Unknown reservoirs of Ukraine: 14 waterfalls, lakes, canyons and bays
While traveling, there is always a desire to find places, undefiled by the presence of a civilization where no man’s foot has gone.
But often all the rest is repeated on the same popular resorts in Turkey, Egypt and other countries, where it is always crowded, and in a particularly “successful” time - not overflowed.
Ukraine boasts hidden corners, distant from the eyes of others, and therefore, the search for alternatives is wide and varied.
In our review: Buksky Canyon, White Lake, Sholokhovsky (Tokovsky) cascade waterfall, Aktovsky Canyon, Arbuzinsky Canyon, Kobalar Waterfall (Kozyrek), Blue Lakes in Schurovo, Silver Falls, Bakot Bay, Canyon of the Sinyukhi River, Soledarskoe Lake, Dzhuyuru River, Gyuny River, Silver Falls, Bakot Gulf, Canyon of the Sinyukh River ) Waterfall, Lake Kagul, Kok-Asan Canyon.
Buk canyon is rightly called one of the most beautiful places in Central Ukraine. Its stone banks, whose age is estimated at 2 billion years, hang over the swift river Gorny Tikich. This place has long been chosen by climbers. The winding and long Buk canyon begins near the two-meter rolling of the former hydroelectric dam, popularly called the Vyr waterfall. Here you can also see the picturesque ruins left over from an old water mill, which was built in the 19th century. You can admire the surroundings of the canyon at the very edge of the water, having a picnic or stay here with a tent for the night.
On the border of two regions of Vinnytsia and Cherkasy, near the village of Buki, is one of the most beautiful canyons of Ukraine. Despite its short length - a little over 5 kilometers, it attracts many tourists. Someone comes to admire the rocky shores of the Buksky canyon, while others have picnics in numerous glades on both sides of the river.
A canyon was formed by the Gorny Tikich river and ancient rocks. At the very beginning of the canyon, the two-meter Vyr waterfall is noisy, representing the remains of the first Ukrainian hydroelectric station. Here was a water mill, built in the 19th century, and its ruins can be seen today.
The depth of the canyon reaches 20 meters, while the width is no more than 40 meters. The surrounding magnificence is very little like the landscapes of Ukraine and resembles Switzerland. The canyon is also popular among climbers, although the rocks are not distinguished by a special height, but they are sheer and are perfect for training.
Where it is located: near the village of Buki, Mankovsky district, Cherkasy region.
Lake of karst origin with clean and clear water. The bottom is mostly sandy. From a bird's eye view, it seems that this body of water is a real white color. White Lake has healing properties, it is also called the "lake of youth." All this is due to the high content of glycerin, the water here is even soft to the touch.
White Lake is located near the village of Rudka in the Volodymyretsky district of the Rivne region. The lake has the glory of a healing and unique reservoir. That it is the center of the hydrological complex, which combines forest and swamp areas. Its bicarbonate-calcium-magnesium water with a high content of glycerin is considered healing. And the picturesque landscapes around do not leave any traveler indifferent.
The famous scientist Pavel Tutkovsky assures: during the largest in the history of the Earth Dneprovsky glaciation, the area where the White Lake is now located was the site of a glacier. That is why there is such a rich relief with the only embankments in Rivne region. According to the scientist, only here you can see the unique plants of the relics of the Ice Age. Located at 156.5 meters above sea level, the lake has an oval shape and ten meters depth. The water in the lake is very clean, and its transparency reaches 2.5 meters. Here you can see beavers, muskrats. And on the shore you can find unique plants, among which Molodilnik is a lake listed in the Red Book. Finally, this is the only lake in Ukraine with a high content of glycerin in the water, which makes it healing. They say that even in Poland, a narrow-gauge railway was laid to him to carry the miraculous water to Warsaw for the treatment of the wife of the head of the Polish state, Ms Piłsudska. The unusual water that healed the wounds is also mentioned in the UPA partisan archives.
They say that the village was once located here. But its inhabitants did not know how to have fun and enjoy life, did not go to church, did not believe in bright feelings. Only a poor guy and a girl from a rich family met secretly in a clearing, which the locals now call the “Island of Love”. One day an angel came down to the people and warned them about the danger that awaits them if they disobey God, but the peasants did not believe it. Then one day the village disappeared under a powerful wave of water. And the two lovers turned into white swans, who are still returning to their islet in the spring, reminding people of the earthly joys of life. Romantic legend beckons to the shores of the healing lake and tourists. You can get to this place both from Rivne and from Lutsk by taxi.
Where is: village Rudka, Vladimiretsky district, Rivne region.
Sholokhovsky (Tokovsky) cascade waterfall
Sholokhovsky waterfall is popularly known as the “Red stones”. The terrain received this name because of the red granites that are characteristic of this landscape. It is noteworthy that this granite can be found throughout the Dnipropetrovsk region, they are found in architectural elements or monumental buildings. By itself, the Sholokhovsky waterfall is small, its length is about 14 m with differences from several centimeters to several meters. The waterfall starts from a tributary of the Bazavluk river. This cascading waterfall originated in the Mesozoic era. Imagine, he witnessed the birth of human civilization.
The cascade waterfall, known as the “Red stones”, is one of the most beautiful places in the Dnipropetrovsk region. Oasis, stretching among the picturesque hills, attracts many tourists every year.
Enjoying the contemplation of a noisy waterfall, whose length is about 14 meters, it is best in the spring, when the turbulent streams are especially deep. The waterfall consists not only of cascades whose height reaches one and a half meters, but also of rapids, and granite “baths”, which is its highlight. Not far from the waterfall is a picturesque lake.
In Soviet times, the waterfall was nearly destroyed. Its name - “Red stones”, it received because the granite rocks, among which the waterfall flows, have a characteristic reddish tint. Earlier in these places there was a stone-crushing plant, it is possible to find traces of production to this day. The granite mined here was used for the construction of many buildings. For example, they faced Moscow bridges and metro stations. Because of the blasting operations that were carried out while mining the stone, the waterfall suffered. And the rare plants that grew in this area have disappeared. This hydrological monument of nature is located 55 km from Nikopol and 100 km from Dnipropetrovsk.
Where is: village Tokovsky, Apostolovsky district, Dnipropetrovsk region.
Aktovensky canyon is a unique place where an ensemble of sheer cliffs and granite boulders is combined with the world of plants. It is called the "Devil's Canyon" or "Small Crimea". Its landscape resembles the famous canyons of North America. The flowing river Mertvovod saturated with hydrogen sulfide and has a strange color, but there are places for swimming with clean clear water. Near the Aktovsky canyon is another amazing place - Trikratsky labyrinth.
You can see a piece of North America with its world famous canyons in the Nikolaev region. Granite boulders, sheer cliffs, huge boulders hanging over the river Mertvovod, called the "Valley of the Devil."
Aktovsky canyon, which is part of the National Nature Park "Bugsky Gard", is included in the list of seven natural wonders of Ukraine and is considered one of the oldest Eurasian land areas. The depth of the Ukrainian canyon reaches 50 meters, and the area occupied by it is 250 hectares.
Because of the difficult terrain of the terrain, the tourists do not manage to raft along the Mertvovod River, but the local climbers love the places. The valley is of interest to lovers of antiquity and those who are interested in esotericism. After all, the canyon was the sacral center of Scythia, where in ancient times people performed rituals and offered prayers to their gods.
Where is: with. Aktovo, Voznesensky district, Nikolaev region.
The Arbuzinsky Canyon is the younger brother of the Aktovsky Canyon. The name was given to him by a small but stubbornly carving its way through the boulders of the Arbuzinka River. According to estimates, granite-basalt rocks of the Arbuzinsky canyon were formed about 4 billion years ago. Due to its volcanic origin, there is no winter in this area, because the volcano that gave life to this region has not yet cooled. Both canyons - Aktovsky and Arbuzinsky are part of the natural park "Bugsky Garden".
The Arbuzinsky canyon is located near the villages of Aktovo and Trikraty and is part of the National Nature Park "Bugsky Guard". Arbuzinsky canyon is located near the Aktovsky canyon, therefore it is often called the Small Actovsky canyon.
The rock formation of the Arbuzinsky canyon was formed more than 4 billion years ago as a result of volcanic activity, which in ancient times operated on almost the entire surface of the Earth. Rocks that are hundreds of years old have surprisingly minimal damage. For centuries, the Southern Bug River and many adjacent rivers made their way through the stones, gradually forming rocky gorges with the river below. And the Arbuzinsky canyon was formed. Locals claim that the volcano that formed this miracle of nature has not yet cooled - almost always in the middle of winter violets bloom. The Arbuzinsky canyon is truly beautiful: the rocks washed by the water over the centuries have become smooth and overgrown with green moss; every corner is overgrown with all sorts of trees and flowers. On the territory of the canyon there are such animals as: moles, bison, muskrats, wild boars, deer. By the way, stones were installed in Vienna, which symbolized all the continents, and the stone of Europe was taken from this place.
Of course, learning about such an amazing place, there is a desire to immediately get there. However, the path to the canyon is not easy. It is best to drive here by car. You can get to the Arbuzinsokmu canyon either on the road through the village of Berezovka or through the city of Nikolaev. Through Berezovka you can get to the canyon faster, but still it is better to go through Nikolaev - the road will be a little longer, but smoother and easier.
Where it is located: near the villages of Aktovo and Trikraty, Voznesensky district, Mykolaiv region.
Kobalar Falls (Visor)
Among the waterfalls emit the so-called ephemeral waterfalls - those that appear only in wet weather. Kobalar is just like that. From a height of 14 m, the stream falls into a small lake, creating a transparent water curtain. You can admire this spectacle only in spring and winter, in summer the source, as a rule, dries out. The name of the visor was given to this place due to the unusual shape of a ledge from which a small stream falls.
On the Kobalar-Su creek, three kilometers from the village of Peredovoy, one of the most beautiful waterfalls of the Crimea peninsula is located - the Kobalar waterfall. On the way to the Baidar valley, the stream flows through the Kobalar Dere valley, which is surrounded on all sides by mountains, hiding picturesque places in its chambers. From a height of about 14 meters, the stream enters a crystal clear lake, forming a screen of water under the stones. Because of the peculiar projection of the waterfall from which the water falls, the tourists gave this beautiful place their simple name - Visor. Translated from the Turkic language "Kobalar" means "cave ravine".
You can admire the magnificent stream only in the winter and spring periods. Unfortunately, with the onset of summer, the waterfall together with the stream usually dries out. After all, the waterfall "lives" at the expense of meltwater that descends from snow-capped peaks. From time immemorial and almost until the 18th century, many snails could be found in the vicinity of the waterfall, which at various times were practically food for the locals. Soon the markets of cities such as Yalta, Balaclava and Sevastopol were filled with these mollusks. During the Great Patriotic War, soups were cooked from snails on the waterfall and thus entire families were saved from starvation. From the Visor, you can walk to several more beautiful waterfalls, which are located upstream on the tributaries of the stream.
A hiking trail leads to the waterfall, and in its surroundings there are places for recreation, where you can not only enjoy the magnificent view, but also barbecue.
Where it is located: the village of Peredovoy, Sevastopol district, Crimea.
Blue Lakes in Shchurovo
The name " Blue Lakes " speaks for itself. The water in them is really clear, blue and never stagnates. This is due to underground sources, providing a constant circulation of water flow. The area is surrounded by pine forest and sandy shores.
This amazing landmark is located near the village Shchurovo in the Donetsk region. It is amazing because it has crystal clear water. A few years ago, quarries were located here. In the 1960s, the quarries were filled with water from a spring, and the Blue Lakes began their existence. On the lakes there is one more active quarry, through which the extraction of sand occurs.
Many tourists dream to visit this place, breathe clean air, and plunge into the world of nature. It is very beautiful here, it seems that the hand of man has not touched this beautiful place at all. The pine forest surrounds the Blue Lakes, so the air here is as clean as the water bodies themselves. Tourists who first arrived at the Blue Lakes are under a pleasant impression, because the water is really blue, even after a long time it does not stagnate. Sandy beaches are always clean.
This is a great place for a family holiday. Having been here, you will gain energy and strength, and also be able to admire the amazing nature.
Where is located: the village Shchurovo, Krasnolimansky district, Donetsk region.
This Crimean landmark is extraordinarily beautiful at any time of the year. The Silver Jets waterfall or simply Silver is a hanging moss cap, along which silver threads of water flow down. Look at him closely in the sunlight.
This incredibly beautiful waterfall is located in the Crimea near the village of Sokolinoye. The Silver Jets waterfall can not leave anyone indifferent; foreign tourists come to see this miracle of nature.
The appearance of the waterfall resembles a huge musical instrument, and the running water is like silver strings. Looking at him, it seems that it is really someone playing, and his melody is heard to all the inhabitants of the forest. Upstairs there was a huge green moss hat. This gives the Silver Falls some originality. You are lucky if you find this charming sight after heavy rains or filled with melting snow. Then the draining water causes delight.
The waterfall is especially beautiful on both hot and frosty days, so at any time of the year it’s an impressive sight to see. Silver Falls is located next to a beautiful forest that blows clean and pleasant air. This place causes only positive emotions and impressions, so it is definitely worth a visit.
Where it is located: near the village of Sokolinoye, Bakhchisaray district, Crimea.
The emergence of the Bakot Bay is associated with the flooding of four villages in the Dniester Valley after the construction of the Novodnistrovskaya HPP. Now, coming here, you can admire the truly cosmic landscapes. The uniqueness of this place lies in the fact that it is surrounded by rocks, so there formed a special microclimate, characteristic rather for southern latitudes. An inexperienced traveler will always find something he likes in this amazing land.
Bakota Bay is located 50 km from the city of Kamenetz-Podolsk. He is not inferior in landscapes or the Crimea or Croatia. Previously, the village of Bakota was located at this place, but the construction of the Dniester hydroelectric station had negative consequences and the whole village went under water. In this unique place you will see amazing pictures of nature, you will be fascinated by the terrain of the Bay of Bakota. Here, the climate is warm enough because of the rocks present, which withstand all gusts of wind and create quiet weather, which is especially popular with tourists.
Kievan Rus left here its memo - a rock monastery. Visiting tourists can not resist and in the first place rush to get to the St. Michael Monastery, which is located inside the cliff. Near the monastery there are springs with mineral waters. They say that they have healing properties and can have a positive effect on human health.
It is best to stay in Kamyanets-Podilsky, there is a large selection of housing for any wallet. At the very bay you can stay in tents, you can also rent a trailer. You need to take food with you, although in the territory they often open a small tent where you can buy something to eat. The nearest store is two kilometers away. Often tourists come here for one day. Here you can swim enough. There is a wooden pier, a catamaran and several boats. For the evening it is better to grab warm clothing and mosquito repellent. This paradise will allow you to plunge into the world of pure, beautiful nature, get a lot of positive emotions, forget all your everyday problems and relax completely.
Location: Bakota, Kamyanets-Podilskyi district, Khmelnitsky region.
Canyon of the river Sinyukha
Another little-known place in Ukraine is the canyon of the Sinyukha River . It should be said that the total length of the Sinyukha River is more than 100 km, it is considered one of the cleanest rivers, because you will not find a single industrial enterprise on it. The canyon itself occupies only a small part of the reservoir, but at the same time this area is one of the most beautiful.
The picturesque place formed by granite rocks that came to the surface is located on the territory near the village of Ternovka at the mouth of the Sinyukha River, tributaries of the Southern Bug. Sinyuha flows more than 100 kilometers, but only in this place it creates an amazingly beautiful view. The landscape in this area is represented by a rare deciduous forest, mainly occupying the coast almost at the very edge of the water. Above the river stands a granite rock rising above the water to a height of 20 meters.
The Sinyukha River is considered one of the cleanest rivers in Ukraine. This is all due to the excellent performance of the biosphere and the absence of significant sinks. From the canyon, upstream, there is a hydroelectric power station. If you have time, you can walk to it. In the canyon is another local landmark - the building of the old water mill, built in these places in the 19th century. Be sure to visit this place. Here you can take great pictures. In addition, only in this place you can cross the river. At the confluence of the Sinyukh River and its tributaries Yatran, the Kogutovka landscape reserve was organized. To get there, you need to go from the mill to the tributary Yatran. There you will see granite rocks of different heights: charming landscapes. Here is an ecological path.
It is necessary to use the highway Kiev - Odessa, turn around the city of Uman. From the road, the village Ternovka is 50 km away. It is better to use personal transport or as part of an organized excursion.
Where it is located: near the village Ternovka, Novoarkhangelsky district, Kirovograd region.
The next reservoir is rather unusual and even mysterious. At Soledarskogo lake anomalous water temperature, it is also called the lake "heated." The fact is that, falling to a depth, the temperature increases, although it should be exactly the opposite. The catch is that it is not possible to explore this mystery of nature. In an attempt to descend to the bottom, scuba divers noticed that the water is compacted, turning into "liquid glass" and pushing to the surface of anyone who tries to sink too deep.
A small lake near the town of Soledar of the Donetsk region was formed due to the mineralized mine waters. Earlier, salt was mined in the area of the lake, but then the mines were closed, it happened in the middle of the 20th century. The lakes were discovered by divers in 2011. The surrounding lakes were also examined, but none of them has similar properties.
Soledar Lake could remain unexplored, but its unique properties were accidentally discovered by local divers, who found that the deeper it went down to the bottom of the lake, the higher the temperature of its water rises. On the surface, the water usually does not warm up more than 20–25 ° C, but at a depth of 4–6 meters the temperature rises to 30–40 ° C. This unusual phenomenon raises many questions about the nature of this phenomenon, because the presence of geothermal waters in this place is impossible, there is an assumption about the unique underwater currents and the density of water in the lake at depths of 6 meters, and the consistency of the fluid rapidly changes to what divers describe as "liquid glass". The depth of the lake reaches 100 meters, but its study is seriously hampered due to the unique properties of the water and the strange temperature anomaly.
Diving unprofessional divers into the lake without unaccompanied local instructors is undesirable due to the danger posed by the unique nature of the water, which can be compared with the waters of the Dead Sea.
Location: Soledar, Donetsk region
Dzhurinsky (Chervonograd) waterfall
Dzhurinsky Falls - the largest flat waterfall in Ukraine. They say it originated artificially. Legend has it that during one of the Turkish raids that happened more than 4 centuries ago, the invaders changed the course of the Dzhurin River. The enemy army hoped that the inhabitants of the city would be thirsty and they would remove the defense of the fortress. By the way, not far from the waterfall there are beautiful ruins of Chervonograd Castle. Cities with this name no longer exist, but you can take a look at its remains.
Dzhurinsky Falls - one of the most famous waterfalls in Western Ukraine. Its name is the water-handsome owed to the river Jurin of the same name.
Locals love to tell an old legend about how during the raids of the enemy troops of the Turks, the townspeople hid in the walls of a medieval fortress. Water fell into it from the river Dzhurin. Knowing this, the enemy redirected the current in a sly way so that the impregnable citadel was left without a vital source. And the result was a magnificent waterfall, the cascades of which reach a height of several meters. Today, the length of the Dzhurinsky waterfall is 16 meters. The water pressure is so high that, being close to the falling water, it is difficult to hear other sounds. An excellent addition to the flowing waterfall is a beautiful forest landscape.
In addition to the miracle of nature, travelers should also see the creation of human hands - the nearby Chervonograd castle. More precisely, it is the ruins of the castle-fortress, which are preserved from the ancient city. After World War II, the city disappeared from the face of the earth, leaving only two abandoned towers that cherish the memory of historical events of the 12-13 centuries.
Location: Nyrkiv village, Zalashchytskyi district, Ternopil region.
Cahul is a Ukrainian lake, which is impossible to stop looking at. In addition, it is the southernmost point after the Crimea. It is here that the birds arrive to wait out the winter, their numerous nests can be seen among the rocks. The terrain around the lake is rather typical of the south. It is hot here and there are no people nearby. In other words - the perfect place to take a breath from the bustle of big cities.
The lake is located near the village of Nagornoye, Odessa region. Part of the lake is located on the territory of Moldova. Scenic views and warm water with wild beaches attract tourists from all around. The maximum depth of the lake reaches 30 meters, the bottom is muddy, passing into the sand closer to the shore. Not far from the reservoir is a canyon, crossing a small hill, which offers a wonderful view of the surrounding nature. Basically, the lake Cahul enjoys attention in the hot summer months, at other times of the year fishermen from the locals can be found on its shores. Here lives catfish, pike, bream, silver carp, grass carp and other species of fish. This is a nesting site for many birds. In the limestone rocks you can see their nests.
There are several places for swimming, but it is better to ask about the locals about them - so save time in finding suitable parking. The infrastructure is very poorly developed. If you want to come here with an overnight stay, you should take a tent and non-perishable food. There are shops in the village of Nagoronoye, but you still need to get to it.
With young children you should not go here, as there are rocks, cliffs, and the water is opaque. But the rest is still beautiful. What is only the sunset on Lake Cahul!
Where it is located: near the village of Nagornoye, Reniysky district, Odessa region.
Kok-Asan Canyon is the most untrodden, waterfall and cascade attraction of the Eastern Crimea. It is formed by the river Kuchuk-Karasu, in his possession are 4 impressive waterfalls with many cascades, rapids - the famous Cheremisovskie waterfalls. The highest of them is called the Russian hills, where water flows in a zigzag rock massif. Do not forget about the "baths of youth" - small lakes with clean and cool water.
The young canyon, which is not even 10 thousand years old, was formed by the Small Black River, formerly called Kuchuk-Karasu. Numerous small and large waterfalls flow down from the rocky mountains and hills, which are the exit of basalt to the surface.
The area around it was overgrown with dense deciduous forest, partly hiding it from the observer. The terrain in this area can cause difficulties for an inexperienced tourist, so you should follow the signs or ask the locals for directions.
The opening view of the canyon and waterfalls makes it possible to feel harmony with nature. Descending or going upstream, one can see not only waterfalls, the largest of which is located at a 20-meter height, but also small flowing lakes formed by rocky protrusions. The lakes here are quite shallow, so the temperature in them rarely rises above 8–10 ° C even on the hottest day.
Where is: village Povorotnoe, Belogorsky district, Crimea.