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Culturology - T. Gritsenko

3.2. Culture of Mesopotamia, Ії main accessibility

save time per hour 3200 - 539 pp. BC, there’s won’t mean significance, Oskіlki gave the most important cultural processes, like the boules of the advanced nations. Mesopotamia (walnut name Mezhirichchya ) - the center in the middle and lower tiger stream Tiger and Uffrat - collage of civil society. In the fourth and third centuries, cultural and political assertions took shape there, such as Sumer, Akad, Babylon, Assyria empire, Novo-Babylonian empire . Vivchayuchi tsey material, varto oslozchataty ikh, as chotiri hvilі tsivilіzatsії.

Pershila Khvil. Reaching of the Sumerians (IV - Kinets III tis. BC) at the prominent galleys of culture buli vinyatkovo temple. Stink the vinishli wheel and the pottery wheel, prompted the perch at the private stage of the church, opened the found calendar system (sleepy month), put down the reception catalog and the catalog. The Sumerians drew up cuneiform writing system of letters, since the language is different, and the long lasting alphabet is the basis of the largest alphabetical systems. For example, ІІІ yew. BC at the city of Ur Bulo the first legal code of King Ur-Nammu was laid down. At Sumeria’s winery there’s a reference to the literature, presented by the overriding founding epic song “The Tale of the Gilgamesh” (“One, knowing the mustache”), there is a better description of the whole flood - it’s all about

Friend of hell. Nova praise of migrants-elamites, who had descended from the Elamskih gyrs of the Persian-Iran, called before the assertion of the mighty Vavilonskoe power, and yak took off on the cob of the second yew. up to 539 p. BC At the end of the day she won over the oblasts to Shumeru and Akad, succeeding in cultivating the culture of the old Sumerians. The capital of the kingdom is Babylon. It was especially great for Tsar Hammurapi, who, having become known as the author of a different code of laws, still adhering to the principle of "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth", ale turbulent need for turboti about air and air. The Babylonian state was a theocracy, but it was not God who ruled the flesh, but the Egyptians who ruled here, but the tsar who defended the land. The hierarchical structure is visible in the Babylonian manifestations about the light, which can be seen in the memorials of the mystery: churches, pyramids – zikkurats, on the walls with relief letters.

Third praise. Origination on earthly values ​​was manifested more in the culture of Assyria (14–9 centuries BC), which won Mesopotamia one time, and 605 p. BC Bula is residual in Babylon. The main theme of the Assyrian mystery is love, battle, redistribution of those who are completely in love with teething naturalism, ale Viconanism with hostile conciseness and virality. At the capital of Assyria, Nineveh, Tsar Ashshurbanіpal, a large collection of manuscripts was blown, the yak was worn off with a zrazkova order. For example, having published a clay catalog, the list of translations has been included, including the “Enuma Elish” (“... If you burn ...”). The book-treasure was majestically concealed at the zrazkova’s riddle about the omnipotent flood, which became the herald of the god’s god.

Fourth of praise. The Novo-Babylonsk kingdom of Abo Chaldeysk power succeeded the Assyro-Babylon culture. At VI Art. BC Babylon is the hundredth capital. At that time, the vin, boasting a magnificent venerable place, nearly 1 million people dwelt. By the most significant architectural spores, the boules of Babylon, the Hanging Gardens, the Babylonian Tower. The Babylonians gifted a new culture of numbers to the system of numbers, to be exact, the system of the clock. The stench of Persian people spread the year by 60 hvilin, and the hvilin by 60 seconds, started to see the area of ​​the geometric figures, see the planets of the planets, formulated seven days, having assigned the skin day to the crown deity * 7. At 301 p. BC, by conquering Babylon by the oaks of Alexander of Macedon, Babylon will heal to the culture of culture.

* 7: {In English, відповідно, Sunday - week - Sunday, Monday - Day - Monday, etc.}

The culture of Mesopotamia is not so conservative, like Egyptian. The Mesopotamian tradition of light receiving laid the basis for the painting of the practical benefit of the people of the Middle Sea.