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|home Economy Books Political economy - Krivenko K.T.|
Political economy - Krivenko K.T.
Sutnost monopolistic capitalism. The law of monopoly monopoly. Concentration and centralization of capital. Effect to scale. Aktsionernі partnerships (corporations). Problems of maximizing the profit of a monopoly.
Monopolistic stage at the stage of capitalization is sooner than the theoretical hypothesis in that sense, which is pure monopolistic capitalism in the mainland capitalist society. It is obvious that the trend towards the establishment of such a specific economic system and capital formations at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; Please give me special attention to the needs of the capital in the most developed countries, especially in the USA, Canada, countries of Western Europe, Great Britain, Nimetchin, France, Italy.
Monopolistic capitalism is an economical way through a system of great and great prypriimstv, who have been entrusted with one and the same family to please allies, and as a monopoly to occupy a place in the economy and not enough; stage at the development of capitalism.
More competition between dozens and hundreds of large-scale competitive enterprises was received by a large number of great resources, many important and significant losses were caused to them.
For monopolistic stage capitalism, monopsony is won for the market of rights, fragments of sub-law are ruled out by unorganized power and not be taken over by the state.
It has been clarified that competition in concentration of virological activity is strong, and concentration on singing development is leading up to monopoly. The pursuit of capital for an ever greater profit and competitive struggle between them to generate concentration and centralization of capital, which leads to the concentration of virology and growth of enterprises. First of all, you can expand your factory and your factory to the next, so that you can help with a small gain of the same workload, which leads to the main distribution of the main working capital. Concentration of virobnitstva is more difficult for one's own cirque; concentration and centralization of capital. Great enterprises overcome the other and may have greater competitiveness.
The concentration of capital in the hands of the greater great nations has increased the ability to meet new laws and innovations that have reached the forefront of science and technology.
The trivial hour of concentration of virology was recognized by the main rank on the basis of concentration of capital. The centralization method of capital is not limited. Centralization of capital - as a whole, a rozmir of capital in the form of a revival capitals deklokh ekonomichnyh sub'kktiv in one great capital. Centralization of capital can be voluntary, so primus. The first way is to be based on a voluntary basis for capitalization of capital for one capital in one state legal form. Another way is to persevere in the process of competition with the great offerings of small and other capital enterprises.
After about 25-35 days after the industrial coup in England, a large number of new and groundbreaking changes brought to the forefront of character and technical technology. These serpents came in the other half of the nineteenth century, especially in the second, remaining third, as long as a number of technical suttas were lost.
The most important technical achievements of the Bolshevik bessemer converter (1865) and the martin furnace (1864), marked the revolution in the methods of steel melting; a domain with an additional bread melting of 100 tons (Kinets of the 70s pp); steam steam hammers; congestion in virobnitsvy and on transport dvigunіv internal building; Winery and distribution of new galleries of virobnitztva - conversion of naphtha, electrical technology, automotive technology.
The technical and structural infringement in the oracle has magnified the significance of the great enterprises. At a new stage, the development of technology has grown more and more of capital, which is necessary for the functionality of new technologies, and the growth of technology itself, which is more possible for such brains to acquire new technology. The discovery of new methods for the production of products, for example, steel smelters, in other enterprises appeared and is technically impotent, and economically unimportant. New galuzy and virobnostva for their character could be based on the great enterprises. The new technologies, new methods of virology at great enterprises gave them the opportunity to gain significant economic benefits, which accelerated the concentration of capital. The sutts of technology and the industrial structures of industrial activity pulled after them accelerated concentration of concentration.
Mostly on the cob of the other half of the 19th century. in the economy galleries of the other countries and the middle for the sale of property, then on the cob of the remaining one-third of the capital, the great and higher property of that union became known. Tsey processes priv_v before scho even on the cob of the twentieth century. the very great enterprises seemed to see the rice of the main gallows of promyslovost.
So, in 1909 p. in the United States, 3060 industrial enterprises with 268 491 industrial enterprises (1.1%) accounted for 43.8% of the ignorant oath of industrial products and 30.5% of the work force was intermediate. As a whole, a fundamentally new manifestation of the development of virobnitzvus galleys was made by great companies, they were seen in the middle of the middle, small and other industries and they could add to the competition, and to the mechanism.
At the singing stage, the highest level of concentration of the virobnost is actively carried out to the point where the main part is kept between the great number of great enterprises. Monopolies and oligopolies come to winter in the main competition, as a result of incomplete competition.