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Іstoriya Ukraine - Subtelny Orest

Moisture system in Ukraine

From close to the middle period and through Poland, a system of institutional organization of suspension penetrated into Poland; it is not known in Kyiv Rus. On vidmina vid class, I can imagine the economic status of the singing social groups, they went on to understand the rights of the law, privileges and conditions. Consciousness of the legal views between the nobility, the clergy and those who were boules rozmitimi, and the first people could pass from one to the last. Protez with an hour of separation between the camps, especially between the gentry (the nobility) and their faiths, became insidious and even impenetrable. On the cob doby, as I see it here, it’s becoming, the independence of the people of the Bula is no less important and categorically self-appointed, lower than the middle of the year.

Table I

Area and population of Ukrainian provinces at the XVI century.

Administration Square, yew. The number of people The population density, chol.
sq. Km yew, chol. per sq. Km
Galitske 45 446 10
Volinske 42 294 7
Podilskie 19 98 5
Bratslavske 35 311 9
Kyivske 117 234 2
Volzke (tilki two districts):
Kholmshchina 19 133 7
Pidlyashshya 10 233 24

Gentry . By the most privileged camp, which was formed at the XIV — XV centuries, the gentry, the nobility, the temple of the position of a certain root, were borrowed theoretically, from the "blood, shed" for the service to the king of the Grand Duke. Until the end of the camp, there were various social groups. In Ukraine, as long as it came in before the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the heart of the gentry would be bled 20 to the DA of the princes and the magnate families, they would be like the number of sovereign princes and the dynasty of Rurik and Gedim. Most of these princely homelands were consecrated in Volyn - the solid Ukrainian aristocracy. The most prosperous of them — the princes of the Ostrozky — the great Volodymyn’s, who populated the land in the Volin region (14 thousand km2) with 100 towns and 1300 villages. Until the last big and noble houses belonged Sangushki, Chortorisky, Zbarazki, Ishnevetsky, Zaslavsky and Chetvertinski . Many of them won’t relocate to the greater number of big villages near the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and surpluses of their sovereign rights were violated by their privileges to be protected by a great court.

In addition to the great nobility, scholarship began to be called the Polish word "gentry", they were harshly overwhelmed by overwhelming service. The highest faith of the gentry, who had already won many homelands in Ukraine, often resembled the nobility of the Kiev Dobi, a small mother of 10-15 strength and monopolized the rule of law. The most numerous boules of the lower gentry. Thousands of homelands, including those who had long been living with villagers, denied the status of gentry, serving in the cavalry for campaigns, guarding locks, and being cordoned off by magnate servants. Neridko ikhnih of lands was spread out a bit on those who want to be groomed, and ikhnit zhittya a little more than vidriznyalsya vid zhittya villagers. Tse especially Galicini, de sessed bіdnі shlyakhtichі - Kulchitsky, Yavorsky, Tchaikovsky and Vitvitsky.

In spite of the great social and economic grated, they were only a little in the middle of the gentry, and those who were the people of the sword were outpowered by privileges in 1387, 1413, 1430 and 1434 rubles, they developed one after another. In Poland, the gentry of the Bula is the most organized and most efficient, it stored about 8-10 ° of the population (the average indicator for Europe is about 1-2%). In the Ukrainian lands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the nobility gained more and more special status, I didn’t overreach 5% of the population.

Mishchan . Meshkantsі Ukrainian cities, which are about 1-15% of the population, have also formed a neighborhood of peace. Because of the number of people and the arrogance of their own Polish kings, the great princes of Lithuania gave the great bishops the highest price to Magdeburzke . Struck to the tune of the administration of the German city of Magdeburg and brought to Ukraine through Poland, the right to transfer the right to the misters of self-determination. At 1356 p. Magdeburzke having denied the right of Lviv, in 1374 - Kam'yanets-Podilsky, in 1432 - Lutsk and in 1497 - Kiev, having taken such a rank to hand in hand from the side of the princes and princes.

Comply with the transfer of the Magdeburz’s right to the equality of rights of the citizens before the law, the middle of the population of the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of Belarus. Bagati’s patriotic homeland, almost 40 chi 50, they upheld Lviv’s elite, and the whole party was panicked to the Moscow administration. Middle faith was stored in other merchants and bargains. Many labor, schuli actually amused rights, the fragments didn’t have the slightest power in the middle of the day delayed the pose of the thirsty, became a larger population. Yak zavdi, many sacking boules have a distinctly stricter social group: among them you can know the representative of the main population, as well as the Polish gentry and the civil servants, the nimetsky remishers, the rivals and the merchants.

Villagers . As soon as the country became aware of their special rights, the first sign of the villagers, who were stored at the same time as 80% of the population of Ukraine, were banned. For the right to bury the land of the peasant, having gathered together the feudal lords and the landlords, but for natural rent. Yakshko the peasant viconuvav tsi, goiter'yazannya, - and in the XIV century. the stink of boulevard is apparently light, only a few times if it’s changing for 14 days in a row to the river, it’s impossible to recognize the land from the land. Before that, the peasant could sell chi vіdpisaty sv_y nad_l in recession.

For hours, as long as the land was bulato bagato, and the population is small, the villagers were able to secure their own truly wide rights. All the people (in the grip of the church and the economical primus, there was no slavery between them, which was expelled in Kyiv Rus), who could be sued to know, and to leave the matrimonial feudal lord at the bastards for singing. In deyaki districts of Ukraine boules of villagers, a whole city of feudal lords. For example, in the Carpathians, he dealt with tvarinnitsvo, bagato sil mali Moldavske right, for a stink they rallied the feudal lords more than a natural quitrent (as a rule, vivtsam). Podobna pleasing was transferred by the Nimetsky right, for a certain podpriєmlivy peasant, but as soltis, for the agreement I was paid a fee of the feudal lords, having abolished the right to establish a village on yogo lands and govern it. On the steppe cordons of Central and Scheduled Ukraine, bagatokh peasants rang out vid zobov'yazan in front of the feudal lords for those who served as stinks as a prikartonna wart.

Lithuanian Statute . The number of rights and privileges granted by the social groups of the Grand Duchy dictated the need for codification

one of the laws. For all of them, the middle and other gentry are interested in all, which has been affected by the law to close the status of privileges. University of Tso in 1529 p. The perception of the Lithuanian Statute appeared. Crimean rights of gentry, including the elements of sound law, were used to extend the clock in Kyiv Rus. During the water hour, new juridical understandings appeared, they looked like Nimechchini. 1566 and 1588 pp. there were two more visions of the Lithuanian Statute, that it was necessary to bring it to the people of the Republic of Lithuania, born out of the Union of Lublin.

Important revaluation of the Lithuanian Statute in the history of rights to Ukraine. In addition to the legalization of the most important social and economic benefits in Ukraine in the 15th – 16th centuries, wine also laid the groundwork for the legal system, which is now done for the benefit of Kozaccini. Navit at the XIX century in the lawful parts of Ukraine, the laws are spiraling around the clock. It is also imperative that you vote on one aspect of the current role, as they did in Ukraine, the Lithuanian Statute of the Sacred Council and the Stav system are a zagal. Offending the stench was celebrated by the great thirst for the Ukrainian people to understand the values ​​of such as established by the law of law. And the recognition of this was caused by the Ukrainian political and legal duma. The main product of Kyiv Rus - Moscow, on the other hand, as a result of the Mongol-Tatar pan-envoy is not small opportunities to recognize the principles of legal legality.