Regional features of Ukrainian embroidered shirts
For many centuries, Ukrainians have been decorating clothes with a variety of embroidered patterns and ornaments.
Ukrainian national embroidery is famous, popular and in demand far beyond the borders of Ukraine.
Men's and women's embroideries in different regions of the country significantly differ from each other both in the technique of embroidery itself, and in shape, color scheme and patterns.
Animation on the theme of traditional Ukrainian costumes
Some stitching techniques and patterns can be found only in a certain ethnographic part of Ukraine.
So, today more than 100 different stitching techniques are known.
Each individually unique style of embroidery is in each area.
People who are interested in the traditions of Ukrainian embroidered shirts, at a first glance at the shirt, will be able to determine in which region of Ukraine it was made.
In the Poltava region, towels and shirts are embroidered with satin stitch and only with white thread.
Only in very rare cases, girls could use gray or red threads.
Embroidered patterns on shirt-front shirts were circled in black, less often colored stripes.
In Polesie, embroidery is notable for its severity and simplicity.
Geometric figures are repeated several times, thereby creating one inextricable ornament.
Most often used red threads.
Quite simple, but at the same time unique ornaments are inherent in Volyn embroidery.
It was performed on a white or gray linen cloth with red thread.
The most popular were geometric patterns, but in the northern part of the region vegetable patterns prevailed - berries, flowers, leaves.
In southern Ukraine , floral ornament and cross-stitch technique are especially popular.
This region uses a wide color palette.
In the Kharkov region, embroidery was also carried out with a coarse red thread using the “cross” technique, as a result of which the patterns looked embossed.
However, it is in this region that one dominant technique or ornament cannot be defined.
Kharkov craftswomen borrowed ornaments and patterns from different regions of Ukraine.
Therefore, the variety of techniques and patterns on Kharkov embroidered shirts can only be envied.
Chernihiv region has a unique embroidery technique.
The technique is that the stitches are made with very thin threads.
If you look from afar, it seems that the shirts are embroidered with beads.
By the way, Chernihiv region is one of the few in Ukraine where the craftswomen really create whole works of art using beads for embroidery.
The variety of patterns and colors of Chernihiv embroideries amazes the eye - these are the most diverse geometric and floral patterns made by a combination of white, red and black threads.
As for the Kiev region , the prevailing interweaving in one work of different ornaments (floral and geometric) prevails.
The most popular are the image of the vine, cones, rhombuses and squares.
Craftswomen use bright red and white threads.
In order to highlight individual elements of the ornament, they are as if encircled by a black thread.
Podolsk craftswomen on the same shirt can use several different techniques and types of seams - a cross, a stitch, a manual seam.
Most embroideries are very bright and colorful, using a wide color palette.
Most often, the ornament is made mainly in one color, however, small details are embroidered with multi-colored threads.
Due to this, Podolsk embroideries look very colorful and bright.
Ternopil patterns look quite convex due to tight stitches.
The ornament completely decorates the sleeves of the shirts.
Often only one thread is used - red or black - however, the patterns are necessarily sewn with a thin thread of contrasting color.
Vinnytsia traditional embroidery combines almost all existing techniques and ornaments.
However, in spite of this, one color still prevails in the product.
The Carpathian embroidery has long been famous for the incredible variety of patterns and ornaments.
This is an image of animals, and flowers, and trees, and various geometric shapes in combination with each other.
Moreover, almost every village has unique embroidery features.
It is the Carpathian shirts that are rightfully considered the most colorful.
Lviv craftswomen leave free white space between embroidery elements.
Due to this, the patterns of embroideries look light and airy.
This region is also characterized by a combination of different patterns and ornaments in one product.
Bukovinian embroidery is famous for a variety of materials for embroidery.
Here they use silver and gold threads, silk, wool, beads.
A variety of techniques and ornaments are used.
A variety of compositions, patterns, ornaments and color schemes can be found on Hutsul embroideries.
Red color dominates, which is very successfully combined with green and yellow.
Popular ornaments are floral and geometric.
A distinctive feature of Transcarpathian shirts is the widespread use of zigzag as an ornament.
The color scheme is red and black.