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Meet the cartridges

Знакомство с патронами

Cartridge (unitary cartridge, lat. Unitas - “unity”) - ammunition of small arms and artillery pieces, with which the weapon is loaded in one go. A unitary cartridge can be an artillery shot or a cartridge in which a projectile (bullet, buckshot or charge of shot), a charge of gunpowder, an igniting element (capsule-igniter) and, sometimes, additional elements are connected together by means of a sleeve. The term "unitary cartridge" appeared in the 19th century - the capsule, which was charged separately, was not included in the design of earlier cartridges. In modern breech-loading small arms exclusively unitary cartridges are used.

Caliber is the main parameter of both weapons and ammunition. Figuratively speaking, caliber is size. For example, 9x18 caliber. What does this mean? This means the length of the cartridge case is 18 mm, the diameter of the cartridge case (where the bullet is located) is 9 mm. Or 5.45x39: means the diameter of the bullet is 5.45mm, and the length of the sleeve is 39mm.

Meet the cartridges

Do not get confused in the definitions:

  • - a sleeve, this is the object where the charge of gunpowder and capsules is located (a device that ignites gunpowder from an impact)
  • - a bullet is an object made of lead, steel or other materials that, after a shot, flies out of a weapon and hits the target.
  • - a cartridge is a combination of a sleeve and a bullet, that is, a bullet mounted in a sleeve.
Meet the cartridges

1. Caliber 9x18

These are PM pistols (Makarov pistol), the most common pistol in Ukraine, Belarus and other countries of the former USSR. This gun has been in service for more than 50 years in all services: police, security, armed forces, etc. With this gun, you can confidently hit a person at a distance of up to 50 m in unprotected parts of the body. The cartridges of this caliber are also used in some domestic submachine guns and special-purpose pistols.

2. Caliber 9x19

This is the most common caliber for pistols in Europe and the USA. The most common pistols of this caliber are Glock -19. Also, many submachine guns were made under this cartridge. Cartridges of this caliber have great power, so they can guarantee to hit an unprotected person at a distance of 100-150m, and at a distance of up to 50m light bulletproof vests can also be pierced.

3. Caliber 5.45x39

This is an automatic rifle cartridge of domestic production. Currently it is in service with Ukraine, Belarus and other countries. That is - the most popular cartridge in the army, which is also called the "five". It is used for Kalashnikov assault rifles and machine guns of different series: Ak-74, RPK-74, etc. Cartridges of this caliber can guaranteed to hit an unprotected person at a distance of 1-1.5 km, and at a distance of up to 500-700 m light and medium-sized bulletproof vests can penetrate. Pluses of these cartridges: their dofiga, is everywhere; light weight, you can carry a lot; Normal penetration at medium range. Cons: the bullets of these cartridges are relatively light, when shooting in the forest at long distances - the bullets can deviate from the branches of the bush. Also, at short distances, if they get into an unprotected human body, they are flashed through and through, which does not guarantee the quick death of the enemy, unless of course you mean getting into the head.

4. Caliber 5.56x45 (NATO)

This is the main caliber of all American and NATO military assault rifles and rifles. The number of types of these rifles is so great that it makes no sense to write about them.

5. Caliber 7.62x39

This is a caliber of domestic weapons, which was during the Soviet era. But also this caliber is now extremely widespread in the Arab and Latin American countries, as well as around the world as cartridges for hunting weapons. The most common weapons for this cartridge are:

  • - the legendary Ak47, AKM and their modifications;
  • - Kalashnikov light machine guns;
  • - Saiga civil carbines and others.

Cartridges of this caliber have a very powerful shock-dynamic force: if in close combat you fall into the enemy’s hand, then it will most likely be torn off.

6. Caliber 7.62x51

These are "killer" NATO cartridges. Most often used in sniper rifles, as well as in machine guns. The power of this caliber is very large, and therefore it is used in many samples of sniper weapons, and if you fall under the fire of a machine gun of this caliber, then .... you yourself understand.

7. Caliber 7.62x54

This is a domestic caliber, the cartridges of which are used in the SVD sniper rifle (and its modifications). In close and medium combat, a weapon with this cartridge pierces most types of body armor, helmets, as well as lightly armored vehicles.

Expansive bullets - prohibited by the Hague Convention 100 years ago

Знакомство с патронами

Expansive bullets are the most dangerous, prohibited by the Hague Convention 100 years ago. Once in the body, they expand greatly, forming terrible channels. Tear soft tissue, crush bones. In 99% of cases lead to death.

For information: Forbidden Expansive Bullets

Знакомство с патронами

Expansive bullets are the most dangerous, prohibited by the Hague Convention 100 years ago. Once in the body, they expand greatly, forming terrible channels. Tear soft tissue, crush bones. In 99% of cases lead to death.

Meet the cartridges
Meet the cartridges
Meet the cartridges
Meet the cartridges
Meet the cartridges
Meet the cartridges
Meet the cartridges