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Introducing ammo

Знакомство с патронами

The cartridge (unitary cartridge, Latin unitas - "unity") - ammunition for small arms and artillery guns, which the weapon is charged in one step. A unitary cartridge can be an artillery shot or a cartridge in which a projectile (bullet, shotgun or shotgun charge), a charge of gunpowder, an igniting element (primer-igniter) and, sometimes, additional elements are combined into one whole by means of a sleeve. The term “unitary cartridge” appeared in the 19th century — the primer was not included in the design of the earlier cartridges and was charged separately. In modern breech-loading small arms exclusively unitary cartridges are used.

Caliber - the main parameter of both weapons and ammunition. Figuratively speaking caliber is size. For example, caliber 9x18. What does this mean? This means that the length of the cartridge case is 18 mm, the diameter of the sleeve (where the bullet is located) is 9 mm. Or 5.45x39: means the diameter of the bullet is 5.45mm, and the length of the sleeve is 39mm.

Introducing ammo

Do not be confused in the definitions:

  • - the sleeve is the object where the charge of the powder and the primer is located (a device that ignites the powder from the impact)
  • - A bullet is a piece of lead, steel or other materials that, after a shot, flies out of a weapon and hits a target.
  • - The cartridge is a combination of the cartridge case and the bullet, that is, the bullet installed in the cartridge case.
Introducing ammo

1. Caliber 9x18

These are pistols PM (Makarov pistol), the most common pistol in Ukraine, Belarus and other countries of the former USSR. This gun has been in service for more than 50 years with all services: police, security, armed forces, etc. This gun can confidently hit a person at a distance of up to 50m to unprotected parts of the body. Also, cartridges of this caliber are used in some domestic submachine guns and special-purpose pistols.

2. Caliber 9x19

This is the most common caliber for pistols in Europe and the USA. The most common pistols of this caliber are the Glock-19. Also, a lot of submachine guns were made for this cartridge. The cartridges of this caliber have great power, so they are guaranteed to hit an unprotected person at a distance of 100-150m, and at a distance of up to 50m they can pierce light armored vests.

3. Caliber 5.45x39

This is an automatic cartridge of domestic production. Currently, it is in service with Ukraine, Belarus and other countries. That is - the most popular cartridge in the army, which is also called the "five". It is used for Kalashnikov assault rifles and machine guns of different series: Ak-74, RPK-74, etc. Cartridges of this caliber can surely hit an unprotected person at a distance of up to 1-1.5km, and at a distance of up to 500-700m they can pierce light and medium to protect body armor. Advantages of these cartridges: their dofig, is everywhere; light weight, you can carry a lot; normal penetration ability at medium combat range. Minuses: the bullets of these cartridges are relatively light, when shooting in the forest at long distances - the bullets can deviate from the branches of the bush. Also, at short distances, when it enters the unprotected body of a person, it is pierced through it, which does not guarantee a quick death of the enemy, unless of course it means getting into the head.

4. Caliber 5.56x45 (NATO)

This is the main caliber of all American and NATO automata and rifles. The number of types of these rifles is so large that it makes no sense to write about them.

5. Caliber 7.62х39

This is the caliber of domestic weapons, which was in Soviet times. But also this caliber is now extremely widespread in Arab and Latin American countries, as well as around the world as ammunition for hunting weapons. The most common weapon for this cartridge is:

  • - the legendary Ak47, AKM and their modifications;
  • - Kalashnikov light machine guns;
  • - Saiga civilian carbines and others.

The cartridges of this caliber have a very powerful shock-dynamic force: if you hit the enemy’s hand in melee, it will most likely tear it away.

6. Caliber 7.62х51

This is a "slaughter" NATO ammunition. Used most often in sniper rifles, as well as in machine guns. The power of this caliber is very large, and therefore it is used in many examples of sniper weapons, and if you get under the fire of a machine gun of this caliber, then .... you understand.

7. Caliber 7.62x54

This is a domestic caliber, the cartridges of which are used in the SVD sniper rifle (and its modifications). In the middle and middle combat weapons with this cartridge pierce most types of body armor, helmets, as well as lightly armored vehicles.

Expansive bullets - banned by the Hague Convention 100 years ago.

Знакомство с патронами

Expansive bullets - the most dangerous, banned by the Hague Convention 100 years ago. Once in the body, they greatly expand, forming terrible channels. Rip soft tissue, crush bones. In 99% of cases lead to death.

For information: Prohibited Expansive Bullets

Знакомство с патронами

Expansive bullets - the most dangerous, banned by the Hague Convention 100 years ago. Once in the body, they greatly expand, forming terrible channels. Rip soft tissue, crush bones. In 99% of cases lead to death.

Introducing ammo
Introducing ammo
Introducing ammo
Introducing ammo
Introducing ammo
Introducing ammo
Introducing ammo