Air water generator
|Air water generator|
The water generator (hereinafter GW) is designed to concentrate and release water from the ambient air.
GW is a pyramidal frame with a moisture-absorbing filler.
The pyramidal frame is formed by four uprights poses. 3, welded to the base pos. 4, made of metal angle. In the space between the corners of the base welded metal mesh pos. 15; from the bottom to the base with overlays pos. 6 fastens the polyethylene tray pos. 5 with a hole in the middle.
The inner space of the mesh frame is tightly (but without deformation of the walls) filled with a moisture-absorbing material. A transparent dome, pos., Is placed on the pyramid frame outside. I, which is fixed with the help of four stretch marks 8 and shock absorber by. 14.
GW has two working cycles: absorption of moisture from the air by the filler; evaporation of moisture from the filler with its subsequent condensation on the walls of the dome.
With the setting of the sun, the transparent dome is raised to provide air access to the filler; the filler absorbs moisture all night. In the morning the dome is lowered and sealed with a shock absorber; the sun evaporates moisture from the filler, steam collects in the upper part of the pyramid, condensate flows along the walls of the dome onto the pallet and fills the substituted container with water through the hole in it.
Preparation for the manufacture of HS start with the collection of filler.
Newsprint trim is used as a filler; paper from newspapers should be taken free from typographic font in order to prevent lead compounds from clogging the produced water. The job of collecting paper will take a lot of time, but during this time the rest of the GW elements are made. The base is welded from metal corners with shelf sizes 35x35 mm, four supports are welded to it from below. 10 of the same corners and eight brackets pos. 13. The brackets are interconnected by steel bars pos. 17 with a length of 930 mm. diameter is 10 mm.
A metal mesh with a mesh size of 15x15 mm is welded on top of the corner shelves. wire mesh diameter of 1.5-2 mm. Cut out of the steel strip four plates pos. 6. Along the holes in the plates, holes are drilled with a diameter of 4.5 mm in the corners of the base and the thread for screws VM 5 is cut; Then the base is installed in a place determined for HB in the garden plot, garden, etc. Place to choose so that the GW is not shaded by trees and buildings. After selecting the location of the base support is fixed in the ground with cement mortar. It is allowed to weld support plates with a diameter of 100 mm from steel sheet 2 mm thick. After that, four racks are alternately welded to the corners of the base square. Thus, the racks turned out to be 30 mm long at the center of the base at a height of about. The material of the crossbars is the same as the racks.
Then the pallet, pos. five; the edges of the pallet, which will be under the lining, "turn up to reinforce the attachment point. A circular hole with a diameter of 70 mm is cut out in the center of the pallet - to drain water. The edges of the holes can also be strengthened by welding an additional polyethylene lining.
Next, make the fixation on the racks mesh frame, which is a fine-mesh fishing net with a mesh size of 15x15 mm. The network is tied to the racks and the edges of the pallet of metal mesh using cotton braids so. so that the net is ryi about stretched between the racks. It is also desirable to tie the net to the crossbars, dividing the internal volume of the pyramid into two compartments. Before making a net for the last rack, the compartments (starting from the top) of the resulting mesh frame are tightly filled with crumpled pieces of newsprint. The filling should be done in such a way that there is no free space inside the pyramid and the protrusion of the mesh walls is minimal. Then proceed to the manufacture of a transparent dome. It is made of polyethylene film, which is cut according to the drawing of pos. 1 and is welded with a soldering iron along planes A, A1. Carry out the seam without overheating, so that the polyethylene does not become brittle at the weld.
To prevent a violation of the integrity of the dome at the top of the pyramid, it is covered with a kind of polyethylene “cap” - fragment B in the drawing of pos. 1. Then, having previously put the fragment B on the pyramid, gently put the dome on the frame. Spreading the dome, weld the edges of the C planes to each other: a kind of “obobochka” is obtained. A rubber ring of position 9 is made of a rubber tube. The ring is attached to the pyramid. Four extensions with hooks of position II are tied to the ring. It is pressed against the corners of the base with a shock absorber.A shock absorber o A ring made of 5000 mm long rubber tape with a width of 50 mm made of rubber bandage.In the absence of polyethylene of the required area for the dome, it is welded from several pieces of polyethylene.
For welding of polyethylene, it is recommended to use a 40-65 W soldering iron, a groove is made in the xoTopotp sting, and a metal disk 3-5 mm thick is fixed in the groove on the axis.
With the sunset, the transparent dome is tucked to the level of the crossbars and fixed in this position with braces, putting hooks on the rods pos. 17. During the night, the paper will absorb moisture and, in the morning, the dome is lowered, fixing its bottom edge on the bottom of the shock absorber. During the day, the sun will heat the pyramid, the moisture from the paper will evaporate, the steam will condense on the walls as it cools into water that flows down. Water is collected by substituting any container under the hole in the plastic tray. With the sunset the cycle is repeated. It is recommended to change the paper in GV every season, for the winter the dome should be stored indoors.
It is also recommended to change the dome after the loss of transparency of its walls.