Top of the Russian Weapons - 2012
The Russian army, whose funding has been increased by revenues from the sale of oil and gas, is well on its way to a massive rearmament, designed to renew the military arsenal for 2014-2020, spending on this purpose about 770 billion dollars.
Of course, it is not a secret for anyone that the state has so many types of weapons that can make good competition in the world, and which are in demand with many armies.
More than 80 countries purchase Russian weapons and military equipment, and contracts are constantly extended.
We are presenting the TOP of Russian weapons-2012 - what was most often discussed in the press and on our website in the outgoing year
The Ministry of Defense of Russia intends to begin purchasing promising main battle tanks on the basis of a single platform of heavy armored vehicles "Armata" in 2014. About this, as reported by Interfax, said Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia Yuri Borisov. According to him, at first an order will be placed for the supply of an experimental-industrial batch of 16 new tanks.
Based on the pilot batch of combat vehicles, it is planned to conduct controlled military operation. Borisov did not specify other details regarding the purchase of promising combat vehicles. According to the current schedule, the first prototype of the tank based on the Armata platform should be created already in 2013, and from 2015, the delivery of new combat vehicles to the troops is expected.
The technical project "Armata" was approved by the Ministry of Defense of Russia on March 23, 2012. According to Major-General Alexander Shevchenko, Chief of the Main Automobile Armored Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the project fully meets all requirements of the military department. The development of a promising tank is carried out by Uralvagonzavod.
Kalashnikov AK-12 automatic rifle
In November, tests of the second prototype AK-12 were completed. At the moment, the production of an experimental series has begun. There is little official information on these weapons, but it is also sufficient to draw certain conclusions. Most likely, the lineup of 2012 will consist of machine guns and machine guns. It is possible to create a sniper rifle based on the machine, which will replace the SVD. Like the hundredth series, AK-12 will be created for various cartridges. The new automaton will receive new energy. The handle of the fire control will have an anatomical shape. In addition, the machine will provide a new latch for the convenience of changing the store.
In spite of the fact that the gas venting automatics will be present, the mechanism will be slightly relaxed, which will improve the accuracy. As in previous versions, the new sample will have attachments for the grenade launcher and bayonet knife. There will also be a side bar for the optical sight. In addition, it is proposed to equip the machine with Picatinny slats, designed for the installation of auxiliary equipment, a double-sided handle and an adjustable butt.
With all the improvements, the weight of the machine will remain virtually unchanged - 3.3 kilograms.
While it is too early to talk about the mass supply of the AK-12 assault rifle to the army. While the modernization of the AK-74M is planned, which in military arsenals of the armed forces
The company "Sukhoi" handed over to the Ministry of Defense of Russia the first six serial multifunctional fighters Su-35S, which in the near future will arrive to the place of deployment. According to the Sukhoi press-service, the company fulfilled its obligations under this type of aircraft under the state defense order for 2012.
The fact that the first six Su-35S will be delivered to the troops before the end of 2012, it became known in March this year. As the representative of the Russian Ministry of Defense for the Air Force Colonel Vladimir Drik told us, the planes finished testing in the Akhtubinsk testing center.
In August 2009, the Russian Ministry of Defense entered into a contract with Sukhim to supply 48 new fighters. Their delivery should be completed before the end of 2015, after which the military department can conclude another contract for the supply of an additional batch of Su-35S from 48 vehicles. By now, the military has received for testing three experienced and nine serial fighters.
The Su-35S, which made its first flight in February 2008, is capable of speeds of up to 2.5 thousand kilometers per hour and flights of up to 3,4 thousand kilometers. The combat radius of the aircraft is 1,6 thousand kilometers. The fighter is equipped with a 30-millimeter gun and 12 suspension points for missiles and bombs with a total mass of up to eight tons.
The Yasen submarine
The new multi-purpose nuclear submarines of Project 885 Ash will be able to hit targets on the ground at a distance of almost 1,5 thousand kilometers from the coast.
An important place in the Navy's activity this year was testing new ships, submarines and weapons, not only for the Russian fleet, but also for foreign customers. "A total of 240 tests were carried out during the year, including the successful launch of the Bastion Coastal Missile Complex on November 22 to a maximum range of 400 kilometers," Chirkov said.
"Caliber" and "Onyx" cruise missiles of long range, torpedoes, rocket-torpedoes and mines are the main weapons of the nuclear submarine Severodvinsk.
The Severodvinsk nuclear submarine was laid on Sevmash in 1993 and became the main ship of Project 855 Yasen, which provides for the construction of eight modern submarines for the Russian fleet. Last September, the submarine first went to sea for sea trials. Earlier, the head of the Defense Ministry's Department for Providing State Defense Order Andrei Vernigora told RIA Novosti that Severodvinsk will be accepted into the Navy in 2013.
Pistol "The Black Swift"
A private Russian company Arsenal Firearms was presented with a self-loading 9 mm pistol equipped with a plastic frame, which was called the "Black Swift". It meets all the most modern requirements. According to manufacturers, this is one of the best pistols in its class due to the introduction of technical innovations. It is assumed that "Strizh" will replace Makarov's pistols.
"Black Swift" was developed in a few months. Among the innovations that are used in the gun, it is necessary to note the construction of the locking mechanism and the trunk in which the trunk walks linearly. The distance from the grip to the axis of the trunk is only 12 millimeters. The trunk itself rests on four sides on a kind of rail, so it does not rotate and does not warp when firing. Thus, the recoil is minimized, the rate of fire is increased.
Another innovation of the gun is the absence of a safety catch. In this case, the safety of wearing the gun is provided by three systems, due to which the trigger only works in a certain position and only when you press it with your finger. And one more innovation is the design of the store. The release latch is provided on both sides, the neck of the window is inclined, which facilitates the attachment of the magazine.
The standard modification of the gun involves the installation of a laser target designator or an under-barrel flashlight. In addition, an elongated modification with a barrel length of 30 centimeters was created. And also there is an assault modification of the pistol under the 30-cartridge shop.
Its development began in 2010. The best engineers took part in the work, and by the end of October this year a model of a new combat vehicle was presented. A large number of modules are installed on the basis of the machine, which are necessary for performing combat missions: for medical assistance, for carrying out biochemical and radiochemical reconnaissance, and for fire support. At the same time, the main task that is entrusted to the machine is the transportation of personnel.
The machine is equipped with a powerful anti-bullet and anti-mine ceramic armor, which is capable of withstanding an explosion of about 8 kilograms of TNT without loss of personnel. It also provides armored glass, which can withstand two shots from a large-caliber weapon, the distance between hits is up to 30 centimeters.
The Typhoon has a six-cylinder 450-strong YaMZ engine that makes it easy to move at high speed over rough terrain, to force a ford, whose depth is about 1.75 meters and climb the slope, which angle is more than thirty degrees. The car is also equipped with night surveillance devices and satellite navigation, along its perimeter video cameras are installed.
The car has a hydropneumatic suspension, which is controlled from the driver's seat. The installed compressor makes it possible to change the tire pressure in the range of 1-4.5 atmospheres and hold it with the wheel pierced.
KAMAZ is equipped with three carrier axles. And thanks to a powerful engine, six-speed transfer case and automatic locking differentials, "Typhoon" can be considered a real king of impassability.
The S-500 "Triumfator-M" anti-missile defense system
Work is underway to develop the S-500 anti-missile defense system. This is a new generation of Russian missile-antiaircraft complexes, in which it is supposed to apply separate tasks for the destruction of aerodynamic and ballistic missiles.
At present, the preliminary design of the complex has already been completed, and technical design is being carried out. This complex is designed to destroy the latest examples of weapons of air attack, which is currently being developed in the world. Completion of the development is planned by 2015. It is assumed that the system will be able to solve problems not only in a stationary version, but will be put forward in the zone of combat operations that will be most relevant at a particular time.
The Topol-M missile system
This is the first of the missile systems, which was created solely by the forces of Russian enterprises. He is entrusted with great hopes in maintaining and preserving nuclear potential. This is a unique complex, which considerably exceeds by maneuverability, combat readiness, survivability, effectiveness of the defeat of previous samples.
The "Topol-M" complex is a three-stage monoblock solid-propellant missile, which is located in a transport-launch container. The main advantage of the missile is the control and guidance system, which is installed on the complex. In addition, he is immune to the influence of the electromagnetic pulse that occurs during a nuclear explosion. Moreover, the system has a certain "secret" device, which makes it invisible for anti-missile systems. It is possible to replace the entire warhead with a separating warhead, which is capable of carrying three independent warheads. All this makes the missile invulnerable, since it is impossible to intercept three warheads simultaneously.
The system uses an incomplete hanging system, which makes it possible to install the complex even on soft ground. Improved and maneuverability and patency of the launcher. The service life of the complex is 20 years.
Kurganets-25 and Boomerang
Since the first announcement of the programs "Kurganets-25" and "Boomerang" the terms of their implementation have practically not been adjusted. Experimental samples are still scheduled to be sent for testing early next year. Then a couple of years will be used for finishing the machines and preparing for mass production. The military intends to get the first machines on the basis of the platforms "Boomerang" and "Kurganets-25" in the same 2013. Full compliance with these terms is possible only if the designers of Kurganmashzavod and the Military Industrial Company not only know about the existence of minuses of selected solutions, but have already coped with them. Anyway, it will be possible to speak with great accuracy about the prospects of projects only at the end of this year, when both organizations will finish assembling prototypes.
Anti-aircraft complex "Pantsir-S1"
The Russian army this year adopted the anti-aircraft missile and gun system "Pantsir-S1".
ZRPK "Pantsir-S1" is the leader of the short-range air defense system. It embodies all the provisions of the developed and implemented "KBP" concept of building a universal short-range zenith complex, ensuring its superiority over foreign counterparts. It became the missing link in the air defense system, with the introduction of which in the groupings of anti-aircraft means is their greatest effectiveness.
Complex "Pantsir-S1" is designed to provide air defense of small-sized military and administrative-industrial facilities and areas, as well as to strengthen air defense groups in repelling massive strikes. According to the enterprise, "Pantsir-C1" is distinguished by its versatility, the possibility of firing in movement and simultaneous shelling of four targets and other qualities.
The range of missiles at the complex is up to 20 thousand meters, and in height - up to 15 thousand meters. "The zones of defeat by cannon armament: in range - 200 - 4 thousand meters, in height - up to 3 thousand meters.