Utilization of energy-saving lamps. Addresses
Used batteries and energy-saving light bulbs should never be thrown into garbage cans. The toxic substances that are contained in them require special disposal. And in dumps of domestic waste for many years will exude into the environment the gangrene pairs.
Not many people know what a conventional energy-saving light bulb is. In fact, it is a glass spiral, inside of which are pairs of mercury, and a special layer of substance called a phosphor is deposited on the walls. The mercury vapor emits ultraviolet rays under the action of an electric discharge, and they in turn cause the phosphor placed on the tube walls to emit light. By itself pure mercury is not so dangerous. If you pour a bucket of mercury, the contact spot with air will be about 300 square centimeters.
In a fluorescent lamp, mercury is in such a finely dispersed state that the area of the contact spot of mercury microballoons with air will be about five thousand square centimeters! And in the air these pairs do not dissolve, but "hang" for a long time. In the body, mercury vapors accumulate and "beat" the central nervous system, the kidneys. It is especially dangerous for mercury poisoning for children.
Energy-saving bulbs, although costly, but help to save: they are characterized by low power consumption and high level of lighting. Everyone who uses such light bulbs, saw on the package icon, which indicates that such a light bulb can not be thrown into the garbage can.
Experts say that in Ukraine, only 2% of people read the instruction on the use of fluorescent lamps and knowingly want to hand over such lamps for reprocessing. But there are no collection points and recycling systems containing mercury lamps in Ukraine. Therefore, dangerous lamps, together with household waste, are brought to a garbage disposal where mercury penetrates into the soil, or to an incineration plant where such lamps are burned, or at best they are taken and handed over for industrial processing.
And environmentalists say that broken fluorescent lamps began to be found in rivers, forests and near garbage cans more often.
Dangerous of debris
Each discharge lamp contains a toxic metal - mercury. It is considered one of the most toxic substances known to man. At the same time, manufacturers and doctors assure us that there is no danger when using a mercury lamp, even if it is broken in a room: it is enough to ventilate the premises and wipe the floor with a solution of potassium permanganate - after all the amount of toxic metal vapor here is insignificant. If you do not limit your field of view to the garbage can and look at the problem globally, the picture does not look so attractive: each lamp contains 4 to 150 mg of mercury.
As the experts calculated, if we multiply this amount by the population of Ukraine and by the number of lamps per Ukrainian (at home and at work), then annually more than 500 kilograms of mercury fall into Ukrainian dumps (!) However, only one gram of mercury the environment, capable of causing more than 3300000 m3 of air or 200000 m3 of water to contaminate (exceed the level of maximum permissible concentrations).
Even its meager doses can cause acute physical and mental disorders, in particular, micromercurialism is a particular kind of mercury poisoning, a disease that occurs when a person's long-term exposure to mercury concentrations is significantly lower than the maximum permissible.
Something about mercury
Especially dangerous is considered mercury through its ability to influence not only the physical condition of a person, but also her mental health. Under the influence of insignificant concentrations a person loses efficiency, can not concentrate, experiences constant headaches and irritability, does not sleep well. The influence of large concentrations can completely destroy a person: a person can not understand whether she is full or hungry, in a good mood or in a bad mood.
With severe poisoning of mercury, a slight tremor of the fingers and hands can develop into a complete disorganization of the muscles, - a person can not walk and even independently eat. In addition, severe poisoning can lead to insanity. Especially vulnerable to the action of this toxic metal are pregnant women and children. Recently, pregnant women are increasingly less likely to eat fish, so useful micronutrients are needed for pregnant women, because of the excessive content of mercury in fish. Mercury easily overcomes the mother's natural barrier - the placenta - and enters the child's body.
In addition, the mother's breast milk can become the cause of the baby's poisoning with mercury. Europe is ready to give up mercury. For example, authorities in Norway and Sweden imposed a ban on the use of mercury in production, as well as on its import and export. The same ban will come into effect in the United States in 2010 as well.
This means that in these countries, traditionally "mercury industries" will be forced to do without this toxic metal: alternative "mercury-free" technologies in dentistry, in laboratory analyzes and in the chlor-alkali industry will have to be used. In addition, in order to reduce the mercury turnover in the environment, the EU countries in 2007 banned the manufacture of thermometers containing mercury. By the way, in the USA mercury thermometers were recognized as illegal in 2002.
Good to know
As it turned out, the producers do not fulfill their information obligations in good faith. Most manufacturers of energy-saving lamps do not comply with the requirements and do not inform consumers that their products contain toxic gas vapors. Of course, these bulbs are advertised as energy-saving and environmentally friendly, they can be marked on all countries of the world - German, Polish, American ... except for proper Ukrainian.
They have different brands, for example, that the packaging (cardboard box) is made from recycled paper, but in fact none of these beautiful packages inform the consumer what to do in case, for example, a lamp breaks in a room and mercury will pour out, and also does not inform you what to do after the bulb goes out of order.
And only a few manufacturers of the several dozen that is now on the Ukrainian market, warn that such a lamp in the garbage dump is not necessary. And in some manufacturers, the icon about the ban is thrown in the trash can under the bottom cover of the packaging - where it is unlikely anyone will ever notice.
Addresses where it is possible and necessary to take old lamps
Operational and rescue service. Kiev, ul.Zhelianskaya, 26а (entrance from the street Antonovich, 34). Tel. 044) 289-70-13 (round the clock), tel / fax: 289-71-24. Head of the service Didenko Vladimir Ivanovich. Accepted energy-consuming lamps, mercury thermometers, batteries.
LLC "Scientific-Production Enterprise" Ekosfera " Kharkov, Gagarin Avenue, 1, room 416, phone (057) 717-74-92, 758-58-08, fax 754-42-77, 757-47-65, performs work on the collection and transportation of industrial wastes of any volumes of all hazard classes for their subsequent disposal or disposal, including spent mercury, mercury-containing devices, used fluorescent lamps.
PKF "NERO", Kherson , Ukrainskaya, 79, tel. (80552) 26-26-67, fax 26-26-67, accepts used fluorescent lamps and mercury-containing devices.
LLC "Ecotech" Kharkov , Frunze, 10, of. 13, phone (38 (057)) 7164287, 7164288, fax 7164287, collects and removes hazardous waste, including fluorescent and DRL lamps, as well as devices containing mercury; of spent mercury.
LLC "Victoria" Kharkov , Studencheskaya 20, 25, phone (057) 714-07-76, fax 717-03-64, provides recycling services: mercury-containing lamps and devices with mercury filling, other wastes containing mercury.
RAF-PLUS Odessa , Kovalevsky, 29а, оф.11, тел. (38048) 7173761, fax 7173775, offers services for utilization of mercury-containing waste.
State specialized auto transport company for the transport of dangerous goods of the Institute of Scintillation Materials of the NAS of Ukraine, Kharkov , ul. Plekhanovskaya, 18, tel. (0572) 588929. The company performs works related to the disposal (collection, transportation, storage, handling and neutralization) of hazardous wastes from all hazard classes, incl. waste mercury-containing lamps and devices, mercury and its compounds
OOO "Eco-Standart" Kharkiv , lane. Valkovsky, 6, phone (0572) 8-050-4020909, fax 546575, provides services for the export and further disposal of waste of all hazard classes, including mercury-containing.
LLC "Green Port", Odessa , Customs Square. 1, phone (048) 729-31-34,729-44-20, fax 729-30-07, accepts spent fluorescent lamps, oily waste (used oils), worn tires and other rubber products.
VKKP "Viking", Mykolayiv , ul. Metallurgov, 26A, apt. 2, tel. (8 (0512)) 25-93-47, fax 25-92-47, provides services to enterprises and organizations of Ukraine for the collection, storage, transportation of mercury-containing lamps, devices and metal mercury for their further utilization.
LLC "Victoria" Kharkov , ul. Student, 20, 23, phone (057) 717-03-64, fax 717-07-76, provides services for transportation of mercury-containing waste (instruments, lamps, sludges), oil waste, used tires, used batteries to disposal sites partner enterprises. There is a branch in Kerch.
Operational and rescue service of Kharkiv , lane. Teatralniy, 12, tel. (057) 706-43-07, works on re-packing of unsuitable pesticides, elimination of mercury contamination (demercurization).
Poltava Demercurization Plant, Poltava , ul. Zavodskaya, 3, 206, phone (0532) 191016, fax 501375, we offer services for the utilization of used gas-discharge lamps.
Ltd. "Enterprise" Ecology ", Donetsk , 50th Guards Division, 17, Phone (0622) 941420 reception for the disposal of waste fluorescent and other mercury-containing lamps.
LLP "ELGA", Shostka, Sumy region. , ul.Lenina d.59 a / y 96, phone (+ 3805449) 70022, conducts recycling of mercury lamps, carries out demercurization of premises, transport.
SPE "CENTER", Lugansk , sq . M. Dimitrova, 23, tel. (0642) 420-630, fax 543-986, utilizes luminescent and mercury-containing lamps.
OOO "Nikirttut", Gorlovka, Donetsk region, ul. Ascension, 20, tel. (06242) 4-12-08, (062) 333-61-01, 333-60-20, provides services for utilization of all types of mercury-containing waste (excluding organic mercury compounds): slurries of various industries, catalysts, filters, sorbents, fragments of building structures, soil contaminated with mercury, lamps with mercury filling, thermometers and devices filled with mercury, mercury rectifiers, chemical sources of current, etc. The cost of utilization including VAT: 600-2700 UAH. per ton; 0,24 UAH. for 1 lamp. The company acquires mercury spent and expired at a price of 2-8 UAH. for 1 kg (with VAT).
State specialized auto transport company for the transport of dangerous goods (SAP POG), Kharkov , ul. Plekhanovskaya, 18. Tel / fax (0572) 177-483, 177-476. The enterprise carries out works (identification, re-packing, loading, transportation, unloading, utilization, disposal, etc.) associated with hazardous waste products, including: waste mercury-containing lamps and instruments, oils, batteries, acids, alkalis, solvents; waste of galvanic and thermal production; Unsuitable or expired chemical preparations; other waste products.
Scientific and Production Enterprise "Zaporozhpromecology" Zaporozhye , ul. Istomina, 108a, tel. +380 67 2712525, + 380 95 2333244 is engaged in the utilization of fluorescent and energy-saving lamps.
LLC "Firma Diola" Poltava , ul.Zavodskaya, 3, ph. (532) 519143, (67) 5300249 is engaged in the processing of mercury-containing devices
Shop "Bezpeka", Kirovograd , ul.Sovetskaya, 1a - reception of used batteries.