Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars
Mars is the fourth largest planet in the solar system; the mass of the planet is 10.7% of the mass of the Earth. Named in honor of Mars - the ancient Roman god of war, corresponding to the ancient Greek Ares. Mars is sometimes called the "red planet" because of the reddish hue of the surface imparted to it by iron oxide.
Mars is a terrestrial planet with a rarefied atmosphere (surface pressure is 160 times less than the Earth’s pressure). The features of the surface relief of Mars can be considered impact craters like the moon, as well as volcanoes, valleys, deserts and polar ice caps like the earth.
Mars has two natural companions - Phobos and Deimos (translated from ancient Greek - “fear” and “horror”, the names of the two sons of Ares who accompanied him in battle), which are relatively small (Phobos - 26.8? 22.4? 18 , 4 km, Deimos - 15? 12.2? 10.4 km) and have an irregular shape.
Since the 1960s, the USSR (the Mars and Phobos programs), the USA (the Mariner, Viking, Mars Global Surveyor and others) and the European Space Agency (program Mars Express).
In the photo: A picture of Mars, 68 million kilometers from Earth. The image was taken by the Hubble Space Telescope on June 26, 2001.
The fourth remotest planet from the Sun is Mars, the "red neighbor" of the Earth.
The history of the study of Mars dates back to ancient Egypt.
Despite the fact that the human leg has not stepped on the surface of this planet, today in our arsenal there are many pictures and various data on Mars.
They were obtained thanks to ground-based and orbital telescopes and, of course, spacecraft.
The most famous rovers are the American Spirit, Opportunity and Curiosity.
However, scientists are not going to stop there.
Already in 2022, the first flight of a group of people to Mars is planned.
More than 100 thousand people applied for a one-way flight as part of the program for the colonization of Mars, which is scheduled for 2022. (NASA / JPL / MSSS).
On Mars is the highest mountain of all known mountains of the solar system. Its height is 22 km. (NASA)
Mars is populated by robots. To be precise, at the moment the size of the "population" of Mars is seven robots. (NASA / JPL-Caltech)
The Curiosity rover lost the song “Happy Birthday” on Mars as part of the celebration of one year on the Red Planet. (NASA / JPL-Caltech / Malin Space Science Systems)
The Indian automatic interplanetary station Mangalyan, designed to explore Mars from orbit, was cheaper than shooting the movie Gravity. (Nesnad)
In 1997, three Yemenis tried to sue NASA for the "invasion of Mars", claiming that they inherited it from their ancestors 3 thousand years ago. (ssalonso)
Google Mars service offers users in real time to view a map of the Red Planet.