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Culturology - T. Gritsenko

6.7. Reformation and counter-reform. Change your mind about the development of Protestant culture

6.7.1. Re-think the ear of the reformation ruhu. Martyn Luther

At the XVI century Nimetchin, England, France, Netherlands, the Scandinavian territories, the central Europe region, having saved a wide suspension of the Catholic Church - the Reformation (from Latin: reformatio - re-creation, redirection). Representatives of the whole ruchu overcame the supreme authority of the Pope of Rome, black and white, the majority of the ethnicities, the dogma of the Catholic Church about the possibility of "saving" the good "right," (sacrifice, sacrifice, prayer) Symbols are skinny. On a protivagu tsimu hung a wimog to the national churches, not ordained Roman churches, to conduct a divine service on my own. Dzherelom vіrovchenchenya the last supporters of the reformation ruch respect the most sacred Holy Letter (Bible) and vidkidali Holy Perekaz (decision of church councils, the verdict of the popes).

The idea of ​​the Church of the Reformation "was rushed to repeat" for the completion of Humanism and Vidrodzhennya itself, as an idea of ​​vidrodzhennaya mystical science. Having become a viraznik of the idea of ​​becoming Chernets of the Augustinian Order, the miner Martyn Luther . At 1517 p. Luther presenting 95 theses against the papal authority to the pamphlet. Vin burned papsku bull, scho vidluchalu yogo vid church. Nim boo writing for the church new catechism .

Lutherivske expanded in scope from Sweden, Denmark, Franconia, Hessian and Brandenburg lands. The protestant vіyna with the imperial emperor Charles V. wanted to disagree with interruptions up to 1536 p., If the emperor of rebellion buv agreed to peace treaty at Nuremberz. From the very hour of the Protestants, the huge rights of the Catholics were denied. Luther’s rebellion became a signal until the advent of opposing papacy. The most significant of them were Buli Ulrіkh Tsvіnglі, Jean Calvin and Philip Melanchton.

Religious association of the Reforms in the Ukraine, it won, it was the adoption of new Protestant churches (in England, Scotland, the Netherlands, Switzerland, part of Nimechchini, the Scandinavian territories).