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Criminalistics - P. Bilenchuk

6.2 CRIMINALISM IN UKRAINE IN XIX - ON THE COB OF XX century

Krimіnalіstichna literature . Krimіnalіstika yak samostіyna science take the cob of k nintsya XIX century. The rivals of the rivals rivals are the Austrian professor G. Gross (1847-1915) and the French crime criminal A. Bertillon (1853-1914), who have made a great contribution to the creation of a science important for science.

The form of criminal knowledge is implicitly tied to the development of criminal process science. Itself at pratsyah of processes, infringement on a priyum about priyomi zbirannya, manifestation of the previous verbal speeches, tactics of the consecutive sleddykh doshy. Russia has one of the first such vidi bullets prazіki P. Ratkevich "Mirror of Justice" (1805), the unseen author of "Krivnitsvo zі slіdchії chastini" (1831), M. Orlova "Retrieval of short kerivnitsva to conduct the following" (1833) "Presentation of court convocation of one hundred percent Russian litigation" (1841), M. Kalaidovich, "Tips for conducting court investigations" (1849), E. Kolokolova, "Rules for the first form of conducting investigations, stored behind the Law Code" (1850).

Active development of science on the side of interest in dealing with the evil of the other half of the 19th century Tsyomu was inspired by the ship reform of 1864 p. і access to science, redeployment in chemistry and medical care. At that hour, yakchitsyany appeared, so and the cross-border prazі, attributed to the different aspects of crime.

In the 90s, the boulders have seen bulletin іnstructions, kіrіvnitsva іn rozshuku, dіznannya tіі іnіlіstvі. So, in 1883 p. Kyiv prosecutor M. Shepelov distributing "Instructions to the police of the Kiev Court of Appeal for Change and Prior Order", were given instructions regarding the need for further investigation. An analogous instruction was seen in 1898. Kharkiv prosecutor V. Davidov.

In the middle of foreign countries, they have almost certainly added to the development of crime statistics, the "Crime for the judiciary, members of the foreign police and gendarmes" G. Gross. Tsya pratsya by my Russian roam came three times by the outlets at Smolensk (18951897). They haven’t only gotten to know more about robots, but they have gotten stuck with doing practical tactics and technical things, some people have to do some science, especially I know a new galaxy by G. Gross, having recognized the science of “about the reality of criminal law”, which is based on the vigorous legal and natural-historical methods, the subject of which is the factual aspect of the matter and the need for more information. Qiu science G. Gross calling criminalism. For such a lot of criminal criminals G. Gross, having studied the subject of science, see the newly created speech testimony, secrecy of the rule of robots with slides, detailed documents, and so on; vivchenny okremich vidіv zlochinіv; nourishment for a little bit of evil spirits (vivchennya jargon, zabobonіv skinny).

The police and gendarme attitudes vikoristovuvalis as well as the pratsі vіtchiznyanyh criminals: a monograph of the povitovoy police officer I. Snєgiryova "About Rozshuk" (1908), praztsya police general V. Lebedev "The Master of Roskritty Zlochinіv" (I. Anthropometry. II. Ship-police photography. III. Dactyloscopy), yak viilya trials 9-12. It is worth noting that V. Lebedov is better than forensic criminals in the field of crime understanding of crime: all science, who will understand the methods of revealing and gaining knowledge, knowing how to do it, criminal diznannya (razpituvannya obiznanih osb і svidkіv, finish accusations, obshuki, videos and look) and special methods oslіduvannya okremich category zlochinіv. In other words, there’s a look at the systematization of the reception of the criminal distribution with the method of opening up the evil ones, because of the truth of the matter.

In Ukraine in the first ten decades of XX century viratsi pratsі G. Breitmana, V. von Lange, G. Rudogo, de problems and criminology. Tsi pratsі did not reach out in literature, which is briefly characterized by ix.

Pratsi G. Breitman's “ Hindu Light. Narisi to the Profession of Malicious People ” (1901) is dedicated to tactful priioms, such as professionalism: malicious villains (marriages, dealers). Wanting a book by Kolichin’s chief of the Kharkiv branch of the police V. von Lange, “Ill-fated light. My guess about Odessa and Kharkiv” (1906) to keep up with the genre of knowledge, please category: murder, robe, robber, villain, shahra, counterfeiters, winemakers, discreet professions and malicious activities.

At 1905 p. for the orders of the Kiev police officer, the bulletin was seen "Sound about the business of the police department for 1902, 1903 and 1904", by the author of the official secretary G. G. I’m the whole Ukrainian criminal practitioner, who’s the one who prays for a long time, I don’t have enough money for the future, I’m independent of those who have earned a significant contribution from not only Ukrainian, but Russian crime.

Behind the oath and serpent Zvit G. Rudogo more than a naduє science monograph, here is a service document. There are 12 chapters in stock, a lot of food for organizing the retail business of the house, looking for food, horse-breeding, vagrancy, caring, prostitution, legal counsel, etc. More important is the project of the organization of fingerprint bureaus in the Russian Federation, preparation by the author of the directions for the preparation of the police in 1903 p.

There is no need for prazі G. Rudogo poleє to ensure that you donate songs before the science and technology firmly and thoroughly nourished the food and beverage industry. Having settled on the price of a dzherelo, you can vocally say that first in the Russian fingerprint bureau the organization was organized in Kiev and the number of people in the Russian Federation were asked to open the door for the most important reasons.

Pislya ship reform 1864 p. the number of OSBs, which was achieved by such expert examination, has significantly expanded. From the Statute of Criminal Judgment (Art. 326), as identified, individuals could have been requested by pharmacists, professors, teachers, technicians, artists, remnants, compartments and other specialties ... service abo parts ". Yak ekspertіv with pіpіvnyannya pіpispіv і handwriting allowed to get the same order of police officers.

Prior to the medical and medical expertise on the spot, most of the time they got the opinion of the management. Already in the 60-70s rocks of the XIX century. even more than all the stench of mali of regular experts, at the order of some kind of bullet microscope, chemical reagent and simpler possession. The lab was controlled by the laboratory under the Medicare Department, and at the same time I once again needed to work again.

Before asking for information about the pennies of pennant signs and the most important folders, the ship-expert mortgage periodically received the Expedition of the registration of the sovereign folders, I let out the folders and pennies, regional marks. As a rule, universities specialized in biological sciences were examined, shipboard organizations were curtailed to the Central Chemical Laboratory of the Ministry of Finance, experts were advised, and they were provided with additional information:

Technical examination of documents, company signs and signs, brand, health certificates of the Manufacturing Council of the Ministry of Finance and the Medical Council is glad at the Medical Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs An expert dyalnіstyu engaged in the same Rosіyske technical partnership. At a warehouse in 1878 bulletin was fotografichesky viddіl, dezdіysnyuvalisya іznі expertisi, zokrema doslіdzhuvuyu documents.

Often before the examination of the court and the police, they received advice from medicine, chemistry and psychiatry.

Vidomo, especially in Ukraine alone, was the first to commemorate the health and medical care of the hospital. A pioneer in tsyuyu straightforward bou Kharkiv University. There shche in 1866 p. F. Gan, having cleaned up a doctor’s dissertation, was dedicated to the shipboard medical reports of blood tests, and in 1893 p. Privat-docent S. Dvornіchenko writing a disaster report on the topic "Before eating about the blood of people and the blood of the creatures of the ship-medical business."