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Culturology - T. Gritsenko

6.6.3. The architecture and creativity of mystery

Another half of the sixteenth - Persian half of the XVII century. - the most important period for life in Ukraine. Repairing the city of Lublin 1569, if Lithuania became one of the two powers, Rich Pospolita. To that, Ukrainian lands — Kiev, Volin, Bratslavschina — entered the warehouse of Lithuania, banned from the Polish feudal lords, the struggle of the Ukrainian people against social and political and national grievances seemed to be active. All the hours of uninterrupted calls and internal wines, heroic daring and creative creativity can be torn.

In a short hour, a Ukrainian mystery passed through the burlesque evolutions, having tainted the renaissance with a new one, with a clear foundation of a kind of humanism. As a new system, knowledge, the world’s radical outburst at the same time, Ukrainian suspension.

The renaissance in Ukraine has a unique character, and it’s a historical one that is chronologically unsuccessful in Europe. This lawfulness was incorrigible in him, and he was hoarse with the powers and minds of the given medium. Mayuchi take note, the mystery of Ukraine was great in the period of power and renaissance. Importantly, you must take advantage of all schools.

The Ukrainian mystery period saw the whole complexity of that hourly suspension of life, the temple of humanity, the ideals of humanity, the incense of anti-feudal ruin, and the struggle against the people of social wisdom have been reflected in it.

Architecture

An influx of historical and architectural practice of the European Vidrodzhenny, having appeared on Ukrainian lands already on the cob of the XVI century. In short, think for the whole bully in the western lands of Ukraine, the old one will be pledged and the new one will be pledged, the basis of which is often the big magnate forts , such as Brody, Zhovkva, Berezhani, Medzhibozh, Ternopil and the other. Regularly planing one day before the Renaissance vimogs is more typical, for example, for Lviv and Kam'yantsya-Podilsky. The plan of leather has a small number of podgolutnik's viglyas, divided in parts - most of the main communities are in Russia, Poland, and Virmensko. At the center of the skin part - the market square, there are parallel streets, and at the center - there is a large square with the town hall. In Lviv, the main in the middle of the year turned out to be wide broadways, which were one of the most popular applications in the one-time European city.

The practice of planning the Lviv middle center of the club at the center in Zhovkva metro by architect Pavel Shchaslivim , who is from Pivnichno Іtalії. Independently on all conversations and ruinous areas, and the surrounding areas and the streets of Lviv, Zhovkvi, Kam'yantsya, Brodiv to indefinitely hostility in the form of Renaissance.

3 glibokim rosumіnnyam ambush of the Renaissance mystery of the Buli onovlenі at the other half of the XVI century. form a middle castle in the metro station Ostrozha, schto having turned to the reference Renaissance center at Scheidnaya Europe and deservedly being called “ Volyn Afins ”. Naikrashchi equip the castle - Krugla Bashta and Lutsk Brama - without any extra time, lay down to the last equipment Є Europe doby Vіdrodzhennya.

Immediately with the sharp-awakened castle at Kam'yantsy-Podilsky. Here, in a new type of fortification - the bastion system, it included the number of towers, bastions, and folding gateway equipment. Make the stench look no worse than utilitarn, and the first song has aesthetic function. Equip the embellished camouflage in the Renaissance style, the black and white ornaments in the technical section (the way to decorate the palliative art with the hat, to whiten the choreographed chunky by the upper fine-grained, small-sized stucco) embellish stіni) skinny.

At 70-90-rr. XVI century the most beautiful rose of the cult and religious worship in the Renaissance style of Lviv. The ensemble of budinkivs is being built on the Rinok square, the ли Chorna Kam'yanitsya ’(1588-1589, architector P. Rimlyanin t. In.), Assumption Church (architector P. Rimlyanin, A. Prichilny, vezha Kornyakarta) , the church of the Holy Trinity (architector P.Krasovskiy).