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Tips for removing stains

Spots are a unique phenomenon of nature. They have tremendous ability to appear in the most prominent places literally from nowhere and much faster than the novelties of the chemical industry, designed to fight them.

Of course, you can spit on a spoiled thing and replace it with a new one. And if it's new? And if - beloved?

In my family there is a "tradition": a spot is planted on new pants, it is successfully withdrawn and only then pants are worn long enough. Therefore, I always keep various stain removers at home. My friends still remember the story with spots of a pomegranate. We were preparing to receive guests and my husband agreed to squeeze out the juice from pomegranate seeds. He took off his shirt and stayed in a white T-shirt. It is quite natural that she suffered immediately. Means for removing fruit stains , destroyed them "in front of", which led my assistant to indescribable delight. He immediately changed his shirt to clean and went to crush the juice further to the joy of everyone who watched the development of this story.

The result of the stain removal operation was so convincing, because I knew the nature of the stain and correctly chose the remedy. Not always we are so lucky, so to determine the nature of the spot will help our article.

Classification of stains

Fat spots have a fuzzy outline. A fresh spot is always darker than tissue, and over time it acquires a matte shade.

Spots that do not contain fat ( fruits , juice, wine , beer) have contours clear and darker than the spot itself. Their color is from yellowish to brown.

Stains from milk , blood , soups , sauces , etc., are the most common. The fat that enters these products penetrates deeply into the tissue, and the spot itself remains on the surface.

  • Under the influence of light and oxygen, many spots oxidize and after a while change the shade from yellow to reddish-brown. Oxides stain from fruits , berries , wine , coffee , tea, cosmetics.
  • Modern detergents in most cases remove a fresh stain without residue. But some spots, if not previously removed, can remain on the dew and even become fixed during washing

The advice given here is drawn from various sources and not all have been tested in my home. I selected them according to the principle of simplicity in application. I will only note that to successfully combat stains in the house should be: alcohol, ammonia, vinegar, starch, acetone, gasoline, glycerin. All these reagents can be purchased at the pharmacy.

General rules for removing stains of any origin

Using a particular solvent, it is important to remember that:

  • • Alcohols and acids destroy some paints.
  • • Acetone and acetic acid destroy the tissues of acetate silk.
  • • Chlorine lime destroys cotton fabrics.
  • • Alkalis and bleaching agents are used only for processing white fabrics.
  • • Before processing the stain, be sure to carefully clean the thing from dust.
  • • It is compulsory to check the color fastness before staining. You can use a shred sewn to the thing. And if it is cut and lost - on the hidden part.
  • • Treat the stain in the direction from the edges to the middle.
  • • To the spot, put a clean white rag, folded in several layers, from the inside.
  • • That there are no stains and a halo, the cloth around the spot should be moistened with water, gasoline or sprinkled with talcum, starch.
  • • Stain remover on small spots is conveniently applied with a pipette or a wooden stick. When cleaning, use cotton wool, a cloth, a hard brush or a brush.

Spots from grass and leaves

  • • Mix 1 liter of water and 1 tablespoon of ammonia and pat the spot with this solution. To wash.
  • • Spread the stain with alcohol, and then wash the thing.
  • • Fresh stains will come off when you wash.

Spots from red wine

  • • Sprinkle salt on a fresh stain, and then wash.
  • • Cover aged stains with a solution of citric acid (2 grams per 1 glass of water) and rinse with warm water. If after that on the white cloth there are traces, they can be rubbed with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide with ammonia (1 teaspoon per glass of hot water). Rinse with cold water.

Stains from white wine

  • • Grate a piece of clean ice on the spot until it disappears. Wipe this place with a clean linen cloth or napkin (if there is no ice, you can use very cold water).

Beer stains

  • • Spots from beer usually go off when washing
  • • On silk fabrics - treat with a swab moistened with vodka.
  • • On fabrics of all kinds, treat with a mixture of glycerin, ammonia and alcohol and water (1: 1: 1: 8).
  • • This same method is suitable for removing stains from champagne.

Blood stains

  • • Rinse in cold water and then wash for 30-40 ° C.

Ice cream spots

  • • Blot the stain with a tampon soaked in gasoline, and then wash.

Stains from fruits, juices and berries

  • • Wet the tampon in vinegar (not wine) and blot it with a stain. Rinse in cold water.
  • • Fresh stain filled with table salt (the salt absorbs a part of the moisture and does not allow the stain to spread out). To wash.
  • • Spot on white or other non-staining fabric can be steeped with boiling water.

Spots from coffee and tea

  • Stains from coffee and tea will come off when washing.

Cocoa and chocolate stains

  • • Sprinkle a fresh stain with salt and moisten with water. To wash.
  • • Treat with a warm 1.5% solution of ammonia.
  • • With light-colored woolen and silk fabrics, the stains are moistened with slightly warmed-up glycerin. After 15 minutes rinse with warm water.
  • • Treat with a solution of vinegar and alcohol (1: 1).

Stains from chewing gum sticking plaster

  • • Throw in a bag and place in the freezer of the refrigerator. After an hour, you can remove the remnants of a blunt knife (very carefully, so that later you do not have to engage in art darn). Place on a paper towel and wipe from the inside with cotton wool soaked in gasoline, alcohol or acetone. And now - in the laundry.
  • • The first thing you need to do is to remove the maximum amount of chewing gum, and then freeze the affected item (wipe it with ice cube or put it on the freezer for 10-20 minutes). Remains of sticky stain can be removed with a brush.

Egg stains

  • • Cover the fresh spot with salt and add a few drops of water. In half an hour, remove everything with a brush.
  • • Stains on colored fabrics are smeared with warm glycerin. After 20 minutes, wipe with a pad moistened in glycerin and rinse with water.
  • • On white fabrics, stains are moistened with a solution of ammonia (1:10), then wipe with the same solution. And in the laundry.

Stains from handles

  • • Wet a cotton swab in alcohol and tap lightly on the spot, and then wash the thing. You can take a mixture (1: 1) of wine alcohol and ammonia.
  • • Wipe the fresh ink stain with lemon juice or citric acid. To wash.

Stains from resin

  • • With woolen fabrics - purified turpentine.
  • • With cotton fabrics - with turpentine or gasoline. To wash.
  • • Things that can not be washed, it is more reliable to carry it to dry cleaners.

Lipstick stains

  • • Place the fabric on the paper towel with a stain and wipe it with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or gasoline, often changing paper. Soak and wash.

Stains from animal fat (fat, butter, margarine)

  • • It is recommended to clean fresh spots before washing with a lightly heated iron through 2-3 layers of blotting paper, also placing it under the stain. After that, the stain is cleaned with gasoline or stain remover.
  • • Dilute ammonia in hot water (1: 1). Process the stain. To wash.
  • • Soak the stain with a mixture of pure alcohol (half a glass) and gasoline (half a teaspoon). Allow the fabric to dry.
  • • If the thing can not be washed, heat the potato flour and sprinkle it with a dirty place, under which to put a white cloth. Stand for 20 minutes and shake. Repeat until the stain disappears. Then clean everything with a brush.
  • • For light woolen fabric, potato flour can be diluted with water to a state of gruel and left for several hours. Rinse and dry. If the traces remain, they remove them with a cloth dampened in gasoline, and then wipe them with pieces of stale bread.

Spots from nail polish

  • • Place the tissue on the paper towel. Wipe from the underside of the liquid to remove the varnish several times, until the spot disappears. To wash.

Spots from the ground

  • • Soak a thing in water with 1: 1 vinegar. To wash.

Tobacco stains

  • Tobacco stains most often come off when washing.
  • • If the thing can not be washed, the stain is removed with warm glycerin or denatured alcohol.
  • • The most reliable and simple - to attribute a thing to dry cleaning.

Stains from candles (the main component is wax or paraffin)

  • • Carefully remove the wax residues with a blunt knife (as in the case of chewing gum). Smooth the cloth between the layers of paper towel. At the same time put the fabric upside down. And now - in the laundry.

Iodine stains

  • • Moisten with cold water and rub with starch until the stain disappears. To wash.
  • • Soak a thing in an aqueous solution of ammonia (1 gram per glass of water) and wash.
  • • 10 percent solution of hyposulfite. (used in photography)

Rust stains

  • • Put a piece of lemon, wrapped in gauze and paper napkin, on the contaminated area. Press it with a heated iron.

Acid spots

  • • Mineral acids (nitric, sulfuric, hydrochloric) destroy tissues, especially cotton and linen. Places affected by acid, immediately rinse with a solution of drinking soda or ammonia (1 teaspoon per glass of water) or at least water.
  • • Organic acids (wine-stone, lemon, acetic, oxalic) are immediately washed off with water. The most aggressive of them is oxalic. The peculiarity of acetic acid is a harmful effect on acetate silk and the coloration of some tissues. If this acid is not removed, the product must not be washed with soap, otherwise stains will form.

Milk stains

  • • Soak in glycerin for a long time.

Stains from urine

  • • Treated with alcohol.
  • • On white fabrics can be treated with a solution of citric acid (1:10).
  • • On colored fabrics - vinegar solution (1: 5). After an hour, wash the stain with water.

Mold Spots

  • • Cotton and linen fabrics washed in boiling mode.
  • • Treat with ammonia diluted in water 1: 5.
  • • Soak in bleach containing chlorine.
  • • Treat the white fabric with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and ammonia.
  • • Painted woolen and silk fabrics treated with turpentine. Wash it in warm water.

Sweat stains

  • • Sweat stains usually come off when washing.
  • • You can wipe with a solution of table salt (1 tablespoon per 1 cup of water).
  • • Painted woolen fabrics are carefully treated with gasoline or acetone. Now that the stains are finished, you can go to the wash.

Yellow patches from sweat under the underarms on clothes

  • • 1 tsp. liquid detergent for washing dishes
  • • 4 tbsp. hydrogen peroxide
  • • 2 tablespoons baking soda.

Apply the mixture on the stain, actively rub with a clothes brush, leave for a couple of hours, then wash as usual.

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