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Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

Изучая Красную планету. 14 поразительных фактов о Марсе

Mars Изучая Красную планету. 14 поразительных фактов о Марсе

Mars is the fourth largest planet in the solar system; the mass of the planet is 10.7% of the mass of the Earth. Named in honor of Mars - the ancient Roman god of war, corresponding to the ancient Greek Ares. Mars is sometimes called the "red planet" because of the reddish hue of the surface imparted to it by iron oxide.

Mars is a terrestrial planet with a rarefied atmosphere (surface pressure is 160 times less than the Earth’s pressure). The features of the surface relief of Mars can be considered impact craters like the moon, as well as volcanoes, valleys, deserts and polar ice caps like the earth.

Mars has two natural companions - Phobos and Deimos (translated from ancient Greek - “fear” and “horror”, the names of the two sons of Ares who accompanied him in battle), which are relatively small (Phobos - 26.8? 22.4? 18 , 4 km, Deimos - 15? 12.2? 10.4 km) and have an irregular shape.

Since the 1960s, the USSR (the Mars and Phobos programs), the USA (the Mariner, Viking, Mars Global Surveyor and others) and the European Space Agency (program Mars Express).

In the photo: A picture of Mars, 68 million kilometers from Earth. The image was taken by the Hubble Space Telescope on June 26, 2001.

The fourth remotest planet from the Sun is Mars, the "red neighbor" of the Earth.

The history of the study of Mars dates back to ancient Egypt.

Despite the fact that the human leg has not stepped on the surface of this planet, today in our arsenal there are many pictures and various data on Mars.

They were obtained thanks to ground-based and orbital telescopes and, of course, spacecraft.

The most famous rovers are the American Spirit, Opportunity and Curiosity.

However, scientists are not going to stop there.

Already in 2022, the first flight of a group of people to Mars is planned.

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

More than 100 thousand people applied for a one-way flight as part of the program for the colonization of Mars, which is scheduled for 2022. (NASA / JPL / MSSS).

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

Sunsets on Mars are blue. (NASA's Mars Exploration Rover).

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

On Mars is the highest mountain of all known mountains of the solar system. Its height is 22 km. (NASA)

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

Mars is almost half the size of Earth. (NASA / JPL / MSSS)

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

Mars is populated by robots. To be precise, at the moment the size of the "population" of Mars is seven robots. (NASA / JPL-Caltech)

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

The Curiosity rover lost the song “Happy Birthday” on Mars as part of the celebration of one year on the Red Planet. (NASA / JPL-Caltech / Malin Space Science Systems)

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

Your weight on Mars will be 60% less than on Earth. (Allan Foster)

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

The Indian automatic interplanetary station Mangalyan, designed to explore Mars from orbit, was cheaper than shooting the movie Gravity. (Nesnad)

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

The surface of Mars is red due to the presence of iron oxides in the soil. (NASA / JPL)

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

The soil on Mars is especially good for growing asparagus. (arbyreed)

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

One year on Mars is 687 Earth days. (Dafne Cholet)

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

The average temperature on Mars is -63 ° C. (NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

In 1997, three Yemenis tried to sue NASA for the "invasion of Mars", claiming that they inherited it from their ancestors 3 thousand years ago. (ssalonso)

Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars

Google Mars service offers users in real time to view a map of the Red Planet.