the upper part of the hair. A smoky cat is a cat of contrasting color: the undercoat should be as white as possible, the tips of the hair black. The darkest will be the back, the head, the paws; Lighter -boka, collar, ears. Body color - from black smoky to silvery on the sides. Muzzle and legs - black without marks. The collar and ears are silvery. Undercoat as much as possible white. Eyes - copper or orange large, round.
Tabby (striped, marble, spotted, ticked) . Classical tabby (marble) (Blotched tabby) Color - marks (tabby) in cats should be very clear, contrasting. On the forehead should be a mark in the form of "M". From the corner of the eye there should be a continuous line, a pattern on the cheeks; Lines from the back of the neck go all over the back, descend on the shoulders, forming a pattern in the form of a butterfly. On the neck and chest - continuous rings, the more, the better. On the back are three parallel lines, separated from each other by the main color. Each side should have a clear pattern, on hips - complete circles. Belly spotted. On the legs should be the main color rings. The outer side of the hind legs to the hock joint - one color with marks.
Bicolors (a combination of the primary color and white) . Combination of the main color (solid, tortoiseshell) with white. The painted part should be clearly limited from white and make up at least 1/3 and not more than 1/2 of the white color, should not have white hairs. One of the ears should be necessarily painted, preferably a large stained spot on the head. Admissible small spots on the back are stained spots on the back, stained spots on the legs (with general compliance with the degree of shading).
Colored (Siamese) color scheme . The body (cloak) is white, only the paws, tail, ears and face mask are painted. Wool changes color due to temperature changes.
British cats differ from other breeds with special independence. They are often called "a cat for a businessman", because the British quite easily tolerate loneliness and find what they occupy at this time. The British are unlikely to patch up to their master and ask to be picked up; Moreover, for all their appearance, they do not like it when they are taken to "squeeze." In this case, rest assured, they are very fond of their owners and are bored with their long absence; The Briton will look forward to the return of his beloved host to say hello to him, talk about the past day, play, most importantly - eat, and just sit next to him. They are just real English gentlemen with truly British qualities - restraint and self-respect. And even if you can not hold out and start hugging your charming British cat, when she does not want it, then she will never scratch you and bite, but with a sigh, wait a couple of seconds and gently free. They do not trust strangers and will never allow themselves to pat the new man, keeping from him within a meter or two. Calm (Britons only release claws in case of emergency), affectionate (when they want to be petted), absolutely not intrusive (they do not need it in principle), intelligent by nature, clean and very smart. With pleasure they play and run (if possible), possessing the amazing property of virtuoso to bypass all objects and not cause any damage to furniture or to beating objects. When it comes to a piece of paper that is crumpled-worn around the house, somersaults, in general, they can tear down their house (if any) at a time. They will never hang on curtains, tear newspapers or in any other way "hooliganize". For all its seeming "massiveness" the British are very clever and quick cats, excellent mousetraps and rat-catchers (if required). Meow, as a rule, is rare, quiet and quite peculiar (a bit like groaning or a croaking sound). But if you "talk" with your pet, he will certainly learn to meow in return. As for health, the British are quite immune. But sensitive to cold - sitting in a draft, easily catch cold. If you take good care of the British, he will be healthy and grateful. Eat a little - about one canned (or 100-150 grams of meat) a day. Clean drinking water should always stand.
Description of the breed
Head - round and with well developed cheeks, broad in cheekbones, which emphasize its round shape. Neck short, thick. The nose is short, wide, straight. In profile, the round forehead turns into a short, straight nose (the transition should not be very obvious, but noticeable). Chin - strong, even. The nose and chin are vertical.
Ears - small, rounded, low and widely planted.
Eyes - large, round, wide open, widely planted. Usually very bright orange. Point cats have blue eyes. Chinchillas from blue, lavender, to emerald green.
The body is squat, the cobby is of the same type, the back is straight, short. The chest is wide. Shoulders are broad, massive
Legs and paws - legs short, thick, paws - round, strong, dense.
The tail is thick, of medium length, rounded at the tip, wide at the base.
Wool - short, thick, shiny, dense, fine texture, not adjacent, with a thick undercoat. Too soft hair and / or too long and / or tightly fitting is a disadvantage.
Breeds "British Fold" - does not exist . There is a "British shorthair (long-haired)" and "Scottish Fold (straight-eared)."
Pros: It does not require much attention, it can remain alone for a long time, it will perfectly suit people who spend a lot of time at work.
Cons: Has his own opinion on many occasions - it is necessary to educate from early childhood.