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Aesthetics - Levchuk L.T.


At the turn of the XIV - XV centuries, a place to go to Italy, and then to Europe, changed our minds to a divine mystery, which was often turned into ancient traditions, which were reconciled with new spiritual and artistic streams. Such a turn was zoomed in by the complex of cultural and historical intercourse: the development of commodity virology, trade, and at once with them of cultural culture, sanctuary, science, and so it was that the singing world was full of other things. A new culture has begun to flourish in quiet italian places, as if they were intermediaries in trading contacts between the Descent and the Sunset, the middle of the West and the West. Until then, Italy nikoli didn’t spend any residual antique traditional Roman culture.

XIII Art. It marked a singing rozvіt of all cultural culture and mortgage p_dvalin in culture Vidrodzhennya. Through Italy Vizantіska, I spent a lot of time in Europe. 1240 p. in Paris, having come to a university, is the first mortgage in Europe, in the middle of the euro of science and philosophy. Itself here having burnt out his dіalnіst іtalіysky monk-dominikanets Thomas Akvinsky-cue. a kind of faithful Christianity with aristotelism, which was known to us above the earth and the earth (real), viru and rosum. Nova theologicheskaya Dumka kept autonomously recognizing human beings and earthly life, she recognized organism їh Unity with the supernatural. Otzhe became possible because of the close proximity of nature to the image of nature, and that people are very isolated.

Slide mean, scho італійських майстрів кінця XIII Art. Wait for the frescoes of the Roman Empire to be filled, the ancient mystery zagagali. Ale ix of Viktoria, copying the bully is impotent, the fragments of the ideological serpent didn’t fundamentally invest in the one that took up and panuvav. Less new is the philosophical ministry, which has inspired the soul with style, has awakened interest to the inner light of people and forms of physical supremacy, with the help of forthcoming trials we have learned to increase the psychology of Christianity. Tsey process trivaє i poninі. I can see at all times the characteristic features: the period of proto-renaissance, the clear mysticism of the other half of the 13th century. (ducente), which was designated as the next impulse of the Byzantine school, and the mystery of the XIVth Art. (tricente), signified by the non-transcendent Gothic infusion. The Renaissance itself has three periods: the early vidrodzhennya (quattrocente) of the first half of the 15th century, the temple of vidrodzhenny (the other half of the XVth - the cob of the 16th century) and that, but modification, the Renaissance (16th century).

New artists ’ideas have found themselves beginning to appear in the frescoed little ones. At the other half of the XIII century Rome is alive with a bagatim of artistic life, vidbudovuvalsya but vsebuduvalyvalis temples, ordering ikhnі іnter'єri, peredusim for ancillary fresco painting. Itself here, at Rome, praised the same mainstream, as P'єtro Cavallini, Jacopo Torriti, Cimabue, Filippo Rusuti, the creativity of these was known as innovative elements.

At the turn of XIII - XIV Art. stating to himself і Dante Alіgіrі - the rest of the song sings middling and the first hour of the first new era. All the important things to do, especially the French poetry of troubadours was clearly seen on Dante’s creative work, so I myself did a great deal for Petrarch, like living in France when I’m not at home in France. Not less than a miracle was introduced to the work of the troubadours and the creativity of Bocaccio.

Naibіlsh vіdomomimymi majstramy ostagnogo period to the proto-Renaissance Buli Giotto i Duccio. Giotto, without a doubt, is recognized as the most important figur, who has seen the middle of the world and has revived the space of the spring of the mystical mystery. A new concept will be based on two of the most important artistic principles — the prospective transmission of the trim space and the volumetric interpretation of plastic figurines. Giotto, having finished painting the system, can be grounded on the parts of the creations (all sponuka to the “pictorial” art), giving the classmates an amazing clarity and reading of the monumental form, plasticity is easy to adjust.

The mastery of early Vidrodzhennya is represented by the school of art schools: Florentine - Masaccio, Donatello, Brunellesque; Crowned - Giovanni Bel-lіnі; Umbrian - P'ro della Francesca. The main trends of the development of perspective and trim, relief image of the human body, those paintings, sculptures and architecture have become independent mysteries, since they were earlier established. Appearance of easel painting, so that independent painting can be tied to the vast traditions of the mother at home altar-fold.

The High Renaissance significantly perished and psychologically recognizing people. The artists reached out for the wraparound for the development of perspectives, color and bagatism. The great importance of the Maistri was given to the anatomical people, without knowing how, it seemed impossible to achieve success in painting and sculpture. First smiles, the artists themselves, as well as the partners, who otchu otchuvali, blasphemed significant and creative specialties. The haggling humanistic character of the age of Vidrodzhennya doesn’t seem to live up to the pathos of the depicted people. The very humanistic view of the people at the end of the high school was shaken by the mitzvos of the epoch (Botticelli, Mikelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Rafael, Bramante, Giorgione, Tizian, Pallasurenuyu culture).

Dіyachі Vіdrodzhennya, vіdstoyuyuchi the right of people to freedom, to samoviyav, part for all of them felt inadvertent and hit hit izolovanogo people іsnuvannya. This very place of hypertrophied indivi duality, which is not the least supportive, of supremely governing principles, led up to the modern age of the opportunity of the rooted bachelor and the beginning of the age of manhood, so that before you can be creative.

Manism (vіd іtal. - vigadlivost, manіnnіst) was called the mysticism of the age of the late Vіdrodzhennya. Z іtalіyskyh manners can be called P. Tіbaldі, B. Chellіnі, B. Ammanatі, J. Vazarі; h іspanskih - Spruce Greco; from the Netherlands - Brueghel the Elder, Jeronim Bosch. All these artists are characterized by excellence and perfection, perfection and subtlety. Our artist Mova is subtle and subtle, intelligent and manic. Tsya epoha loanє may all XVI century

In the Italic mystery of 1520 p. Three trends have emerged. Persha, who had been pretended to be safe in the lack of fabrication of a harmonious idea of ​​a high Vidrodzhennya, was more sedated to formal classicism, a kind of ancestor. A friend, on the other hand, is characterized by a wide range of creative creativity, new ideas, a lot of people who are mysterious, who want to learn more and more humane, so much more dramatic, more practical. Tselіnіya Mikelangelo, Tіtsіana, Caravaggio, for the yakim you can see the ear of baroque. I, nareshti, the third is the anti-classical rebellion of the Manistrist.

Doba Vіdrodzhennya not to indulge in the vіdrodzhennyam of ancient traditions, finding the mysteries of individuals. With it priyshov an outrageous suspension revolution, and in the realm of art dyalnosti - a reference to the revolution. Artists more and more tear up the sounds of the repair shops, change the profession, and notice the remaining remnants of the craft, becoming the cob of the profession and want more artists. The artist’s self-image, self-image, imaged the greatness of their cutaneous skin, water quality, high traditional sound quality, low tradition and innovation became the basis for classic painting painting.

Activization of art practice, and later, of суп вод жу ро вод ро ва ро ро ро--те пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок пок ро ро ро суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп, суп ро ро ро ро ро суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп суп практики. Painting Brothers Karrach Organized the first Academy of Mysteries in Bologna. All the same words are rosumіnnі words vishcha school, write more vіdomiy mystestvoznavets-doslіdnik B. Vіpper. Here specialists (philosophers, doctors, poets) read lectures on aesthetics, anatomy, and literature. Here likar Lanzonі on dead bodies explaining the physiological budova of people, and one of the brother-organizers of the school Agostino reading lectures from the perspective and theories of the winter class. Two of the older brothers were burying with the minstries of the igor. The Academy is small in number of engravings, engravings and medals, hour by hour, organized a competition for short robots with a visible premium for peremogtsyam.

Gotuvati became such an artist, not through the beginning of a robot with a material - a canvas, farbahs, penzel, but through penetration into the theory, at the basis of the rosy nature of the subject of mystery, so that they started the artistic method. Theoretical sanctification gave a complete sutual development of self-esteem, professional self-sufficiency, maystra, individual, rozmostost mystery. Vono the other day has spent anonymity, it has become the author’s fault.

Drawn XVI - XVII Art. In principle, they’ve lost their creativity and experience. The social emancipation of the artist was much appreciated and reserved for the patronage of arts - the mitzvahs were asked to the court, ladies, kings, grandees appeared at their service. Schopravda, who didn’t exclude the artist’s deposits, especially the smakov’s deputy. That is, to the point of respect, that ї н н н см аки форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму форму.

At the time of practice, the practice of performing art workshops was formed, the confession of the yak vinyatkovyh, and the year the yak system. In the other half of the 17th century later on there were exhibitions of members of the Paris Academy, and on the cob of the 18th century - public exhibitions in the Louvre salons. To this day, a systematic criticism of the wormavails in periodical views was systematic. zokrema in the newspapers.

Ozhe, the age of Vіdrodzhennya basically changed the foundation of the mystery of the artist in suspension. The mastery came closer to science, politics, social philosophy, the ever-growing role of the over-awakening, the overcoming of the social forms, and spirits of the spiritual life of suspension. The mystery became the right way to create the song of a singing ideal, which, by its own means, merged suttuously into the whole system of formative elements of mystery.