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Commodity Innovation Policy - Kardash V.Ya.

9.3. Ergonomіchnі vimogi to the product

Ergonomicity is the basis of the authority, which characterizes the preference for the construction of a product until it’s possible to cope with the physical and biological peculiarities of people.

Before the brains of a rational, ergonomic design, bring together the specific region of specific components in the system “people - technology - middleware”, which can be seen in the process of functioning virobi. Such features include: the type of virobus and the special robots; sv людrіdnіst human organism; think of a mid-way treasure. However, for overwhelming benefits, ergonomics of any product will be necessary for this product. The strength of vikoristannya is possible to signify the superiority of power, which characterize the level of comfort in the case of people with an object. Yak vidomo, living with the best of all, respect to myself on ti power, viro, which can be appreciated. I’m going to overlook the results, not the technical process of getting it right. Nayprostіsha utilіtarna vzamodіya people with speeches є mє предмет це сп for the victorious subject of a special cohabitation - clothes, inflated skinny. If you speak є nemovbi a part of self ’people, that’s why you have to think about your mother’s design form, as if you’d like anatomical physiology. Ozhe, leather is a product of a special cohabitation requiring the need for peace with people to cinnamon authorities (Fig. 74).

The complex of vimogs to seemingly simple virobіvs is awkward, ale for the hi-tech technological possession, energy-conserving technology of technology with flexible, ergonomic vimogs є: availability of a working space; rationalism and readability of other indicators; zruchnost at a glance behind signaling annexes; normal riviera of natural and piece lighting (Fig. 75).

Vimogi to the goods

Fig. 74. Vimogi to the goods, scho no-maintenance service

Sound of people with technical products of a by-product designation

Fig. 75. The sound of people with technical goods of by-product designation

Peculiarities of the human body means that you can help people to go to the next hour of technical and technical servicing. We are designing a new comrade, coming from the rosum of that fact, people have a complex of physiological, psychological, anthropometric, biomechanical characteristics (gigantic ones can also be a self-contained component in the system “people - technology”).

It is especially significant for manual development in the exploitation (comfortable) technology of the most important parameters of the main anthropometric indicators of people (Table 38).

Thus, the requirement for transferring the legal requirements to the sanitary-hygienic standards of living standards and respect for people. All the rest of the life, vologosti, toxicity, noise, very thin. Let’s have a clear view of how to respect such a person, so as to protect you from the unforgiving congregation, I need the necessary processes. Win is signified by strength and contrast, by color, by marriage of dignified spouses. Physiological vimogs are crammed into the fraud of the physiological authorities of the people’s particularities of the functional organs of sensitive organs (dawn, smell, hearing, dotik). Designing, for example, manual and pedal control of automobiles and the same analogous technology, requiring the possibility of uninterrupted stress of the very same man of water by the stretch of the trivial hour (statically busy). Anthropometric vimogs are based on the need for all-inclusive vrahuvannya in the construction of virozrost, masi, rozmіru people and the environment of the private parts of the country. For example, the design of the operator’s appearance for the operator and the user’s body, and the importance of the control - the functional anatomy of the hand. The order іz cim bіomekhanіchnі vimogi ryryayut tornennya such viroba, vikoristannya yak not lead up to a loan vtomy. Psychological vimogas may be of concern the lightness and the liquidity of the form of a little navigator of the viroba for the designated purposes. A detailed description of ergonomic indices of yakosti is given in table. 39.

Efficiency of interchange of people with a diverse product of bagato in which to lay down the middle of the middle treasure. It is especially worthwhile to take into account such parameters as the temperature, as the temperature is the same as the temperature, and the temperature is too high. The important ergonomic vimogs є also the need to create a comfortable medium for people who want to use (Vikoristovє) goods (Table 40).

Table 38

BASIC ANTHROPOMETRIC DANI PEOPLE (cm)

BASIC ANTHROPOMETRIC DANI PEOPLE

Designation

Naymenuvannya rozmіru

Cholovik

Zhіnka

m - 2 s

m *

m + 2 s **

%

m - 2 s

m

m + 2 s

%

A

Zrіst (without swelling)

163

175

187

100

153

165

177

100

B

Visota Rivnya eyes of people, kotra cost

153

164

176

94

143

154

165

93

C

Visota shoulder people, kotra stand

134

144

154

82

124

134

144

81

D

Visota over the people who are standing

101

108

116

62

95

103

110

62

E

Visota number of people, one hundred

47

51

54

29th

46

49

53

thirty

F

Hand swings

173

186

198

106

153

165

177

100

G

Vіdstan vіd kіnchikіv fingers іnnіng hands up to the back

80

86

92

49

66

71

76

43

H

Dovzhina peredpіlchchya i hands and hands

44

48

51

27

40

43

46

26

І

Shoulder width

42

46

49

26

37

40

42

24

TO

Tulubu Fellowship

21

23

24

thirteen

23

25

27

fifteen

L

Quilting width

29th

32

34

18

32

34

37

21

M

Visota heads over sidіnnyam

83

90

95

51

78

84

90

51

N

Riven of eyes over sid_nnyam

73

79

84

45

68

73

78

44

ABOUT

The height of the shoulders above the sidіnnyam

55

60

63

34

fifty

54

58

33

R

Visota over the sidinnyam

21

23

24

thirteen

20

21.5

23

thirteen

R

Vіdstan vіd kolіna people, scho sit, until sіdnitsі

57

61

65

35

52

56

60

34

S

Dovzhina sidіnnya (lower part of stegna)

44

48

51

27

43

46

49

28

T

Visota sidіnnya over pіdlogyu

42

45

49

26

40

43

46

25

U

Visota quilted people, sit

12

thirteen

14

7.5

thirteen

14

fifteen

8.5

V

Dovina stop

25

27

29th

fifteen

23

25

27

fifteen

X

Foot width

9.5

10

10.5

5.7

8.5

9

9.5

5.5

Y

Dovzhina brush

18

19

21

eleven

16

17.5

18.5

10.5

Z

Visot brush

9

9.5

10.5

5.5

7.5

8

8.5

4.8

* centimeters.

** Root mean square.

Table 39

ІЄРАРХІЧНА STRUCTURE OF THE YERGONOMIC INDICATORS IN YAKOSTI PRODUCT

Group indicators

Single indicators

Гігієнічні

Riven of ventilation, temperature, temperature, temperature, electrical and electrical voltage, toxicity, noise reduction, and noise reduction

Anthropometric

View the viroba rozmіram tіla peoplenivіdpovіdnіst virobu formі tila peoplenivіdpovіdnіst virobu rozpіlenny masi people

Physiological and psychophysiological

the power of the power of the power of the power of the power of the power of the power of the power of the

Psychologist

viddovnіst navichkvvdnіpnіvnost abilities sprynyattyta and acquisition of information

Table 40

FEATURES OF THE MINDS OF THE EXTERNAL MIDDLE AT THE WORKING MISSION OF A PERSONAL OPERATOR

Middlehouse Camp

Specialties

Comfort

The center of the middle ground is safe for the optimal dynamics of prazdatatnosti, the good of self-esteem and the protection of healthy human operator

Pleasantly uncomfortable

The camp of the middle ground is safe and sound and healthy and healthy by the stretch of the singing hour, ale spričinyaє unacceptable sub'єktivnі vіdchuttya and functional znіni, yakі, however, do not go beyond the norm limits

Extreme

The stanchion’s camp leads to the lowering of the prejudice of the human operator and the functional functions, as well as between the norms, but not to the pathological organisms

Overextreme

The camp of the middle ground is brought up to pathological changes in organisms and people and immobility

From now on, the main mental rational ergonomic design ов obov'yazkov is more complex than the specific features of the components of the “people – technology – middleware” system, which shows up in the last hour of the work of the robot (Fig. 76). To such features, submit:

  • type of virobot and special function;
  • peculiarities of human organisms;
  • think of dovkill.

lyudina technika sredovische

Fig. 76. Functional diagram of the system “ludina - technology - middleware”

The main result of an effective ergonomic design is to respect the accessibility of a different level of comfort - more positive psychological, psychological and physiological knowledge, which means that there are a lot of public contacts.

Nowadays there is a natural rhetoric, ergonomic and functional power of goods to be used with the most important officials of competitive competence. Achievement of a higher level of government and of organically reconciling the authorities should secure a complex of special art-design robots, which will help you to design a product and a product. To the warehouse of technical inventory (TK) include special equipment for cleaning and decorating materials, processing technology, as well as ergonomics. At the technical presentation on the presentation of the analysis of the various options, the main option of the artistic, ergonomic and texture-color variation is selected. It is necessary to evaluate the need for specially designed art models and mock-ups.

The main types of art and design documents, which include ergonomic and natural power of new goods, є:

  • drawing of a horned lion;
  • ergonomic scheme with sound elements and parameters of the system “ludina - virib - middle ground”;
  • a description of the graphic elements; map of texture and color virishennya.

At such a postponent technical design, I am making the material basis of the subject, and the shape design of the subject is in order to preserve value, so that we can buy goods, we are suitable for the buyer. Zrozumіlo, what else can be reached more than you can think of the most practical designers, designers and marketers.

The problems of complex regulation of food, related to the formulations of normative security processes for the design of ergonomic technological systems, for the minds of globalization of economic vnudnosynuvayut overvital relevance. We want to take an active part in the holidays in Ukraine, in order to ensure the highest quality products and regional products, and the recommendation of international organizations. It is unfortunate that in a row of goals of the powers-participants of the CIS, the Midzhdzhavna program was conquered by the Russian Federation’s standardized program in the middle of the security service and protect most of their products for reciprocal deliveries for 2000-2005.

Thus, the term “design” for the most rozumіnny vikoristovyu to designate the entire sphere of art design. Vin okhoplyu creativity of the artist-designer (practice of designing), the results of practical work (virobi, we went through the art-design fragmentation - to produce design), as well as the theory of art design.