This page has been robot translated, sorry for typos if any. Original content here.

Spot Removal Tips

Spots are a unique natural phenomenon. They have an amazing ability to appear in the most prominent places literally out of nowhere and much faster than the new chemical industry, designed to deal with them.

You can, of course, give a damn about the spoiled thing and replace it with a new one. And if it is new? And if - darling?

In my family there is a “tradition”: a stain is planted on new trousers, it is successfully removed and only then trousers are worn for a long time. Therefore, I always keep various stain removers at home. My friends still remember the story with spots of pomegranate. We were preparing to receive guests, and my husband agreed to squeeze the juice from the pomegranate seeds. He took off his shirt and stayed in a white T-shirt. It is only natural that she suffered immediately. Means for removing fruit stains , destroyed them "in front of", which led my assistant in an indescribable delight. He immediately changed his shirt to clean and went on to squeeze the juice further to the joy of all who watched the development of this story.

The result of the stain removal operation was so convincing because I knew the nature of the stain and chose the right remedy. We are not always so lucky, therefore, our article will help to determine the nature of the spot.

Stain classification

Fat spots have blurry contours. A fresh spot is always darker than the fabric, and over time acquires a matte shade.

Stains that do not contain fat ( fruits , juice, wine , beer) have clear and darker contours than the stain itself. Their color is from yellowish to brown.

Stains from milk , blood , soups , sauces , etc. are the most common. The fat that enters these products penetrates deep into the tissue, and the stain itself remains on the surface.

  • Under the influence of light and oxygen, many spots oxidize and, over time, change their color from yellow to red-brown. Stains from fruits , berries , wine , coffee , tea, cosmetics are oxidized.
  • Modern detergents in most cases remove a fresh stain without residue. But some spots, if they are not previously removed, may remain on the bowl and even gain a foothold during washing

The tips given here are gleaned from various sources and not all have passed the test in my house. I selected them on the principle of ease of use. I only note that for a successful fight against stains in the house should be: alcohol, ammonia, vinegar, starch, acetone, gasoline, glycerin. All of these reagents can be purchased at the pharmacy.

General rules for stains of any origin

Using a particular solvent, it is important to remember that:

  • • Alcohols and acids destroy some paints.
  • • Acetone and acetic acid destroy tissue from acetate silk.
  • • Chlorine lime destroys cotton fabrics.
  • • Alkalis and bleaching agents are used only for the treatment of white tissues.
  • • Before processing the stain, be sure to thoroughly clean the item from dust.
  • • Before stain treatment, it is mandatory to check the color fastness. You can use a patch sewn to the thing. And if it is cut off and lost - on a hidden part.
  • • Treat the stain in the direction from the edges to the middle.
  • • A clean white rag folded in several layers is laid from the inside out to the stain.
  • • To prevent streaks and halo, the fabric around the stain should be moistened with water, gasoline or sprinkled with talcum powder, starch.
  • • Stain removers on small spots are conveniently applied with a pipette or wooden stick. When cleaning use cotton wool, cloth, hard brush or brush.

Stains from grass and leaves

  • • Mix 1 liter of water and 1 tablespoon of ammonia and blot the stain with this solution. To wash.
  • • Moisten the stain with alcohol, and then wash the item.
  • • Fresh stains will come off when washed.

Red wine stains

  • • Sprinkle salt on a fresh stain, and then wash.
  • • Treat old spots with a solution of citric acid (2 grams per 1 cup of water) and rinse with warm water. If after this there are traces on the white cloth, then they can be wiped with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and ammonia (1 teaspoon per glass of hot water). Rinse with cold water.

White wine stains

  • • Rub a stain with a piece of clean ice until it disappears. Wipe this place with a clean linen cloth or napkin (if there is no ice, you can use very cold water).

Beer stains

  • • Beer stains usually go away when washed
  • • On silk fabrics - treat with a swab moistened with vodka.
  • • On fabrics of all kinds, treat with a mixture of glycerol, ammonia and tartaric alcohol and water (1: 1: 1: 8).
  • • The same method is suitable for removing stains from champagne.

Blood stains

  • • Rinse in cold water, and then wash about 30-40 C.

Ice cream stains

  • • Blot the stain with a swab dipped in gasoline and then wash.

Stains from fruits, juices and berries

  • • Dampen a swab in vinegar (not wine) and blot it with a stain. Rinse in cold water.
  • • Sprinkle a fresh stain with table salt (the salt absorbs part of the moisture and prevents the stain from spreading). To wash.
  • • A stain on a white or other non-shed cloth can be doused with boiling water.

Coffee and tea stains

  • Coffee and tea stains will come off when washed.

Cocoa and Chocolate Stains

  • • Sprinkle a fresh stain with salt and moisten with water. To wash.
  • • Treat with a warm 1.5% ammonia solution.
  • • From lightly dyed wool and silk fabrics, the stains are moistened with slightly warmed glycerin. After 15 minutes, rinse with warm water.
  • • Treat with a solution of vinegar and alcohol (1: 1).

Adhesive bandage chewing gum stains

  • • Put the item in a bag and place it in the freezer of the refrigerator. An hour later, you can remove the remains with a blunt knife (very carefully, so that later you do not have to do articulation). Place on a paper towel and wipe it with cotton wool soaked in gasoline, alcohol or acetone. And now - in the wash.
  • • First of all, remove the maximum amount of chewing gum with your hands and then freeze the affected item (wipe it with an ice cube or put it in the freezer for 10-20 minutes). Remains of sticky stains can be removed with a brush.

Egg stains

  • • Sprinkle a fresh spot with salt and add a few drops of water. After half an hour, remove everything with a brush.
  • • Stains on colored fabrics are smeared with heated glycerin. After 20 minutes, wipe with a swab dipped in glycerin and rinse with water.
  • • On white tissues, the spots are moistened with a solution of ammonia (1:10), then wiped with the same solution. And in the wash.

Handle stains

  • • Dampen a cotton swab in alcohol and gently tap on the stain, and then wash the item. You can take a mixture (1: 1) of wine alcohol and ammonia.
  • • Rub a fresh ink stain with lemon juice or citric acid. To wash.

Tar stains

  • • From woolen fabrics - purified turpentine.
  • • From cotton fabrics - turpentine or gasoline. To wash.
  • • Items that must not be washed are more reliably taken to dry cleaning.

Lipstick stains

  • • Place the fabric with a stain on a paper towel and wipe it from the inside with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or gasoline, often changing the paper. Soak and wash.

Stains from animal fat (fat, oil, margarine)

  • • It is recommended to iron fresh stains before washing with a not very hot iron through 2-3 layers of blotting paper, placing it also under the stain. After that, the stain is cleaned with gasoline or stain remover.
  • • Dilute ammonia in hot water (1: 1). To process a stain. To wash.
  • • Soak the stain with a mixture of pure alcohol (half a glass) and gasoline (half a teaspoon). Allow the fabric to dry.
  • • If the item cannot be washed, then heat the potato flour strongly and sprinkle with it a contaminated place under which to lay a white cloth. Stand for 20 minutes and shake off. Repeat until stain disappears. Then clean everything with a brush.
  • • For light wool, you can dilute potato flour with water to a pulp state and leave for several hours. Rinse, dry. If traces remain, they are removed with a cloth soaked in gasoline, and then wiped with slices of stale bread.

Nail polish stains

  • • Place the fabric stain on a paper towel. Wipe off the underside with nail polish remover several times until the stain disappears. To wash.

Ground stains

  • • Soak a thing in water with vinegar 1: 1. To wash.

Tobacco stains

  • Tobacco stains often disappear when washed.
  • • If the item cannot be washed, the stain is removed with warm glycerin or denatured alcohol.
  • • The most reliable and simplest thing is to take the item to dry cleaning.

Candle stains (the main component is wax or paraffin)

  • • Carefully remove the wax residue with a blunt knife (as is the case with chewing gum). Iron fabric between layers of paper towel. In this case, place the fabric upside down. And now - in the wash.

Iodine stains

  • • Moisten with cold water and rub with starch until the stain disappears. To wash.
  • • Soak a thing in an aqueous solution of ammonia (1 gram per glass of water) and wash.
  • • 10 percent hyposulfite solution. (applied in the photo)

Rust stains

  • • Put a piece of lemon wrapped in gauze and a paper towel on the contaminated area. Press it with a heated iron.

Acid stains

  • • Mineral acids (nitric, sulfuric, hydrochloric) destroy tissues, especially cotton and linen. Rinse areas affected by acid immediately with a solution of baking soda or ammonia (1 teaspoon per glass of water) or at least with water.
  • • Organic acids (tartaric, citric, acetic, oxalic) are immediately washed off with water. The most aggressive of them is oxalic. A feature of acetic acid is the harmful effect on acetate silk and the coloring of some tissues. If this acid is not removed, then the product must not be washed with soap, otherwise stains will form.

Milk stains

  • • Soak in glycerin “for a long time”.

Stains from urine

  • • Treat with wine alcohol.
  • • On white fabrics, it can be treated with a solution of citric acid (1:10).
  • • On colored fabrics - vinegar solution (1: 5). After an hour, wash the stain with water.

Mold stains

  • • Wash cotton and linen fabrics in boiling mode.
  • • Treat with ammonia diluted in water 1: 5.
  • • Soak in bleach containing chlorine.
  • • Treat the white cloth with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and ammonia.
  • • Dyed woolen and silk fabrics are treated with turpentine. Wash in warm water.

Sweat stains

  • • Sweat stains usually come off when washing.
  • • You can wipe with a solution of sodium chloride (1 tablespoon in 1 cup of water).
  • • Dyed woolen fabrics are carefully treated with gasoline or acetone. Now that the stains are over, you can go to the wash.

Underarm sweat stains on clothes

  • • 1 tsp liquid dishwashing liquid
  • • 4 tbsp hydrogen peroxide
  • • 2 tbsp baking soda.

Apply the mixture to the stain, actively rub it with a clothes brush, leave for a couple of hours, then wash as usual.

Советы по выведению пятен