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Aesthetics - Levchuk L.T.

§ 4. THE MISSION OF THE MIDDLE

To the assertions of a new, Christian message, the ancient cult of a lively, sensitive people was replaced by a picture of the light, on the floor of which stood all-good and universal God - the creator of nature and people. Asceticism and ethical self-thoroughly people, the transfer of life values ​​from the reality to the life of a religious respect, spirit became moral and ideological ideals.

In winter, the natural thanks to the peasantry included the need and need for more forms of artistic work, and the church became the only substitute and mystery. She won the artists ’zhorstki і mezhі dіyalnostі - schodo zmіstu, artistic forms and creativity. Religious and artistic canon pretended to be the dictates of the cordon of art, schto, awesome, and called before the redemption of light in reliance of light (light of the earth, there is no greater need for artists), lingering in tongue with a singing order of love for the heavens - the mysterious soul is guilty not just of imagining, but of transferring to practice, to symbolize. Symbolism, allegory did not become only hourly rice of the middle mystery, but new artistic tricks, which, in a fair way, made light of mystery.

Within hours of the middle ages, a specific syncretism of the holy species of mystery in the church and ritual complex was reached. The architecture, vіdіyshovshi vіd spіvmіrnostі іn human, pіdnesla spirit її, opened the door to the magnifications of simple; fresco painting by populating a simple space of religion and history; real and water hour symbolically theatricalized service has revealed the one who is divine with divine light through the sound of magical dіy; Church music and music instilled spiritual harmony and soulfulness; least a little candle and lamps, a plow of water and warmth gave warmth and spiritual peace. And the usya was lively, the atmosphere was upsetting those especially self-respecting, since people were safe, spiritual, spiritual, spiritual and pious.

The axis is described by pouring abat XII Art. іz Saint Denі Sugerіy: 'If in moєmu zahoplennі krasoyu home Bozhogo blagolіpstvo bagatokolіrnih kamenіv vіdvertaє mene od zovnіshnіh potyagіv and worthy meditatsіya sponukaє rozmіrkovuvati about rozmaїtіst Holy chesnot, perehodyachi od materіalnogo to nematerіalnogo, todі I pochuvayusya existent nіbito in yakіys nezvichaynіy sferі Vsesvіtu, the yak is not spontaneous in the earthly troubles, and is not complete with heavenly purity, and with God's help I can bear the same rank of the lower one with the one who is holy ”2.

The significance of the middle-aged mysticism, as it was already decreasing, having secured the canonization of the Christian faith. The whole world was inspired by the unity of Christian middle-cultural culture, which gave us the opportunity to exchange a lot of artistic achievements. That navigating in such a zdeblyshy nameless, unconcernedly artful artwork approved at one and the same time was overwhelmed by the independence of national and religious art schools. The majority of historical and roman style, as well as the Gothic, the Yak rozpovsulsya overwhelmingly in the non-Romanian countries of Europe, the original mystery of the Russian Rus- sia is the middle of Christianity. Significant tricks are characterized by a mystery, especially the middle one.

Romanesque style (IX - XII century) is an architectural style, which was formed in the period of intensive work during the hours of the rule of Charlemagne. It’s easier for someone to chew on the content of constructive elements from Roman architecture, sticking to new minds and consumers. The main form of yogi is a temple, a monastir, a prince’s castle.

Exotic kam'yanі "orlinі gnіzda" on the skeleton over the river we sleep village, massive kam'yanі temples on the squares of for-tets. hostilely equip the monasteries, they were very large land areas - a mustache for the sake of those who are given the opportunity to wrest their own vigorous susidov. For locks and home appliances, characteristic boules of goods with teeth and circular gatherings at the top, often boules of natural skeletons, yak stinks were populated with an upright abrasive stake. Skela, at her own house, was encircled by a glybok moat. The interior of the castle’s castle (such as the entrance door, the entrance door, the door and door entrance, the stone wall) were close to the church. The revival of the internal and decorative decorative elements is especially characteristic for the French Roman architecture. Stylistic singularities of the Roman epoch singing world of knowledge

Cit. for: Losev A.F. Aesthetics of the Renaissance. M., 1978. C 511-512.

They didn’t rely on the budding life and the bulky equipment.

Gothic style originated in France in the middle of the XII century. And becoming one at the Moscow week, especially the church and the huge buds, right up to the XVI century. The appearance of the Gothic style was tied up with a rogue role and a culture of culture, which, at one's house, amused the monopoly church at the church. Vono went to the hands of many remisnikov, revised at the main workshops, and as a result, it was not only the big ones that broke up the buddies, but the church ones. Moreover, the residents of the church often came from residents, although the formalities of the church were paid for by the clergy. The order with the Moscow Cathedral was, as a rule, a town hall.

Characteristic constructive elements of the Gothic architecture? arch and crypt. Masivnist stіn zmenshuetsya, more arches spiraling on buttress. Significant business cards are replaced by windows that are jammed with color windows. Zovnіshnі stіni that іnter'єr to the temple decoratively nasichenіy as architectural elements, so і sculpture. Stories for the relief of the image, in general, in the most frequent sound of the genre of the scene, as well as the characters of the folk Cossacks.

Gothic style has expanded on painting, book miniature, sculpture and navigation to people’s traditional look: clothes, embellishments, hairstyles. Itself in the Gothic era, with significant peace, the development of medium-sized literature is activated. We will interpret the Ritsar epic - “Writing about Roland”, “Writing about Nibelungiv”. In основхній foundations - the trimming of historical legends is poetic, as well as glorify the war deeds of feudal lords.

XII - XIII Art. Likewise, the lyricism of lyricism came through, I knew the picture of the creators of the troubadours on the week and the streets on the night of France, as well as the benefit of the city of Nimetchin. The main theme of the trainings is the love of Dames for specific persons (courteous) forms. Love to Dami is a dzherelo of an interconnected internal self-thoroughness of the lyceum. For its nature, courtesy of the love of the bajuja to results is courtesy. Vaughn is not designed for reach, but for experience. Wonderful and wonderful to bring joy to the wicked. For the sake of gladness to come after the citizens, as if they voluntarily accepted. By singing a gift of the development of a courteous poetry buv “Romance about the Troyanda”, in a certain ideal of cultural culture of love and love for women. The system of courtesans to understand is locked up in a cordon of cordial love of all Christian garbage, morality, a mustache, ”a side-by-side form of life. Well, cherish, by virtue of its genius and encyclopedia, the cost of Dante Aligur’s Divine Comedy. The prominent achievements of English engagement are the “Canterbury Opera” by Jeffrey Chaucer. The appreciation of the creator of the pitch is in the fact that the singing world is encyclopedic in literary genres in the middle.

The Vizanti style is very special, since Vizanti’s antique tradition hasn’t been broken at all, as it was at the entrance. Here the mystery of a significant world was seen in the function of relaying and didactics, all the same for the cultural recession, as if the ancient tradition had been preserved, Vizantia could not.

Naybilshu povezanіst with traditions of antiquity small capital Vizantії Constantinople. Itself here at 532-537 pp. St. Sophia Church was founded - the most significant monument of the architecture of architecture. Іperators of Vіzantії, іdkreslyuyuchi zvіazok її with Rome, we have seen their artists, abi і tіvnіvlyayutsya at the monuments of the Roman Budіvnitsva. That thrashing, overthrow of the Moscow culture over the village encouraged the development of architecture, painting, mosaics, murals and applied mysteries.

Another non-transcendental sign of the Byzantine style, having drawn on new artistic styles, especially of Siberian and Palestinian ones. Itself with this in vain to bind the rose of the mystery of Vizanti at the 9th century, as long as a new architectural and painting canon is formed, in some kind of a complete chorus the songwriting is completed.

There is a period of seizure activity and contact with the Visitor of Kyiv Rus. Having adopted Christianity, Russia vіdkrila doors vіzantіysky architects, mayors, artists. Memories of Kyivan Russia to tell you about the meaningful influx of the school of art to the old school. The strength of the cultural culture was markedly marked by the development of Western Europe, especially the hour of the Holy Campaign at the XIII century.

'Візантія has adjusted its strong self-righteousness of literature, revised Christianity, where to enter the music (Roman Slad-kospіvets, Sergiy, Patriarch of Constantinople, patriarch of Russia), history, history and education Traditions of ancient literature were introduced in the most famous love affairs, historical stories, and encyclopedias.

Significant reach of the Byzantine mysticism of the music, is overtly ecclesiastical. Schopravda, I didn’t have victorious tools, because it’s too much to conquer the psalms and the words, all the words.

Візантійські litіrііні melodies and gimnі with significant meaning have been injected into the music of the Latin church; the stinks formed the basis of the melody of the Russian Orthodox Church. At once, from Christianity to Russia came the Greek and Bulgarian spirits from Russia.

On the map of the Western Europe during the period Serednіvchichya saved power and centralized management. A dominant role is played by a middle center, a series of crafts, mysteries, blessings and bargains. Vіzantіya has unleashed the reach of both Western and Western cultures. This must have secured the third dominant spiritual and cultural camp of Mayzhe for the entire period of the middle.