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Aesthetics - Levchuk L.T.


In history of natural science, Persian half of the XVIII century. loan є especial mіsce: in 1750 p. From Druku Viishov the first volume of the theoretical treatise "Aesthetics", the author of a kind of boulevard philosopher and theorist theorist Oleksandr-Gotlib Baumgarten (1714-1762 pp.). I am guided by the Greek understanding of itsetikos, estanomay, estanome, estesі, Baumgarten uvіv new termіn - aesthetics, who have become fond of self-specific knowledge.

Appear the need for self-knowledge of the science of singing manifestations, knowledge, ideas, relations with people, people, people, people, people, people, people, people, people, people, people, people, people, people theories and traditions of mystical manifestations. O. Baumgarten, Yak philosopher, Sturjuvav, scho gnoseologіya maє dvі form і pіznannya - aesthetics and logic. Persha is tied to the "lower". tobto chuttєvim pіznannyam, and the other - to seek, tobto іntelektualnim, Logіka vivchaє judzhennu rozuma і vede to pіznannya іstini. Aesthetics are tied to judges and relish more beautifully, I understand O. Baum-garten beautifully wide, I don’t see the object of aesthetics through the idea of ​​beauty (such a tendency appeared in G.z.-f. G. Chernishevsky). Baumgarten having seen the subject of aesthetics through understanding thoroughly: "... Aesthetics is the science of thoroughly in the true appearances, of the thoroughness of the sensitive and learned relish” 3.

Kohl Baumgarten having voted on the terminus thoroughly, it appeared that he understood even the blou about the theoretical interest in the natural past. So, at the praxis of "Metaphysics" Aristotle ototzhnuє thoroughly with the more beautiful - remain to be identified as a philosopher as positively thorough. In older cultures, one can have a good grasp until the thoroughly aesthetic is ototozhenennya. Arab middle-aged philosopher Al-Ghazal, for example, saying: "... The beauty of the subject, the flexibility of the pole in the discovery of all thoroughly, even that of the first. The beauty of a skin subject is in the appearance of thorough sight ”4.

І All the same, I need to introduce Baumgarten rightly for the introduction of theoretical understanding of such a meaningful understanding, as if thoroughly. Moreover, there is a two-sided aesthetics - theoretical and practical. Persha Mala is concerned with the problem of beauty, the specificity of the sensitive sprites and the nostalgia, and the friend mediocrely engaged in problems with developing the mystery. In the concept of Baumgarten, in such a way, I’ve seen the subject of science in two parts: one is heavy to the philosophical knowledge, and the other is to mystical exaltation. For the sake of tendency, it’s closed, what is the first thing, what are we doing for the year about the bi- subject of natural science. And then, to my own chert, є svіdchennyam yak theoretically, so і structural structural complexity of the subject of aesthetics.

Otzhe, having appeared at glibokіy davnіnі, the sound of the aesthetic with the mystery got lost forever. The first half of the nineteenth century showed the understanding of "philosophy of mystery"

3 Baumgarten AG Theoretisehe Astetik. Hamburg, 1983. P. 10.

4 Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali. The resurrection of the sciences of faith. M., 1980. C-235.

(Hegel), as a result of the power it was possible to infringe upon the mystery not to lose the system of vision and history, but as a phenomenon, the specificity of such communication is expressed through the process of creative work. Tsya lyudina is not less than realizing her own powerful creative potential, and whistle is her model of quietly high, extraordinary capacities, the skinny ones are so guilty, so much movi, zvaynaina lyudina. Creativity is the main goal of the process of realizing the aesthetic, recognizing the creation of aesthetic value. As a matter of fact, if there are any areas of human nature, it is possible to realize it verbatim, unconditionally, then in mystery one of the most important functions and natural functions. To this one can revel in the mystery of the vistula, which is created by the sphere of the aesthetic.

Theoretical look at O. Baumgarten was formulated at that hour, as long as there is a more natural knowledge of the warehouse part of philosophy there is little to do and not easy history. Tse і epoch srednіnovіchchya, in the minds of which I wrote like Augustine create "Spovіd", "About the music", "About the order"; і epic of Vіdrodzhennya, yak gave svіtі esthetically to the recession Leonardo da Vinci, Albrecht Durer, Lorenzo Valla, Piko della Mirandola; Classicism, the main methodological principle was clearly known in the poetical mystery of Nicola Boileau. The partners of Baumgarten are prominent aesthetics and theorists of the mystery Johann Vinkelman and Gotthold Efraim Lessing.

Subsequently, Baumgarten introduced the term aesthetics, and therefore the ficksion of a singing galaxy of scientific knowledge, spiraling to a significant historical and theoretical background and closing in on the subject of aesthetic natural art - the rule of law for a quick creative work.

We are important at this point in solving the problems of the subject of aesthetics, becoming a period of development of classical classical philosophy. Immediate interest to a wide stake in natural problems Viyavili Kant, Fіhte, Shellіng, Hegel.

Immanuel Kant (1724–1804 pp.) Of overconfiguration, which means that people are the best for beauty, people are the best for people 5. Now, when I understand the details more, the coordinate is important, the formality is harmonious.

Johann-Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814 pp.) In rozumіnnі aesthetics of heavy materials to the idea of ​​the subject of the science of science

Kant I. Works: In 6 vol. M., 1964.V. 5.P. 237.

theories of mystery. There are specificities of mystery among science and morality, respecting the mystery of the world, becoming more and more people. Qia Dumka stimulated interest Fichte to the problem of artistic genility

Especially special respect is due to the philosophical and aesthetic position of Frederick-Wilhelm-Joseph Schellsch (1775–1854 pp.). the vision was read by him in the International Law School of Philosophy, in some arguments there is a thought about the artist's creativity and that it is natural to see as if the steps to develop the absolute. Schelling showed close love to a romantic and irrational look at the light, the right to speak about the whole philosopher, the yak about the decline of romantic romance, the secrecy of F. III.legel and Novalis

The serpents in the eyes of їііііlіnga pov'yazanі from 1814-1817 pp., If the approach of the closer philosopher with the Theosophical, religious-mystical directs, it seemed like a raptor. More 1803 p. at the “Philosophy and Religion” Praxis Shelling, having signified the absolute as God, as the first and foremost. On the cob of the 40s of rock, he’ve even stepped up like a viraznik of aristocratic-clerical children Nimechchini, a yak svidomy propagandist of mystical-theosophical ideas.

Because of the complexity, ambiguity and super-judgment of Judge Schelling, it is impossible not to bring forth the strength of their energy in the history of Europe in the other half of the 19th century, as well as in the minds of the 20th century. The library of shelling is well-known among the philosophical concepts of Hegel and Feuerbach, Schopenhauer and Freud, Kjörkegaard and Bergson. A wide discussion of the Schelling position was exclaimed on the Stuttgart Hegelian Congress in the same year 1975 p. You can come to a thought that the “line of the philosophical ruh has passed through the latest Schelling through Hegel to the yogic scholars - the Hegelians, and then to the yogo material critics.” But without the early dialectics of natural butty in the early Schelling it would not have been possible to set up a widely widely obstructed dialectic Hegelian "6.

Fundamentally new concealment of aesthetic problems and to be conceded in the theoretical recession of George-Wilhelm-Fredrich Hegel (1770-1831 pp.). At the beginning of the lecture of Hegel’s aesthetics, he defined, as the subject of the science of maє buti, “the kingdom of the beautiful,” as if to interpret him as

e Narsky I. S. Western European philosophy of the XIX century. M., 1976.P. 239.

"The sphere of .mistetsstva, otherwise, more precisely, - art creativity." A slam of memory, that Hegel infuriated negatively with the term of esthetics and vvazhvat for dotsilnee substitute terminology phylosophy of mystery, but philosophical art of creativity. Hegel vvіv at the visualization of the subject of aesthetics is understood more beautifully, as in conception, it was obscured by mystery. From now on, the sound of the subject of aesthetics with the “kingdom of beauty”, having heard the science itself, having lost sight of these problems, can be attributed to understand the beautiful. There is no endless sound with problems of the mystery of the subject of the aesthetics. Everything that the pose of the mystery was.

Hegelіvsku’s idea of ​​the aesthetics of beauty and beauty having been dismissed from his theoretical jokes by M. G. Chernishevsky (1828-1889 pp.). Viznachayuchi object of aesthetics through the understanding of the beautiful, vin, prote, not having encircled the sphere of mystery, but having absorbed on the building of the science of science until all-living life. Such a position will readily prostrate during the trials of the philosopher, the visibility is more beautiful in the other areas of life of people. Thus, the authority of M. Chernishevsky is secured on the soil of Russia and the aesthetics through the idea of ​​beauty.

Between 19th and 20th centuries Significant interest viklikala the position of K-Marx, which is naturally science. Piznіche, pislya zhovtnevy podii 1917 p., The Marxist position has paused the development of radiant aesthetic science and, of course, the bull has been unremittingly accepted in the baggage of the territory of Europe and Japan.

The theoretical principles “Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 Rock” and “German Ideology” by K. Marx, the process of developing people as a social subdivision, I mean respect for the analysis of the formality of a different person. With all the great respect for myself, that role is played as a well-established subject matter, such as "real" nature people, and life history. K. Marx, having imposed on intricate intrigue of the subject of life and special characteristics of self-people incurred by labor dyalnistyu. Advocating the nature of one’s own needs, ludina’s eyes and oneself, in the practice of “naprachivu”, such as health, also setting the goal, so that I can give you the freedom to do “beyond the laws of beauty”. Material-spiritual light, in some kind of living and living people, in the image of the daily forces. The water hour is full of material and cultural values, set in front of them by generations, and the basis for the activities of future generations.

Lyudina, as a vidomo, є a little bit of a clean story and a better relationship with a better person than a little one. At the same time, we’ll have to admit that you should be safe until you understand that it’s not a simple fact of manifestation in people who are respectful, but in the form of such health when you are aware that it’s inconceivable. Such a rosette in people of a specific potency of the chuttvostі Marx is recognizing the way of rebuilding the human being in such a title theoretically respectfully. Lyudina, in her individual development, behavior, activity, spirals, by the day, by the retrieval of the anterior generation, and the attachment to forms of culture. Marx sees the social, practical nature of the human sensitive shutter to the maximum and the most important, the most important thing is the work of the whole history. The boundaries of the Marxist philosophical conception of science of aesthetics are recognized as such, because of the nature, function, foreign laws and laws of aesthetics of human beings and suspensions. Such a recognition of aesthetics is not a misunderstanding of the subject of science, mystery, even with a specific form of aesthetic dyalnost.