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Hijab, veil, burqa - what's the difference?

Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?

Clothing in Islam - the requirements for Muslim clothing made in Islamic states, mosques or simply in public places. Islam prescribes Muslims to wear any clothing that plays the role assigned to it, without going beyond what is permitted and without excesses.

In Germany, disputes over a partial ban of Muslim clothing covering the face do not subside. But it's not just about the burqa. What is the difference between different types of women's clothing of Muslim women - in the DW gallery.

Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?

Differences in some elements of traditional Muslim women's clothing sometimes seem insignificant. It is not surprising that many often confuse the niqab with the burqa or chador. In addition, women often wear different items of clothing in combination, which only exacerbates confusion. What is the difference between traditional hats and elements of clothing of Muslim women in the DW gallery?

Sheila

Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Sheila

A long rectangular scarf, which is loosely wrapped around the head and placed on the shoulders. Sheila come in different colors. This version of the headdress is most common in the countries of the Persian Gulf.

Hijab

Хиджаб - Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Hijab

In a broader sense, hijab is any clothing that meets the norms of Sharia. However, in Western countries, a traditional female Muslim headscarf is called the hijab, which completely hides the hair, ears and neck, and in most cases slightly covers the shoulders. The face remains open.

Amira Hijab

Хиджаб амира - Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Amira Hijab

This headdress consists of two parts. One of them tightly fits the head like a cap, the other is a scarf, which often has the shape of a sleeve and is worn on top, covering the shoulders. The word "Amira" is translated from Arabic as "princess".

Himar

Химар - Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Himar

Cape with a slit for the face, covering the hair, ears and shoulders and reaching to the waist. Himar is common in the Middle East and in Turkey.

Chador

Чадра - Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Chador

A long veil covering the whole body from head to toe. The veil does not fasten to the clothes and has no fasteners, the woman usually holds her hands. The veil itself does not cover the face, but if desired, a woman can cover her face with the edge of the veil. In addition, it is often worn in combination with nibab. Distributed in Iran.

Niqab

Никаб - Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Niqab

The headdress is black, completely covering the face and hair and leaving only a slit for the eyes. Niqab is combined with other types of traditional Muslim clothing, such as Abaya - a long dress with sleeves and without a belt. Most often, niqabs are worn in the Gulf countries, Yemen and Pakistan.

Veil

Хиджаб, чадра, паранджа - в чем разница?
Veil

A long veil, completely covering the body and face. The slot for the eyes in the veil is closed by a dense mesh - chachvan. This type of clothing is common in Central Asia and Afghanistan.

Primary requirements

wiki

The main requirement for both men's and women's clothing is that it should cover the parts of the body prescribed by the sharia ( avrat ). For men, avarat is considered a part of the body from the navel to the knees, inclusive, for women - the whole body, except for the oval face and hands. It is allowed to show part of the avrat to those with whom the Shari'ah prohibits marriage (ma temple). Such requirements are common in many Muslim countries, but the Quran itself does not contain such detailed and direct requirements for clothing, as the Quran ( 24:31 ) only states that women should cover their charms ( beauty ), not open them more than necessary and cover their breasts in front of strangers men. Ibid ( 33:59 ) stated the requirement that in different translations of the Quran into Russian sounds differently, that women must lengthen their clothes (unlike men) or plow more tightly so as not to be undeservedly cursed. Older women who do not hope to marry are allowed to relax the generally accepted rules of clothing ( 24:60 ). At the same time, the Koran prescribes men to pacify their eyes ( 24.30 ). Thus, the Quran requires only reasonable modesty in women’s dress and behavior, and restraint from men.

Woman’s attire should correspond to the traditionally feminine style of dress, not masculine. Similarly, men's clothing should match the masculine style. This applies not only to clothing, but also to the style of behavior (manner of speaking, gait, and movements). Islamic women's clothing does not contradict the moral and ethical ideals of the Christian and Jewish traditions.

There should be no impurity ( najas ) on clothes, especially when making a prayer.

But, perhaps, the main thing with regard to clothing is expressed in the Quran in the following words: O children of Adam, we have provided you with clothes for covering your bodies, as well as for luxury. But the best attire is the attire of righteousness ... [7:26] .

The prohibitions in clothing include:

  • clothing leaving avrat uncovered;
  • clothes that make a person look like the opposite sex;
  • clothes that make a person look like non-Muslims (for example, the dress of Christian monks and priests, wearing a cross and other religious symbols);
  • clothing showing arrogance and arrogance;
  • men's clothing with inclusions of silk and gold;
  • clothes that show excesses and extravagance.
  • clothes with images of people and animals, as well as forbidden signs.

Via dw.com (Authors: Uta Steinver, Irina Filatova) & wiki