Regional features of Ukrainian embroidery
For many centuries, Ukrainians decorate clothes with various embroidered patterns and ornaments.
Ukrainian national embroidery is known, popular and in demand far beyond the borders of Ukraine.
Men's and women's embroidery in different regions of the country significantly differ from each other as the technique of embroidery itself, and the shape, colors and patterns.
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Some techniques of stitch overlay and patterns can be found only in a certain ethnographic part of Ukraine.
So, today there are more than 100 different stitch imposition techniques.
The individual and unique manner of an embroidery is in each area.
People who are interested in the traditions of Ukrainian embroidered shirts, at first glance at the shirt will be able to determine in which region of Ukraine it was made.
In the Poltava region towels and shirts are embroidered with satin stitch and only white threads.
Only in very rare cases could girls use gray or red threads.
Embroidered patterns on the shirt-front sleeves were encircled with black, less often with color stripes.
In Polesie, embroidery is distinguished by certain severity and simplicity.
Geometric figures are repeated several times, thereby creating one inseparable ornament.
Most often used red thread.
Quite simple, but at the same time unique patterns are inherent in Volyn embroidery.
It was carried out on a white or grayish linen cloth with a red thread.
Geometric patterns were the most popular, but in the northern part of the region, plant patterns dominated - berries, flowers, and leaves.
Floral ornament and cross-stitch techniques are especially popular in southern Ukraine .
This region uses a wide color palette.
In the Kharkiv region, embroidery was also performed with coarse red thread using the “cross” technique, with the result that the patterns looked embossed.
However, it is in this region that one prevailing technique or ornament cannot be determined.
Kharkov craftswomen borrowed ornaments and patterns from different regions of Ukraine.
Therefore, a variety of techniques and drawings on the Kharkov embroidered shirts can only be envied.
Chernihiv region has a unique embroidery technique.
The technique is that the stitches are made with very thin threads.
If you look from afar, you get the impression that the shirts are embroidered with beads.
By the way, Chernigov region is one of the few in Ukraine where craftswomen really create whole works of art using beads for embroidery.
The variety of patterns and colors of Chernigov embroidery are striking gaze - these are a variety of geometric and plant patterns made with a combination of white, red and black threads.
As for the Kyiv region , then the intertwining in the same work of different ornaments (plant and geometric) prevails.
The most popular are the image of the vine, cones, rhombuses and squares.
Craftswomen use bright red and white threads.
In order to single out the individual elements of the ornament, they seem to be encircled with black thread.
Podil's skilled workers on the same shirt can use several different techniques and types of stitches - cross, stitch, and hand stitch.
Most of the embroidery is very bright and colorful, using a wide color palette.
Most often, the ornament is made mainly in one color, however, small details are embroidered with multi-colored threads.
Due to this, Podolsk embroidery looks very colorful and bright.
Ternopil patterns look quite convex due to the dense stitches.
The ornament is fully decorated with sleeves of shirts.
Often use only one thread - red or black - however, the patterns must be sheathed with a thin thread of a contrasting color.
Vinnitsa traditional embroidery combines almost all existing techniques and ornaments.
However, despite this, in the product one color still prevails.
The Carpathian embroidery has long been famous for its incredible variety of patterns and ornaments.
This image of animals, and flowers, and trees, and various geometric shapes in combination with each other.
Moreover, almost every village has unique features of embroidery.
It is the Carpathian shirts that are rightfully considered the most colorful.
Lviv skilled workers leave free white space between the elements of embroidery.
Due to this, the embroidery patterns look light and airy.
This region is also characterized by the combination of different patterns and ornaments in one product.
Bukovina embroidery is famous for the variety of materials for embroidery.
Silver and gold threads, silk, wool and beads are used here.
Apply a variety of techniques and ornaments.
A variety of compositions, patterns, ornaments and colors can be found on Hutsul embroidery.
Red dominates, which is very well combined with green and yellow.
Popular ornaments are floral and geometric.
A distinctive feature of the Transcarpathian shirts is the widespread use of the zigzag as an ornament.
The color scheme is red and black.