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Culturology - T. Gritsenko


At IV – VІ Art. at literary there are two straights. The first one is based on the ancient cultural tradition, the other is based on the church light. Between the two houses, the struggle was sharpened in direct succession and then again and again. Extend boules of such an antique genre, as promoted, by epigrams, love lyricism, erotic love. On the cob VII art. a new literary genre is arising - church poetry (hymnography) , and I represent talented philosophers and scribes. Naibilsh is true to the middle of the boules: Roman Solodkospіvets sings, do the same ( kondaki and troparia ) to sound and be with the Orthodox churches, John of Damascus - the philosopher and sing, to kindly rejoice in the Greek philosophy, Christianity - Theodore Studit is a breeder and a reformer of a monastir life, having himself fallen asleep in a monastir near Constantinople.

At VІІ – ІХ Art. broader boules of reading a religious character, life of the saints. Popular at the courtyards became prose and virshovany novels in those ancient history and mythology. By some writers and zbirachs of the praz of ancient authors boules Patriarch Fotiy, Kostyantin Bagryanorodniy and inshi. And the heroic epic about Digenis Akrit, which is especially worthy of the feats of the soldiers in fighting the Arabs, having chosen the character of the feudal era.

At the XII – XIV centuries. on the winter heroic epic priishov the epic genre of the middle courteous literature - the lyric poetry and the lyric poetry. At the XV century. at literary creativity of Vizanti, humane ideas are encouraged, interest is extended to human specialties, to the life of the indigenous peoples and the country. Arrive as new for the Byzantium genre, like a novel, a bike, a satire, zbіrniki of love, song and song, "weeping" for the lands conquered by the Ottomans and Constantinople. The stench laid the foundation of the Byzantine People’s (literary) literature. Svitskyu poetry VII art. represented by the writers Pavlo Silentsiari and Georgi Pisida (panegyrics, the poem “Hexameron”), at the XI century - Christopher Mіtilyansky that Іoann Єvhaїtsky * 11.

* 11: {Culturology: theory and history of culture. Nav.posib. / Ed. І.І. Tyurmenko, O.D. The hunchback. - K .: Center for Basic Literature, 2004. - S. 154.}