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History of Economic Studies - Kornіychuk L.Ya.


Rositok of capitalist vidnosin having caused a loss of mercantilism is the most advanced in England - most economically different countries. The interests of the bourgeoisie are shifting from the sphere of relations to the sphere of virobnitz. On the first plan to enter the industrial capital.

For these minds, the recommendations of mercantilists could not address the economic problems of the bourgeoisie. The industrial bourgeoisie demanded that the head ambushes of the capitalist virobnitsva be encroached upon, the demolition of new economical categories, such as pay, rent, and rent. In addition, the bourgeoisie has been reckoned to be a vid of the hard-core government regulation of economic life. Vaughn hungered for freedom. The bourgeois revolution of the middle of the seventeenth century in England, I added the dobolichnyh and industrial revolutions on the European continent. The bourgeoisie is steadily coming to power. Promiscuity is booming, great achievements have been reached into the development of mechanics, mathematics, physics, philosophy of the basic sciences. The activation of theoretical knowledge in the open gadgets of Znanie spry y rozvitkovі ekonomіchno umki, the cob is laid on the cob form the form of a political economy of science. For these minds and vinikla, the political economy is classic.

1. The characteristic of the classic political economy is irrelevant

Classical political economy originated in England at the end of the 17th century. that at France on the cob of the seventeenth century, having come to winter mercantilism.

Karl Marx calling mercantilism the first theoretical theory of ambush of a capitalist virobnitzvt. The water hour is won’t be forgotten, but now the science of economical economics can be repaired even less that hour, if theoretically it’s necessary to go through the process of obigu to the process of virobnitz. Tsei perehid and zdіysnila is classic political economy.

Upperish the term “classic political economy”, having lived in Marx’s strict school, the Yakasia pledged to achieve the internal laws of bourgeois suspension. K. Marx wrote: "... with a classic and economical economy, I have all the economical economies, most often with U. Petty, the interior of the bourgeois vidnosin virobnitsva" * 1.

* 1: {Marx K., Engels F. Create. - 2nd view. - T.23. - S. 89.}

As a rule, mercantilism in our analysis led us to finish the rosumny process on purpose, and because they didn’t get any more than a shaky bike, then the classics took the sphere of virology and put the cob on the basis of science. Tim by himself vidbulasya zmіna, the gliboke of infringement in the very subject of political economy, as with the principle of managing the statehood of the country was redirected to the science of the category law of economic life. The school itself is classical, secrecy pracі A. Smіta, transformed the political economy on the subject of science discipline.

The Klasiks voted the idea of ​​the natural order, the rule of economic laws. And as a whole, it’s straightforward to go through the system of regulated rules until economic freedom, as only one safe way of effective development of the economy.

Klasichna school, on the subject of mercantile vocation - the henchman of the sovereign hand in economic life, voted the principle of economic freedom, economic liberalism. Classics boules opponents of protectionism. The problem of value, the yak at that hour of Bula is one of the central ones in the economic analysis, the stenchs virshuvali overwhelmingly with the position of labor theory, the stagnant abstract-deductive method of achieving economical yavischi.

Overseas assessment of the classic political economy in large numbers of literature was followed by the scheme of Karl Marx, who until the classes were covered by the economy of Peters until the benefit of the English Federation. Marx named the top of the classic political economy Marx praising A. Smith and D. Rikardo, so much for the first thought, the school has acquired itself.

At the time of the classic political economy, the science character is small, come, for Marx, "vulgar", tobeno non-scientific politekonomiya. As for the classics, they were engaged in a scientific analysis of the laws of development of capitalism, while the representatives of the vulgar political economy acted more apologetically, as well as the people of the capital. Crossing over to vulgar politekonomії Marx zv'yazuvav iz zagostrennyam klasovo borotby.

Marx was named the founders of the vulgar political economy of Marx by Say and Malthus. He criticized the “vulgar economies” for having seen the labor theory and wisdom of the operating day with the hired workers and the capitalists.

The thesis about the vulgar character of the plysarіkardіansky political economy saved a wide development in the so-called so-called Marxist literature.

Vіdpovіdno all sochasna zakhіdna politicheskoe ekonomіya tezh fussed over with non-science. Such a boulevard is simply absurd; the fragments of economic theory have succeeded in being victorious in the economic polity of the former powers. For the sake of true Marxist thesis, the Radiant Marxists had no less absurd idea about two functional political economy: practical and ideological, based on which we can recommend that you practice it.

At the previous year, until the assessment of the classic political economy, until the appointment of the chronological inter. Find out how to save money in classically classical schools, not to idealize theoretical studies, but to evaluate them in the context of historical development of economic ideas. Before the classic political economy, you’ll be able to introduce the same economy as the nineteenth century. Vidomy American economist J.K. Gelbreith wrote the following drive: “... Idea A. Smita boulevard by David Ricardo , Thomas Malthus and especially John Stuart Mill and I called the classic system. In the rest of the tenth century. Austrian, English and American economies added to the theory by calling it a marginal analysis, and consequently it led to the term "classic economical theory" term "neoclassical economically 2.

* 2: {Galbraith J.K. Economic Theories and Goals of Society. - M., 1979. - P.36.}