This page has been robot translated, sorry for typos if any. Original content here.

Aesthetics - Levchuk L.T.

§ 2. SUBJECT OF AESTHETICS: THE FORMATION OF THE PROBLEM OF SCIENCE

A long time ago aesthetics. Naked nonsense on the role of aesthetics at the established subject, not to be forgotten, even later in the V art. BC I’ll be able to attend to self-knowledge, to learn more about the spontaneous and practical approach to business, to the cosmology of the cosmos (to the cosmos as a means of harmony, docility, beauty). But later on, the cynicism of the need for viroblyat osmislyuvati zagolny understand, systematize pіznane. The water hour will be a foldable and superfluous period in the social and political life of the Greeks: win with Persia, the struggle of the aristocracy with democratic tendencies, and conflict between policies. The first cycle of nature, naturally living more and more of the idea of ​​quiet cultural and social evils, has transformed the walnut philosophy in a fundamentally new area. Possibly, the workshop itself provided postal services for the populace of Yaskravih Muslims. Among them, it is more special to place Socrates (470– 399 pp. BC.).

Theoretical look of Socrates spiraled on a politically-ethical basis, in the end, see the meaning of good and evil. Criticism of Afrika’s democracy, Socrates, having squandered on the transfer of power, is short of the moral representatives of suspension. Morality, with a yogi rosumіnnі, ma є vistupati baiting justice, honesty, noble people.

Take the basis of the principle of dotsіlnostі, Socrates having reckoned with a rose of love between the most beautiful and the most beautiful and the cinnamon. The philosopher, having used the understandings of kalokagathy, is the last day of the old Greek words, the beautiful and the good (thorough). Slide pidkresliti, but one of the most intuitive to understand the ancient aesthetics, yak meant harmony of the inner and the inner, so that I can imagine the beauty of the indivis. Term kalokagatiya in a different way is interpreted in a specific period of social and historical development of antique suspension. Particularly rozumіli kalokagatyu yak osnovіshnyu behavior of people, like a water hour is the sign of ії її internіchnі yakostі. Herodotus, having called kalokagathy with religious rituals, moralu zhertsіv. Plato, having respected the principle of kalokagatija má nayprymіshe vіdnoshenіya to the profesії vіnіvіv, to understand vііskії honesty and morality. That year, the Greeks of the Daedalus more respected the transformation of kalokagathy in the sphere of sanctification, the vivacity of people. In Vlasne, the idea of ​​comprehension of the concept of understanding was appreciated. The tendency is small and straightforward before the conception of Aristotle, which is an interpretation of the kalokagatiya and harmony of the inner and the inner. With all the necessary inner wisdom, yak, at first thought, bring ludina to the grave assurance of the unity of beauty and goodness, of natural and moral, so as to harmonize people with the norm of normalizing people. Since it’s not a good thing to aggravate such a wiki, then I must accept it through self-thoroughly heavy work. Zauvazhimo, shcho good deeds, the principle of kalokagathy has long been blessed, the mystery of which has been put into practice by living with our creative skills. With the noses of the very harmonious, high moral and ethical insight and diane, the heroes of Fidia, Poliklet, Sophocles are seen.

In the case of historical history, the principle of kalokagaty buv zabutium, and the ethics and aesthetics were all more rose and were skinned, robbed them of their high power. The problem of tying this science has shifted to the realm of mystery, and the most typical aspect of achieving interconnected ethics and aesthetics is the problem of mystery and morality.

For the sake of Socrates, the statement of the problem of the beautiful and the cinnamon, as well as the test of the Yakomog, is better than the familiarity.

Aesthetic look of Socrates brought creative work to the philosophical conceptual representative of the ancient philosophical philosophy of Plato (427—347 pp. BC.). The aesthetic recession of the yogi is tied to the requirements of nature to the splendid beauty, the dzherel of talent, the problems of the aesthetic vikhovannya. I especially respect the philosopher giving vivchennyu mystery. To clarify, secrecy, tim, scho mystery was especially important for the living Afin V - IV century BC є. The Afrika’s democracy has achieved the right to a theater without any cost, the nation’s pagan poetry has shown creativity and music. Continuing the tradition of Socrates, Plato got stuck in a mystery with the process of formulating the moral code of the people: it’s very positive and negative. Philosopher rozshiriv estheticnuyu problems. In the theoretical dialogues of the present there are thoughts about the beauty of beauty, about hats of attainment of the absolutely beautiful. I want absolutely more beautiful things from the ideal view, but the very possibility is simple and easy to fold into the perfect beautiful hats to the theoretical theoretical reach of the aesthetic.

The water time for the Platon’s mothers is due to oversimplification of the resolution and the highest number of natural problems, as much as the Maybut ones are better than the numerical ones, but they’re more understandable. conception. So, in the dialogs "Ion", "Power" Plato is crowded, on one side, with the "divine" power of the mitts, and on the other - with the diminished through the practicality of the utilitarian (practical-cinnamon) heritage of the mittsya. To the thought of Plato, it’s not poetry, but lіkar’s chi remіsnikovі slіd vіddati perevagu, more іhnya dіyalnіst is practically meaningful. The problem of the role of mystery in spiritual development of people, the form of a respectable culture has not been theoretically formed, and on the other hand, art and remoteness of mystery in the practice of self-awareness and self-esteem.

Porvnenyuchi of God - poet - rapeseed - glance, Pla-tone to lead poets as a mediator, a kind of God conveyed the blessing of people. The price of the function is formal, respecting the philosopher, the father, the highest degree of creativity to be practiced.

Another problem of discussion was Plato’s test of making the sub'ct in esthetics known. Tse і mislacha spoglyadayuyu lyudina, і light of absolute ideals, і light souls, yakі zdatnі pіznavati sutnist. We knew that God had adjusted the universal beauty, and beautiful things were much more incomplete than the copy of the universal beauty, Plato noted at the “Gippy Bilshiy” dialosis: “It’s beautiful — hard” 2.

The peak of ancient aesthetics is called the theoretical recession of Aristotle (384–322 pp. BC). I justice, “Praetika”, “Rhetoric”, “Politics”, “Metaphysics”, “Ethics” have a wide range of natural problems.

At the theory of Aristotle, I have a clear need to catch a good grave in space - the nose of harmony, order, and perfection. Aesthetically pleasing and mysterious wisdom, like the image of holy harmony. Aristotle on top letting the structure of aesthetic categories be unfolded, uttering completely rosy beautiful, tragic, comical. Among the significant theoretical reach of the philosopher is that the basic principle of creative creativity is met with the main principle of creativity. Aristotle, having respected the scholarship of people. The very same thing is to know the people of the world. Through the first-hand lyudina nabuva ших the first knowledge, the skill. The results of the foreclosure are filled in, almost a little satisfactory, and they are also present in them.

Ponyattya mіmezis pіznіshe bulo transformed in rose-

Plato. Apology of Socrates, Criton, Hippias the Greater, Ion // Op .: 3 vol. M., 1968. T. 1. S. 185. 13

timidly recognized function of mystery, also on Aristotle’s thought, do not forget the stimulus, recognition, a little satisfaction, activity. The very power to mimeziso bulo is victorious as it is for the introduction of a figuratively-symbolic concept in the middle age. Aesthetic look of Aristotle wasn’t only due to a problematic problem, as it were for his predecessors, but for his pedagogy, elements of psychology, mysticism (masking respect for the mystery of new coordinates - genera and genres). Vidova specifics of mysticism т due to the ability to mimezis from vikoristan to an extremely wide arsenal of ideas - sound, farby, words, form of speech. Since the theory of creativity of Plato was naughty on the city’s, over-the-top stimuli of enchantment, then the TV of Aristotle's “Poetics”, having called up to the paganism of artwork, which was transmitted to them during the process of revival, bless.

Significantly, in the theoretical decline of Aristotle's loan, the process of developing new natural ones should be understood, as well as further theoretically primed as well as the same for the analysis of natural things. Feel free not to be less than mimesis, but kalokagatii, catharsis. Aristotle won’t understand the natural problems before understanding, as the canon is the system of norms and rules for developing mysticism , hedonism (nasolod) is numbing for a bit of nature, mysticism, and it’s a little bit like that, Look at Aristotle herself, you can serve with the butt of dynamical processes not less than the problems of science, and that of the most powerful and categorical apparatus, spiraling around like that of aesthetics and could help me to learn more.

Rosette of aesthetically thought in the lands of the Descent. For the culture of a long-lasting Descent of power, tradition and conservatism. The following hour and hour were dogmatized: with a stretch of thousands of times, the same forms were formed in economic, social and political and cultural galleys. (Before the turn of the krai Descent mi including India, China, Arab-Muslim countries).

India. Pershii Іndіysky treatise of aesthetic rozdumіv "Natya-Shastra" bouv vidomiy at I st. n є. You can bring it to the forefront of the analysis of psychology creativity, even win avenging the problems of the actor’s vivacity, visibility of the power of artistic mastery. Pіznіshe buli written theoretical commentary to the "Natya Shastra", as well as even the smallest outlook on aesthetic problems. To rely on respect for understanding the race (aesthetically experienced), to look at a completely natural experience (race), as well as to live - bhava. Life is based on a natural experience, that is, bhava may wiklikati before the life of the race, and the camp of the race - the center of the world at the supreme end of the camp. It is more aesthetic experience to consider ourselves with the camp of the ancestors of the next generation and to join at the folding lance of live events. So the law of karma. An experienced race can be brought to mystical ecstasy, and through it, thorough thoroughness can be reached.

From now on, as an ancient aesthetics, the theory of the Indian Variety stand on the one side of an aesthetic and ethical aspect. Tsya нdnіst think over the power of dhvani - penetration into the higher, the ghosts of the sermons of the artistic creation- Tsya іideya povyazuvala aesthetically experienced with the rational understanding of the process of art, understanding the concrete mystic.

China. In the history of the aesthetics of China, we can see the period. I will kill the firstє VII art. BC є.— III art. not. At your place, aesthetics haven’t been seen as a science of self and development by self-observance of the traditions of Chinese philosophy. Obirayuchi philosophical position, the Chinese EU-tetika voiced in detail understandings, perfection. The skin sphere of human activity is to bring the booty to the level of the highest mystery. From now on, practically all of them saw what they had brought to their own aesthetic bits. Ninh, otsіnuyuchi insult to the old China, fakhіvtsі-іnodі live in the understanding of "total aestheticism." In our thought, even as much as it’s impossible to characterize the aesthetics of the native land of that hour.

The formation of aesthetics in China is bound to confess (551–479 pp. BC), aesthetically, they are intertwined with pedagogical ideas and, as a rule, a great amount of knowledge has been learned about it. At the thought of Confucius, the desire to repair is needed, and close the knowledge of the people to the last rules of the rules "li" (for the Chinese tradition, the goodness, knowledge of the elementary norms of etiquette). Finally, I’m blessing myself, I’m going to browse to music, as if I’m in my native language aesthetically more comfortable, a burden to the spiritual. There was a need for greater admiration, but not only Confucius, but the first vidomy denominator to China Sun-ji (298–238 pp. BC.). "Blessed", "cultured." The ritual of music completed the cultural culture of the river, and helped to perfect the ideal.

In the minds of middle-China China, the aesthetics are beginning to be widely recognized as a category for the so-called enlightenment - a special kind of light in the power of dominating brutality, so as to bring harmony to the mind. In order to achieve harmony, I will become so called for enlightenment I can easily reach the little ones, the folds of the wrists, the rights to the right, the open sides to the right, for example, the more beautiful, the more comfortable One of the most important officials of aesthetic experience of aesthetic whirlwind in the Long-standing China nature. The tradition has been preserved until our days. I’m very special, sensitive to nature, cultivating є a familiar far-away culture.

Arab Muslims Aesthetics. There is an aesthetic culture of the Arab-Muslim Krai, and the specificity of Islam is necessary. The sobriety of Muslim religion (the fence of the image of God, ludin, creature) did not deprive the public for aestheticism, which is to say that you should wait for the blessings of the Descent. Islam pidkreslyu meaningful redefinition of the ethical glances of the ethical wandering people. The cult of relational ethics has been overgrown with dogmatism, having tempted to continue to sing song rituals. Tzya tradition zumovlyuvala the other-sided role of the natural factor and the reason itself called for before the philosophical traditions of Arab-Muslim Krai became the day-to-day natural theory of theories. Well, before the aesthetic navantazhenya, then you carry mystery on your own, secrecy lyric poetry, architecture, applied mystery. Іх rozvitok sv_dchit about intensive spiritual life and about the svєrіdnіst of aesthetic bachen svitu.

Aesthetics Vizantії. Rozkvіt vіzantіyskoi esthetics pov'azaniya z IV - VI Art. Riding on the tombstone, the aesthetics of antiquity, secrecy on the basis of the main idea of ​​neoplatonism Plotina i Prokla, the school of school got rice self-reliance and originality. Vizanti’s aesthetics became the basis of average aesthetics and was actively poured into the artist / artist of Europe, Kyiv Rus, Georgia, Virmen.

Aesthetically. The problematic was gradually broken up

Grigorіm Nissky, Ioan Zlatoust, Pseudo-Dіonіsі-em Areopagіtom. It should be noted that schoo tsikavili have no problem with beauty and beauty — even the tradition for the aesthetics of that hour, and the problem of the image, symbol, meaning of the word, and its inner meaning. Great respect was also given to the analysis of the role to the color, to the sound in the established artistic value of the mystery.

Having signified God as a jerelo of beauty, the believers felt like to scatter the idea of ​​the universal - the system of images, symbols, signs, signs, and sounds of God. Voting, when he was timid, he changed his mind about the almost natural nature, the mother is guilty of the highest level of cultural development in spring, color, sound, and form of the subject. To the thought of Pseudo-Dionysia Areopagita, the transmission of the other knowledge (God’s God before people) can be seen through the litlars - some symbols, singing images, musical sounds, melodies, colors acquired. It’s stinky to shape the mystery TV_, and we’ll give it to the powers of the “bachennya” power, so that I can decrypt the sound of the impulse. Beauty, as the reason for the harmony of everything in life, is absolutely transcendental.

A special place in the natural community of Vizanti was occupied by the development of aesthetic-mystical functions of the icon that governed the image of God. For a greater understanding of problems, such understandings as the canon, intelligence, conciseness, decorativeness, and, more often, the subject matter of aesthetics, then the grandfather seems to mend mending to master the mysterious aspect, were solved.