"The Devil's Bible" or Codex Gigas, Codex Gigas + Download
Middle Ages. 1230 In a solitary cell of the monastery in Bohemia (Czech Republic), a monk whose terrible sins were kept secret, asks older monks to save his life. This monk belonged to the Order of the Benedictines, who were called Black Monks. They wore black clothes, vowed celibacy and complete obedience, subjected themselves to severe physical tests, self-flagellation, starvation. However, there were among them a weak spirit who succumbed to various temptations. Their mistakes were severely punished, from excommunication to solitary confinement. A sinful monk is prepared for an even more terrible fate - he must be immured alive in one of the walls of the monastery.
The older monks were adamant in their decision. Suddenly the divine inspiration descends upon the sinner. He promises that he will write the largest book of his time, in which the Bible and all the knowledge available to humanity will be placed. Such a book will glorify the Benedictine monastery at all times. The monk also promised that he would perform such a huge work in just one night. Long he begged the older monks, while they finally agreed to give him the last chance of salvation. If he does not fulfill his promise by morning, the execution will inevitably take place. The sinful monk began to work. He wrote the book until exhausted. When midnight struck midnight, the monk realized that he could not fulfill his promise, and he decided to conclude a terrible contract: he asked for help from a fallen angel - Satan. Satan responded to the call and helped the monk write the most terrible, mysterious, and most fascinating book in the world.
So the legend says ...
Codex Gigas, Codex Gigas, (or "The Devil's Bible") is a long 13th-century manuscript from Bohemia, one of the historical lands of the Czech Republic. A manuscript known for its size and striking depiction of the devil on the full page.
Raise this book, made from 160 skins, can only 2 people. Legend has it that the Code of Gigas was written by a monk who, following the death sentence, according to which the monk was to wall in the wall, made a deal with the devil. With the help of the Devil, the monk wrote a book in one night (and, with the devil, a self-portrait was written). Oddly enough, the handwriting in the book is remarkably crisp and identical, as if it were actually written for a short period of time. Nevertheless, scientists believe that such a work would take from 5 years (if written without interruption) to 30 years.
This book is considered the most controversial, strange, possessing a supernatural appeal. Many great men of this world tried to take possession of it, but it brought misfortunes to all. The book became the subject of hunting for many alchemists and magicians. For her sake, they killed, sold souls, went to execution. Everyone who has ever seen her testifies to the hidden power coming from the book. It has some kind of diabolical nature, perhaps because one of the pages depicts the devil himself in all his "glory." This medieval manuscript is rightly considered the eighth wonder of the world. It contains the Old and New Testaments, medical prescriptions, magical incantations, 14 Latin texts, Isidor Sevilsky's Etymology, Bohemian Chronicle of the medieval chronicler Cosmas of Prague, Josef Flavia's Jewish War, a calendar of church holidays and a list of names of the monks of the monastery. The combination of texts in the book is so unique that you can not find it anywhere else. The height of the book is 90 cm, weight - 74 kg., Width - 49 cm., Thickness - 22 cm. Initially, the book had 640 pages, now it has 624 pages. Many medieval books used material that was similar to parchment. It was made from animal skin. It is said that 160 donkey skins were used to create the bible of the devil. The Code of Gigas is the only book in the world in which, next to the Old and New Testaments, there are sacred spells for the exorcism of the devil.
For many centuries scientists and specialists asked themselves the same questions: for what purpose such a book was created and who created it? Was it one person or a group of people? The exact date of creation of the manuscript is not known. Only the approximate date of completion of work on the book is known - 1230 in the medieval Czech Republic. The birthplace of the book is the Czech monastery of the Order of Benedictines in Padlacice. The Gigas Codex "survived" for many centuries, many historical events and disasters and practically "came out of the water" out of all the turmoil, but many people who own it are not so lucky. Perhaps the manuscript absorbed the character of the Middle Ages, the Dark Ages, which were filled with terrible events: constant wars, epidemics, and complete superstitions. At the end of the XIII century. already there was a legend of a sinful monk who sold his soul to write the Bible of the devil. Thanks to the book, the Benedictine monastery is really famous. However, he was threatened by the financial crisis. To avoid total ruin, the abbot of the monastery decided to sell the Codex Gigas to another monastery. Already at that time it was believed that the possession of such a great book meant high authority and respect. And now the bible of the devil passes into the possession of the order of white monks, who wore a white robe, unlike the Benedictines, who wore a black robe. The book was transported to the town of Sedlec, which is located near Prague. White monks placed an honorary book in no less honorable place, next to the cemetery, which was consecrated by the land brought from the very Golgotha. Later, the Order of the White Monks was also ruined. The bishop ordered the monks to return the Code of Gigas to the black monks. After this incident, the monastery was struck by a deadly epidemic - the plague. Black death took the lives of tens of thousands of people. The cemetery was crowded with the bodies of the unfortunate. By the end of the pandemic, about 40,000 corpses have turned these places into catacombs. Today, the monastery in Sedlec is a very eerie museum - an ossuary. This is one of the sinister chapters in the history of the bible of the devil.
In the 16th century. The Gigas Code served as a kind of album. Many churchmen from Prague, secular people visited Benedictine monastery Broumov to study the book. One of them was Christopher Schlichting, a supporter of the famous mystic, alchemist and doctor, Paracelsus. In 1565, the Crown Prince Rudolph II received the prediction of Nostradamus, which predestined death to his father. Prince Rudolph was destined to become the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, the King of Hungary, the Czech Republic, the German king. After this prediction, Rudolph has a lifelong passion for the occult. He longed to get the Codex Gigas. With the help of various favors and honors rendered to the Benedictine monastery, the prince achieved the location of the abbot of the monastery, and he presented him with a book as a gift. Emperor Rudolph completely disappeared in the study of the Bible of the devil. It seemed that a great acquisition was created for such a great ruler. However, soon luck turned away from the emperor. He became closed, distracted, prone to paranoia, locked himself in his castle, like a solitary hermit. Unable to control his power, Rudolph soon loses support for his subjects. He waged an internecine war with his brother Matthias. In 1611 the nobility forced him to renounce the Czech throne, which his brother occupied. The emperor died alone, and without leaving heirs after him. The Kingdom of Rudolph was in the hands of his enemies. In 1648, Swedish troops captured Prague. The castle of the emperor was plundered, including the royal library. The soldiers took out of the country the most outstanding book of the library - Codex Gigas.
After plundering the castle of Emperor Rudolph, the Swedish officers decided to present the Codex Gigas to their unusual monarch - Christine, the only woman in Europe, the King. Christine's father, Gustav II, treated his daughter as if she were his son. He educated, trained and dressed her like a boy. Having ascended the throne, Christina swears not in the name of the queen, but on behalf of the king. Having received from her soldiers as a gift an unusual book, Christina ordered to place her in the library in the castle. In the official list, the Code is listed as the first of all valuable manuscripts. However, Christine was not destined to keep it for a long time. Less than ten years later, in 1654, Christina abdicated. She converted to Catholic faith and went to Rome. Gathering her precious things on the road, the Queen did not take the Gigas Code with her. And the devil's Bible remained in Stockholm.
In the late 16 century. in 1697 the king of Sweden Carl XI died in the royal castle in Stockholm. Suddenly a flame of fire suddenly flares up in the castle. The royal family was forced to leave its abode. Servants save everything from a fire that can be saved. One of the servants threw out the Codex Gigas from the window of the castle. Thus, a strange, mysterious book was saved from the fire. Did this book really bring misfortune to its masters, or did the natural course of events follow the parallel alongside the procession of the Code of Gigas? It is possible that all this is just a coincidence, but it can not be done.
Almost inhuman work, the Codex Gigas, however, was created by one simple man. The handwriting the whole book is written on is very uniform. The author at the time of writing the book could lose sight, suffer from illness and grow old, but the scientists did not find any obvious mistakes in the Code. In such a tremendous work it is simply impossible to believe, especially when you see it with your own eyes. Perhaps that is why the famous legend of the condemned monk who sold the soul to the devil was born. Evidence that this book was written by one person was found by scientists and specialists during the investigation, which was carried out with the help of text analysis, handwriting, sampling of paper and ink. In the Middle Ages, the monks themselves made ink. Ink was of two kinds: made of metal and from ground insect hives. If the Gigas Code was written by one person, the ink should have been only one kind. Scientists have been proven that the book was used ink, prepared only from hives of insects, which means that the author was alone. Features of calligraphic handwriting also prove the correctness of this hypothesis. It can be assumed that working non-stop, around the clock, a monk-scribe could cope with such a giant creation for 20 - 30 years, and certainly not overnight. The fact that the monk convicted for sins worked on the Code can be explained by the fact that in the medieval monasteries the rewriting of sacred books was a frequent form of punishment. Then they believed that a person can atone for his sins by copying the sacred texts. It is possible that the scribe created an instruction for his own salvation, tk. the content of the book focuses on caring for the body and mind, for protecting the immortal soul.
Some features of the drawings in the Gigas Codec indicate that his author was a good artist, but far from being a professional. He just wanted to make his work bigger, thicker than it was done before him. Perhaps he was a talented self-taught. Usually professional scribe monks worked in huge rooms called scripts. The monks had their own techniques and methods. If you take a medieval manuscript and compare it with the Code of Gigas, you can immediately see the difference. The code looks old-fashioned and quite unprofessional. However, such a layman and a beginner raised a real furor around his work. After all, to create a drawing of the devil in full growth was a very bold and dangerous act. In the severe Middle Ages, people believed that those who did or said something different from others were under the power of evil spirit.
It is the image of the uncleaned in the 290 page of the Code of Gigas that brought the manuscript unkind glory. Whether a joke, in any other bible there is no such huge drawing, the present embodiment of evil. Half a man, half a monster with a forked red tongue and clawed hands up. The devil is wearing an ermine hide, which symbolizes the supreme power. Perhaps that's what Satan looked like from the legend. However, the artist portrayed the monster as if it were locked in the walls of its own evil. The author deprived him of his usual freedom, that no one had done before him. The character of the depiction of the devil can tell a lot about the time in which the author lived, about his psychology, about his education. In the middle, dark ages, people were not sure of anything, their lives were constantly exposed to various threats, and they believed that threats come only from the devil. Therefore, the devil worried their minds more than turning to God.
People have called the Codex Gigas the bible of the devil for a reason. In addition to the depiction of the unclean, the book contains a group of spellcasting spells, and describes the ritual of "expelling the devil." The evil attacker was the greatest fear of a medieval man, attacking and penetrating the human essence. To cope with such misfortune, it was necessary to conduct a terrible and frightening ritual of exorcism, where the priest and the victim fought for the soul of the possessed. There are also interesting moments in which especially superstitious persons see a sign of obsession with evil. First, immediately after the depiction of the devil, 8 pages were torn out. It is not known what was written on the missing pages, but this only fueled the interest of the superstitious public. Secondly, after the fire of 1697, in which the Gigas Code nearly died, some strange pages appeared strange shadows. And these shadows appeared on those pages that are adjacent to the depiction of the devil. And it is the page with the famous drawing that seems darker than all the other pages. But ... These shadows can also be explained. They could appear on the pages thanks to the ultraviolet radiation, which was constantly exposed to the material of the book - the skin, almost fucking it out. For many centuries, people drew attention primarily to the drawing of the devil, which indicates an irrepressible human interest in the crafty one.
The Gigas Code is a unique creation, the largest medieval book, completed in a few decades by one person. This man managed to glorify his creation for ages, but he modestly left his identity in the shadows. Nobody knows who this person was. However, there is a version that the book was written by a monk-hermit named Herman-Hermit, as evidenced by the entries in the list of names in the book - Hermanus Monahus Inclusus.
It is possible that the legend of the sinful monk was based on the incorrect interpretation of the Latin word found in the Gigas Code - Inclusus, which means "conclusion". For many years the meaning of this word was regarded as a terrible punishment, i.e. zamorovyvanie alive, but the word itself is much closer in meaning to the word "recluse". So, the terrible legend, which still excites the fears of superstitious people, can be refuted and proved that this is just a legend. Most likely, the scribe was a monk-hermit, who voluntarily retired in his cell, so. leaving the outside world and its temptations. For this monk the Codex Gigas could be a search for insight, as well as the work of his whole life. Far from evil he was inspired, but a divine blessing. He gave people hope for salvation, gave them the opportunity to choose, showed this choice in the form of drawings arranged against each other - the drawing of the devil and the drawing of the Kingdom of Heaven. Good and evil are measured by forces before eternity in the pages of the Code of Gigas.
The Gigas Codex is located in Stockholm within the walls of the Royal Swedish Library. In 2007, the Codex Gigas was first exhibited in its homeland in the Czech Republic in Prague. Despite the open puzzles, a huge manuscript will continue to arouse the interest of people, will evoke in their minds the images of a strange monk-hermit creating a unique creation of his tireless hands. In one legend, it turned out right: the monk really ventured to create a book that glorified not only certain places, but also certain events that influenced the course of history.