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Culturology - T. Gritsenko

8.2.2. England

The mystical architecture of England, as well as all the spiritual life in general, means a double, super-quick-witted character. There are a lot of earlier, lower in the rivals of Europe, winnings of new activities in the art, innovative solutions in the architecture of Budapest. However, a number of cutting-edge trends didn’t swell fake and universal growth. England, with the leading rank, less than a hunch, posed artistic problems, and the virishuvati of them fell even to the most recent countries, most of France

The architecture of the English kincy XVIII - the first third of the XIX century.

A pre-coup d'etat, which has been spread out in England around the 1760s. I wiklikav zrostannya Mist, having become aware, at the top of the chergu, for the development of the future architecture and architecture. Vіdkrittya at the galuz metallurgists accounted for the widespread victory in the metal industry in Budva. Zrostannya transport stars zvyazkіv supervodzhuvalosya to know for example the XVIII century. new ones for the material and for the type of Budivel - arches and beams of the chavunny and zaliznyh bridges. Metal structures are secured at factory and factory. In fact, it’s not the architects, however, the results were not passed without a trace. On the map of the ancient European land, English architecture of the XVIII century - the cob of the XIX century Demonstration of the rosma style style.

Classical and romantic tendencies in architecture

Classicism, scho 1760-1780 pp. having given in English architecture a low high reach, at the middle there is more to yourself. Having gone round the stage of empire, the architecture went all the way to straightforward antique music, engaged in daily styling, but before the prize was learned from the classical forms, it seemed to look even more eclectic. Suddenly іsnuvav і strong neogothic collapse, scho originated at the middle of the XVIII century. Neridko one and the same maystri were at that and in the old style. Creativity of two prominent architects of the whole hour, John Nesh and John Soane, demonstrating in vain the bagatomanism is straightforward.

As a matter of fact, at the early project of the English Bank of Soane, there is a vivid view of the reliance on the ancient decline and on the idea of ​​classicism, then equip the cob of the 19th century. (Museum in Dulvich College near London, the city of Londinsky boulevards), in all the same time there were vicious victories in the classic form, see even the most modern architecture ahead.

W ith a great need for a grandiose project - a forgotten quarter near London West End, an aristocratic district of the capital. Recovering from 1812, in the galley two Moscow parks - Regent Park and St. Park - equipping fashionable living rooms at a traditional building for the English terraced system, that is, a complex of fully equipped apartment buildings. Offended by the green masivi that were forgotten by Nesh Vulitsy - Regent-str. At his ensemble, the architect was embroiled in classicism, victorious galleries with bagatami columns, porticos and loggias.