Studying the Red Planet. 14 amazing facts about Mars
Mars - the fourth in distance from the Sun and the seventh largest planet in the solar system; the mass of the planet is 10.7% of the mass of the Earth. Named in honor of Mars - the ancient Roman god of war, corresponding to the ancient Greek Ares. Mars is sometimes called the "red planet" because of the reddish tint of the surface, given to it by iron oxide.
Mars is a planet of the terrestrial group with a rarefied atmosphere (the pressure at the surface is 160 times less than that of the Earth). The features of the surface relief of Mars can be considered as impact craters like the lunar ones, as well as volcanoes, valleys, deserts and polar ice caps like the terrestrial ones.
Mars has two natural satellites - Phobos and Deimos (translated from ancient Greek - “fear” and “horror”, the names of the two sons of Ares, who accompanied him in battle), which are relatively small (Phobos - 26.8 × 22.4 × 18 , 4 km, Deimos - 15? 12,2? 10,4 km) and have an irregular shape.
Since the 1960s, the USSR (Mars and Phobos programs), the USA (Mariner, Viking, Mars Global Surveyor and others) and the European Space Agency (the program "Mars Express").
In the photo: A snapshot of Mars, 68 million kilometers away from Earth. The picture was taken by the Hubble Space Telescope on June 26, 2001.
The fourth largest planet from the Sun is Mars, the “red neighbor” of the Earth.
The history of the study of Mars originates from the time of Ancient Egypt.
Despite the fact that the human foot has not stepped on the surface of this planet, today we have a lot of pictures and various data about Mars in our arsenal.
They are derived from ground and orbital telescopes and, of course, spacecraft.
The most famous rovers are the American "Spirit", "Opportunity" and "Curiosity".
However, scientists are not going to stop there.
Already in 2022, the first flight of a group of people to Mars is planned.
More than 100 thousand people have applied for a one-way flight as part of the Mars colonization program, which is scheduled for 2022. (NASA / JPL / MSSS).
Mars has the tallest mountain of all known mountains in the solar system. Its height is 22 km. (NASA)
Mars is inhabited by robots. To be precise, at the moment the number of "population" of Mars is seven robots. (NASA / JPL-Caltech)
The rover "Curiosity" lost the song "Happy Birthday" on Mars in celebration of one year of being on the Red Planet. (NASA / JPL-Caltech / Malin Space Science Systems)
The Indian automatic interplanetary station “Mangalyan”, intended for the exploration of Mars from orbit, cost less than the shooting of the film “Gravity”. (Nesnad)
In 1997, three Yemenis tried to sue NASA for "invading Mars", claiming that they inherited it from their ancestors 3 thousand years ago. (ssalonso)
Google Mars service offers users a real-time view of the map of the Red Planet.