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Tips for removing stains

Spots are a unique phenomenon of nature. They have a tremendous ability to appear in the most prominent places literally out of nowhere and much faster than the novelties of the chemical industry, designed to deal with them.

You can, of course, do not care about the damaged thing and replace it with a new one. And if it is new? And if - favorite?

There is a “tradition” in my family: a stain is put on new trousers, it is successfully displayed and only then the trousers are worn long enough. Therefore, I always keep various stain removers at home. My friends still remember the story of garnet stains. We were preparing to receive guests and my husband agreed to squeeze the juice from the pomegranate seeds. He took off his shirt and remained in a white T-shirt. It is quite natural that she suffered immediately. Means for removing fruit stains , destroyed them "before our eyes," which led my assistant to indescribable delight. He immediately changed his shirt to a clean one and went to put pressure on the juice further, to the joy of everyone who watched the development of this story.

The result of the stain removal operation was so convincing because I knew the nature of the stain and chose the right remedy. We are not always so lucky, so our article will help to determine the nature of the spot.

Stain classification

Fat spots have blurry outlines. A fresh stain is always darker than the fabric, and over time it gets a dull shade.

Fat-free spots ( fruit , juice, wine , beer) have contours that are clear and darker than the stain itself. Their color is yellowish to brown.

Spots from milk , blood , soups , sauces , etc., are the most common. The fat entering these products penetrates deep into the fabric, while the stain itself remains on the surface.

  • Under the action of light and oxygen, many spots oxidize and change the shade from yellow to reddish-brown over time. Stains from fruits , berries , wine , coffee , tea, cosmetics are oxidized.
  • Modern detergents in most cases remove a fresh stain without residue. But some stains, if they are not previously removed, may remain on the doorway and even gain a foothold during washing.

The tips here are drawn from various sources and not all have been tested in my house. I selected them on the principle of ease of use. I note only that in order to successfully combat stains in the house should be: alcohol, ammonia, vinegar, starch, acetone, gasoline, glycerin. All of these reagents can be purchased at the pharmacy.

General rules for removing stains of any origin

Using a particular solvent, it is important to remember that:

  • • Alcohols and acids destroy some paints.
  • • Acetone and acetic acid destroy acetate silk fabrics.
  • • Bleach destroys cotton fabrics.
  • • Alkalis and bleaching agents are used only for the treatment of white fabrics.
  • • Before processing the stain, be sure to thoroughly clean the thing from dust.
  • • Before processing the stains, check the color stability is mandatory. You can use the shred sewn to things. And if it is cut and lost - on the hidden part.
  • • Treat the stain in the direction from the edges to the middle.
  • • A clean white rag, folded in several layers, is placed on the stain from the inside.
  • • To prevent the appearance of stains and aureole, the fabric around the stain should be moistened with water, gasoline or sprinkled with talcum powder, starch.
  • • It is convenient to apply stain removers to small spots with a pipette or a wooden stick. When cleaning use cotton wool, a cloth, a rigid brush or a brush.

Grass and leaf stains

  • • Mix 1 liter of water and 1 tablespoon of ammonia and blot the stain with this solution. Wash.
  • • Moisten the stain with alcohol and then wash the thing.
  • • Fresh stains will disappear during washing.

Red wine stains

  • • Sprinkle with salt on a fresh stain, and then wash.
  • • Treat old spots with citric acid solution (2 grams per 1 cup of water) and rinse with warm water. If after this there are traces on the white cloth, they can be wiped with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and ammonia (1 teaspoon per cup of hot water). Rinse with cold water.

White wine stains

  • • Rub a piece of clean ice over a spot until it disappears. Wipe this place with a clean linen cloth or napkin (if there is no ice, you can use very cold water).

Beer stains

  • • Beer stains usually come off when washing
  • • On silk fabrics - handle swab moistened with vodka.
  • • Treat all types of fabrics with a mixture of glycerin, ammonia and tartaric alcohol and water (1: 1: 1: 8).
  • • The same method is suitable for removing champagne stains.

Blood stains

  • • Rinse in cold water, and then wash about a temperature of 30-40 C.

Ice cream stains

  • • Blot the stain with a swab dipped in gasoline, and then wash it.

Fruit, juice and berry stains

  • • Moisten a tampon in vinegar (not wine) and blot the stain with it. Rinse in cold water.
  • • Fill a fresh stain with table salt (salt absorbs some of the moisture and does not allow the stain to diffuse). Wash.
  • • A stain on white or other non-opaque fabric can be doused with boiling water.

Coffee and tea stains

  • Stains of coffee and tea will disappear when washed.

Cocoa and chocolate stains

  • • Sprinkle fresh stain with salt and moisten with water. Wash.
  • • Treat with warm 1.5% ammonia solution.
  • • The stains are moistened with lightly dyed wool and silk fabrics with slightly heated glycerin. After 15 minutes, rinse with warm water.
  • • Treat with a solution of vinegar and alcohol (1: 1).

Spots from chewing gum adhesive plaster

  • • Put the item in the bag and place it in the freezer of the refrigerator. An hour later, you can remove the remnants of a blunt knife (very carefully, so you do not have to engage in artistic darning). Place on a paper towel and wipe the inside out with cotton wool soaked in gasoline, alcohol or acetone. And now - in the laundry.
  • • First of all, you need to remove the maximum amount of chewing gum with your hands and then freeze the affected thing (rub it with an ice cube or put it in the freezer for 10-20 minutes). Remnants of sticky spots can be removed with a brush.

Egg stains

  • • Fill the fresh stain with salt and add a few drops of water. After half an hour, remove all with a brush.
  • • Stains on colored fabrics smeared with heated glycerin. After 20 minutes, wipe with a swab dipped in glycerin and wash off with water.
  • • On white tissues, spots are moistened with a solution of ammonia (1:10), then rubbed with the same solution. And in the laundry.

Spots from pens

  • • Moisten a cotton swab in alcohol and lightly tap on the stain, and then wash the thing. You can take a mixture (1: 1) of wine alcohol and ammonia.
  • • Rub a fresh ink stain with lemon juice or citric acid. Wash.

Resin stains

  • • With wool fabrics - purified turpentine.
  • • With cotton fabrics - turpentine or gasoline. Wash.
  • • Things that cannot be washed are safer to be dry cleaned.

Lipstick stains

  • • Place the stain on the paper towel and wipe it from the inside out with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or gasoline, often changing the paper. Soak and wash.

Spots from animal fat (fat, butter, margarine)

  • • Before washing, it is recommended to iron fresh stains with an unheated iron through 2-3 layers of blotting paper, placing it under the stain as well. After that, the stain is cleaned with gasoline or stain remover.
  • • Dilute ammonia in hot water (1: 1). Process the stain. Wash.
  • • Saturate the stain with a mixture of pure alcohol (half a glass) and gasoline (half a teaspoon). Let the tissue dry.
  • • If the item cannot be washed, heat the potato flour strongly and sprinkle the contaminated area with it, under which you should put a white cloth. Hold for 20 minutes and shake off. Repeat until the stain disappears. Then clean all the brush.
  • • For a light wool fabric, potato flour can be diluted with water to a slurry state and left for several hours. Rinse, dry. If traces remain, they are removed with a cloth moistened with gasoline, and then wiped with pieces of stale bread.

Nail polish stains

  • • Place a stain on the paper towel. Wipe the nail polish from the inside out several times, until the stain disappears. Wash.

Ground stains

  • • Soak the thing in water with 1: 1 vinegar. Wash.

Tobacco stains

  • Stains from tobacco most often disappears when washed.
  • • If the item cannot be washed, the stain is removed with warm glycerin or denatured alcohol.
  • • The most reliable and simple - take the thing to dry cleaning.

Spots from candles (the main component is wax or paraffin)

  • • Carefully remove the remaining wax with a blunt knife (as is the case with chewing gum). Iron the cloth between the layers of the paper towel. At the same time, place the fabric inside out. And now - in the laundry.

Stains from iodine

  • • Moisten with cold water and rub with starch until the stain disappears. Wash.
  • • Soak the item in an aqueous solution of ammonia (1 gram per glass of water) and wash.
  • • 10 percent hyposulphite solution. (used in photography)

Rust stains

  • • Place a piece of lemon wrapped in gauze and a paper napkin on the contaminated area. Press it with a heated iron.

Acid stains

  • • Mineral acids (nitric, sulfuric, hydrochloric) destroy fabrics, especially cotton and linen. Places affected by acid should be immediately washed with a solution of baking soda or ammonia (1 tsp per cup of water) or at least water.
  • • Organic acids (wine-stone, citric, acetic, oxalic) are immediately washed off with water. The most aggressive of them is sorrel. The peculiarity of acetic acid is the harmful effect on acetate silk and the coloring of some fabrics. If this acid is not removed, the product can not be washed with soap, otherwise stains will form.

Milk stains

  • • Soak in glycerin for a long time.

Urine stains

  • • Treat with wine alcohol.
  • • On white fabrics can be treated with citric acid solution (1:10).
  • • On colored fabrics - a solution of vinegar (1: 5). After an hour, wash the stain with water.

Mold stains

  • • Wash cotton and linen fabrics in boiling mode.
  • • Treat with ammonia diluted in water 1: 5.
  • • Soak in chlorine-based bleach.
  • • Treat the white cloth with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and ammonia.
  • • Dyed wool and silk fabrics are treated with turpentine. Stuck in warm water.

Sweat stains

  • • Sweat stains usually come off when washed.
  • • You can wipe with a solution of salt (1 tablespoon to 1 cup of water).
  • • Dyed wool fabrics gently treated with gasoline or acetone. Now that the spots are gone, you can go to the wash.

Yellow stains from sweat in armpits on clothes

  • • 1 tsp. liquid dishwashing detergent
  • • 4 tbsp. hydrogen peroxide
  • • 2 tbsp. baking soda.

Apply the mixture to the stain, actively rub with a clothes brush, leave for a couple of hours, then wash as usual.

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