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Mystery of the prayer "Our Father"

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Our Father (old glory: verb., Cyril. Our Father; dr. Greek; lat. Pater noster), also the Lord’s Prayer - prayer in Christianity. According to the gospel, Jesus Christ gave it to his disciples in response to a request to teach them prayer.

The prayer “Our Father” is not just the main words for any Christian, these lines contain a secret meaning, understanding of God himself and everything that surrounds us. Many interesting facts and even riddles are associated with this prayer, which only a true believer can understand.

History of prayer

“Our Father” is the only prayer that the Lord himself has given us. It is believed that it was given to humanity by Christ, and was not invented by either saints or ordinary people, and this is what its great strength consists in.

Cited in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke:

Our Father in heaven!
Hallowed be thy name;
Thy kingdom come;
Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven;
Give us our daily bread to this day;
And forgive us our debts, just as we forgive our debtors;
And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.
For Thine is the kingdom and power and glory forever.

(Matthew 6: 9-13)

Our Father in heaven!
Hallowed be thy name;
Thy kingdom come;
Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven;
Give us our daily bread for every day;
And forgive us our sins, for we also forgive every debtor of ours;
And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.

(Luke 11: 2-4)

These words reflect all human needs, aspirations and aspirations for the salvation of the soul. The meaning and mystery of this prayer is that it is the universal word of God, which can be used both for blessing your path and for protection from evil spirits, from illness, and from any misfortune.

The language of Jesus Christ, which he used in communicating with the Jews, was the Galilean dialect of Aramaic, but in the original language the Lord’s prayer was not preserved. All the most ancient texts of the prayer of Our Father, which are currently known from manuscripts, are texts in the ancient Greek dialect Koyne. In ancient manuscripts the texts of this prayer are different.

The prayer of the Lord is given in the Gospels in two versions, more extensive in the Gospel of Matthew and short - in the Gospel of Luke. The circumstances in which Jesus says the text of the prayer are also different. In the Gospel of Matthew, our Father is part of the Sermon on the Mount, while in Luke Jesus gives the students this prayer in response to a direct request to “teach to pray.”

The version of the Gospel of Matthew was widespread in the Christian world as the main Christian prayer, and the use of our Father as a prayer dates back to the earliest Christian times. The text of Matthew is reproduced in Didah, the oldest monument of Christian writing of a catechetical nature (end of I - beginning of II century), and in Didah instructions are given to say a prayer three times a day.

Biblical scholars agree that the original version of prayer in the Gospel of Luke was much shorter, subsequent scribes supplemented the text at the expense of the Gospel of Matthew, as a result of which the differences were gradually erased. Mostly, these changes in the text of Luke occurred in the period after the Edict of Milan, when church books were massively rewritten due to the destruction of a significant part of Christian literature during the great persecution under the emperor Diocletian. The medieval Textus Receptus contains almost identical text in the two Gospels.

One of the important differences in the texts of Matthew and Luke is the final text of Matthew doxology - “For Yours is the Kingdom, and power, and glory forever and ever. Amen ”, which is absent in Luke. Most of the best and oldest manuscripts of the Gospel of Matthew do not have this phrase, and biblical scholars do not consider it part of the original text of Matthew, however, the addition of doxology was done very early, which proves the existence of a similar phrase (without mentioning the Kingdom) in Didach. This doxology has been used since the early Christian times in the liturgy and has Old Testament roots (cf. 1 Chronicles 29: 11–13).

Differences in the texts of the Lord’s prayer sometimes arose because of the desire of translators to emphasize various aspects of ambiguous concepts. So in Vulgate the Greek (Ts.-Slav. And Russian “daily”) in the Gospel of Luke is translated into Latin as “cotidianum” (everyday), and in the Gospel of Matthew “supersubstantialem” (supra-essential), which points directly to Jesus as the bread of life.

Stories of salvation

Many Christian figures say that reading Our Father in the most terrible moments of life can help to avoid a terrible fate. The main secret of this prayer is its strength. God saved many people in danger who read Our Father. Hopeless situations that put us in the face of death - this is the best moment for pronouncing powerful lines.

One of the veterans of the Great Patriotic War, a certain Alexander, wrote a letter to his wife, which she did not get. Apparently, it was lost, as it was found in one of the places of deployment of troops. In it, the man said that he was surrounded in 1944 by the Germans and expected his death at the hands of the enemy.

“I was lying in the house with a wounded leg, I heard a clatter of footsteps and a German dialect. I realized that I was going to die. Ours were close, but counting on them was just ridiculous. I could not move - not only because I was wounded, but also because I was at a dead end. There was nothing left but to pray. I was preparing for death at the hands of the enemy. They saw me - I was scared, but did not stop reading the prayer. The German didn’t have any rounds - he started talking quickly about something with his own, but something went wrong. They abruptly rushed to run, throwing a grenade under my feet - so that I could not reach it. When I read the last line of the prayer, I realized that the grenade did not explode. ”

The world knows a lot of such stories. Prayer saved people who met wolves in the forest - they turned around and walked away.

Prayer put on the righteous path of thieves and robbers who returned stolen things, attaching notes about repentance and that God had made them mindful of it.

This sacred text will save from cold, fire, wind and from any adversity that could threaten life.

But the main secret of this prayer is not only in grief. Read “Our Father” every day - and it will fill your life with light and good. Thank God with this prayer that you are alive and you will always be healthy and happy.

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