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Hijab, veil, veil - what is the difference?

Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?

Clothing in Islam - the requirements for Muslim clothing presented in Islamic states, mosques or just in public places. Islam instructs Muslims to wear any clothing that fulfills the role assigned to it, without going beyond what is permitted and without excesses.

In Germany, disputes over the partial ban on Muslim clothing covering her face do not cease. But this is not only about the burqa. What is the difference between different types of Muslim women’s clothing - in the DW gallery.

Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?

The differences in some elements of traditional Muslim women's clothing sometimes seem insignificant. It is not surprising that many often confuse niqab with burqa or veil. In addition, women often wear different elements of clothing in combination, which only exacerbates the confusion. What is the difference between traditional hats and clothing items of Muslim women - in the DW gallery.

Sheila

Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Sheila

A long rectangular scarf that is freely wrapped around the head and placed on the shoulders. Sheila come in many colors. This version of the headgear is most common in the Gulf countries.

Hijab

Хиджаб - Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Hijab

In a broader sense, a hijab is any clothing that complies with Sharia. However, in Western countries, a traditional female Muslim shawl is called hijab, completely hiding hair, ears and neck and in most cases slightly covering the shoulders. The face remains open.

Hijab amira

Хиджаб амира - Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Hijab amira

This headpiece consists of two parts. One of them fits tightly in the head like a hat, the other is a scarf, which often has the shape of a sleeve and is worn on top, covering the shoulders. The word "amira" itself is translated from Arabic as "princess".

Himar

Химар - Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Himar

Cape with a slit for the face, covering the hair, ears and shoulders and reaching the waist. Himar is common in the Middle East and Turkey.

Chadra

Чадра - Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Chadra

A long veil covering the entire body from head to toe. The veil does not fasten to clothes and does not have fasteners; a woman usually holds it with her hands. The veil itself does not cover the face, but if desired, a woman can cover her face with the edge of the bedspread. In addition, it is often worn in combination with niqab. Distributed in Iran.

Niqab

Никаб - Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Niqab

Headgear of black color, completely covering the face and hair and leaving only a cut for the eyes. Nikab is combined with other types of traditional Muslim clothes, for example with abaya - a long dress with sleeves and without a belt. Most often, niqab are worn in the Gulf countries, Yemen and Pakistan.

Burqa

Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Burqa

A long coverlet that completely covers the body and face. The slit for the eyes in the burqa is closed with a dense net - chachwan. This type of clothing is common in Central Asia and Afghanistan.

Primary requirements

wiki

The main requirement for both male and female clothing is that it should cover parts of the body prescribed by Sharia ( Avrat ). For men, the part of the body from the navel to the knees, inclusive, is considered to be an avatar; for women, the whole body, except for the oval of the face and hands. Part of the Avrat is allowed to be shown to those with whom Sharia forbids marriage (ma temple). Such requirements are common in many Muslim countries, but the Qur'an itself does not contain such detailed and direct requirements for clothes, as the Qur'an ( 24:31 ) states only that women should cover their charms ( beauty ), not open them more than necessary and cover their breasts in front of other men. In the same place ( 33:59 ) a requirement is stated, which in different translations of the Koran into Russian sounds differently, that women should lengthen their clothes (unlike men) or wrap denser so as not to be undeservedly cursed. Older women who are not hoping to get married are allowed to relax the generally accepted rules of clothing ( 24:60 ). At the same time, the Qur'an instructs men to pacify their eyes ( 24.30 ). Thus, the Qur'an requires from women only reasonable modesty in dress and behavior, and from men restraint.

The robe of a woman should correspond to the traditionally feminine style in clothes, and not for men. Similarly, men's clothing should match the men's style. This applies not only to clothing, but also to the style of behavior (manner of speaking, gait and movements). Islamic women's clothing does not contradict the moral and ethical ideals of the Christian and Jewish traditions.

There should be no impurities ( najasa ) on the clothing, especially when praying.

But perhaps the most important thing with regard to clothing is expressed in the Qur'an in the following words: O children of Adam, we have provided you with clothes to cover your bodies, as well as for luxury. But the best garment is that of righteousness ... [7:26] .

Clothing bans include:

  • clothes leaving bare avrat;
  • clothes that make a person look like members of the opposite sex;
  • clothing that makes a person look like non-Muslims (for example, the attire of Christian monks and priests, the wearing of the cross and other religious symbols);
  • clothes showing arrogance and puffiness;
  • men's clothing with inclusions of silk and gold;
  • clothes showing excesses and squandering.
  • clothes with images of people and animals, as well as forbidden inscriptions.

Via dw.com (Authors: Uta Steinver, Irina Filatova) & wiki