TOP Russian weapons - 2012
The Russian army, whose funding has been increased at the expense of revenues from the sale of oil and gas, is in full swing on the path of large-scale rearmament, designed to update the military arsenal for 2014-2020, spending about 770 billion dollars for these purposes.
Of course, it is no secret to anyone that the state has so many types of weapons that can make good competition in the world, and which are in demand by many armies.
More than 80 countries buy Russian weapons and military equipment, and contracts are constantly being extended.
We represent the top Russian weapons-2012 - what was most often discussed in the press and on our website in the outgoing year
The Russian Ministry of Defense intends to begin the purchase of promising main battle tanks on the basis of a single platform of heavy armor "Armata" in 2014. On this, as reported by Interfax, said Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia Yuri Borisov. According to him, an order for the supply of an experimental-industrial batch of 16 new tanks will be placed first.
On the basis of an experimental batch of combat vehicles, it is planned to carry out controlled military operations. Borisov did not specify other details regarding the purchase of promising combat vehicles. According to the current schedule, the first prototype of the tank on the basis of the Armata platform should be created already in 2013, and from 2015, the delivery of new combat vehicles to the troops is expected.
The technical project "Almaty" was approved by the Ministry of Defense of Russia on March 23, 2012. According to the Chief of the Main Automobile and Armored Directorate of the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation, Major General Alexander Shevchenko, the project fully complies with all the requirements of the military department. The development of a promising tank is engaged in Uralvagonzavod.
In November, tests of the second prototype AK-12 were completed. At the moment, the production of an experimental series has begun. Official information on these weapons is little known, however, it is quite enough to draw certain conclusions. Most likely the lineup of 2012 will consist of machine guns and machine guns. It is quite possible that a sniper rifle will be created on the basis of a machine gun, which will replace the SVD. Like the one hundredth series, the AK-12 will be created for various cartridges. The new machine will receive a new energy. The fire control handle will have an anatomical shape. In addition, the machine will be provided with a new latch for the convenience of changing the store.
In spite of the fact that there will be automatic venting, the operation of the mechanism will be slightly softened, thereby improving the accuracy. As in previous versions, on the new model there will be fastenings for a grenade launcher and a bayonet. There will be a side bar for an optical sight. In addition, it is supposed to equip the Picatinny rifle strap, intended for the installation of auxiliary equipment, with a double-sided handle and an adjustable butt.
With all the improvements, the mass of the machine will remain almost unchanged - 3.3 kilograms.
So far, it’s too early to talk about the mass delivery of the AK-12 to the army. While it is planned to modernize the AK-74M, which the military arsenals of the armed forces
The Sukhoi company handed over to the Ministry of Defense of Russia the first six serial multi-purpose fighters Su-35S, which will soon arrive at the place of deployment. According to the press service of "Sukhoi", the company has fulfilled its obligations on this type of aircraft as part of the state defense order for 2012.
The fact that the first six Su-35S will be delivered to the troops before the end of 2012, it became known in March of this year. As the representative of the Russian Ministry of Defense for the Air Force, Colonel Vladimir Drik, said, the planes were being tested in the Akhtubinsky test center.
In August 2009, the Russian Ministry of Defense entered into a contract with the Dry for the supply of 48 new fighters. Their delivery is to be completed before the end of 2015, after which the military department may conclude another contract for the supply of an additional Su-35C batch of 48 vehicles. To date, the military has received for testing three experienced and nine serial fighters.
Su-35S, which made its first flight in February 2008, is capable of speeds up to 2.5 thousand kilometers per hour and fly to a distance of 3.4 thousand kilometers. The combat radius of the aircraft is 1.6 thousand kilometers. The fighter is equipped with a 30 mm cannon and 12 suspension points for missiles and bombs with a total weight of up to eight tons.
NPS project "Ash"
The newest multi-purpose nuclear submarines of the project 885 "Ash" will be able to hit targets on the ground at a distance of almost 1,5 thousand kilometers from the coast.
A significant place in the activities of the Navy this year was taken by testing new ships, submarines and weapons, not only for the Russian fleet, but also for foreign customers. "A total of 240 tests were conducted during the year, including a successful launch on November 22 from the coastal missile system Bastion to the maximum range of the use of weapons - more than 400 kilometers," said Chirkov.
The long-range Calibr and Onyx cruise missiles, torpedoes, torpedoes and mines are the main weapons of the nuclear submarine Severodvinsk.
The nuclear submarine Severodvinsk was laid on Sevmash in 1993 and became the lead ship of Project 855 Yasen, which provides for the construction of eight modern submarines for the Russian fleet. In September last year, the submarine first went to sea on sea trials. Earlier, Andrei Vernigora, head of the department of the Russian Ministry of Defense for securing state defense orders, told RIA Novosti that the Severodvinsk would be adopted by the Navy in 2013.
Pistol "Black Swift"
Arsenal Firearms, a privately owned Russian company, presented a self-loading 9mm pistol equipped with a plastic frame, called the Black Swift. It meets all the latest requirements. According to the manufacturers, this is one of the best pistols in its class due to the introduction of technical innovations. It is assumed that the Swift will replace Makarov pistols.
"Black Swift" was developed in a few months. Among the innovations that are applied in the gun, it is necessary to note the design of the locking mechanism and the barrel, in which the barrel runs linearly. The distance from the grip to the axis of the trunk is only 12 millimeters. The barrel itself rests on four sides on some kind of rail, so that it does not rotate or warp when fired. Thus, the return is minimized, the rate of fire increases.
Another innovation of the gun is the lack of a safety lever. At the same time, the safety of wearing a pistol is ensured by three systems, due to which the trigger is triggered only in a certain position and only when pressed with a finger. And one more innovation is the design of the store. The release latch is provided on both sides, the neck of the window is inclined, which facilitates the connection of the store.
The standard modification of the gun provides for the installation of a laser target designator or a sub-barrel flashlight. In addition, an elongated version was created with a barrel whose length is 30 centimeters. And also provides an assault modification of the gun under the 30-cartridge magazine.
Its development began in 2010. The best engineers took part in the work, and by the end of October of this year a prototype model of the new combat vehicle was presented. On the basis of the machine, a large number of modules necessary for carrying out combat missions have been installed: for rendering medical assistance, conducting biochemical and radiochemical reconnaissance, and fire support. At the same time, the main task that is assigned to the car is the transportation of personnel.
The machine is equipped with powerful anti-bullet and anti-mine ceramic armor, which is able to withstand an explosion of about 8 kilograms of TNT without loss of personnel. It also provides armored glass, which can withstand two shots of large-caliber weapons, the distance between the points of impact reaches 30 centimeters.
The Typhoon is equipped with a six-cylinder 450-strong engine YMZ, which makes it possible to easily move at high speed over rough terrain, force a ford, the depth of which is about 1.75 meters and climb a slope, the angle of which is more than thirty degrees. The car is also equipped with night observation devices and satellite navigation, video cameras are installed along its perimeter.
The car has a hydropneumatic suspension, which is controlled from the driver's seat. The installed compressor makes it possible to change the pressure in the tires in the range of 1-4.5 atmospheres and hold it when the wheel is pierced.
KAMAZ is equipped with three bearing axles. And thanks to the powerful engine, six-speed transfer case and automatic locking of the differentials, the Typhoon can be considered the real king of off-road.
Missile defense system S-500 "Triumphant-M"
Work is under way to create an S-500 missile defense system. This is a new generation of Russian anti-aircraft missile systems, in which it is planned to apply the separate execution of tasks for the destruction of aerodynamic and ballistic missiles.
At present, the preliminary design of the complex has already been completed, and technical design is underway. This complex is designed to defeat the latest types of air attack weapons, which are currently being developed in the world. It is planned to complete the development by 2015. It is assumed that the system will be able to solve problems not only in the stationary version, but will be advanced to the combat zone that will be most relevant at a particular time.
Rocket complex "Topol-M"
This is the first of the missile systems, which was created exclusively by Russian enterprises. He has high hopes for maintaining and preserving the nuclear potential. This is a unique complex that significantly surpasses previous samples in maneuverability, combat readiness, survivability, and effectiveness of destruction.
The Topol-M complex is a three-stage monoblock solid-fuel rocket, which is located in a transport and launch container. The main advantage of the rocket lies in the control system and guidance, which is installed on the complex. In addition, it is immune to the effects of an electromagnetic pulse, which occurs during a nuclear explosion. Moreover, the system has a kind of “secret” device that makes it invisible to anti-missile systems. It is possible to replace the entire warhead with a split warhead that is capable of carrying three separate warheads. All this makes the missile invulnerable, since it is impossible to intercept three warheads at the same time.
The complex used an incomplete hanging system, which makes it possible to install the complex even on soft ground. Improved maneuverability and maneuverability of the launcher. The lifetime of the complex is 20 years.
Kurganets-25 and Boomerang
Since the first announcement of the Kurganets-25 and Boomerang programs, the deadlines for their implementation have hardly been adjusted. Prototypes are still planned to be sent for testing early next year. Next a couple of years will be used to fine-tune the machines and prepare for mass production. The military intend to receive the first vehicles based on the Boomerang and Kurganets-25 platforms in the same 2013. Full observance of these deadlines is possible only if the designers of Kurganmashzavod and the Military Industrial Company not only know about the existence of disadvantages of selected solutions, but have already coped with them. One way or another, it will be possible to speak with great precision about the prospects of projects only at the end of this year, when both organizations finish assembling prototypes.
Anti-aircraft complex "Pantsir-S1"
This year the Russian army adopted the Pantsir-S1 anti-aircraft missile and gun system.
ZRPK "Pantsir-S1" - the leader of the short-range air defense system. It embodies all the provisions of the concept of building a universal anti-aircraft complex of short range, developed and implemented by KBP, ensuring its superiority over foreign counterparts. It became the missing link in the air defense system, with the introduction of which to the groupings of anti-aircraft weapons, their maximum effectiveness is ensured.
The Pantsir-S1 complex is designed to provide air defense systems for small military and administrative-industrial facilities and areas, as well as to strengthen air defense groups when repelling massive strikes. According to the company, "Pantsir-S1" is characterized by versatility, the possibility of shooting in motion and simultaneous shelling of four targets and other qualities.
The missile range of the complex is up to 20 thousand meters, and its height is up to 15 thousand meters. "Areas of destruction by cannon armament: in range - 200-4000 meters, in height - up to 3 thousand meters.