Utilization of energy-saving lamps. Addresses
In no case should used batteries and energy-saving light bulbs be thrown into trash cans. Toxic substances that they contain require special disposal. And at the dumps of domestic waste for many years will emit intoxicated fumes.
Not many people know what a standard energy-saving light bulb is. In fact, it is a glass spiral inside which there are mercury vapor, and a special layer of substance called phosphor is applied to the walls. Mercury vapor under the action of an electric discharge emits ultraviolet rays, and they in turn cause the phosphor deposited on the tube walls to emit light. By itself, pure mercury is not so dangerous. If you pour a bucket of mercury, the stain of contact with air will be about 300 square centimeters.
In a fluorescent lamp, mercury is in such a finely dispersed state that the area of the contact spot of microbeads of mercury with air will be about five thousand square centimeters! And these pairs do not dissolve in the air, but “hang” for a long time. In the body, mercury vapors accumulate and “beat” on the central nervous system, the kidneys. Especially dangerous is mercury poisoning for children.
Although energy-saving bulbs are expensive, they help to save: they have low power consumption and high level of illumination. Everyone who uses such bulbs saw an icon on the package, which indicates that such a bulb should not be thrown into the trash can.
Experts say that in Ukraine only 2% of people read instructions on how to use fluorescent lamps and consciously want to pass such lamps for recycling according to the rules. But there are no collection points and disposal systems for mercury-containing lamps in Ukraine. Therefore, hazardous lamps along with household waste are brought to the landfill, where mercury penetrates into the soil, or to the incineration plant, where such lamps are burned, or, at best, will be collected and handed over for industrial processing.
But environmentalists say that broken fluorescent lamps began to be found in rivers, forests and near garbage cans more often.
More dangerous than garbage
Each discharge lamp contains a toxic metal - mercury. It is considered one of the most toxic substances known to man. However, manufacturers and physicians assure that there is no danger when using a mercury lamp, even if it breaks in the room: it is enough to ventilate the rooms and wipe the floor with a solution of potassium permanganate - the amount of toxic metal vapors here is not significant. If you do not limit your field of view to the garbage can, and look at the problem globally, the picture is not so attractive: each lamp contains from 4 to 150 mg of mercury.
As the experts calculated, if you multiply this amount by the population of Ukraine and by the number of lamps per each Ukrainian (at home and at work), then every year more than 500 kilograms of mercury fall into Ukrainian dumps (!) However, only one gram of mercury that fell into environment that can lead to pollution (exceed the level of maximum permissible concentrations) of more than 3,300,000 m3 of air or 200,000 m3 of water.
Even his meager doses can cause acute physical and mental disorders, in particular, a special type of mercury poisoning is micromercurialism - a disease that occurs when a person is influenced for a long time by concentrations of mercury, much less than the maximum permissible.
Something about mercury
Especially dangerous mercury is considered through its ability to influence not only the physical condition of a person, but also her mental health. Under the influence of insignificant concentrations, a person loses working capacity, cannot concentrate, experiences constant headaches and irritability, does not sleep well. The influence of large concentrations can completely destroy a person: a person cannot understand whether she is full or hungry, in a good mood or in a bad one.
With severe mercury poisoning, minor tremor of the fingers and hands can develop into a complete breakdown of muscle work - a person cannot walk and even eat on his own. In addition, severe poisoning can lead to insanity. Pregnant women and children are especially vulnerable to the action of this toxic metal. Recently, pregnant women are less and less advised to eat fish, kneading so necessary for pregnant healthy minerals, due to excessive content in fish mercury. Mercury easily overcomes the natural barrier of the mother - the placenta - and enters the formed body of the child.
In addition, the mother’s breast milk can cause the poisoning of the infant with mercury. Europe is ready to abandon mercury. For example, governments in Norway and Sweden have banned the use of mercury in manufacturing, as well as its import and export. The same ban will come into effect in the USA in 2010.
This means that in these countries traditionally “mercury industries” will have to do without this toxic metal: alternative “mercury-free” technologies will need to be used in dentistry, in laboratory tests and in the chlor-alkali industry. In addition, to reduce the turnover of mercury in the environment, the EU countries even in 2007 banned the manufacture of thermometers containing mercury. By the way, mercury thermometers were outlawed in the United States as early as 2002.
Good to know
As it turned out, manufacturers are not too conscientiously fulfilling their obligations to inform. Most manufacturers of energy-saving lamps do not comply with the requirements and do not inform consumers that their products contain toxic gas vapors. Of course, these bulbs advertise as energy-saving and environmentally friendly, they can meet the labeling of all countries of the world - German, Polish, American ... except for the proper Ukrainian.
They have different brands, for example, that the packaging (cardboard box) is made from recycled paper, but in fact none of these beautiful packages inform the consumer about what to do if, for example, the lamp breaks indoors and mercury will spill out, and also does not inform what to do after the light bulb fails.
And only a few manufacturers of the few dozen that are now on the Ukrainian market, warn that such a lamp in the trash should not be thrown. And in some manufacturers, a badge to ban throwing in the trash can is located under the bottom lid of the packaging - where hardly anyone will notice it.
Addresses where you can and should donate old lamps
Rescue Service. Kiev, ul.Zhelyanskaya, 26a (entrance from the street. Antonovich, 34). Tel. 044) 289-70-13 (around the clock), tel / fax: 289-71-24. Head of Service Didenko Vladimir Ivanovich. Waste energy-saving lamps, mercury thermometers, batteries are accepted.
LLC NPP Ecosphere , Kharkov, Gagarin Ave., 1, room 416, tel. (057) 717-74-92, 758-58-08, fax 754-42-77, 757-47-65, performs works on the collection and transportation of industrial waste of any volumes of all hazard classes for their subsequent disposal or disposal, including waste mercury, instruments containing mercury, waste fluorescent lamps.
PCF "NERO" Kherson , Ukrainskaya, 79, tel. (80552) 26-26-67, fax 26-26-67, receives waste fluorescent lamps and mercury-containing devices.
Ecotech, LLC Kharkiv , Frunze, 10, of. 13, phone (38 (057)) 7164287, 7164288, fax 7164287, collects and disposes of hazardous waste, including fluorescent lamps and DRL, as well as instruments containing mercury; spent mercury.
Victoria LLC Kharkiv , Studentskaya 20, 25, tel. (057) 714-07-76, fax 717-03-64, provides recycling services: mercury-containing lamps and devices with mercury filling, other waste containing mercury.
RAF-PLUS Odessa , Kovalevsky, 29a, of.11, tel. (38048) 7173761, fax 7173775, offers services for the disposal of mercury-containing waste.
The State Specialized Motor Transport Enterprise for the Transport of Dangerous Goods of the Institute of Scintillation Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Kharkov , ul. Plekhanovskaya, 18, tel. (0572) 588929. The company performs work related to the disposal (collection, transportation, storage, processing and disposal) of hazardous waste produced in all hazard classes, including used mercury-containing lamps and devices, mercury and its compounds
LLC "Eco-Standard", Kharkov , trans. Valkovsky, 6, tel. (0572) 8-050-4020909, fax 546575, provides services for the removal and further disposal of waste of all hazard classes, including mercury-containing.
Ltd. "Green Port" Odessa , Customs Square. 1, tel. (048) 729-31-34,729-44-20, fax 729-30-07, accepts waste fluorescent lamps, oily waste (waste oil), used tires and other rubber products.
MVKP "Viking" Nikolaev , st. Metallurgov, 26A, apt. 2, tel. (8 (0512)) 25-93-47, fax 25-92-47, provides services to enterprises and organizations of Ukraine in collecting, storing, transporting mercury-containing lamps, instruments and metallic mercury for their further disposal.
LLC "Victoria", Kharkov , st. Student, 20, 23, tel. (057) 717-03-64, fax 717-07-76, provides transportation services for mercury-containing waste (appliances, lamps, sludge), oil waste, used tires, used batteries to recycling sites, which is performed partner companies. There is a branch in the city of Kerch.
Operational and Rescue Service of Kharkov , per. Theatrical, 12, tel. (057) 706-43-07, performs work on the repacking of unsuitable pesticides, the elimination of mercury pollution (demercurization).
Poltava Demercurization Plant, Poltava , st. Zavodskaya, 3, 206, tel. (0532) 191016, fax 501375, we offer services for the disposal of spent gas-discharge lamps.
LLC "Enterprise" Ecology ", Donetsk , 50th Guards Division, 17,. Phone. (0622) 941420 acceptance for recycling of used fluorescent and other mercury-containing lamps.
LLP "ELGA", Shostka Sumy region. , Lenin St., 59 post box 96, tel. (+ 3805449) 70022, carries out the disposal of mercury lamps, carries out the de-mercuration of premises, transport.
Small PE "OCHAG", Lugansk , apt-l. Dimitrova, 23, tel. (0642) 420-630, fax 543-986, recycles fluorescent and mercury-containing lamps.
LLC "Nikitrtut" Gorlovka, Donetsk region, st. Voznesensky, 20, tel. (06242) 4-12-08, (062) 333-61-01, 333-60-20, provides services for the disposal of all types of mercury-containing waste (except for organic mercury compounds): sludge from various industries, catalysts, filters, sorbents, fractures of building structures, soil contaminated with mercury, mercury-filled lamps, thermometers and devices filled with mercury, mercury rectifiers, chemical current sources, etc. The cost of disposal, including VAT: 600-2700 UAH. per ton; 0,24 UAH for 1 lamp. The company acquires mercury waste and expired at a price of 2-8 UAH. for 1 kg (with VAT).
State specialized motor transport enterprise for the carriage of dangerous goods (SAP POG), Kharkov , ul. Plekhanovskaya, 18. Tel./fax (0572) 177-483, 177-476. The company performs work (identification, repacking, loading, transportation, unloading, utilization, disposal, etc.) associated with hazardous industrial waste, including: waste mercury-containing lamps and appliances, oils, batteries, acids, alkalis, solvents; waste galvanic and thermal production; unsuitable or expired chemopharmaceuticals; other waste products.
NPP "Zaporizhpromekologiya" Zaporozhye , st. Istomina, 108a, tel. +380 67 2712525, + 380 95 2333244 is engaged in the disposal of fluorescent and energy-saving lamps.
LLC Firma Diola Poltava , Zavodskaya str., 3, tel. (532) 519143, (67) 5300249 deals with the processing of mercury-containing devices
Shop "Bezpeka", Kirovograd , Sovetskaya str., 1a - reception of used batteries.