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The riddle of a two-dollar bill

Загадка двухдолларовой купюры

Two US dollars is a US banknote. On the front side is depicted Thomas Jefferson, on the reverse - a reproduction of John Trambull's "Declaration of Independence."

The production of the denomination was stopped in 1966, but 10 years later, to celebrate the bicentennial of US independence, it was restored. Nowadays, new copies are practically not created (about 1% of all issued banknotes), so it can rarely be seen in use. This gave birth to the myth that two-dollar bills were withdrawn from circulation, which causes problems for people who want to pay them.

The rarity can be explained by the fact that the 1976 issue was unusually perceived by the population (and even became a collector) and was not in demand in cash transactions. By August 1996, when they released a new series, these banknotes had almost disappeared.

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Try to ask someone from friends going to the US to bring you a $ 2 bill. Most likely, upon return they will tell you that they have not seen at all, or - that such do not exist. Despite the fact that the $ 2 bill is included in the standard set of bills throughout the history of the United States, it is very difficult to meet it in free circulation.

For purely psychological reasons, this banknote, appearing in circulation, is immediately withdrawn from it and moved to the purses of citizens, exported abroad, sold at auctions, resold to numismatists.

What is the reason? Why is the $ 2 bill rare? The reason, probably - in a number of myths associated with this bill, "bringing happiness and success."

Two-dollar bill, issued in 1976 in honor of the bicentennial of the United States, is considered rare by many collectors. And how not to consider it such, even if in a serious directory "From the dollar to the yen. A guide to the currencies of the world, issued in 1995 by order of leading commercial banks, claims that "two-dollar bills ... were issued in small quantities, and not all Americans held them in their hands." The advantage of a two-dollar note is familiar to America - it has been used in the monetary circulation of the United States from time immemorial. Such a note was already included in the set of banknotes of the first issue, carried out in Philadelphia on May 10, 1775. Two-dollar bills were issued then and in separate states: in Maryland - since 1770, in New York and North Carolina - since 1775, in Georgia and New Hampshire - since 1776, etc. During the First Civil War of 1861-1865. Many states also issued their money, among which were two-dollar bills.

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The first two-dollar bills were issued by the US Federal Government in 1862. They depicted a portrait of the first secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton. However, already in 1869 this portrait was replaced by the image of the third US president and author of the Declaration of Independence of Thomas Jefferson. However, initially two-dollar bills were not popular with banks and the population. There are several explanations for this, the most common of which is that in most cash registers there was no separate place for banknotes with a face value of $ 2. Apparently, this explanation has some meaning. For the same reason, say in Germany, banknotes of 5 marks were not popular.

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There is an opinion that two-dollar bills were easily confused with $ 1 notes, which also caused some inconvenience. In addition, the people have spread the opinion that banknotes worth $ 2 bring failure. All this led to a low prevalence of banknotes. The situation reached the point of absurdity, when sellers refused to accept two-dollar bills in stores.

In the CIS countries there are still cases of refusal to accept two-dollar bills exchange offices, with reference to the fact that there is no properly designed sample of these bills, especially the jubilee series.

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The last time the dollar was subjected to a serious alteration in 1928 - the size of all the bills were reduced, and their appearance is standardized and with minor changes preserved to this day. Among the banknotes of this type is also issued a two-dollar bill.

On its front side is depicted Thomas Jefferson (1743 - 1826 gg.) - a prominent state and public figure, the "father" of the Declaration of Independence and the third president of the United States.

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On the back of the denomination of 1928, the estate of Jefferson Monticello (from the Italian "Little Mountain") is depicted. It was built according to his own design. The house was replete with various technical improvements, including those developed by the owner himself. Here, the "sage from Monticello" lived his last 17 years, here he received numerous guests, conducted extensive correspondence - over a thousand letters a month - with many American and European politicians, scientists and public figures. His library in Monticello had about six and a half thousand volumes and was one of the best in America. It laid the foundation for the Library of Congress. Since 1926, Monticello is a memorial museum, a national shrine of the United States. It is interesting to note that the portrait of Jefferson and his estate are also depicted on the front and back of the American "nickel" - coins worth 5 cents.

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On the considered "rare" two-dollar bill of 1976 also depicts Jefferson. On the reverse side, it shows the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. This drawing is a reproduction from the picture of the famous American artist J. Trambull "Signing the Declaration of Independence" - one of the eight huge canvases hanging in the Rotunda of the Capitol. It depicts the meeting of the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which proclaimed the separation of 13 North American colonies from Great Britain. The picture shows a concrete moment when Jefferson together with four other members of the committee for the preparation of the Declaration of Independence passes the draft Declaration to the president of the Continental Congress Hancock for signing it (sitting in the armchair on the right). In the picture 48 people were represented, on banknote only 44 of them were placed. At the same time, 36 characters were painted by the artist during his lifetime.

Thomas Jefferson, at the time of the Declaration, was only 33 years old, so he is pictured in the picture. After this event, he lived (day in day) for another fifty years, was governor of Virginia, secretary of state, ie. Minister of Foreign Affairs, Vice-President, President (with him, by the way, diplomatic relations with Russia were established in 1808-1809). On the front side of two-dollar bills, he is depicted as a mature state husband, obviously, during his presidency (portraits of 10 of 12 American banknotes of different denominations are portraits of presidents).

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The two-dollar bill of 1976 was printed in millions of copies. But, obviously, the banknotes of such dignity are somewhat unhappy with the population of the United States. The most popular one is a one-dollar banknote, which is 47% of the total number of all outstanding banknotes. Its average "life expectancy" is only a year and a half, during this time it turns from a crisp bill into a crumpled and tattered piece of paper that needs to be replaced. And every day only the New York Federal Bank destroys worn-out one-dollar bills worth more than $ 35 million! A huge stock of unclaimed "rare" two-dollar bills in 1976 is useless in the Treasury. Obviously, these denominations do not participate in circulation, do not wear out, and accordingly, do not need to be replaced.

There are a number of legends about the denomination of the dollar. In accordance with one of them, if you have this bill in your wallet, then the money will not be transferred in it. Another legend has some sexual context. Well, numismatists are already interested in this bill. After all, what is difficult to meet in circulation always attracts the attention of numismatists.

Gallery

2 доллара 1862 года
2 dollars in 1862
2 доллара 1862 года (реверс)
2 dollars in 1862 (reverse)
2 доллара 1869 года
2 dollars in 1869
2 доллара 1869 года (реверс)
2 dollars 1869 years (reverse)
2 доллара 1886 года
2 dollars in 1886
2 доллара 1886 года (реверс)
2 dollars in 1886 (reverse)
2 доллара 1896 года
2 dollars in 1896
2 доллара 1896 года (реверс)
2 dollars 1896 (reverse)
2 доллара 1899 года
$ 2, 1899
2 доллара 1899 года (реверс)
2 dollars 1899 (reverse)
2 доллара 1918 года
2 dollars in 1918
2 доллара 1918 года (реверс)
2 dollars in 1918 (reverse)
2 доллара 1928 года
2 dollars in 1928
2 доллара 1928 года (реверс)
2 dollars in 1928 (reverse)
2 доллара 1953 года
2 dollars in 1953
2 доллара 1953 года (реверс)
2 dollars in 1953 (reverse)
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